New curriculum and certification standards: systems planning, research, development, and engineering career field.
A primary goal of the under secretary of defense for acquisition, technology and logistics The Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics is the title of a high-level civilian official in the United States Department of Defense. The Undersecretary of Defense for Policy is the principal staff assistant and advisor to both the Secretary of Defense (USD USD
In currencies, this is the abbreviation for the U.S. Dollar.
The currency market, also known as the Foreign Exchange market, is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily average volume of over US $1 trillion. (AT & L)) has been to return good systems engineering (SE) practice to the way we do business. This initiative was born of a Systems Engineering and Training Summit held at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, U.S. military installation, 8,023 acres (3,247 hectares), W Ohio, NE of Dayton; est. 1917. One of the largest airport installations in the world, it is the air force's main research and development base, and the headquarters of the , Ohio, in 2003. The summit was attended by technical leaders from the Defense Department, academia, industry, and technical professional societies. The group examined many problems experienced by acquisition programs at that time, including major technical failures, and schedule and cost overruns Noun 1. cost overrun - excess of cost over budget; "the cost overrun necessitated an additional allocation of funds in the budget"
cost - the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor . A central question was whether the SE process used on defense programs since the late 1950s was insufficient and needed a major overhaul. After much examination and deliberation deliberation n. the act of considering, discussing, and, hopefully, reaching a conclusion, such as a jury's discussions, voting and decision-making.
DELIBERATION, contracts, crimes. , the consensus was that the process was still sufficient, but it was not being consistently applied on all programs.
With that, the former USD(AT & L), Michael W. Wynne, established an imperative for OUSD OUSD Oakland Unified School District (Oakland, CA)
OUSD Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (AT & L) Defense Systems to "help drive good systems engineering practice back into the way we do business." Implementation of the SE Revitalization re·vi·tal·ize
tr.v. re·vi·tal·ized, re·vi·tal·iz·ing, re·vi·tal·iz·es
To impart new life or vigor to: plans to revitalize inner-city neighborhoods; tried to revitalize a flagging economy. initiative became the responsibility of Mark Schaeffer, the director, systems engineering. The revitalization effort has three major components (as shown in Figure 1): policy, guidance, and tools; education and training; and assessment and support.
Significant Changes Already Implemented
The acquisition workforce has already seen significant changes instituted as a result of this initiative. Within the policy component, two memos were released in 2004 changing the way SE is implemented within the DoD:
* Policy for Systems Engineering in DoD, Feb. 20, 2004, requires any program, regardless of ACAT ACAT
See: Automated Customer Account Transfer [acquisition category], to submit a Systems Engineering Plan (SEP 1. SEP - Someone Else's Problem.
2. (tool) SEP - A SASD tool from IDE. ) to its Milestone Decision Authority for approval at each acquisition milestone.
* Policy Addendum addendum n. an addition to a completed written document. Most commonly this is a proposed change or explanation (such as a list of goods to be included) in a contract, or some point that has been subject of negotiation after the contract was originally proposed by for Systems Engineering, Oct. 22, 2004, requires each program executive officer or equivalent to designate a lead systems engineer to implement and oversee the SE efforts of programs in the PEO's cognizance The power, authority, and ability of a judge to determine a particular legal matter. A judge's decision to take note of or deal with a cause.
That which is cognizable to a judge is within the scope of his or her jurisdiction. , to include using event-based technical reviews with independent subject matter expert participation to assess technical maturity and risk mitigation.
The memos can be found at the OSD (1) (On-Screen Display) An on-screen control panel for adjusting monitors and TVs. The OSD is used for contrast, brightness, horizontal and vertical positioning and other monitor adjustments. Web site <www.acq.osd.mil/ds/se/publications.htm> or through the Systems Engineering Community of Practice at <https://acc.dau.mil>.
Additionally, the Defense Acquisition Guidebook was published in October 2004, with Chapter 4 dedicated to sound SE practices as applied to the DoD acquisition life cycle framework. The DAG is an electronic document and can be found at <http://akss.dau.mil/dag/>. A guide for preparation of SEPs was also published and is available at the OSD or ACC See adaptive cruise control. Web sites listed above.
[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]
These initiatives laid the foundation for implementing the assessment and support component. Since made a requirement, many Acquisition Category (ACAT) ID (programs for which USD(AT & L) is the milestone decision authority), and IAM IAM - Interactive Algebraic Manipulation. Interactive symbolic mathematics for PDP-10.
["IAM, A System for Interactive Algebraic Manipulation", C. Christensen et al, Proc Second Symp Symb Alg Manip, ACM Mar 1971]. (major automated information systems The term automated information system means an assembly of computer hardware, software, firmware, or any combination of these, configured to accomplish specific information-handling operations, such as communication, computation, dissemination, processing, and storage of for which the assistant secretary of defense for networks and information integration/DoD chief information officer is the MDA (1) (Monochrome Display Adapter) The first IBM PC monochrome video display standard for text. Due to its lack of graphics, MDA cards were often replaced with Hercules cards, which provided both text and graphics. See PC display modes and Hercules Graphics. ) SEPs have been submitted to OSD for review and approval. Based on review of these SEPs, OSD has refined its SEP guidance to better articulate to programs the essentials of good technical planning, technical leadership, and sound technical execution. This new guidance also contains three frameworks: one for the concept refinement/technology development phases; one for system development and demonstration/production and deployment phases; and one for the operations and support phase. Each poses five critical questions in each of five subject areas. These "5x5" frameworks serve two purposes: guidance on technical planning and the basis for OSD SEP reviews.
Education and Training
The third component of SE Revitalization is education and training. The effort began with the SE Functional Integrated Project Team (SE FIPT FIPT Female Iron Pipe Thread
FIPT Functional Integrated Process Team
FIPT Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas (Brasil)
FIPT Financial Integrated Product Team
FIPT Funding Integration Process Team ) developing a new list of learning objectives for each of the three levels of Defense Workforce Improvement Act (DAWIA DAWIA Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act of 1990 ) certification. As a result, the SE career path of the systems planning, research, development, and engineering (SPRDE SPRDE Systems Planning, Research, Development and Engineering ) career field will see a completely new set of DAWIA certification courses implemented over calendar year 2006. (Note that in 2001, as a result of the assimilation of science and technology managers into the acquisition workforce, the SPRDE career field was divided into two career paths: SPRDE-Science and Technology Manager and SPRDE-Systems Engineering (SPRDE-SE).) Additionally, the SE FIPT is considering enhancements to the DAWIA certification requirements. These changes should result in better educated, more experienced personnel in technical positions within the DoD. The revised career training courses are shown in Figure 2.
A new Level I SPRDE course, SYS-101, has been added to Acquisition 101 in the SPRDE-SE training track. This course is approximately 30 hours of distance learning and covers an introduction to systems engineering and a detailed discussion of the eight technical processes and eight technical management processes outlined in Chapter 4 of the DAG. SYS-101 represents a fundamental shift in training the workforce in systems engineering. Where in the past DAU has used the MIL-STD-499B SE process model, all new courses will use the DAG "Vee" model as illustrated in the Integrated Defense AT & L Logistics Life Cycle Management Framework Chart (known as the IFC (Internet Foundation Classes) A class library from Netscape that provides an application framework and graphical user interface (GUI) routines for Java programmers. IFC was later made part of the Java Foundation Classes (JFC). See JFC, AFC and AWT. See also ICF. ) at <http://akss.dau.mil/ifc/>.
All SPRDE-SE career members entering the training track after SYS-101 is online will be required to take this course in addition to the prerequisite ACQ-101. The current projection is for the SYS-101 course to be online in July 2006.
Level II training will consist of a new hybrid SYS-202/203 course, consisting of 25-30 hours of distance learning and one week of residency A duration of stay required by state and local laws that entitles a person to the legal protection and benefits provided by applicable statutes.
States have required state residency for a variety of rights, including the right to vote, the right to run for public office, the class work. The new course will replace the current SYS-201 A/B A/B Airborne
A/B Afterburner (jet engines)
A/B Air Blast
A/B Air Bus
A/B Afterburning courses. The distance learning portion of the course will cover the application of the technical and technical management processes across the DoD acquisition life cycle. The course is centered on a mythical myth·i·cal also myth·ic
1. Of or existing in myth: the mythical unicorn.
2. Imaginary; fictitious.
3. program scenario. Students are assigned as the SE lead for a program IPT IPT - IP Telephony and walk through the "Vee" activities for each phase of the scenario's development
[FIGURE 2 OMITTED]
System Development and Demonstration Phase
This covers who, what, when, where, and how to execute the activities covered in the Level I course, as well as the event-based technical reviews that assess the technical maturity and risk mitigation of the development activity. SYS-203, the classroom course, will consist of scenarios and exercises to demonstrate the practical application of both the SYS-101 and SYS-202 online materials. SYS-202 is scheduled to go online in October 2006, while SYS-203 resident classes will begin November 2006.
The new SYS-302 will be a technical leadership course scheduled to replace the current SYS-301 course in December 2006. This course will be a significant change, instituting much more rigorous standards for completion of Level III training requirements. Where SYS-301 currently uses group case studies for learning and assessment, SYS-302 will shift the focus to individual work and assessment as well as demonstration of technical leadership skills. SYS SYS System(s)
SYS System Configuration (File Name Extension)
SYS See You Soon
SYS Sun Yat-Sen (founder of Republic of China)
SYS Stretch-Yawn Syndrome 302 will consist primarily of six exercises with each person on the six-member team assigned an individual key technical role within a program office. The role of team leader (program lead systems engineer) will rotate among each of the team members once during the course. Each exercise presents a complex technical problem and will require individual deliverables by each team member. The team, under the direction of its team leader, must then employ critical thinking skills to arrive at a solution to the issues given in the problem. This culminates in the team leader's defending the team solution in a brief to the instructors, who will ask questions and provide feedback. In addition to these exercises, there will also be individual exams. Successful completion of the course will require individual performance in technical positions, demonstrated leadership, and knowledge of the subject material.
Beginning May 1, 2006, the Technical Reviews online distance learning course, CLE Cle
total elimination clearance. 003, will be a mandatory prerequisite to the SYS-201B (to be replaced by SYS-203) and SYS-302 courses. This requirement may be augmented with additional student-selected continuous learning modules. In this way, students will be able to customize their learning experience in a way more analogous to a degree program at a university. Thus each student will receive specific core training as well as additional knowledge in areas specifically related to his or her current job. It also provides for the presentation of a wider breadth of materials without lengthening lengthening (lengkˑ·the·ning),
n the use of various massage or muscle energy techniques to relax and stretch muscle and connective tissue. the course.
To successfully execute the new Level III training structure, the course will need students who have successfully mastered the prerequisite courses at Levels I and II, as shown in figure 2. At Level III, each team member must be capable of producing the deliverables assigned in the scenarios.
Each of these new courses has been designed so as not to repeat the material in the prior courses. Defense acquisition career managers may still waive To intentionally or voluntarily relinquish a known right or engage in conduct warranting an inference that a right has been surrendered.
For example, an individual is said to waive the right to bring a tort action when he or she renounces the remedy provided by law for such the prerequisite requirements for an individual to attend a residential course; however, individuals receiving a prerequisite waiver must take and pass a knowledge exam before beginning the class to ensure they have the required level of knowledge to successfully complete the course. Students who have completed SYS-202/203 will not be required to take such a test. However, students will be responsible for understanding the SE processes described in Chapter 4 of the DAG. The lesson material from SYS-101 and SYS-202 will be available online as CLMs, allowing students who have taken the older courses to update their training. These modules, along with numerous other CLMs, are available 24/7 to provide training at the point of need, whenever and wherever required.
In addition to the changes to the curriculum, the SE FIPT is also reviewing the requirements for certification in the SPRDE-SE career path. With the revitalization of systems engineering and the need for better-prepared systems engineers on our acquisition programs, potential changes include the addition of a third career path--SPRDE-Systems Engineer--within the SPRDE career field. The current SPRDE-SE career path would be renamed to SPRDE-General, with essentially the same certification requirements as before, but adding the SYS-101 course to Level I certification. The SPRDE-SE career path would require longer SE-related experience as well as additional training to meet the requirements of each certification level. The clear aim is to develop more capable systems engineers.
The SE FIPT has also examined the SE training objectives and content in other career fields and curricula. We are currently monitoring the update of the SE technical content in certain critical enabling courses.
We are breaking new ground by raising the bar for certification in the SE career path. It is hoped that this new, higher standard will be emulated by other career fields within DoD. As can be seen by the discussion above, successful completion of the educational requirements will demand more in-depth training and better preparation by the student before attending in-residence courses. However, the end result should be a better prepared technical workforce who:
* Conduct technical planning upfront and continuously through a program's life cycle
* Employ sound technical leadership across all DoD programs
* Steward effective technical execution on programs.
These behavior changes Behavior change refers to any transformation or modification of human behavior. Such changes can occur intentionally, through behavior modification, without intention, or change rapidly in situations of mental illness. will re-instill technical excellence in program execution, and credibility in the acquisition and logistics support processes--a continued emphasis under the current USD(AT & L), Ken Krieg.
"I should note ... that we have taken important steps that will help us to produce improved capability on time and within budget by re- energizing our. approach to systems engineering. This critical discipline has always contributed significantly to effective program management." Testimony of Ken Krieg, USD(AT & L), before the U.S. House Armed Services Committee, Sept. 27, 2005.
The authors welcome comments and questions Skalamera can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org; Anderson at email@example.com; Snoderly at firstname.lastname@example.org; and Brown at email@example.com.
Robert Skalamera * Col. Warren Anderson Warren Anderson may refer to:
Skalamera is deputy director, systems engineering (SE), enterprise development, OUSD(AT & L) Defense Systems. Andernson is deputy for systems engineering plans and policy, OUSD(AT & L) Defense Systems. Snoderly is DAU program director for SE. Brown is DAU SE course manager.