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New PE hikes get strong support.



New PE Hikes Get Strong Support

A new round of price increases for polyethylene resins was well under way at press time - this time with considerably more industry support than for previous efforts starting last August. Now, increases have spread beyond HMW-HDPE film resins to all HDPE HDPE
abbr.
high-density polyethylene
 grades, and there are fresh increases in LDPE LDPE
abbr.
low-density polyethylene
 and LLDPE LLDPE Linear Low Density Polyethylene .

Meanwhile, three of the four major suppliers of ABS/PC alloys officially increased selling prices of their nonautomotive flame-retardant grades. And PS resin prices appear to be firming up, following delayed implementation of the latest round of hikes.

SUPPORT STRONG FOR

HIGHER PE PRICES

This fall's latest round of across-the-board PE price increases is now being strongly supported by most major players. The round began with hikes of 2-4[cents]/lb for HMW-HDPE film resins, effective Oct. 1. These increases, supported by all key suppliers, including Hoechst Celanese, Occidental oc·ci·den·tal or Oc·ci·den·tal  
adj.
Of or relating to the countries of the Occident or their peoples or cultures; western.

n.
A native or inhabitant of an Occidental country; a westerner.

Noun 1.
 Chemical, Dow, and Exxon, settled at 2[cents]/lb.

Soon thereafter, suppliers raised prices of all other HDPE resins, following an earlier unsuccessful attempt in August. Almost all major players in the HDPE arena, except Dow and Exxon, issued across-the-board price increases of generally 4[cents]/lb, with an effective date of Nov. 1, including Occidental, Solvay Polymers, Mobil, Chevron, Novacor, Hoechst Celanese, Paxon Polymers, Union Carbide Union Carbide Corporation (Union Carbide) is one of the oldest chemical and polymers companies in the United States, and currently has more than 3,800 employees. , Quantum Chemical, and Phillips 66.

As the HDPE price initiative was unfolding, still another initiative took shape when Dow announced it would increase prices on all of its PE resins - HDPE, LDPE and LLDPE - by 4[cents]/lb across-the-board, effective Dec. 1.

By press time, PLASTICS TECHNOLOGY had received confirmation from several other major PE players that had taken similar actions on LDPE and LLDPE. These include Mobil, Quantum, Chevron, Union Carbide, Novacor, and Rexene. This is the second time since the summer that LL/LDPE prices have been raised. Increases of 4[cents]/lb across-the-board for these resins were attempted in September and implemented with varying degrees of success.

Suppliers blame PE increases on badly eroded e·rode  
v. e·rod·ed, e·rod·ing, e·rodes

v.tr.
1. To wear (something) away by or as if by abrasion: Waves eroded the shore.

2. To eat into; corrode.
 profit margins as well as cost pressure from feedstocks. Ethylene ethylene (ĕth`əlēn') or ethene (ĕth`ēn), H2C=CH2, a gaseous unsaturated hydrocarbon. It is the simplest alkene.  contracts for October were up 2[cents]/lb from September levels, and another 2[cents]/lb increase appeared to be in the works for November.

HIGHER PRICES FOR ABS/PC

Three of the four domestic suppliers of ABS/PC alloys announced higher selling prices for their flame-retardant grades sold primarily to the business-machine and electronics market. The move was initiated by Dow, which called for a 9[cents]/lb increase on its Pulse 1700 series, effective Nov. 10. Monsanto and Mobay soon followed with similar actions: Monsanto's increase applies to the Triax 2500 FR series and Mobay's to its FR Bayblend. General-purpose and automotive ABS/PC products were not affected by these increases.

Missing from this pricing initiative is GE Plastics. A company source says there are no immediate plans to increase prices of FR grades of its Cycoloy PC/ABS PC/ABS Polycarbonate/Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene , adding that the company's list prices for these products accurately represent their value.

Suppliers raising prices attribute the move to the capital investment needed for more product development. Industry sources, including two at large-volume buyers, indicate that prices have been soft, and that suppliers have been price competitive.

PS PRICES FIRM UP

PS resin prices were said to be somewhat firmer at press time, giving suppliers reason to believe they will be successful in implementing earlier industrywide in·dus·try·wide  
adv. & adj.
Throughout an entire industry: sales that have decreased industrywide; industrywide cooperation. 
 price increases.

As we reported in November, implementation of PS price increases announced at the end of the summer (3[cents]/lb for general-purpose and HIPS grades and 4[cents]/lb for ignition-resistant grades) was delayed to Oct. 1 due to discrepancies among suppliers' effective dates, which ranged from Sept. 16 to Oct. 1. Even further delay was reported by both buyers and suppliers in cases where contracts and/or price-protection arrangements were involved.

Nearing the end of October and into November, however, suppliers indicated they had been increasingly successful in passing through their increases and said they expect resin tabs to firm up further.

Table : Bulk(*) List & Market Prices Effective Mid-November
                     LIST               MARKET
RESIN GRADE(b)       [cents]/LB   [cents]/LB(b)   [cents]/CU IN(b)


ABS
  MED IMPACT         128-138        92-94        3.4
  HI IMPACT          135-141        97-103       3.7
  X-HI IMPACT        140-147       105-108       3.9
  HI HEAT            132-155       120-124       4.7
  PIPE               110-115        85-87        3.2
  SHEET               95-105        92-109       3.7
  TRANSPARENT        152-158       112-124       4.3
  FITTINGS           102-107        97-101       3.7
  PLATING            137-139       105-115       4.0
  FLAME RET          138-161       126-134       5.7
  STRUCT FM          120-126       107-110       NA(d)
  10% GLASS          147-160       140-160       6.0-6.1
  30% GLASS          143-156       136-156       6.0-7.2
ABS/PC ALLOY         148-154       145-150       6.0-6.1
ABS/PVC ALLOY        144-161       140-145       6.0-6.1
ABS/NYLON ALLOY      177-199       177-199       7.0-8.0


ACETAL acetal /ac·e·tal/ (as´e-t'l)
1. any of a class of organic compounds formed by combination of an aldehyde molecule and two alcohol molecules.

2.
 
  HOMOPOL            180-184       123-127      6.1-6.4
    20% GLASS        183-197       142-150      7.9-8.4
  COPOLYMER          180-184       123-127      6.1-6.4
    25% GLASS        190-201       142-150      7.9-8.4


ACRYLIC
  G-P                105           91-93        3.9-4.0
  IMPACT             108-130       108-113      4.6-4.8


ACRYLONITRILE acrylonitrile /ac·ry·lo·ni·trile/ (ak?ri-lo-ni´tril) a colorless halogenated hydrocarbon used in the making of plastics and as a pesticide; its vapors are irritant to the respiratory tract and eyes, may cause systemic poisoning, and are  COPOL
  EXTRUSION          119           101-116      4.0-4.6
  INJECTION          158           120-135      4.8-5.4
ALKYD                72-85         65-74        4.9-5.5


CELLULOSICS
  ACETATE            156           156          NA(d)
  CAB                154           154          NA(d)
  CAP                154           154          NA(d)
DAP (G-P)            251-497       251-497      16.26-34.71


EPOXY epoxy

Any of a class of thermosetting polymers, polyethers built up from monomers with an ether group that takes the form of a three-membered epoxide ring. The familiar two-part epoxy adhesives consist of a resin with epoxide rings at the ends of its molecules and a curing


G-P G-P Gel'fand - Pinsker (channel code)  RESIN 128-137 116-126 NA(d)

COMPOUNDS
    C/B/T(e)         123-166       123-166      9.4-12.9
    R/C/D(f)         208-271       208-271      15.3-20.1


SEMICONDUCTOR
      NOVOLAC        193-228       193-228      13.1-15.9
      ANHYDRIDE      188-268       188-268      13.9-19.2


EVA Eva

to marry winner of singing contest. [Ger. Opera: Wagner, Meistersinger, Westerman, 225–228]

See : Prize



1. Eva - A toy ALGOL-like language used in "Formal Specification of Programming Languages: A Panoramic Primer", F.G.
 
  INJECTION          84-110        60-95        2.4-4.0
  FILM EXTRU         55-95         55-87        2.4-2.7
EVOH                 241           241          10.0


FLUOROPOLYMER A fluoropolymer is a polymer that contains atoms of fluorine. It is characterized by a high resistance to solvents, acids, and bases.

Fluoropolymers were discovered serendipitously in 1938 by Dr. Roy J. Plunkett.
 
  CTFE               3000          3000         237.6
  ECTFE              1100          1100         70.1
  ETFE               1230-1505     1230-1505    79.3-97
  FEP                925-1090      925-1090     70.3-82.8
  PFA                1830-2005     1830-2005    141-154.5
  PTFE               640-720       570-640      45.0-51.0
  PVDF               639-645       639-645      41.4-41.8
IONOMER              97-137        97-137       3.4-4.8


LIQUID-CRYSTAL POLYMERS

INJECTION
    MIN FILLED       690-1035      690-1035     44.2-72.1
    GLASS FILLED     715-1065      715-1065     50.5-100.4
    CARBON FILLED    1700-2000     1700-2000    83.2-138.6


EXTRUSION

UNFILLED 1200-2200 1200-2200 60.5-110.9

MELAMINE melamine (mĕl`əmēn'), common name for 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine. Melamine is a trimer (see polymer) of cyanamide, H2NC≡N, and is synthesized from calcium carbide.  MOLD

COMPOUND 95-103 73-78 4.4-4.7

MELAMINE/ PHENOLIC phe·no·lic
adj.
Of, relating to, containing, or derived from phenol.

n.
Any of various synthetic thermosetting resins, obtained by the reaction of phenols with simple aldehydes and used as adhesives.


COMPOUND 78-117 75-83 4.5-5.0

NYLON
  TYPE 6             228-345       129-133      5.9
  MIN FILLED         170-177       122-130      6.3
  30% GLASS          171-244       156-160      7.7
TYPE 66              240-241       136-143      6.5
  MIN FILLED         175-195       123-127      6.3
  30% GLASS          240-244       165-175      9.8
TYPE 69              255-280       250-276      9.7-10.7
TYPE 6/10            332           286-313      12.4-13.6
TYPE 612             341           286-327      11.4-13.2
  30% GLASS          330           309-311      14.7
  40% GLASS          328           309          14.7
TYPE 11              403           329-341      13.6-14.1
  30% GLASS          415           331-350      15.0-15.8
  40% GLASS          415           347-360      17.7-18.5
TYPE 12              392           318-341      12.1-13.0
  30% GLASS          403           327-350      14.7-15.8
  50% GLASS          400           299-340      15.6-17.8


TRANSPARENT

AMORPHOUS Unorganized or vague. A lack of structure. For example, the amorphous state of a spot on a rewritable optical disc means that the laser beam will not be reflected from it, which is in contrast to a crystalline state which will reflect light. See crystalline.   365 247-360 10.3-15.0

PHENOLIC
MOLD COMP            62-100        55.5-87.5    2.8-4.0
  REINFORCED GRADES  115-300      100.5-267.5   6.0-15.9


POLYAMIDEIMIDE
  MODIFIED           1750          1750         95
  UNMODIFIED         1900          1900         97
POLYARYLATE          225-280       200-280      8.8-12.3
POLYARYLSULFONE      440           440          21.8


POLYBUTYLENE
  G-P                94-96         94-96        3.1
  FILM               88-91         88-91        2.9


PIPE
    COLD WATER       116-120       116-120      3.9-4.0
    HOT WATER        162-166       162-166      5.5-5.6


POLYCARBONATE A category of plastic materials used to make a myriad of products, including CDs and CD-ROMs.  
  INJECTION          184-195       148-163      6.7
    20% GLASS        240-263       178-190      8.9
    30% GLASS        219-247       188-217      10.4
  EXTRUSION          184-201       145-155      6.9-7.1
  BLOW MOLD          184-201       150-157      6.7
  STRUCT FOAM        155-281       159-181      NA(d)
    20% GLASS        221-237       245-255      NA(d)
  FR                 193-252       176-197      8.2
  CD                 200-250       195-245      9.8


POLYESTER (TP)

PBT PBT Provider Backbone Transport (networking technology adding determinism to ethernet)
PBT Polybutylene Terephthalate
PBT Profit Before Tax
PBT Paper Based Test (education) 
 TYPE
  UNFILLED           164-175       143-150      6.9
  HHMP               195-205       154-165      7.6
  30% GLASS, FR      170-190       165-187      10.0
  STRUCT FOAM        165-170       159-165      NA(d)


PET

BOTTLE (RAILCAR) 68-70 62-65 3.2

MOD PET
    30% GLASS        176           133-143      7.4
    55% GLASS        200           148-155      9.8


30% GLASS,
      FLAME RET      230           147-157      9.2
  PETG COPOL         98            98           4.5


POLYESTER THERMOSET A polymer-based liquid or powder that becomes solid when heated, placed under pressure, treated with a chemical or via radiation. The curing process creates a chemical bond that, unlike a thermoplastic, prevents the material from being remelted. See thermoplastic.  
  G-P ORTHO          65-76         52-57        NA(d)
  ISOPHTHALIC        70-78         55-60        NA(d)
  BIS-A              115-145       115-145      NA(d)
PEEK                 2300          2300         109.3
  30% GLASS          2000          2050         110.0
POLYETHERIMIDE       465           465          21.5
  30% GLASS          380           380          19.8


POLYETHERKETONE
(PEK)                2950          2950         130.1
  30% GLASS          2600          2600         153
POLYETHERSULFONE     440           440          22.0
  30% GLASS          365           365          21.0


POLYETHYLENE (RAILCAR) LDPE

G-P MOLDING
    & EXTRU          55-60         32-34        1.1
  INJECTION          55-60         32-34        1.1
  LID RESIN          55-60         32-34        1.1
  LINER              55-60         29-30        1.0
  CLARITY            55-60         31-34        1.0
  EXTRU COATG        55-60         35-37        1.2
  BLOW MOLD          67-80         36-39        1.5


ROTOMOLD,
    PELLET           70-80         38-43        1.3
    POWDER           70-80         40-44        1.4


LLDPE,

BUTENE-BASED
  G-P MOLDING        55-60         29-31        1.0
  FILM               55-60         29-30        1.0
  BLOW MOLD          70-75         37-39        1.5
  ROTOMOLD           70-75         39-43        1.2


LLDPE,

HAO-BASED
  G-P MOLDING        63-67         32-34        1.1
  LID RESIN          63-67         31-33        1.0
  FILM               63-67         32-34        1.0


MMW-HDPE
  G-P INJ MOLD       60-63         31-33        1.1
  FILM               60-63         35-37        1.2
  BLOW MOLD          60-63         34-36        1.3


HMW-HDPE
  BLOW MOLDING       60-63         35-37        1.2
  FILM               60-63         32-34        1.1
  PIPE               63-67         44-48        1.6
  UHMW-PE            110-125       95-120       3.6-3.7


PPE/PPO-BASED RESIN
  INJECTION          140-220       116-139      4.9-5.6
  20% GLASS          214-226       170-207      7.4-9.0
  30% GLASS          200-220       214-274      10.5-10.9
  EXTRUSION          170-240       150-181      5.8-7.0
  STRUCT FM          164-175       125-137      NA(d)


PPS (Packets Per Second) The measurement of activity in a local area network (LAN). In LANs such as Ethernet, Token Ring and FDDI, as well as the Internet, data is broken up and transmitted in packets (frames), each with a source and destination address.

40% GLASS 313-330 295-313 15.5-18.3

20% GLASS/

35% FILLER fill·er 1  
n.
One that fills, as:
a. Something added to augment weight or size or fill space.

b. A composition, especially a semisolid that hardens on drying, used to fill pores, cracks, or holes in wood, plaster,
  157 150-159 11.1-12.3

35% GLASS/

35% FILLER 197 147-149 10.1-11.5

POLYPROPYLENE polypropylene (pŏl'ēprō`pəlēn), plastic noted for its light weight, being less dense than water; it is a polymer of propylene. It resists moisture, oils, and solvents.  (RAILCAR)

G-P HOMOPOL
    INJECTION        55-60         34-35        1.1
    EXTRUSION        55-60         34-37        1.2


RANDOM COPOL
    BLOW MOLDING     60-65         41-43        1.4
    FILM             60-65         42-45        1.4
    INJECTION        60-65         41-43        1.4


IMPACT COPOL
    AUTOMOTIVE       58-70         47-49        1.6
    MED IMP          58-70         47-49        1.6
    HI IMP           70-84         51-53        1.7
    SUPER HI IMP     70-84         56-59        1.9


FILLED (TL)
    30% GLASS        95-100        90-95        2.1-3.1
    40% GLASS        90-95         90-95        3.0-31
    40% MINERAL      71-85         65-71        2.0


POLYSTYRENE polystyrene (pŏl'ēstī`rēn), widely used plastic; it is a polymer of styrene. Polystyrene is a colorless, transparent thermoplastic that softens slightly above 100°C; (212°F;) and becomes a viscous liquid at around 185°C;  (RAILCAR)
  G-P CRYSTAL        60-66         40-41        1.4
    HI HEAT          63-66         41-43        1.5
  HIPS               66-68         42-43        1.6
    HI HEAT          66-68         43-45        1.6
    FR               91-95         72-75        3.0
    STRUCT FM        100-105       64-67        NA(d)


EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) A PostScript file format used to transfer a graphic image between applications and platforms. EPS files contain PostScript code as well as an optional preview image in TIFF, WMF, PICT or EPSI, the latter being an ASCII-only format.  
  UNMODIFIED         79            51-52        NA(d)
  MODIFIED           81            53-54        NA(d)
POLYSULFONE          392           392          17.5
  10% GLASS          383           383          18.4
  30% GLASS          331           331          17.8


POLYURETHANE polyurethane

Any of a class of very versatile polymers that are made into flexible and rigid foams, fibres, elastomers (elastic polymers), surface coatings, and adhesives.
 (TP)
  ESTER TYPE         168-215       168-215      7.5-9.3
  ETHER TYPE         283-304       231-243      10.0-10.5


PU ISOCYANATES
  POLYMERIC MDI      105-110       90-96        NA(d)
  80/20 TDI          94-100        94-100       NA(d)


PVC PVC: see polyvinyl chloride.
PVC
 in full polyvinyl chloride

Synthetic resin, an organic polymer made by treating vinyl chloride monomers with a peroxide.
 RESIN (RAILCAR)
  G-P HOMOPOL        37-38         28-31        NA(d)
  PIPE               36-37         25-26        NA(d)
  FILM               39-40         31-32        NA(d)


COPOLYMER copolymer: see polymer.

FLOORING 57 45-48 NA(d)

DISPERSION dispersion, in chemistry
dispersion, in chemistry, mixture in which fine particles of one substance are scattered throughout another substance. A dispersion is classed as a suspension, colloid, or solution.


HOMOPOLY 74 58-68 NA(d)

CPVC CPVC Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride
CPVC Cell Phone Voice Changer
CPVC common pulmonary venous chamber
 PIPE

COMPOUND 137 118 NA(d)

PVDC PVDC Poly-Vinylidene Dichloride

EXTRUDABLE 145 111-120 6.8-7.3

SILICONES
  MOLD. COMP.        581-640       581-640      38.1-39.3
  SPECIALTY GR.      891-3148      891-3148     NA(d)
  SILICONE/EPOXY     339-343       339-343      22.5-22.8
STYRENEACRYLIC       112-118       108-112      3.7-4.0
SAN (G-P)            97            83-87        3.2-3.3


STYRENE sty·rene
n.
A colorless oily liquid from which polystyrenes, plastics, and synthetic rubber are produced. Also called vinylbenzene.
 MALEIC ANHYDRIDE Maleic anhydride (cis-butenedioic anhydride, toxilic anhydride, dihydro-2,5-dioxofuran) is an organic compound with the formula C4H2O3 (C=OCH=CHC=O2). In its pure state it is a colourless or white solid with an acrid odour.  
  G-P                115-120       110-115      4.2-4.3
  HI IMP             149-179       130-140      4.2-4.5
  FR                 185-189       175-183      6.7-7.0


TP ELASTOMERS
  OLEFINIC           125-150       98-135       3.6-5.0
  POLYAMIDE          287-337       287-337      10.4-12.3
  POLYESTER          245-310       200-310      8.8-13.6
  STYRENIC           63-350        83-237       2.9-8.3


UREA MOLDING COMPOUND
  BLACK & BROWN      67-78         67-78        3.6-4.1
  WHITE & IVORY      72            72           3.8


VINYL ESTER Vinyl Ester, or Vinylester, is a resin produced by the esterification of an epoxy resin with an unsaturated monocarboxylic acid. The reaction product is then dissolved in a reactive solvent, such as styrene, to a 35 - 45 percent content by weight.  
  COR RES            144           144          NA(d)
  HEAT & COR RES     158           158          NA(d)


KEY Colored areas indicate pricing activity. An arrow [arrow up] indicates direction of price change. (*)Truckload truck·load  
n.
The quantity that a truck can hold.

truckload ncamión m lleno 
, unless otherwise specified. (a) Unfilled, natural color, unless otherwise specified. (b) Based on sampling of processors. (c) Based on typical or average density. (d) Not applicable. (e) For coils, bushings, transformers; novolac and anhydride anhydride (ănhī`drīd, –drĭd) [Gr.,=without water], chemical compound formed by removing water, H2O, from another compound; the anhydride can also react with water to form the original compound.  grades. (f) For resistors, capacitors, diodes; novolac and anhydride grades.
COPYRIGHT 1991 Gardner Publications, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1991, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Title Annotation:Pricing Update; polyethylene
Publication:Plastics Technology
Date:Dec 1, 1991
Words:1970
Previous Article:Good third quarter breeds optimism.
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