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Nearest Lab to Identify Swine Flu Virus in Oman.

Summary: DUBAI -- If any suspected case of swine originated H1N1 influenza A influenza A
n.
Influenza caused by infection with a strain of influenza virus type A.


influenza A Infectious disease An avian virus, especially of ducks–which in China live near the pig reservoir and 'vector';
 is reported in the country, the UAE (Uninterruptible Application Error) The name given to a crash in Windows 3.0. In subsequent versions of Windows, a crash was called a "General Protection Fault," "Application Error" or "Illegal Operation." See crash in Windows and abend.  will have to depend on Oman, the nearest country with a World Health Organisation (WHO) recognised laboratory capable of identifying the new strain of virus.

The next choices for the UAE, due to their proximity, could be the Virology virology, study of viruses and their role in disease. Many viruses, such as animal RNA viruses and viruses that infect bacteria, or bacteriophages, have become useful laboratory tools in genetic studies and in work on the cellular metabolic control of gene expression  Lab at the Central Public Health Labs under the Ministry of Health and Population in Cairo, Egypt, the National Institute of Virology at the National Influenza Centre in Pune, India, and the National Institute of Health in Islamabad, Pakistan.

These were among the dozens of worldwide laboratories that found the place in the latest list of labs identified by WHO to perform real-time PCR PCR polymerase chain reaction.

PCR
abbr.
polymerase chain reaction


Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 
 tests to diagnose influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in humans. The WHO revised the list on Tuesday.

The Ministry of Health officials were unavailable for comments to specify the chosen lab for the UAE.

However, Director General of the Executive Board of GCC GCC: see Gulf Cooperation Council.

(compiler, programming) GCC - The GNU Compiler Collection, which currently contains front ends for C, C++, Objective-C, Fortran, Java, and Ada, as well as libraries for these languages (libstdc++, libgcj, etc).
 Health Ministers' Council Dr Tawfik A M Khoja told Khaleej Times The Khaleej Times is a daily English language newspaper published in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It is published by Galadari Printing and Publishing L.L.C. with the Gulf News being its main competitor.  that three laboratories in Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia (sä`dē ərā`bēə, sou`–, sô–), officially Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, kingdom (2005 est. pop.  were also being equipped with the facilities to conduct the confirmatory tests.

"This is the latest information announced by the Saudi Minister of Health. These labs are located in Riyadh, Dammam and Jeddah," he said over phone on Tuesday.

Dr Khoja said the GCC health ministers had already discussed the preparedness of the laboratories at their emergency meeting held in Doha 
 on Saturday.

"GCC countries with the laboratory capabilities to diagnose the virus will cooperate with others which do not have them," he said.

When contacted, Director of Communicable Diseases communicable diseases, illnesses caused by microorganisms and transmitted from an infected person or animal to another person or animal. Some diseases are passed on by direct or indirect contact with infected persons or with their excretions.  Surveillance Unit of the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO EMRO Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (World Health Organization)
EMRO Electromagnetic Radiation Operation(al)
EMRO Emergency Management and Response Office
) of the WHO Dr Hassan Al Bushra told Khaleej Times that EMRO was tasked with making the diagnostic tools available to WHO accredited accredited

recognition by an appropriate authority that the performance of a particular institution has satisfied a prestated set of criteria.


accredited herds
cattle herds which have achieved a low level of reactors to, e.g.
 laboratories in the region and training the qualified technicians with them.

"We are organising a special training programme for them on May 17."

WHO has been facilitating the distribution of real-time PCR kits with primers and probes specific for the H1N1 A virus to National Influenza Centres, national influenza reference laboratories and the Global Influenza Surveillance Network.

Like many other countries that do not have these facilities, the UAE can now do conventional tests on suspected cases to identify the classification of influenza viruses into A and B.

"Such countries can limit the number of suspected cases by ruling out the presence of H1N1A influenza virus. But if there is unsubtypable (UNSUBTYPABLE) H1N1 A influenza virus, the samples have to be sent to WHO designated laboratories for confirmation," Dr Martin Opoka, an epidemiologist with the EMRO said.

On Tuesday, EMRO said in a statement that no cases of influenza A(H1N1) have been reported in the region to date. Though Israel is in the Middle East and has reported four laboratory confirmed cases, it comes under the European Regional Office of the WHO.

"WHO announces only confirmed cases reported by laboratories identified by the Organisation as having the capacity to diagnose the influenza A(H1N1) virus, while the media may sometimes refer to probable or suspected cases which have not yet been confirmed, and sometimes even refer to rumours," an EMRO statement said clarifying on the discrepancies in statistics being reported by the WHO and various media houses across the world.

As of 6am GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) See UTC.

GMT - Universal Time 1
 on Tuesday 21 countries have officially reported 1124 cases of influenza A (H1N1) infection, the WHO said on its website. 
 sajila@khaleejtimes.com

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Publication:Khaleej Times (Dubai, United Arab Emirates)
Date:May 6, 2009
Words:599
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