National arts lottery: dream or nightmare?LONDON - A little over a year after its introduction, Britain's National Lottery National Lottery n → Lotto nt has been described both as a dream machine and a nightmare. Three out of four adults buy lottery tickets, generating much more money (around 1 billion [pounds] or $1.5 billion per year) than expected. But its existence is bitterly criticized by churches and charities and its allocation of funds, particularly to the arts, stirs storms of controversy.
The lottery was created by an Act of Parliament in November 1994 to raise money for projects and institutions that would not otherwise benefit from public funds See Fund, 3.
See also: Public . The lottery cake is divided into five slices that go to arts, sports, charities, national heritage, and a millennium fund for projects celebrating the year 2000. Prime Minister John Major has justified the new lottery by saying "These causes can never successfully compete with welfare and defense needs for public funding Public funding is money given from tax revenue or other governmental sources to an individual, organization, or entity. See also
A lottery ticket for the weekly Saturday night Saturday Night may refer to: Music
Five government-nominated panels disburse dis·burse
tr.v. dis·bursed, dis·burs·ing, dis·burs·es
To pay out, as from a fund; expend. See Synonyms at spend.
[Obsolete French desbourser, from Old French desborser the funds. The arts panel has eight members, including filmmaker David Puttnam and singer Cleo Laine Dame Cleo Laine DBE, (born Clementina Dinah Campbell on October 28 1927 in Southall, Middlesex, England) is a jazz singer and an actor, noted for her scat singing.
She is the only female performer to have received Grammy nominations in the jazz, popular and classical music . They sift through lottery applications and make recommendations to the Arts Council An arts council is a government or private, non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the arts mainly by funding local artists, awarding prizes, and organizing events at home and abroad. , which distributes all public money to the arts. This body makes the final decision. At present, lottery money must be used for capital projects - such as building upgrades or the purchase of musical instruments - and not for people or productions. Its backers promised that the lottery would not replace government funding, but augment it - an assurance widely distrusted by arts organizations.
As of November 1995, 55 million [pounds] had been awarded to the Royal Opera House for its redevelopment scheme, estimated to cost a total of 213 million[pounds]. Sadler's Wells Theatre
Transformation of a society from a rural and agrarian condition to a secular, urban, and industrial one. It is closely linked with industrialization. As societies modernize, the individual becomes increasingly important, gradually replacing the family, .
The arts awards have met with controversy because the press, particularly the tabloids, claim the poor are subsidizing the pleasures of the rich. The Royal Opera House and Sadler's Wells have been pilloried in the popular press as places where the idle rich are diverted by men in tights, paid for by the working class's scratchcards.
Similar in appearance or symptoms but unrelated in morphology or pathology; false.
simulated; not genuine; false. comparisons have been made between "opera toffs and sick tots" - affluent operagoers versus hospitals for children. The way disbursements have been scheduled has contributed to the fear of charity organizations that they will be left out. Awards to arts, sports, and heritage concerns were announced first. In the first year of the lottery, the arts received 230 million[pounds], compared to 40 million[pounds] for charities. Applications from the thousands of charities have simply taken longer to process than those from large arts organizations, which already had redevelopment plans in place when the lottery came into effect, and thus could submit their applications immediately. The charities are nonetheless asking for compensation, on the grounds that their general donations have slumped because of the lottery; donors, they say, now assume that they are taken care of, and aren't aware that the organizations get only six percent of the lottery money. Any inequities from the first year will be rectified in future years, lottery officials say.
As far as the arts go, the lottery does indeed appear to be a dream machine, enabling the repair or replacement of decrepit de·crep·it
Weakened, worn out, impaired, or broken down by old age, illness, or hard use. See Synonyms at weak.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin d buildings and making it likely that grand new projects will be realized by the millenium.
In the near term, the beneficiaries of the lottery have been bureaucrats - planners, consultants, and advisors - not artists. And although the public will, sooner rather than later, enjoy new housing for the arts, the buildings won't be much use without artistic product to go into them. The hope is that once the buildings are in place, lottery money will start going to individual artists and organizations, who struggle, at present, to survive on limited Arts Council subsidy and/or short-term business sponsorship. One scheme already under discussion is an endowment fund Noun 1. endowment fund - the capital that provides income for an institution
patrimony - a church endowment
chantry - an endowment for the singing of Masses from the lottery, earning interest on which arts bodies could draw to supplement - not replace - government funding.