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National Eye Institute. (ehpnet).



The National Eye Institute (NEI NEI National Eye Institute (NIH)
NEI Nuclear Energy Institute
NEI National Emission Inventory
NEI Not Enough Information
NEI Netherlands East Indies
NEI Nuevos Estados Independientes
) is the primary institute of the NIH "Not invented here." See digispeak.

NIH - The United States National Institutes of Health.
 for supporting and conducting research on preventing, diagnosing, and treating eye diseases and other vision disorders. Currently the NEI oversees approximately 1,600 research projects at more than 250 institutions in addition to the research ongoing at its own facilities in Bethesda, Maryland Bethesda is an urbanized, but unincorporated, area in southern Montgomery County, Maryland, just Northwest of Washington, D.C. It takes its name from a church located there, the Bethesda Presbyterian Church, built in 1820 and rebuilt in 1850, which in turn took its name from . The institute also works to translate research findings into clinical applications and to raise public awareness about eye and vision problems. The NEI uses its website, located at http://www.nei.nih.gov/, to help disseminate information about its many programs.

The What's New section provides links to newly released NEI-funded research and other topics of interest to those in the field. The more in-depth News and Events section includes press releases, clinical alerts for professionals, information on meetings and special events, and a list of official statements and reports on vision.

The Health Information page links to information on 21 eye diseases and disorders This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders.

The World Health Organization publishes a classification of known diseases and injuries called the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems or ICD-10.
. There is also a section on basic eye anatomy with diagrams of the eye, links to glossaries of eye terminology, a collection of eye care resources, NEI information provided in Spanish, and a way to order NEI materials online. The collection of eye care resources consists of an eye health organizations database; a page of frequently asked questions about clinical trials and how they are conducted; and tips on finding an eye care professional, procuring financial assistance for eye care, and talking to Noun 1. talking to - a lengthy rebuke; "a good lecture was my father's idea of discipline"; "the teacher gave him a talking to"
lecture, speech

rebuke, reprehension, reprimand, reproof, reproval - an act or expression of criticism and censure; "he had to
 doctors about eye health.

More information on NEI clinical trials is available on the Research Funding Research funding is a term generally covering any funding for scientific research, in the areas of both "hard" science and technology and social science. The term often connotes funding obtained through a competitive process, in which potential research projects are evaluated and  page and through the Clinical Studies Database. The Research Funding page has information on grant and funding opportunities for researchers, news on staff appointments, updates on grants and funding policies, and overviews of councils and workshops of interest to NEI researchers, among other resources. The Clinical Studies Database provides a list of all ongoing and completed NEI supported studies. This section also includes study results and lists of journal articles that have been generated by the research, as well as a list of NEI studies that are currently enrolling participants. Site visitors can search the database for studies under six topic areas or by keyword, study location, age of study participants, patient recruitment status, or study status.

The Education Programs page offers overviews of NEI outreach activities. Through the National Eye Health Education Program, the NEI conducts large-scale public and professional educational activities in partnership with national organizations. Specialty initiatives within this program focus on diabetic eye disease, glaucoma glaucoma (glôkō`mə), ocular disorder characterized by pressure within the eyeball caused by an excessive amount of aqueous humor (the fluid substance filling the eyeball). , low vision (when everyday tasks become difficult to do even with corrective lenses, medicine, or surgery), and educating Spanish-speaking Americans about eye and vision problems. VISION is a teaching supplement for grades 4 through 8 that is available for download at no charge. This 16-page guide helps teachers plan lessons about how the eye works, eye problems, and eye safety. The supplement was developed in cooperation with the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology ophthalmology (ŏf'thălmŏl`əjē), branch of medicine specializing in the anatomy, function and diseases of the eye. Ophthalmologists specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of eye disorders, vision measurements for . THE EYE SITE is an NEI-sponsored exhibit that travels to shopping malls around the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area.  to educate the public about low vision, vision rehabilitation rehabilitation: see physical therapy.  services, and vision adaptive devices, as well as about the NEI itself. The exhibit features five colorful kiosks and an interactive multimedia program. Another exhibit, VISION, educates visitors to science museums about how vision works and about how researchers are working to develop ways to protect our eyes from disease and developmental problems.
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No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2005, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Author:Dooley, Erin E.
Publication:Environmental Health Perspectives
Date:Dec 1, 2005
Words:571
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