NIST'S BIOMETRIC DATA FORMAT ENDORSED BY INDUSTRY.
In February 2001, the International Biometric Industry Association (IBIA IBIA International Biometric Industry Association (trade association founded in 1988)
IBIA International Brain Injury Association
IBIA Interior Board of Indian Appeals ) launched the Biometric Standards Registry for Common Biometric Exchange File Format (CBEFF CBEFF Common Biometric Exchange File Format ) Unique Identifiers With reference to a given (possibly implicit) set of objects, a unique identifier is any identifier which is guaranteed to be unique among all identifiers used for those objects and for a specific purpose. to streamline the development of biometric solutions. CBEFF is the biometric data format spearheaded and developed by NIST (National Institute of Standards & Technology, Washington, DC, www.nist.gov) The standards-defining agency of the U.S. government, formerly the National Bureau of Standards. It is one of three agencies that fall under the Technology Administration (www.technology. in cooperation with industry and users. CBEFF describes a set of data elements necessary to support biometric technologies in a common way. It facilitates biometric data interchange between different system components or between systems, promotes interoperability The capability of two or more hardware devices or two or more software routines to work harmoniously together. For example, in an Ethernet network, display adapters, hubs, switches and routers from different vendors must conform to the Ethernet standard and interoperate with each other. of biometric-based application programs and systems, and facilitates the integration of biometric technologies into networks that support important mass commercial or government applications.
CBEFF is described in detail in NISTIR NISTIR National Institute of Standards and Technology Interagency Report
NISTIR National Institute of Standards and Technology Internal Report 6529, Common Biometric Exchange File Format (CBEFF). The development of CBEFF was performed in close coordination with industry consortiums, such as the BioAPI Consortium, and standards technical committees, such as ANSI/ASC X9F4 Working Group. The IBIA registry (www.ibia.org/formats) will greatly facilitate the use of all biometric technologies by those who develop, operate, and administer biometric solutions. CBEFF values in the IBIA Registry uniquely identify the format of a CBEFF-compliant biometric data structure. Detailed information on CBEFF and these identifiers can be found at www.nist.gov/cbeff.
The executive director of IBIA said, "The CBEFF initiative is a milestone for the biometric industry. Two years ago there was no easy way to accommodate multiple biometrics The biological identification of a person. Examples are face, iris and retinal patterns, hand geometry and voice. Increasingly built into laptop computers, fingerprint readers have become popular as a secure method for identification. in complex networks. Now, with CBEFF and BioAPI, developers have all the tools needed to ensure interoperability in any environment. At the top of this list will be e-commerce applications that can rely on biometrics to secure both ends of a financial transaction." The chairman of IBIA said, "IBIA is pleased to be the registering entity for the Common Biometric Exchange File Format. The registry is vital to the future of biometrics because it will greatly facilitate the integration of biometric technologies into networks that have important mass commercial applications."