NEC Develops High-Power Gallium Nitride Transistor Amplifier for 3G Base Stations.
The need to achieve a large-capacity and high-speed system is becoming more crucial with the rapid increase in traffic accompanying the swelling number of 3G mobile subscribers and increasingly sophisticated and diversified 3G services worldwide. To achieve such a system a power amplifier with higher output power and high linearity for 3G base stations is vital. For the above purposes, the amplifier also needs to realize energy savings and compact size. Conventional amplifiers composed of silicon LDMOS transistors or gallium arsenide (GaAs) transistors require power-combining circuits due to the small output power of each transistor. As a result, the amplifier is larger in size and there is an increased loss in power. These factors make it difficult to achieve a high output power amplifier with compact size and high efficiency.
The features of the newly developed power amplifier for 3G base stations include:
- Single-ended GaN amplifier with a digital predistorter for W-CDMA base stations
- Operation voltage: 45 Volts
- Peak output power of W-CDMA signal: 400W (2.14 GHz)
- Third order intermodulation distortion (note 4*): -50 dBc (At average output power of over 60W).
- Drain efficiency: 25% (At average output power of 60W)
- Undoubtedly, this new research result will play an important role in increasing output power, as well as downsizing and energy savings of base station amplifiers for the third generation and beyond. To this end, NEC will continue to carry out aggressive research and development of the technology toward its early commercialization aimed at toward the end of 2008.
The transistors used for this amplifier are made on a GaN epitaxial wafer, which was developed under the NEDO "High-Power, High-Frequency Gallium Nitride Device Project," and manufactured by Toyoda Gosei Co, Ltd.
A semiconductor possessing a large bandgap of 3.4 eV for use in a high-frequency, high-power device operated at a high-temperature and/or under high-voltage conditions. This is due to the high breakdown field and high electron velocity of this material. Gallium nitride is also a well-known material for blue LEDs, utilizing its large direct bandgap characteristics.
2.High-Power, High-Frequency Gallium Nitride Device Project
This project comprises researchers from 9 companies including NEC, Toyoda Gosei, Ritsumeikan University and the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST). Began in 2002, the project is schedule to end in 2007.
Technology that reduces the electric field strength at the gate edge, leading to improved breakdown voltage, and enables high-voltage, high-power operation.
4.Inter modulation distortion
Inter modulation distortion is an output signal generated from the nonlinearity of an amplifier when several signals of closing frequencies are input. When two signals with the same power level are input, the ratio of the output power levels are defined as a third-order intermodulation distortion.
About NEC Corporation
NEC Corporation (TSE: 6701; NASDAQ: NIPNY) is one of the world's leading providers of Internet, broadband network and enterprise business solutions dedicated to meeting the specialized needs of its diverse and global base of customers. NEC delivers tailored solutions in the key fields of computer, networking and electron devices by integrating its technical strengths in IT and Networks, and by providing advanced semiconductor solutions through NEC Electronics Corporation. The NEC Group employs more than 140,000 people worldwide and had net sales of approximately 4,825 billion yen (approx. $41.2 billion) in the fiscal year ended March 2006.
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Source: NEC Corporation
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