Minors' access to STI services.
District of Columbia District of Columbia, federal district (2000 pop. 572,059, a 5.7% decrease in population since the 1990 census), 69 sq mi (179 sq km), on the east bank of the Potomac River, coextensive with the city of Washington, D.C. (the capital of the United States). allow most minors to consent to testing and treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and many explicitly include testing and treatment of HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States. . Many states, however, allow physicians to inform parents that the minor is seeking or receiving STI STI systolic time intervals. services when they deem it in the best interests of the minor.
* All 50 states and the District of Columbia explicitly allow minors to consent to STI services, although 11 states require that a minor be of a certain age (generally 12 or 14) before being allowed to consent.
* 31 states explicitly include HIV testing and treatment in the package of STI services to which minors may consent.
* 18 states allow physicians to inform a minor's parents that he or she is seeking or receiving STI services; however, with the exception of 1 state that requires parental notification in the case of a positive HIV test HIV test Various tests have been used to detect HIV and production of antibodies thereto; some HTs shown below are no longer actively used, but are listed for completeness and context. See HIV, Immunoblot. , no state requires that physicians notify parents.
FOR MORE INFORMATION:
For information on state legislative and policy activity click on Guttmacher's Monthly State Update and for state level information and data on reproductive health Within the framework of WHO's definition of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health, or sexual health/hygiene issues, click on Guttmacher's State Center.
Chesson HW et al., The estimated direct medical cost of sexually transmitted diseases Sexually transmitted diseases
Infections that are acquired and transmitted by sexual contact. Although virtually any infection may be transmitted during intimate contact, the term sexually transmitted disease is restricted to conditions that are largely among American youth, 2000, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2004, 36(1):11-19.
Weinstock H, Berman S and Cates, Jr. W, Sexually transmitted diseases among American youth: incidence and prevalence estimates, 2000, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2004, 36(1):6-10.
Boonstra H and Nash E, Minors and the right to consent to health care, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 2000, 3(4):4-8.
The Alan Guttmacher Alan Frank Guttmacher (1898-1974) was an American physician.
He served as president of Planned Parenthood and vice-president of the American Eugenics Society, founded the Association for the Study of Abortion in 1964, was a member of the Association for Voluntary Institute (AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) A machine intelligence that resembles that of a human being. Considered impossible by many, most artificial intelligence (AI) research, projects and products deal with specific applications such as industrial robots, playing chess, ), Sex and America's Teenagers, New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of : AGI, 1994.
Donovan P, Our Daughters' Decisions: The Conflict in State Law on Abortion and Other Issues, New York: AGI, 1992.
MINORS' ACCESS TO STI SERVICES CONSENT TO PHYSICIAN MAY MINORS MAY HIV TESTING BUT IS NOT CONSENT TO AND TREATMENT REQUIRED TO STATE STI SERVICES INCLUDED INFORM PARENTS Alabama 12 years X X Alaska X Arizona X Arkansas X X California 12 years X Colorado X X * Connecticut X X Delaware 12 years X X Dist. of Columbia X Florida X X Georgia X X Hawaii 14 years X Idaho 14 years X Illinois 12 years X X Indiana X Iowa X X ([dagger]) Kansas X X Kentucky X X X Louisiana X X Maine X X Maryland X X Massachusetts X ([double dagger]) Michigan X X X Minnesota X X Mississippi X X ([OMEGA]) Missouri X X Montana X X X Nebraska X Nevada X X New Hampshire 14 years New Jersey X 13 years X New Mexico X X ([OMEGA]) New York X X ([OMEGA]) North Carolina X X North Dakota 14 years X Ohio X X ([OMEGA]) Oklahoma X X X Oregon X X Pennsylvania X X Rhode Island X X South Carolina 16 years or X mature minor South Dakota X Tennessee X X Texas X X X Utah X Vermont 12 years X ([OMEGA]) Virginia X X Washington 14 years X West Virginia X Wisconsin X Wyoming X X TOTAL 50 + DC 31 18 * Physician may inform parents of minor's decision to consent to HIV/AIDS services if the minor is younger than 16. ([dagger]) A parent must be notified of a positive HIV test result. ([double dagger]) The state funds a statewide program that gives minors access to STI services. ([OMEGA]) Does not include right to consent to HIV/AIDS treatment.