Minority degree college libraries in Andhra Pradesh: a study with special reference to NAAC standards.Introduction
The effectiveness of a library lies in the way it puts forth its services to the community of students and teachers. The management of college libraries has become more complex due to the explosion of knowledge, increases in user population, new demands for information sources, variety and volume of information sources, lack of funds and steep prices increases, and the impact of information technologies. These influences call for new types of management techniques, and for evaluation and assessment of programs and services.
Assessment and Accreditation Council Accreditation Council may refer to:
NAAC National Albanian American Council
NAAC National Accessible Apartment Clearinghouse
NAAC National Association of Agricultural Contractors (UK) )
The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an autonomous body established by the University Grants Commission (UGC See user-generated content. ) of India to assess and accredit To give official authorization or status. To recognize as having sufficient academic standards to qualify graduates for higher education or for professional practice. In International Law: institutions of higher education in the country. It is an outcome of the recommendations of the National Policy in Education (1986) that laid special emphasis on upholding the quality of higher education in India India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years. While some of the country's universities (BITS, IITs, NITs, IISc, TIFR, ISI, IIMs and AIIMS) are among the world's well-renowned, it is also dealing with challenges in its primary education and strives to reach 100% literacy. . The system of higher education in India has expanded rapidly during the last fifty years. There have been criticisms that the country has permitted the mushrooming of institutions of higher education with substandard substandard,
adj below an acceptable level of performance. facilities and consequent dilution of standards. To address the issues of deterioration de·te·ri·o·ra·tion
The process or condition of becoming worse. in quality, the National Policy on Education (1986) and the Plan of Action (POA-1992) that spelt spelt
Subspecies (Triticum aestivum spelta) of wheat that has lax spikes and spikelets containing two light-red kernels. Triticum dicoccon was cultivated by the ancient Babylonians and the ancient Swiss lake dwellers; it is now grown for livestock forage and used in baked out the strategic plans for the policies, advocated the establishment of an independent national accreditation body. Consequently, the NAAC was established in 1994 with its headquarters at Bangalore.
Vision and Mission
NAAC states that:
The activities and plans of the NAAC are guided by its vision and mission that focus on making quality assurance an integral part of the functioning of higher education institutions.
The vision of the NAAC is to make quality the defining element of higher education in India through a combination of self and external quality evaluation, promotion and sustenance Sustenance
goat who provided milk for baby Zeus. [Gk. Myth.: Leach, 41]
food of the gods; bestowed immortal youthfulness. [Gk. Myth. initiatives.
The mission statement of the NAAC defines the following key tasks:
* To arrange for periodic assessment and accreditation of institutions of higher education or units thereof, or specific academic programme or projects.
* To stimulate the academic environment for promotion of quality of teaching-learning and research in higher education institutions.
* To encourage self-evaluation, accountability, autonomy, and innovations in higher education.
* To undertake quality-related research studies, consultancy, and training programme.
* To collaborate with other stakeholders Stakeholders
All parties that have an interest, financial or otherwise, in a firm-stockholders, creditors, bondholders, employees, customers, management, the community, and the government. of higher education for quality evaluation, promotion, and sustenance.
NAAC follows a three-stage assessment process:
* The preparation and submission of a self-study report by the unit of assessment.
* The on-site visit of the peer team for validation of the self-study report and for recommending the assessment outcome to the NAAC.
* The final decision by the Executive Committee of the NAAC.
Objectives of the Study
1. To trace the history and review the development of college education and library management at Degree Colleges of the minority-communities in India and Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh (än`drə prä`dāsh), state (2001 provisional pop. 75,727,541), 106,052 sq mi (275,608 sq km), SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. The capital is Hyderabad. .
2. To survey personally the existing physical conditions.
3. To study the administrative procedures.
4. To study the human resources The fancy word for "people." The human resources department within an organization, years ago known as the "personnel department," manages the administrative aspects of the employees. management and workforce availability
5. To study collection management, technical processing, shelving shelv·ing
1. Shelves considered as a group.
2. Material for shelves.
3. An incline; a slope.
1. material for shelves
2. , inventory, weeding, and so on.
6. To study the quality and variety of services being offered in these libraries.
7. To verify whether NAAC library standards are being followed.
8. To study the extent of computer use or phases of computerization; availability of systems, type of software being used.
Need for the Study
A literature search shows that not many studies have been done on this topic in India nor reported to have been undertaken specifically on minority communities.
The survey method was adopted to study the existing physical conditions and management of libraries of all the Seventeen (Aided) degree colleges of minority-communities in Andhra Pradesh. Data was collected through structured questionnaires, which were administered personally, and also through interview supported by schedules, observation, and reference of registers.
The table below presents general information of the aided 17 colleges in Andhra Pradesh with NAAC grading. Only seven have been assessed by NAAC and the highest grade (A) has been awarded to St. Theresa's College St. Theresa's College, Quezon City (also called STC), Philippines, is a Catholic institution of learning run by the Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (ICM) dedicated to the education of girls. St. in Eluru, Maris Stella College Maris Stella College is a College in Negombo, Sri Lanka founded by the Marist Brothers in 1922.
On 2nd January 1817, Father Marcelline Champagnat, son of a farmer in the hamlet of Rozey close to the town of Marlhes in Loire, France, now Saint Marcelline Champagnat, founded , Vijayawada and St. Francis College, Secunderabad, followed by B+ grade to Andhra Loyola College Andhra Loyola College commonly known as Loyola College is Jesuit educational institution founded in 1954. It is located in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India History , Vijayawada, and JMJ JMJ Jam Master Jay (rap artist)
JMJ Jornada Mundial de la Juventud
JMJ Jean Michel Jarre (musician)
JMJ Jesus-Mary-Joseph College, Tenali, while a B was awarded to St. Joseph's in Visakhapatnam and Loyola College, Kadapa.
"College with potential for excellence" was awarded to Loyola College Vijayawada, Loyola Academy Loyola Academy is a private, co-educational college preparatory high school located in Wilmette, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. Located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago, it is one of 47 Jesuit high schools in the United States and is a member of the Jesuit Secondary , Alwal, St. Theresa's College for Women, Eluru, and Maris Stella College, Vijayawada. The UGC award will provide financial assistance for the overall development of college, laboratories, library, etc.
Management of Library and Information Services See Information Systems.
Fewer than one-third of these libraries (i.e., 5 out of 17) have a separate building for libraries with sufficient room stacks, reference, periodicals, etc. The environmental and physical conditions at AnwarUl-Uloom and Mumtaz college libraries are very poor and have neither a separate building nor sufficient space even to accommodate the necessary material and equipment, and there is no proper furniture or infrastructure even though they are the oldest of the colleges. In Mumtaz College the library rooms are too small to accommodate even the collection, while the students of Noble College have been accommodated varandas (corridors), for newspaper reading. The overall physical condition of most of the colleges such as St. Theresa's (1953), Andhra Loyola (1954), and Maris Stella (1962) are satisfactory and planning a remodel re·mod·el
tr.v. re·mod·eled also re·mod·elled, re·mod·el·ing also re·mod·el·ling, re·mod·els also re·mod·els
To make over in structure or style; reconstruct. , except in Andhra Christian (1924).
Book shops and exhibitions are the primary sources of acquisition. Library department heads and faculty members use those cited sources and recommend selection. Trade catalogues are also consulted occasionally. Bibliographies, reviews of periodicals, cumulative book indexes, etc., have a lower priority than the other sources.
In all the colleges the selection body for library books are the department head and faculty members. Sometimes management of the college does book selection for libraries, while the library committee also occasionally selects books.
A majority of the libraries have open access. Only five: Andhra Christian College For the university in Oregon formerly called Christian College, see .
Christian College, is a school established by the Anglican Church in 1822 in Kotte, Sri Lanka. It is the oldest school in Sri Lanka. One of its masters, Rev. , Guntur, Noble College, Machilipatnam, Loyola Degree College, Kadapa, Urdu Arts College Arts Colleges were introduced in 1995 as part of the Specialist Schools Programme in the United Kingdom. The system enables secondary schools to specialise in certain fields, in this case, the performing, visual and/or media arts. , Hyderabad, and Loyola Degree College, Secunderabad, have closed stacks.
Only 30 percent of the libraries lend (barcoded) documents through a computerized - circulation system, while 53 percent issue tickets (as per Browne System)
Table 6 Limits on Lending
41 percent of the libraries issue 10 books to each teacher while the remaining 59 percent issue 4 to 20 books to each teacher with no specific limitation.
53 percent of the libraries issue 3 books to each student. 41 percent of libraries issue only two books to each student while the library of Andhra Muslim College Andhra Muslim College is founded in 19xx's, it is located in Guntur City, India. It is one of the colleges in the region, offering many Graduate and Under-Graduate Courses. It is recognized by the Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur. of Guntur issues only one book to each student.
Six libraries have the same hours as the college, while five are open one hour before and after the college, three libraries are open one hour earlier, and the rest are open one hour later.
Human Resources Management
All but two colleges have professional librarians. A majority of the assistant librarians are working in unaided un·aid·ed
Carried out or functioning without aid or assistance: made an unaided attempt to climb the sheer cliff. posts. Most of the librarians expressed the need for more employees, and have specified the need for assistant librarians, technical assistants (with computer knowledge), clerical assistants, etc.
The table shows the present collection of books in each library. St. Francis Women's College has the largest collection, with 15,172, followed by Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada with 7,257. The smallest collections are Andhra Muslim College, Guntur with very small collection (46), followed by Urdu College, Hyderabad with 288 books.
[GRAPHIC 1 OMITTED]
A majority of the libraries have no more than 10 to 15 journal titles, and the growth rate per year is meager mea·ger also mea·gre
1. Deficient in quantity, fullness, or extent; scanty.
2. Deficient in richness, fertility, or vigor; feeble: the meager soil of an eroded plain.
3. . However St. Francis College, Secunderabad, Maris Stella College, and Andhra Loyola College of Vijayawada, JMJ College, Tenali, and St. Theresa's College, Eluru (which were all awarded A or B+ grades by the NAAC) have about 35 to 45 journal titles on various subjects.
Organization of the Collection
More than one third of the colleges use the 19th edition of DDC See VESA DDC. to classify clas·si·fy
tr.v. clas·si·fied, clas·si·fy·ing, clas·si·fies
1. To arrange or organize according to class or category.
2. To designate (a document, for example) as confidential, secret, or top secret. the documents, with 47 percent using the 21st edition. Nearly one fifth do not use any scheme, but do arrange the documents according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. their subjects.
More than 80 percent of the libraries use AACR2 to catalog catalog, descriptive list, on cards or in a book, of the contents of a library. Assurbanipal's library at Nineveh was cataloged on shelves of slate. The first known subject catalog was compiled by Callimachus at the Alexandrian Library in the 3d cent. B.C. their collections.
More than half of the libraries do an annual inventory, while 29.4 percent undertake it every two years, and the remaining 17.6 per cent do so irregularly.
Maintenance of Registers
About 70 percent of libraries maintain separate registers for withdrawn, lost, damaged, etc., documents and record the same in the main ledgers.
Management of Information Services
Apart from lending and reference services, six libraries are provide photocopying photocopying, process whereby written or printed matter is directly copied by photographic techniques. Generally, photocopying is practical when just a few copies of an original are needed. When many copies are required, printing processes are more economical. , while bibliographic and indexing services are provided very rarely, and no library offers interlibrary in·ter·li·brar·y
Existing or occurring between or involving two or more libraries: an interlibrary loan; an interlibrary network. loan.
A majority of the librarians felt that quality management is necessary for the overall development of their libraries.
Librarians of twelve colleges found that the management is cooperative and encouraging.
To improve the quality of the services, a majority gave priority to computerized services and photocopying.
Most librarians gave preference to seminars and workshops for quality assessment techniques as their first preference, followed by surveys, appraisal and evaluation.
Sources of Library Funds
All the librarians specified "University Grants Commission" as the main source of their budget since these colleges have been recognised as "Minority Institutions" and granted the status of Aided colleges.
[GRAPHIC 2 OMITTED]
Chart 2 shows that St. Ann 's College for Women received the most funds (2,217,349), followed by St. Theresa's College (1,416,703). The budget allotment A portion, share, or division. The proportionate distribution of shares of stock in a corporation. The partition and distribution of land.
ALLOTMENT. Distribution by lot; partition. Merl. Rep. h.t. is very low in Andhra Muslim College, Guntur (155,060), followed by Urdu College (107,317).
Automation is a very important element in service quality. Nine libraries are computerized, and eight out of nine have been using locally-developed packages, while one is using a commercial package. Five libraries have an OPAC while the remaining twelve are still at the data entry stage.
Reasons like lack of computers, budget, trained staff, etc., were expressed by the librarians as reasons for non computerization of their libraries. Barcode technology has been implemented only at St. Francis College, Secunderabad and Maris Stella College, Vijayawada, which has automated the circulation section.
Quality Indicators in Library and Information Services for College Libraries
NAAC has developed a set of objective indicators to facilitate assessment of library and information services in academic institutions. The guidelines guidelines,
n.pl a set of standards, criteria, or specifications to be used or followed in the performance of certain tasks. are derived from an understanding of global developments, the national environment, and the outcome of a recent national-level workshop held at the NAAC, in which college and university librarians and library scholars from across the country had participated.
College libraries need facilities that promote effective and interactive access and use of information resources (1) The data and information assets of an organization, department or unit. See data administration.
(2) Another name for the Information Systems (IS) or Information Technology (IT) department. See IT. for all users. In the area of physical facilities, libraries need safe, comfortable, welllighted, clean space, with adequate and appropriate seating, to ensure effective use of the library's resources. College libraries must consider study space needs, with special attention to reserve collections and the hostel environment of the institution. The libraries need well-framed rules and guidelines with regard to hours of access, circulation policies, and other regulations, to offer better services to users.
Affiliated college libraries have the primary mission of meeting the library and information needs of undergraduate students. The guidelines below identify the principal factors influencing the development and maintenance of college library services and collections.
1. Management of library and information services.
According to the guidelines of NAAC, the core objective of the library in the degree colleges is to support the academic programmes offered. The library may design a system to delivery products and services to attract more users. NAAC suggests that the college have a separate library building with certain minimum infrastructure, such as book stacks, reading halls, circulation counter, and so on.
2. Collection and services provided to users.
The library is required to provide varied, authoritative, and up-to-date resources that supports its mission and fulfill the needs of its users. Resources may be provided in a variety of formats. A college library must have the quantity of resources prescribed pre·scribe
v. pre·scribed, pre·scrib·ing, pre·scribes
1. To set down as a rule or guide; enjoin. See Synonyms at dictate.
2. To order the use of (a medicine or other treatment). by the UGC and other governing bodies. The library has a key role in supporting the academic activities of institutions. Assessment of college libraries must be carried out regularly to sustain and enhance their quality.
Best Practices for College Libraries
Listed below are some of NAAC's best practices for enhancing the academic information environment and usability.
1. Computerization of library with standard digital software.
2. Inclusion of sufficient information about the library in the college prospectus.
3. Compiling student/teacher attendance statistics and locating the same on the notice board.
4. Displaying newspaper clippings on the notice board periodically.
5. Career/Employment Information/ Services.
6. Internet Facilities to different user groups.
7. Information literacy Several conceptions and definitions of information literacy have become prevalent. For example, one conception defines information literacy in terms of a set of competencies that an informed citizen of an information society ought to possess to participate intelligently and programs.
8. Suggestion box and timely response.
9. Displaying new arrivals and circulating cir·cu·late
v. cir·cu·lat·ed, cir·cu·lat·ing, cir·cu·lates
1. To move in or flow through a circle or circuit: blood circulating through the body.
2. a list of those to academic departments.
10. Conducting book exhibitions on different occasions.
11. Organizing book talks.
12. Instituting Annual Best User award for students.
13. Organizing competitions annually.
14. Conducting user surveys periodically.
In view of the NAAC standards and guidelines, every minority college library must be provided with a separate library building with good ventilation, comfortable furniture, reading rooms and stacks, keeping in mind the future development of the library.
A flexible organizational structure with the library advisory committee as an apex body should be established for college libraries. The librarian must be the secretary/convener of the committee with independent responsibility for the library. Efficient and scientific methods of collection funding should be adopted for allocation of grants to different branches, based on the needs of the local area and particular subject requirements.
Interested faculty and student representatives should be given the opportunity to participate in the selection of books. It was found that some areas like commerce and computer science have very few books at some libraries. Steps should be taken to improve this situation.
Library services depend on access to the collection. To cope with present needs and forthcoming challenges, these minority libraries must automate and create a circulation database.
The success of any library depends on the quality and variety of its services. The minority college libraries should endeavor to offer services like document delivery and bibliographic indexing (which approximately 41 percent already offer).Those libraries which do not offer photocopying and Internet facilities free of charge (which about 70 percent do not), should begin doing so.
In accordance with NAAC standards, libraries should establish, promote, maintain, and evaluate a range of quality services that support the colleges, mission and goals. Despite warnings of the UGC and directions to all the colleges, only seven out of seventeen degree colleges of minority communities in the State of Andhra Pradesh have undergone NAAC evaluation. No college has been awarded the highest grade (A+) but A was awarded to St. Theresa's College, Eluru, Maris Stella College, Vijayawada, and St. Francis College, Secunderabad, with a B+ to Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada and JMJ College, Tenali, and a B to St. Joseph's in Visakhapatnam and Loyola College, Kadapa. These minority libraries in Andhra Pradesh may not immediately find the need for management techniques and programs such as Total Quality Management (TQM (Total Quality Management) An organizational undertaking to improve the quality of manufacturing and service. It focuses on obtaining continuous feedback for making improvements and refining existing processes over the long term. See ISO 9000. ), since they are still struggling to solve basic problems in every area, but one cannot be myopic my·o·pi·a
1. A visual defect in which distant objects appear blurred because their images are focused in front of the retina rather than on it; nearsightedness. Also called short sight.
2. about the need for advanced and particular management programs for future needs and challenges, and even for survival.
National Assessment and Accreditation Council (2005). Guidelines on quality indicators in library and information services: Affiliated/constituent colleges. Bangalore: NAAC. Available: http://nacindia.org/circulars/guidelines
A.P. State Council of Higher Education (2003). Profile of higher education, Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad.
Aslam, M. (2001). Printed media and electronic era: Challenges before the librarians. University News 39 (38): 5-7.
Gulati, A., & Srivastava, R. (2001). Role of information professionals in cyber (1) From "cybernetics," it is a prefix attached to everyday words to add a computer, electronic or online connotation. The term is similar to "virtual," but the latter is used more frequently. See virtual. era in academic environments. Information Studies 7 (3-4): 179-190.
Maharana, B., & Panda K. C. (2001). Performance evaluation Performance evaluation
The assessment of a manager's results, which involves, first, determining whether the money manager added value by outperforming the established benchmark (performance measurement) and, second, determining how the money manager achieved the calculated return for library and information professionals: A tool for human resources management in academic libraries. ASLIC ASLIC Advanced Subscriber Line Interface
ASLIC Advanced Subscriber Line Interface Controller Bulletin 46 (4): 197-201.
Pandya Shweta, N. (2002). Change management in libraries. ILA Bulletin 38 (2): 32-35.
Salaam, M. O. (2003). Library utilization by the undergraduates of a university of agriculture. Library Herald 41 (1).
Dr. Syamalamba Rani ra·ni also ra·nee
n. pl. ra·nis also ra·nees
1. The wife of a rajah.
2. A princess or queen in India or the East Indies.
Maris Stella College
Vijayawada -520008 Andhra Pradesh, India
Table: 1 General Information on Minority Colleges in Andhra Pradesh (A.P) Grade Name Year Est. Courses No. of offered Teachers 1926 (Co- B.A, B.Com, 36 Andhra Christian ed) B.Sc College, Guntur, A.P, A St. Theresa's 1953 B.A, B.Com, 65 Autonomous College (Women) B.Sc for women, Eluru A.P. B+ Andhra Loyola c 1954 (Co- B.A, B.Com, 60 college, Vijayawada- ed) B.Sc A.P. B St. Joseph's Degree 1958 B.A, B.Com, 52 College, (Women) B.Sc Visakhapatnam, A.P. A Maris Stella college 1962 B.A, B.Com, 80 for women, (Women) B.Sc Vijayawada-A.P B+ JMJ College for 1963 B.A, B.Com, 50 women, Tenali- (Women) B.Sc A.P, Noble College, 1966 (Co- B.A, B.Com, 45 Machilipatnam A.P. ed) B.Sc Andhra Muslim 1984 (Co- B.A, B.Com, 30 College Guntur, A.P. ed) B.Sc B Loyola Degree 1979 (Co- B.A, B.Com, 60 College, Kadapa, ed) B.Sc A.P. Anwar-Ul-Uloom 1955 (Co- B.A, B.Com, 56 College, Mallepally, ed) B.Sc Hyderabad, A.P. Mumtaz College, 1957 (Co- B.Com, B.Sc 55 Malakpet, Hyderabad, ed) B.Sc A.P A St. Francis women's 1959 B.A, B.Com, 60 College (Women) B.Sc Secunderabad, A.P. Urdu College, 1962 (Co- B.A, B.Com 10 Himayatnagar, ed) B.Sc Hyderabad, A.P. 1973 (Co- B.A, B.Com, 18 Islamia College, ed) B.Sc Warangal, A.P. Loyola Academy 1978 (Co- B.A, B.Com, 25 Degree & PG College, ed) B.Sc Old Alwal Secunderabad, A.P. St. Ann 's College 1983 B.A, B.Com, 70 for Women (Women) B.Sc Mehidipatnam, Hyderabad, A.P. Wesley Boys College 1984 B.Com, B.Sc 50 Secunderabad. A.P. (Boys) B.Sc Total 822 Grade Name No. of Students 860 Andhra Christian College, Guntur, A.P, A St. Theresa's 684 Autonomous College for women, Eluru A.P. B+ Andhra Loyola c 522 college, Vijayawada- A.P. B St. Joseph's Degree 440 College, Visakhapatnam, A.P. A Maris Stella college 506 for women, Vijayawada-A.P B+ JMJ College for 598 women, Tenali- A.P, Noble College, 424 Machilipatnam A.P. Andhra Muslim 276 College Guntur, A.P. B Loyola Degree 805 College, Kadapa, A.P. Anwar-Ul-Uloom 720 College, Mallepally, Hyderabad, A.P. Mumtaz College, 490 Malakpet, Hyderabad, A.P A St. Francis women's 570 College Secunderabad, A.P. Urdu College, 120 Himayatnagar, Hyderabad, A.P. 165 Islamia College, Warangal, A.P. Loyola Academy 320 Degree & PG College, Old Alwal Secunderabad, A.P. St. Ann 's College 940 for Women Mehidipatnam, Hyderabad, A.P. Wesley Boys College 430 Secunderabad. A.P. Total 8870 Table 2. Tools for Acquisition Selection tools Response Percentage (out of 17) (out of 17) Bibliographies 8 47.1% Trade Catalogues 11 64.7% Reviewing Periodicals 8 47.1% Cumulative Book Indexes 8 47.1% Bookshops & Exhibitions 16 94.1% Table 3 Book Selection Name of selection body Response (out of 17) Percentage (out of 17) Faculty and department 17 100% heads Management 10 58.80% Library Committee 9 52.90% Students 4 23.50% Librarian 5 29.40% Table 4 Access Access Response Percentage Open 13 76.50% Closed 4 23.50% Total 17 100 Table 5 Lending Lending Response Percentage Library Tickets 9 52.9% Computers 5 29.4% Ledger 3 17.6% Total 17 100 Table 7 Library and College Hours COLLEGE NAME College hours Library hours Andhra Christian College, 9.45 AM 5.30 PM 9.00 AM 4.30 PM Guntur St. Theresa's College for 9.15 AM 4.15 PM 8.00 AM 6.00 PM Women, Eluru Andhra Loyola College, 8.15 AM 1.30 PM 7.30 AM 5.30 PM Vijayawada St. Joseph 's Degree 9.00 AM 4.00 PM Same Same College, Visakhapatnam Maris Stella college for 9.00 AM 3.15 PM 8.30 AM 6.00 PM Women, Vijayawada JMJ College for Women, 9.30 AM 4.15 PM 8.00 AM 5.00 PM Tenali Noble College, 10.00 AM 5.00 PM 9.00 AM 5.00 PM Machilipatnam Andhra Muslim College, 8.00 AM 1.00 PM Same Same Guntur Loyola Academy, Kadapa. 9.15 AM 4.00 PM 8.30 AM 4.30 PM Anwar-ul-uloom College, 8.00 AM 5.00 PM Same Same Mallepally, Hyderabad Mumtaz College, Malakpet, 9.00 AM 2.50 PM Same Same Hyderabad St. Francis Women's 8.00 AM 2.00 PM 8.00 AM 4.00 PM College, Secunderabad Urdu College, Himayatnagar, 4.00 PM 9.00 PM 3.00 PM 9.00 PM Hyderabad Islamia College, Warangal 9.50 AM 2.50 PM Same Same Loyola Academy College, 9.00 AM 4.00 PM Same Same Old Alwal St. Ann 's Women's College 8.00 AM 3.00 PM 8.00 AM 4.00 PM Wesley Boys College, 9.00 AM 2.00 PM 9.00 AM 3.00 PM Secunderabad Table 8 Collection Management Total number of books from 1999-2004 College 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- Total 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Andhra Christian 300 300 340 265 740 1,945 College, Guntur 2.9% St. Theresa's 1,071 700 1,014 449 537 3,771 College for 5.7% women, Eluru Andhra Loyola 1,670 1,780 1,604 1,516 687 7,257 College, 11.0% Vijayawada St. Joseph's 389 226 121 253 619 1,608 Degree College, 2.4% Visakhapatnam Maris Stella 925 780 1,370 700 476 4,251 College, 6.5% Vijayawada JMJ College for 500 800 700 1,000 500 3500 women, Tenali 5.3% Noble College, 531 1,388 445 433 406 3,203 Machilipatnam 4. 9% Andhra Muslim 25 16 5 0 0 46 College, Guntur 0.1% Loyola Degree 501 210 211 286 760 1,968 College, Kadapa 2.9% Anwar-UI-Uloom 800 500 1,000 1,000 1,200 4,500 College, 6.8% Hyderabad Mumtaz College, 500 700 600 700 1,100 3,600 Hyderabad 5.5% St. Francis 1,307 6,629 1,705 2,080 3,451 15,172 Women's College, 23.1% Secunderabad Urdu College, 56 60 63 55 54 288 Hyderabad 0.4% Islamia College, 204 128 196 300 96 924 Warangal 1.4% Loyola Academy, 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 5,000 Alwal, 7.6% Secunderabad St. Ann's 836 740 1,156 1,053 866 4,651 College for 7.0% Women, Hyderabad Wesley Boys 746 1026 704 905 645 4026 College, 6.1% Secunderabad Total 11,361 16,983 12,234 11,995 13,137 65,710 17.3% 25.8% 18.6% 18.3% 19.9% Table 9 Services Services Response Percentage (out of 17) (out of 17) Photocopying 6 35.3% Internet 4 23.5% Interlibrary loan 0 0.0% Bibliographies & Indexes 7 41.2% Table 10 Need for Quality Management Response Percentage Yes 14 82.4% No 3 17.6% Total 17 100% Table 11 Management Cooperation Response Percentage Yes 12 70.6% No 5 29.4% Total 17 100 Table 12 Services to Enhance Quality Proposed Services Response Percentage (out of 17) (out of 17) OPAC 10 58.8% SDI, CAS 12 70.6% Photocopying 15 88.2% Computerized services 14 82.4% Table 13 Quality Assessment Priorities Methods Response Percentage (out of 17) Performance appraisal, 6 35.2% evaluation of services Benchmarking 0 00.0% Surveying 7 41.2% Attending seminars, workshops 8 47.0% Table 14 Computerization Computerized Response Percentage Yes 9 52.9% No 8 47% Total 17 100% Table 15 Reasons for Lack of Computerization Reasons Response Percentage Lack of computers 3 37.5% Less budget 1 12.5% Lack of trained staff 2 25% Management Reluctance 2 25% Total 8 100