Mining development: like 'building a city': Calista Corp. has been long involved in natural resource development, and mining operations have or will provide jobs to shareholders-everything from cement work, to engineering, to warehousing.Calista Corp. has had an eye toward mineral exploration and development from the earliest days of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, commonly abbreviated ANCSA, was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon on December 18, 1971, the largest land claims settlement in United States history. land selection process. In the early 1970s, when land was being selected to fulfill ful·fill also ful·fil
tr.v. ful·filled, ful·fill·ing, ful·fills also ful·fils
1. To bring into actuality; effect: fulfilled their promises.
2. ANCSA ANCSA Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 USC. 1601) land entitlements, Calista first worked with all the 56 villages that were eligible for land conveyances in the region, assisting them to meet their land-selection deadlines. These land selections were based chiefly on access to subsistence subsistence,
n the state of being supported or remaining alive with a minimum of essentials. resources and traditional use areas, but some of the Calista villages also selected land with mineral potential. When the village land selections were finalized See finalization. , Calista then turned to the task of making its regional land selections, which were based on data from a multiyear, region-wide geochemical survey that Calista commissioned to identify areas of mineral potential within the region, and from limited data collected by companies conducting petroleum exploration in the region.
EMPLOYMENT AND RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
Calista recognized very early in the land-selection process that resource development had the potential to create employment opportunities for local residents. This commitment to building a regional economy led the corporation to put one or more geologists on the corporate land-management staff, beginning in the mid- 1980s, and also recruit a geologist from among its shareholders so that in-house geological expertise would be preserved within the company. Because of that early commitment, Calista has been in the field, exploring and promoting mineral properties on its lands and within the region ever since, and has been able to participate and contribute to mineral projects now being advanced by other companies.
A GLIMPSE TO THE FUTURE
This early interest in subsurface sub·sur·face
Of, relating to, or situated in an area beneath a surface, especially the surface of the earth or of a body of water.
Adj. 1. resources created within the corporation an in-house knowledge of the regional geology and coupled that knowledge with a good understanding of the early mining history of the region. Although early Russian explorers noted the presence of mineral resources Noun 1. mineral resources - natural resources in the form of minerals
natural resource, natural resources - resources (actual and potential) supplied by nature in the region as early as the 1830s, most discoveries were made between 1909 and 1913 by prospectors passing through the region after the Nome gold rush.
Placer gold mining in the region continued at various scales since those first discoveries were made. Following its incorporation, Calista made an effort to establish and maintain working relationships with local and former mine workers who were interested and knowledgeable about the geology and mineral occurrences in the region. In fact, mineral development is a complex interplay in·ter·play
Reciprocal action and reaction; interaction.
intr.v. in·ter·played, in·ter·play·ing, in·ter·plays
To act or react on each other; interact. of society, history, science, investigation and technology. Although the capital to import equipment and construct mines came from outside the region and usually from the Lower 48 states, local residents could find cash-earning work at the mines or moving freight to them. As a result of these interactions, some villages had histories and families with close ties to the region's mines. For example, some local residents became excellent prospectors and are credited with several important discoveries, such as the platinum deposit near Goodnews Bay and some of the gold and mercury deposits in the central Kuskokwim region.
Through its association with mineral exploration projects and companies in the region, Calista recognized and built on the potential of mineral resource activities to provide on-the-job training and skill-building opportunities for its shareholders, which they can utilize not only in the mineral industry, but also can carry with them to other places those skills can be applied. Calista does not look at mineral resource development as an end in itself, but as a driver that helps its communities develop broader-based economies and its shareholders develop work experience that can open doors. Resource development is needed to grow economically healthy communities where people with a wide range of skills and services are in demand. Calista's goal is to have its shareholders participate increasingly as active producers of goods and services In economics, economic output is divided into physical goods and intangible services. Consumption of goods and services is assumed to produce utility (unless the "good" is a "bad"). It is often used when referring to a Goods and Services Tax. and less as passive consumers of this society's products and receivers of its services.
BUILDING A CITY
Mine development is like building a city in its need for a wide range of skills and services; it is not just about operating big pieces of equipment. The transportation of supplies, products and people; and trades like electrical, mechanical, construction, plumbing, cement work, systems controls, and warehousing, logistics planning, water-quality monitoring, environmental monitoring, engineering, hydrological hy·drol·o·gy
The scientific study of the properties, distribution, and effects of water on the earth's surface, in the soil and underlying rocks, and in the atmosphere. work, etc.; are opportunities in which Calista's shareholders can participate. Some of these jobs already exist to a limited extent in current mineral-exploration projects in the region, but others will not exist until projects become more advanced. Calista experiences a great deal of satisfaction when shareholders and their descendents fill an expanding variety of these positions.
REVENUE SHARING revenue sharing
Funding arrangement in which one government unit grants a portion of its tax income to another government unit. For example, provinces or states may share revenue with local governments, or national governments may share revenue with provinces or states.
Revenue realized by ANCSA regional corporations from mineral development is shared between the 12 ANCSA regional corporations. Seventy percent of each regional corporation's natural resource revenue is contributed by that region to the revenue-sharing pool. Distributions back to the regions from the pool are based on the percentage of the original ANCSA enrollment that came from each region, and half of each region's distributions go to the village corporations, with the remaining half going to the regional corporation. Resource revenue from any project is, therefore, widely distributed Adj. 1. widely distributed - growing or occurring in many parts of the world; "a cosmopolitan herb"; "cosmopolitan in distribution"
bionomics, environmental science, ecology - the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms among all regional and village corporations in Alaska; however, the local payroll from mineral resource projects has the most direct and significant economic benefit to local communities and their residents.
Development of a mineral property can take a significant amount of time. Calista began examining the Donlin Creek area in 1985, and signed its first exploration agreement on the property in 1987. That agreement ended the following year due to dissolution of the mining company. After several more years of Calista effort and a brief but productive resource-building program by a second exploration company in 1994, Placer Dome Placer Dome was a large mining company specializing in gold and other precious metals, with corporate headquarters in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Barrick has acquired 100% of the Placer Dome shares on January 20, 2006, and has integrated the company into its own. optioned the property in 1995. Donlin Creek has seen steady exploratory work since then by Placer Dome, NovaGold, and the newest operator, Barrick Gold Barrick Gold Corporation TSX: ABX NYSE: ABX is the largest pure gold mining company in the world, with its headquarters in Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and four regional business units (RBU's) located in Australia, Africa, North America and South America. Corp.
In the meantime Adv. 1. in the meantime - during the intervening time; "meanwhile I will not think about the problem"; "meantime he was attentive to his other interests"; "in the meantime the police were notified"
meantime, meanwhile , Calista has continued to explore for minerals in the region and has partnered with government agencies on geological studies and regional mineral assessments to increase the geological knowledge of the region. These efforts, together with improved metals prices, have paid off in two more exploration agreements for other Calista mineral properties.
Calista was fortunate to begin its recent mineral development activities with a company that had strong environmental and indigenous people policies, and environmental staffing who initiated studies of the existing environment at Donlin Creek, including hydrology hydrology, study of water and its properties, including its distribution and movement in and through the land areas of the earth. The hydrologic cycle consists of the passage of water from the oceans into the atmosphere by evaporation and transpiration (or , climate, water-quality characterization, and fish and wildlife surveys. These studies are providing more focused and detailed environmental data than has been collected in the past, and in many cases these studies are the first of their kind in the region.
ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS BENEFIT MINERAL DEVELOPMENT
Calista is also fortunate that today's mineral development activities are governed by environmental laws that did not exist even a few decades ago. Calista has seen current mining activity in old placer districts that not only reclaims new disturbance, but has sometimes reclaimed re·claim
tr.v. re·claimed, re·claim·ing, re·claims
1. To bring into or return to a suitable condition for use, as cultivation or habitation: reclaim marshlands; reclaim strip-mined land. old disturbance as well, when those areas are re-mined and incorporated into current activity. The industry is developing a new view of its social and environmental responsibility that closely parallels Calista's view of land stewardship stewardship
the occupation of being a steward or custodian. Referring to animals it implies the caring sort of relationship based on an acceptance of the need to include the rights of animals in overall plans to maintain financial viability. and economic growth, with protection for the other natural resources dependent on that land.
June McAtee is descended from Yupik Eskimo and Saami reindeer-herding families in the Kuskokwim River The Kuskokwim River (Kusquqvak in Central Yup'ik) is a river, approximately 724 mi (1,165 km) long, in southwest Alaska in the United States. It provides the principal drainage for an area of the remote Alaska Interior on the north and west side of the Alaska Range, region of Western Alaska. She began working for Calista Corp. as an exploration geologist and on a variety of Native land and resource issues. Since becoming vice president of lands and natural resources for Calista, she has completed a large federal land trade, signed several exploration and mining leases, selected additional ANCSA lands, and re-allocated land entitlements to villages in the Calista region.
McAtee is a member of the Alaska Miners Association and the Society for Mining, Metallurgy metallurgy (mĕt`əlûr'jē), science and technology of metals and their alloys. Modern metallurgical research is concerned with the preparation of radioactive metals, with obtaining metals economically from low-grade ores, with and Exploration, and is a shareholder of Calista Corp. and Bethel Bethel, in the Bible
Bethel (bĕth`əl) [Heb.,=house of God].
1 Ancient city of central Palestine, the modern Baytin, the West Bank, N of Jerusalem. Native Association.