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Migration and remittances: top 10 countries.

Top Immigration Countries, 2005
number of immigrants, millions

       United States (a)     38.4
  Russian Federation (a)     12.1
             Germany (a)     10.1
             Ukraine (a)      6.8
              France (a)      6.5
        Saudi Arabia (a)      6.4
              Canada (a)      6.1
               India (a)      5.7
      United Kingdom (a)      5.4
               Spain (a)      4.8
               Australia      4.1
                Pakistan      3.3
    United Arab Emirates      3.2
                  Israel      2.7
                   Italy      2.5
              Kazakhstan      2.5
           Cote d'Ivoire      2.4
                  Jordan      2.2
                   Japan      2.0
   Iran, Islamic Rep. of      2.0
               Singapore      1.8
      West Bank and Gaza      1.7
                   Ghana      1.7
                  Kuwait      1.7
             Switzerland      1.7
                Malaysia      1.6
             Netherlands      1.6
               Argentina      1.5
                  Turkey      1.3
              Uzbekistan      1.3

Source: UN Population Division.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Immigration Countries, 2005
percent of population

                 Qatar (a)      78
               Andorra (a)      78
  United Arab Emirates (a)      71
                Monaca (a)      70
                Kuwait (a)      62
           Isle of Man (a)      48
       Channel Islands (a)      46
    West Bank and Gaza (a)      45
             Singapore (a)      43
               Bahrain (a)      41
                    Israel      40
                    Jordan      39
                 Luxemborg      37
            Cayman Islands      36
             Liechtenstein      34
                San Marino      34
         Brunei Darussalam      33
                     Samoa      31
                   Bermuda      29
      Netherlands Antilles      26
              Saudi Arabia      26
                     Aruba      25
                      Oman      24
               Switzerland      23
       Antigua and Barbuda      22
                 Greenland      21
                 Australia      20
                    Latvia      19
                    Canada      19
                   Lebanon      18

Source: UN Population Division.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Emigration Countries, 2005
number of emigrants, millions

              Mexico (a)     11.5
  Russian Federation (a)     11.5
               India (a)     10.0
               China (a)      7.3
             Ukraine (a)      6.1
          Bangladesh (a)      4.9
              Turkey (a)      4.4
      United Kingdom (a)      4.2
             Germany (a)      4.1
          Kazakhstan (a)      3.7
             Philippines      3.6
                   Italy      3.5
                Pakistan      3.4
                 Morocco      2.7
     Egypt, Arab Rep. Of      2.4
                  Poland      2.3
   Serbia and Montenegro      2.3
           United States      2.3
                 Vietnam      2.2
              Uzbekistan      2.2
             Afghanistan      2.0
                Colombia      2.0
                Portugal      2.0
                  France      1.9
                 Belarus      1.8
                 Algeria      1.8
               Indonesia      1.7
          Korea, Rep. of      1.6
  Bosnia and Herzegovina      1.5
                Malaysia      1.5

Sources: Development Prospects Group, World Bank.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Emigration Countries, 2005
percent of population

                 Jaimaca (a)     39
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (a)     38
     Trinidad and Tobago (a)     28
                 Albania (a)     27
                 Armenia (a)     27
      West Bank and Gaza (a)     26
              Kazakhstan (a)     25
                 Georgia (a)     23
                 Ireland (a)     22
   Serbia and Montenegro (a)     22
                     Eritrea     19
                    Portugal     19
                     Belarus     18
              Macedonia, FYR     18
                     Lebanon     17
                     Moldova     17
                 El Salvador     16
                  Azerbaijan     16
                     Croatia     16
                     Lesotho     14
                     Estonia     14
                     Ukraine     13
                   Nicaragua     12
                 New Zealand     12
                  Tajikistan     12
                    Bulgaria     12
          Dominican Republic     12
                      Israel     12
             Kyrgyz Republic     12
                        Cuba     11

Sources: Development Prospects Group, World Bank.

Note: Countries with less than 1 million population excluded.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Migration Corridors, 2005
number of migrants, millions

              Mexico-United States (a)     10.3
        Russian Federation-Ukraine (a)      4.8
        Ukraine-Russian Federation (a)      3.6
                  Bangladesh-India (a)      3.5
                    Turkey-Germany (a)      2.7
     Kazakhstan-Russian Federation (a)      2.6
        India-United Arab Emirates (a)      2.2
     Russian Federation-Kazakhstan (a)      1.8
         Philippines-United States (a)      1.6
  Afghanistan-Islamic Rep. of Iran (a)      1.6
                 Germany-United States      1.4
                        Algeria-France      1.4
                    India-Saudi Arabia      1.3
       Arab Rep. of Egypt-Saudi Arabia      1.2
                        Pakistan-India      1.2
                   India-United States      1.1
                   China-United States      1.1
                 Vietnam-United States      1.1
                  Canada-United States      1.0
               United States-Australia      1.0
                      India-Bangladesh      1.0
                    Malaysia-Singapore      1.0
            Burkina Faso-Cote d'Ivoire      1.0
                    Cuba-United States      1.0
            Belarus-Russian Federation      0.9
         Uzbekistan-Russian Federation      0.9
             El Salvador-United States      0.9
          United Kingdom-United States      0.9
         Serbia and Montenegro-Germany      0.9
                         Italy-Germany      0.9

Sources: Development Prospects Group, World Bank.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Migration Corridors (excluding Former Soviet Union), 2005
number of migrants, millions

              Mexico-United States (a)     10.3
                  Bangladesh-India (a)      3.5
                    Turkey-Germany (a)      2.7
        India-United Arab Emirates (a)      2.2
         Philippines-United States (a)      1.6
  Afghanistan-Islamic Rep. of Iran (a)      1.6
             Germany-United States (a)      1.4
                    Algeria-France (a)      1.4
                India-Saudi Arabia (a)      1.3
   Arab Rep. of Egypt-Saudi Arabia (a)      1.2
                        Pakistan-India      1.2
                   India-United States      1.1
                   China-United States      1.1
                 Vietnam-United States      1.1
                  Canada-United States      1.0
              United Kingdom-Australia      1.0
                      India-Bangladesh      1.0
                    Malaysia-Singapore      1.0
            Burkina Faso-Cote d'Ivoire      1.0
                    Cuba-United States      1.0
             El Salvador-United States      0.9
          United Kingdom-United States      0.9
         Serbia and Montenegro-Germany      0.9
                         Italy-Germany      0.9
                 Pakistan-Saudi Arabia      0.8
                        Morocco-France      0.8
      Dominican Republic-United States      0.8
           Rep. of Korea-United States      0.7
                           India-Nepal      0.7
                    Indonesia-Malaysia      0.7

Sources: Development Prospects Group, World Bank.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Destination Countries for Refugees, 2005
number of refugees, millions

                 Jordan (a)      1.8
     West Bank and Gaza (a)      1.7
  Iran, Islamic Rep. of (a)      1.1
               Pakistan (a)      0.9
                Germany (a)      0.8
               Tanzania (a)      0.6
       Syrian Arab Rep. (a)      0.4
          United States (a)      0.4
                Lebanon (a)      0.4
                   Chad (a)      0.3
                      China      0.3
             United Kingdom      0.3
      Serbia and Montenegro      0.3
                     Uganda      0.3
                      Kenya      0.2
               Saudi Arabia      0.2
                    Armenia      0.2
        Congo, Dem. Rep. of      0.2
                    Algeria      0.2
                      India      0.2
                     Zambia      0.2
                     Canada      0.1
                     France      0.1
                      Sudan      0.1
                      Nepal      0.1
                   Thailand      0.1
                     Guinea      0.1
                Netherlands      0.1
                   Ethiopia      0.1
        Egypt, Arab Rep. of      0.1

Source: UN Population Division.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Destination Countries for Refugees, 2005
percent of immigrants

  West Bank and Gaza (a)     100
             Armenia (a)      99
                Iraq (a)      95
              Jordan (a)      81
                Chad (a)      79
            Tanzania (a)      73
            Djibouti (a)      73
               Kenya (a)      70
             Algeria (a)      70
             Lebanon (a)      61
            Sierra Leone      57
                  Zambia      55
   Iran, Islamic Rep. of      55
     Egypt, Arab Rep. Of      55
  Bosnia and Herzegovina      55
                 Burundi      53
   Serbia and Montenegro      53
                  Uganda      50
                   China      50
                  Rwanda      49
        Syrian Arab Rep.      44
                Cameroon      43
           Guinea-Bissau      39
     Congo, Dem. Rep. of      34
                 Eritrea      30
        Papua New Guinea      30
                  Guinea      30
                Pakistan      27
      Yemen, Republic of      26
                    Mali      26

Source: UN Population Division.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Emigration Countries of Tertiary Educated, 2000
percent of total tertiary educated in the country

                      Suriname (a)     90
                        Guyana (a)     86
                       Jamaica (a)     83
                         Haiti (a)     82
           Trinidad and Tobago (a)     78
                         Tonga (a)     74
           St. Kitts and Nevis (a)     72
           Antigua and Barbuda (a)     71
                    Cape Verde (a)     69
                       Grenada (a)     67
                             Samoa     67
                       Gambia, The     65
                          Barbados     61
                          Dominica     59
                              Fiji     59
                        Seychelles     59
                           Somalia     59
                       St. Vincent     57
                             Malta     55
                            Belize     51
                         Mauritius     48
                           Eritrea     46
                             Ghana     43
                        Mozambique     42
                      Sierra Leone     41
                  Marshall Islands     41
                           Vietnam     39
                           Liberia     37
                      Bahamas, The     36
   Micronesia, Federated States of     36

Source: Docquier and Marfouk 2004.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Emigration Countries of Physicians, 2000
number of emigrated physicians, thousands

                India (a)     20.3
       United Kingdom (a)     12.2
          Philippines (a)      9.8
              Germany (a)      8.8
                Italy (a)      5.8
               Mexico (a)      5.6
                Spain (a)      5.0
         South Africa (a)      4.4
             Pakistan (a)      4.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. of (a)      4.4
                   France      4.2
                   Poland      4.0
       Dominican Republic      3.6
                   Canada      3.4
              Netherlands      3.3
      Egypt, Arab Rep. of      3.0
                   Greece      2.8
                  Ireland      2.7
                  Vietnam      2.4
                    China      2.4
                  Romania      2.3
         Syrian Arab Rep.      2.3
                 Malaysia      2.2
                  Belgium      2.0
                   Turkey      2.0
                  Grenada      1.9
       Russian Federation      1.9
            United States      1.9
    Serbia and Montenegro      1.8
                  Hungary      1.8

Source: Docquier and Bhargava 2006.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Emigration Countries of Physicians, 2000
percent of total physicians trained in the country

                Grenada (a)     97
               Dominica (a)     97
              St. Lucia (a)     66
             Cape Verde (a)     54
                   Fiji (a)     48
  Sao Tome and Principe (a)     43
                Liberia (a)     34
       Papua New Guinea (a)     32
                Iceland (a)     26
               Ethiopia (a)     26
                    Somalia     25
                    Ireland     25
                      Ghana     22
                      Haiti     22
        St. Kitts and Nevis     21
                 Luxembourg     21
                     Uganda     19
         Dominican Republic     19
                  Sri Lanka     17
                    Jamaica     17
                Timor-Leste     16
                   Zimbabwe     16
                Gambia, The     14
                     Angola     14
                     Malawi     13
                New Zealand     13
               South Africa     13
     Bosnia and Herzegovina     13
                   Malaysia     12
                       Togo     12

Source: Docquier and Bhargava 2006.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Remittance-Receiving Countries, 2007
US$ billions

               India (a)     27.0
               China (a)     25.7
              Mexico (a)     25.0
         Philippines (a)     17.0
              France (a)     12.5
               Spain (a)      8.9
             Belgium (a)      7.2
             Germany (a)      7.0
      United Kingdom (a)      7.0
             Romania (a)      6.8
              Bangladesh      6.4
                Pakistan      6.1
               Indonesia      6.0
     Egypt, Arab Rep. of      5.9
                 Morocco      5.7
                 Lebanon      5.5
                  Poland      5.0
                 Vietnam      5.0
   Serbia and Montenegro      4.9
                Colombia      4.6
                  Brazil      4.5
               Guatemala      4.1
      Russian Federation      4.0
                Portugal      3.8
             El Salvador      3.6
                 Austria      3.5
                 Nigeria      3.3
      Dominican Republic      3.2
                 Ecuador      3.2
               Australia      3.1

Sources: Development Prospects Group, World Bank.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Remittance-Receiving Countries, 2006
percent of GDP

          Tajikistan (a)     36
             Moldova (a)     36
               Tonga (a)     32
     Kyrgyz Republic (a)     27
            Honduras (a)     26
             Lesotho (a)     24
              Guyana (a)     24
             Lebanon (a)     23
               Haiti (a)     22
              Jordan (a)     20
              Jamaic (a)     18
              Armeni (a)     18
             El Salvador     18
                   Nepal     18
  Bosnia and Herzegovina     17
                 Albania     15
      West Bank and Gaza     15
   Serbia and Montenegro     14
             Philippines     13
             Gambia, The     13
               Nicaragua     12
              Cape Verde     12
               Guatemala     10
      Dominican Republic     10
                Kiribati     10
                 Morocco     10
           Guinea-Bissau      9
              Bangladesh      9
                 Uganada      9
               Sri Lanka      9

Sources: Development Prospects Group, World Bank.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Remittance-Sending Countries, 2006
US$ billions

      United States (a)     42.2
       Saudi Arabia (a)     15.6
        Switzerland (a)     13.8
            Germany (a)     12.3
 Russian Federation (a)     11.4
              Spain (a)     11.0
              Italy (a)      8.2
         Luxembourg (a)      7.5
        Netherlands (a)      6.7
           Malaysia (a)      5.6
         United Kingdom      4.5
                 France      4.3
         Korea, Rep. of      4.2
                Lebanon      4.1
                  Japan      3.5
             Kazakhstan      3.0
                  China      3.0
                 Kuwait      3.0
         Czech Republic      2.8
              Australia      2.8
                   Oman      2.8
                 Norway      2.6
                Belgium      2.4
                 Israel      2.4
                Ireland      1.9
                Denmark      1.8
                  India      1.6
                Austria      1.5
                Bahrain      1.5
               Portugal      1.4

Sources: Development Prospects Group, World Bank.

a. Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Top Remittance-Sending Countries, 2006
percent of GDP

     Luxembourg (a)     18
        Lebanon (a)     18
     Tajikistan (a)     14
        Bahrain (a)     12
       Maldives (a)      9
          Tonga (a)      5
Kyrgyz Republic (a)      5
         Guyana (a)      5
   Saudi Arabia (a)      5
        Vanuatu (a)      5
         Kazakhstan      4
             Kuwait      4
           Malaysia      4
            Jamaica      4
        Switzerland      4
             Uganda      3
           Mongolia      3
             Jordan      3
            Moldova      3
       Sierra Leone      2
            Armenia      2
         Seychelles      2
   Papua New Guinea      2
           Cambodia      2
     Czech Republic      2
             Israel      2
             Rwanda      2
              Libya      2
             Belize      2
      Guinea-Bissau      2

Sources: Development Prospects Group, World Bank.

(a.) Top 10 countries.

Note: Table made from bar graph.


World
Population (millions, 2006) 6,518
Population growth (avg. annual %, 1997-2006)               1.3
Population density (people per sq. km, 2006)                50
Labor force (millions, 2006)                             3,071
Urban population (% of pop., 2006)                        49.2
Age dependency ratio (2006)                               0.56
Surface area (1000 sq. km, 2006)                       133,841
GNI ($ billions, 2006)                                  48,188
GNI per capita, Atlas method ($, 2006)                   7,439
GDP growth (avg. annual %, 2002-06)                        3.2
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line
  (% of pop., 2004)


Migration

MIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of immigrants: 190.6 million or 3.0 percent of population (UN). Current migration flows, relative to population, are weaker than during the last decades of the nineteenth century.

* Females as percentage of immigrants: 49.6 percent

* Refugees Individuals who leave their native country for social, political, or religious reasons, or who are forced to leave as a result of any type of disaster, including war, political upheaval, and famine. : 13.5 million or 7.1 percent of the total immigrants

* South-South migration is nearly as large as South-North migration. Over 47 percent of the migrants from developing countries are believed to be residing in other developing countries.

* Top 10 destination countries: the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. , Russia Russia, officially the Russian Federation, Rus. Rossiya, republic (2005 est. pop. 143,420,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). , Germany Germany (jûr`mənē), Ger. Deutschland, officially Federal Republic of Germany, republic (2005 est. pop. 82,431,000), 137,699 sq mi (356,733 sq km). , Ukraine Ukraine (y`krān, ykrān`), Ukr. Ukraina, republic (2005 est. pop. , France, Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia (sä`dē ərā`bēə, sou`–, sô–), officially Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, kingdom (2005 est. pop. , Canada Canada (kăn`ədə), independent nation (2001 pop. 30,007,094), 3,851,787 sq mi (9,976,128 sq km), N North America. Canada occupies all of North America N of the United States (and E of Alaska) except for Greenland and the French islands of , India India, officially Republic of India, republic (2005 est pop. 1,080,264,000), 1,261,810 sq mi (3,268,090 sq km), S Asia. The second most populous country in the world, it is also sometimes called Bharat, its ancient name. India's land frontier (c. , the United Kingdom, Spain Spain, Span. España (āspä`nyä), officially Kingdom of Spain, constitutional monarchy (2005 est. pop. 40,341,000), 194,884 sq mi (504,750 sq km), including the Balearic and Canary islands, SW Europe. . But as a share of population, top immigration immigration, entrance of a person (an alien) into a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence. Motives for immigration, like those for migration generally, are often economic, although religious or political factors may be very important.  countries include Qatar Qatar or Katar (both: kŭ`tər, gŭ–, kətär`), officially State of Qatar, independent emirate (2005 est. pop. 863,000), c.  (78.3 percent), the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates, federation of sheikhdoms (2005 est. pop. 2,563,000), c.30,000 sq mi (77,700 sq km), SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.  (71.4 percent), Kuwait Kuwait (kwīt`, –wāt) or Kowait (kō`–), officially State of Kuwait, independent sheikhdom (2005 est. pop.  (62.1 percent), Singapore Singapore (sĭng`gəpôr, sĭng`ə–, sĭng'gəpôr`), officially Republic of Singapore, republic (2005 est. pop. 4,426,000), 240 sq mi (625 sq km).  (42.6 percent), Bahrain (40.7 percent), Israel (39.6 percent), Jordan Jordan, country, Asia
Jordan, officially Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, kingdom (2005 est. pop. 5,760,000), 35,637 sq mi (92,300 sq km), SW Asia. It borders on Israel and the West Bank in the west, on Syria in the north, on Iraq in the northeast, and on Saudi
 (39.0 percent), Brunei Brunei (brnī`) or Brunei Darussalam (där'əsəläm`), officially State of Brunei Darussalam, sultanate (2005 est. pop.  Darussalam (33.2 percent), Saudi Arabia (25.9 percent), Oman Oman (ōmän`), officially Sultanate of Oman, independent sultanate (2005 est. pop. 3,002,000), c.82,000 sq mi (212,380 sq km), SE Arabian peninsula, on the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. It was formerly known as Muscat and Oman.  (24.4 percent)

* Top 10 emigration emigration: see immigration; migration.  countries: Mexico Mexico, city, Mexico
Mexico or Mexico City, Span. Ciudad de México (Méjico), city (1990 pop. 8,236,960; 1991 met. area est. 20,899,000), central Mexico, capital and largest city of Mexico.
, Russia, India, China, Ukraine, Bangladesh Bangladesh (bäng-lädĕsh`, băng–) [Bengali,=Bengal nation], officially People's Republic of Bangladesh, republic (2005 est. pop. 144,320,000), 55,126 sq mi (142,776 sq km), S Asia. , Turkey, the United Kingdom, Germany, Kazakhstan Kazakhstan or Kazakstan (kä'zäkstän`), officially Republic of Kazakhstan, republic (2005 est. pop. 15,186,000), c.1,050,000 sq mi (2,719,500 sq km), central Asia.  

* Top 10 migration corridors: Mexico-the United States, Russia-Ukraine, Ukraine-Russia, Bangladesh-India, Turkey-Germany, Kazakhstan-Russia, India-the United Arab Emirates, Russia-Kazakhstan, the Philippines-the United States, Afghanistan-the Islamic Republic An Islamic republic, in its modern context, has come to mean several different things, some contradictory to others. Theoretically, to many religious leaders, it is a state under a particular theocratic form of government advocated by some Muslim religious leaders in the Middle  of Iran

SKILLED EMIGRATION, 2000

* Emigration rate of tertiary tertiary (tûr`shēârē), in the Roman Catholic Church, member of a third order. The third orders are chiefly supplements of the friars—Franciscans (the most numerous), Dominicans, and Carmelites.  educated (top 10 countries): Suriname Suriname (srĭnäm`, –năm`), officially Republic of Suriname, republic (2005 est. pop. 438,000), 63,037 sq mi (163,266 sq km), NE South America, on the Atlantic Ocean.  (89.9 percent), Guyana (85.9 percent), Jamaica Jamaica (jəmā`kə), independent state within the Commonwealth (2005 est. pop. 2,732,000), 4,232 sq mi (10,962 sq km), coextensive with the island of Jamaica, West Indies, S of Cuba and W of Haiti.  (82.5 percent), Haiti Haiti (hā`tē), Fr. Haïti (äētē`), officially Republic of Haiti, republic (2005 est. pop. 8,122,000), 10,700 sq mi (27,713 sq km), West Indies, on the western third of the island of Hispaniola.  (81.6 percent), Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago (trĭn`ĭdăd, təbā`gō), officially Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, republic (2005 est. pop. 1,088,000), 1,980 sq mi (5,129 sq km), West Indies. The capital is Port of Spain.  (78.4 percent), Tonga (74.2 percent), St. Kitts and Nevis Noun 1. St. Kitts and Nevis - a country on several of the Leeward Islands; located to the east southeast of Puerto Rico; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1983
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Christopher-Nevis, Saint Kitts and Nevis, St.
 (71.8 percent), Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda (ăntē`gə, –gwə, bärbu`də), independent Commonwealth nation (2005 est. pop. 68,700), 171 sq mi (442 sq km), West Indies, in the Leeward Islands.  (70.9 percent), Cape Verde Cape Verde (vûd), Port. Cabo Verde, officially Republic of Cape Verde, republic (2005 est. pop. 418,000), c.1,560 sq mi (4,040 sq km), W Africa, in the Atlantic Ocean about 300 mi (480 km) W of Dakar, Senegal.  (69.1 percent), Grenada Grenada (grĭnā`də), independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations (2005 est. pop. 89,500), 133 sq mi (344 sq km), in the Windward Islands, West Indies.  (66.7 percent)

* Emigration of physicians: 182,397 or 2.1 percent of physicians trained in the world
Remittances

US$ billions          1995     2000     2001     2002     2003

Inward
remittance flows     101.6    131.5    146.8    169.5    205.6
  All developing
  countries           57.5     84.5     95.6    115.9    143.6

Outward
remittance flows      98.6    110.1    118.8    131.3    146.8
  All developing
  countries           12.4     11.5     13.6     20.4     23.8

US$ billions          2004     2005         2006     2007

Inward
remittance flows     231.3    262.7     297.1 (a)    317.7
  All developing
  countries          161.3    191.2     221.3        239.7

Outward
remittance flows     166.2    183.4    207.0 (b)
  All developing
  countries           30.9     36.0     44.2

(a.) 0.7% of GDP in 2006.

(b.) 0.5% of GDP in 2006.

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2007: India ($27.0 bn), China ($25.7
bn), Mexico ($25.0 bn), the Philippines ($17.0 bn), France ($12.5 bn),
Spain ($8.9 bn), Belgium ($7.2 bn), United Kingdom ($7.0 bn), Germany
($7.0 bn), Romania ($6.8 bn).

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Tajikistan
(36.2%), Moldova (36.2%), Tonga (32.3%), the Kyrgyz Republic (27.4%),
Honduras (25.6%), Lesotho (24.5%), Guyana (24.3%), Lebanon (22.8%),
Haiti (21.6%), Jordan (20.3%).

* Top 10 remittance senders in 2006: the United States ($42.2 bn),
Saudi Arabia ($15.6 bn), Switzerland ($13.8 bn), Germany ($12.3 bn),
Russia ($11.4 bn), Spain ($11 bn), Italy ($8.2 bn), Luxembourg ($7.5
bn), the Netherlands ($6.7 bn), Malaysia ($5.6 bn).

* Top 10 remittance senders in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Luxembourg
(18.2%), Lebanon (18.2%), Tajikistan (14.0%), Bahrain (11.9%),
Maldives (9.1%), Tonga (5.4%), the Kyrgyz Republic (5.4%), Guyana
(5.4%), Saudi Arabia (5.0%), Vanuatu (4.6%).


Developing Countries
Population (millions, 2006)                              5,489
Population growth (avg. annual %, 1997-2006)               1.4
Population density (people per sq. km, 2006)                57
Labor force (millions, 2006)                             2,569
Urban population (% of pop., 2006)                        43.9
Age dependency ratio (2006)                               0.57
Surface area (1,000 sq. km, 2006)                       99,224
GNI ($ billions, 2006)                                  11,568
GNI per capita, Atlas method ($, 2006)                   2,000
GDP growth (avg. annual %, 2002-06)                        6.1
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line
  (% of pop., 2004)


Migration

EMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of emigrants: 145.0 million or 2.7 percent of population

* Top 10 emigration countries: Mexico, Russia, India, China, Ukraine, Bangladesh, Turkey, Kazakhstan, the Philippines Philippines
 officially Republic of the Philippines

Island country, western Pacific Ocean, on an archipelago off the southeast coast of Asia. Area: 122,121 sq mi (316,294 sq km). Population (2005 est.): 84,191,000.
, Pakistan Pakistan (păk`ĭstăn', päkĭstän`), officially Islamic Republic of Pakistan, republic (2005 est. pop. 162,420,000), 310,403 sq mi (803,944 sq km), S Asia.  

* Identified destinations: high-income OECD OECD: see Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.  countries (41.5 percent), high-income non-OECD countries (11.5 percent), low-income countries (12.1 percent), middle-income countries (26.3 percent), unidentified (8.5 percent).

* Top 10 migration corridors: Mexico-the United States, Russia-Ukraine, Ukraine-Russia, Bangladesh-India, Turkey-Germany, Kazakhstan-Russia, India-the United Arab Emirates, Russia-Kazakhstan, the Philippines-the United States, Afghanistan-the Islamic Republic of Iran

* Top 10 migration corridors excluding the Former Soviet Union: Mexico-the United States, Bangladesh-India, Turkey-Germany, India-the United Arab Emirates, the Philippines-the United States, Afghanistan-the Islamic Republic of Iran, Algeria-France, India-Saudi Arabia Arabia (ərā`bēə), peninsula (1991 est. pop. 35,000,000), c.1,000,000 sq mi (2,590,000 sq km), SW Asia. It is bordered on the W by the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea, on the S by the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, on the E by the , Egypt-Saudi Arabia, Pakistan-India

SKILLED EMIGRATION, 2000

* Emigration rate of tertiary educated (top 10 countries): Suriname (89.9 percent), Guyana (85.9 percent), Jamaica (82.5 percent), Haiti (81.6 percent), Tonga (74.2 percent), St. Kitts and Nevis (71.8 percent), Cape Verde (69.1 percent), Grenada (66.7 percent), Samoa Samoa, island chain, SW Pacific Ocean
Samoa, chain of volcanic islands in the South Pacific, comprising the independent nation of Samoa (formerly Western Samoa), and E of long. 171° W, the islands of American Samoa, under U.S. control.
 (66.6 percent), The Gambia Gambia, river, Africa
Gambia, river, c.700 mi (1,130 km) long, rising on the Fouta Djallon, N Guinea, W Africa, and flowing generally northwest through SE Senegal then west, bisecting The Gambia, to the Atlantic Ocean at Banjul.
 (64.7)

* Emigration of physicians: 111,433 or 2.0 percent of physicians trained in the region

IMMIGRATION, 2005

* Stock of immigrants: 77.2 million or 1.4 percent of population (compared to 190.6 million or 3.0 percent for the world)

* Females as percentage of immigrants: 50.8 percent (compared to 49.6 percent for the world)

* Refugees as percentage of immigrants: 14.1 percent (compared to 7.1 percent for the world)

* Top 10 immigration countries: Russia, Ukraine, India, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Cote d'Ivoire, Jordan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, West Bank and Gaza Gaza, Ghazzah (both: gäz`ə), or Ghuzzeh (gŭz`ə), town (2003 est. pop. , Ghana
Remittances

US$ billions          1995     2000     2001     2002     2003

Inward
remittance flows      57.5     84.5     95.6    115.9    143.6
  World              101.6    131.5    146.8    169.5    205.6

Outward
remittance flows      12.4     11.5     13.6     20.4     23.8
  World               98.6    110.1    118.8    131.3    146.8

US$ billions          2004     2005       2006     2007

Inward
remittance flows     161.3    191.2    221.3 (a)   239.7
  World              231.3    262.7    297.1       317.7

Outward
remittance flows      30.9     36.0     44.2 (b)
  World              166.2    183.4    207.0

(a.) 1.9% of GDP in 2006.

(b.) 0.4% of GDP in 2006.

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2007: India ($27.0 bn), China ($25.7
bn), Mexico ($25.0 bn), the Philippines ($17.0 bn), Romania ($6.8 bn),
Bangladesh ($6.4 bn), Pakistan ($6.1 bn), Indonesia ($6.0 bn), Egypt
($5.9 bn), Morocco ($5.7 bn).

* Top 10 remittance recipients in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Tajikistan
(36.2%), Moldova (36.2%), Tonga (32.3%), the Kyrgyz Republic (27.4%),
Honduras (25.6%), Lesotho (24.5%), Guyana (24.3%), Lebanon (22.8%),
Haiti (21.6%), Jordan (20.3%).

* Top 10 remittance senders in 2006: Russia ($11.4 bn), Malaysia ($5.6
bn), Lebanon ($4.1 bn), Kazakhstan ($3.0 bn), China ($3.0 bn), Oman
($2.8 bn), India ($1.6 bn), Indonesia ($1.4 bn), South Africa ($1.1
bn), Libya ($0.9 bn).

* Top 10 remittance senders in 2006 (percentage of GDP): Lebanon
(18.2%), Tajikistan (14.0%), Maldives (9.1%), Tonga (5.4%), the Kyrgyz
Republic (5.4%), Guyana (5.4%), Vanuatu (4.6%), Kazakhstan (3.9%),
Malaysia (3.7%), Jamaica (3.7%).
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Publication:The Migration and Remittances Factbook 2008: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2008
Geographic Code:0DEVE
Date:Jan 1, 2008
Words:3197
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