Migration and Immigration: A Global View.Migration and Immigration immigration, entrance of a person (an alien) into a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence. Motives for immigration, like those for migration generally, are often economic, although religious or political factors may be very important. : A Global View. By Maura I. Toro-Morn and Marixsa Alicea (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2004. xxxii plus 255 pp.).
This volume provides an introductory review of issues in migration, focusing especially on the late twentieth century. The subtitle sub·ti·tle
1. A secondary, usually explanatory title, as of a literary work.
2. A printed translation of the dialogue of a foreign-language film shown at the bottom of the screen.
tr.v. , "a global view," is shared in ten other volumes in a series on current social issues, including teen violence, child abuse, and women's rights The effort to secure equal rights for women and to remove gender discrimination from laws, institutions, and behavioral patterns.
The women's rights movement began in the nineteenth century with the demand by some women reformers for the right to vote, known as suffrage, and . The nature of the global view, however, is restricted to a scattering of national studies across the continents, without development of any overriding interpretation or analysis. The result is a book which is of some use at the introductory level, but in which the eclectic descriptions come with little guidance on how they should be analyzed. The introduction and fourteen chapters do indeed address a range of issues in migration, but they stop short of showing global linkages or even organized comparisons among the cases. While the authors stem from a range of disciplines, the focus on a general audience leads to minimal analysis in any discipline. The introductory chapter provides two sorts of categorization: a periodization Periodization is the attempt to categorize or divide time into discrete named blocks. The result is a descriptive abstraction that provides a useful handle on periods of time with relatively stable characteristics. of world migration into colonial, industrial, and industrial periods, and summaries of contemporary migration experience for four world regions. Implicitly, it makes clear that the book will be descriptive rather than interpretive.
Nevertheless, three chapters stood out for this reader. In the chapter on Japan, James Stanlaw develops a terminology based on "Ins," "Outs," and "Back-and-Forths" that reveals the fine-structure of several overlapping patterns of Japanese migration. On Ireland, Sean Kenny provides a compressed but coherent narrative of migration from the time of Viking invasions through the difficult days of famine to the current emigration emigration: see immigration; migration. and prospective return of Irish executives in the new age of Irish prosperity. In a chapter on the Netherlands, Twanna A. Hines traces the shifts and interactions of immigration and emigration during the centuries of succeeding waves of prosperity and depression in the Dutch economy.
Beyond these three strong chapters, the rest of the book consists of eclectic summaries. The chapters have a common organizational framework--each begins with a country profile, a migration "vignette Vignette
A symbol or pictorial representation of the corporation on a stock certificate. Usually a complicated and artistic design, it is meant to make the counterfeiting of stock certificates as difficult as possible. ," and an introduction to migration issues; a second section reviews the history of migration issues. The third and principal section addresses political, social, and economic dimensions of current migration issues; and each chapter concludes with a section on the future. The authors, however, have applied this common outline in vastly different ways. For fully half of the chapters, the section on history centers on the period after 1970, though studies of the U.S., Brazil, Mexico, and Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (pwār`tō rē`kō), island (2005 est. pop. 3,917,000), 3,508 sq mi (9,086 sq km), West Indies, c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) SE of Miami, Fla. are exceptions. Chapters on Australia, Brazil, France, and the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. focus entirely on immigration, while chapters on China, Cuba, Ghana, and the Philippines focus entirely on emigration. Three chapters complicate the interpretation a bit by adding return migration to the description of emigration--for Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Tanzania. This book, though edited with some care, comes across as a set of missed opportunities. The chapters on Puerto Rico, Cuba, Mexico, and the United States form a potential nexus. These chapters, along with parts of the introduction and the chapter on Chinese migration Chinese migration (also known as the Chinese Diaspora) first occurred thousands of years ago, but the mass migration that occurred from the 19th century to 1949 was mainly caused by wars and starvation in mainland China as well as political corruption. to the U.S., could have been linked to show aspects of a global migratory migratory /mi·gra·to·ry/ (mi´grah-tor?e)
1. roving or wandering.
2. of, pertaining to, or characterized by migration; undergoing periodic migration.
emanating from or pertaining to migration. system in recent years. The chapters of Stanlaw, Kenney, and Hines provided three contrasting models showing that chapters of fifteen pages could get to the core of major migration issues, providing basic information and sophisticated interpretation for a general audience. Otherwise, this volume can be seen as a collection of encyclopedia entries on aspects of migration in recent years, providing interesting facts and some promising citations.
Patrick Augustus Mervyn Manning (born August 17, 1946) is the current Prime Minister and Minister of Finance of Trinidad and Tobago and Political Leader of the
University of Pittsburgh