Migraine; Prevention.While appropriate medication and avoiding known or suspected migraine triggers can help extinguish migraine pain, other headache management strategies can help, including:
adopting regular sleeping habits
modifying eating habits (although most people who have food-induced headaches already know what foods trigger headaches, and avoid those foods).
taking vitamin B2 (to increase riboflavin riboflavin: see coenzyme; vitamin.
or vitamin B2
Yellow, water-soluble organic compound, abundant in whey and egg white. It has a complex structure incorporating three rings. in the diet) and supplements to increase magnesium levels
increasing exercise, which improves blood flow to the brain and increases the production of endorphins, naturally occurring painkilling substances the body produces more of during physical activity.
The key to effectively managing migraine headaches is identifying the unique triggers that provoke your headaches and then minimizing them or eliminating them altogether. Common triggers include:
Hormonal triggers. Women may have headaches around the time of their menstrual period, possibly related to the body's fluctuation of estrogen and progesterone progesterone (prōjĕs`tərōn'), female sex hormone that induces secretory changes in the lining of the uterus essential for successful implantation of a fertilized egg. . But there are no steadfast rules when it comes to hormonal triggers. Taking oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy Hormone Replacement Therapy Definition
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the use of synthetic or natural female hormones to make up for the decline or lack of natural hormones produced in a woman's body. and even pregnancy have been blamed for causing severe and frequent migraine attacks. But other women who suffer from migraine say these things improve their condition or make the attacks disappear altogether. Following menopause, when estrogen and other hormone levels decline, women who previously suffered from migraines may find their headaches subside completely. In some women, however, migraines come on or worsen during menopause as a result of fluctuating hormone levels.
Diet triggers. Some migraine sufferers have an acute sensitivity to a specific food or foods. Researchers are not certain why particular foods provoke migraine headaches, but they suspect it is because the foods' chemical properties affect the diameter of blood vessels in the brain.
A colorless crystalline amine found in mistletoe, putrefied animal tissue, certain cheeses, and ergot, or produced synthetically, used as a sympathomimetic agent. , for example, a chemical produced as a result of the natural breakdown of the amino acid tyrosine, is widely viewed as a migraine provoker. Tyramine levels increase in some foods when they are aged, fermented or stored for long periods of time. Red wine, aged cheeses and processed meats (like hot dogs and bologna) are good examples. Other common food-related triggers include: champagne, ripened cheeses (cheddar, Stilton, Brie, Camembert), nuts and nut spreads, sourdough bread, onions, lentils, snow peas, citrus fruits and bananas, sour cream, chocolate, and MSG MSG: see glutamic acid. , the flavor enhancer, found in soups, restaurant food, frozen foods and potato chips. Additionally, if you're used to caffeinated beverages, foods or painkillers, withdrawal from these substances can trigger a headache, though not necessarily a migraine.
In addition to particular foods, a change in eating patterns can trigger headache, although not necessarily a migraine. Fasting, missing meals or dieting may also cause low-blood sugar levels, another possible migraine trigger.
Environmental triggers. Altitude changes, excessive light and noise and changes in weather patterns (such as high winds and high humidity) are a few of the many environmental triggers of migraines. Airplane travel is one of the biggest triggers. When cabin pressure drops, blood vessels dilate dilate /di·late/ (di´lat) to stretch an opening or hollow structure beyond its normal dimensions.
To make or become wider or larger. and expand, which may lead to a migraine attack for some people. Bright light, whether from television, a movie screen or the sun at the beach, may also provoke attacks. Excessive or repetitive noises can also trigger migraine headaches, as well as strong odors (such as cigarette smoke). As with food triggers, you should carefully identify environmental triggers and avoid them, when possible.
Emotional triggers. Anticipation, excitement, stress, anxiety, anger and depression are known to trigger migraine attacks. Even "positive" excitement, such as a job promotion or a wedding, can provoke a migraine attack. An effective stress management system can help a migraine sufferer prevent or minimize headaches triggered by these factors and can contribute to a sense of overall good health.
Activity triggers. Changes in lifestyle patterns can also bring on a migraine. Women have reported migraines resulting from too little sleep, too much sleep, overworking and physical overexertion overexertion
horses appear to be able to race beyond their real capacity when they are not properly fit and develop pulmonary edema as a result. . Vacation time, with its inherent rushing, excitement and altered daily schedule, often triggers a migraine. Sometimes, sexual activity may provoke migraine attacks. Other triggers include motion (such as plane, car, bike and carnival rides), head injuries and interaction with certain drugs, including over-the-counter pain relievers. Always consult your health care professional about medications.
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American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention (AMPP AMPP Apache, MySQL, PHP and Perl
AMPP Actual Medicinal Product Pack (UK)
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