Midwifery in NIS and CCEE. (News from ICM, members and partners.The need for more information about maternal and infant health services health services Managed care The benefits covered under a health contract in the newly independent states New·ly Independent States
The countries that until 1991 were constituent republics of the USSR, including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. and countries of central and eastern Europe The term "Central and Eastern Europe" came into wide spread use, replacing "Eastern bloc", to describe former Communist countries in Europe, after the collapse of the Iron Curtain in 1989/90. was highlighted by the WHO Regional Office for Europe in 2001.
The response was a research project in the form of a survey carried out by Francis Day-Stirk and Louise Palmer of the WHO Collabora-ting Centre for Midwifery midwifery (mĭd`wī'fərē), art of assisting at childbirth. The term midwife for centuries referred to a woman who was an overseer during the process of delivery. In ancient Greece and Rome, these women had some formal training. at the Royal College of Midwives in the UK. Their report--Profiling midwifery in the newly independent states and countries of central and eastern Europe--is available from the WHO office (details below).
Sections of the questionnaire, sent to heads of nursing or midwifery at ministry level in 26 countries, elicited information under the headings:
* Professionals responsible for maternity care
* National establishment and status of midwifery
* Birth statistics
* Role, nature and sphere of practice
* Organisation of midwifery care
* Midwifery legislation and regulation
* National policy and formulation
* Local accountability and responsibility
* Midwifery organisations
* Midwifery education
The report gives a profile for each of the 19 responding countries, and summarises the main trends.
In answer to the question 'Is midwifery practised in line with the ICM/WHO/FIGO definition of a midwife MIDWIFE, med. jur. A woman who practices midwifery; a woman who pursues the business of an account.
2. A midwife is required to perform the business she undertakes with proper skill, and if she be guilty of any mala praxis, (q.v. ?', responses from 10 countries said it was, and a further two said 'mostly'. In one country, Romania, there are no midwives, but they exist in all others and in 14 countries there are midwifery organisations that offer professional support to midwives.
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