Mesopotamia and the Bible. (Briefly Noted).Mesopotamia Mesopotamia (mĕs'əpətā`mēə) [Gr.,=between rivers], ancient region of Asia, the territory about the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, included in modern Iraq. and the Bible Bible [Gr.,=the books], term used since the 4th cent. to denote the Christian Scriptures and later, by extension, those of various religious traditions. This article discusses the nature of religious scripture generally and the Christian Scriptures specifically, as . Edited by Mark W. Chavalas and K. Lawson Younger Jr. (Baker, $29.99). The fourteen essays in this book deal with the light shed on the Bible by the archaeological discoveries, primarily textual tex·tu·al
Of, relating to, or conforming to a text.
textu·al·ly adv. , of the last two centuries. "Mesopotamia" is understood broadly and includes portions of Syria that had cultural similarities to the Mesopotamians in antiquity. The articles are provided with voluminous bibliographies, and they draw measured conclusions about the ways in which Ancient Near Eastern studies have and have not benefited biblical scholars. Ugarit, for example, has shed invaluable light on Yahweh by its record of the Canaanite god El, but ideas of death and the afterlife at Ugarit are now seen as offering little help for understanding the Old Teastament's views on these matters. The thirteen authors record scholars who have made major breakthroughs as well as those afflicted af·flict
tr.v. af·flict·ed, af·flict·ing, af·flicts
To inflict grievous physical or mental suffering on.
[Middle English afflighten, from afflight, with parallelomania.