Member input sought on draft policies.Editor's note Editor's Note (foaled in 1993 in Kentucky) is an American thoroughbred Stallion racehorse. He was sired by 1992 U.S. Champion 2 YO Colt Forty Niner, who in turn was a son of Champion sire Mr. Prospector and out of the mare, Beware Of The Cat.
Trained by D. : At the Winter Conference, the Board of Governors and Delegate Assembly adopted a policy on crime prevention. They also reviewed three draft policies on violence reduction, correctional health care and offenders with special needs. The Resolutions and Policy Development Advisory Committee is now seeking member input on the three draft policies. To respond, please contact Robert Brown Noun 1. Robert Brown - Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773-1858)
Brown , Chairman, Resolutions and Policy Development Advisory Committee, 1912 Kuerbitz, Lansing, MI 48906; (517) 323-1183.
In other ACA ACA - Application Control Architecture business, the Board of Governors and Delegate Assembly reaffirmed, without changes, resolutions on a drug-free correctional workforce, incarceration Confinement in a jail or prison; imprisonment.
Police officers and other law enforcement officers are authorized by federal, state, and local lawmakers to arrest and confine persons suspected of crimes. The judicial system is authorized to confine persons convicted of crimes. of undocumented immigrants, no-smoking policies and the term "correctional officer." They reaffirmed, with changes, resolutions on international staff exchange and handgun control. They also adopted a new resolution on the Fair Labor Standards Act Fair Labor Standards Act or Wages and Hours Act, passed by the U.S. Congress in 1938 to establish minimum living standards for workers engaged directly or indirectly in interstate commerce, including those involved in production of goods bound .
Draft Public Correctional Policy On Violence Reduction
Introduction: Of utmost concern to the public and those working in both the criminal and juvenile justice systems is the increasing fear of violence in our society. Particularly troubling is the marked escalation es·ca·late
v. es·ca·lat·ed, es·ca·lat·ing, es·ca·lates
To increase, enlarge, or intensify: escalated the hostilities in the Persian Gulf.
v.intr. of violence among our youths, especially involving the use of firearms This is an extensive list of small arms — pistol, machine gun, grenade launcher, anti-tank rifle — that includes variants.
: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
the seven decades of Eleanor Pargiter’s life. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 1109]
See : Time severity of violent acts and the perception of potential personal injury have risen sharply. There is a sense that the risk of becoming a homicide victim has grown, that the occurrence of gun-related violence is increasing, and that widespread drug trafficking, substance abuse and gang activity are directly linked as causal factors causal factor Medtalk A factor linked to the causation of a disease or health problem to this problem.
Statement: Traditionally, the response of the criminal justice system -and recently within some segments of the juvenile justice system as well - has been deterrence deterrence
Military strategy whereby one power uses the threat of reprisal to preclude an attack from an adversary. The term largely refers to the basic strategy of the nuclear powers and the major alliance systems. , punishment and incarceration. While research shows that violent behavior often is related to continued exposure to violence in families, schools, communities, and through the entertainment media, the criminal and juvenile justice systems are in a unique position to assume a more active, focused role in violence reduction/prevention. In particular, corrections professionals and agencies can impact violence through their work directly with offenders and indirectly through their support of violence prevention policies. Specifically, corrections professionals and agencies should:
A. Train corrections staff early on in their work with offenders to recognize those risk factors that contribute to violent behavior and to utilize effective intervention strategies and techniques to reduce violence within this population;
B. Design and implement effective drug and alcohol abuse treatment programs utilizing a wide range of modalities Modalities
The factors and circumstances that cause a patient's symptoms to improve or worsen, including weather, time of day, effects of food, and similar factors. so that a continuum of interventions appropriately addressing this problem is available to all offenders in need and seeking help;
C. Provide offenders and their families counseling and parenting skills training programs that emphasize the need to break the "cycle of violence," whereby a childhood history of physical and psychological abuse predisposes the victim to become a perpetrator A term commonly used by law enforcement officers to designate a person who actually commits a crime. of violence in later years;
D. Integrate conflict-resolution models into institutional/corrections treatment programs so that offenders and their families can be taught conflict resolution and life skills competency techniques as effective alternatives to violent behavior;
E. Establish victim impact/awareness programs that bring more balance to the system by allowing victims an increased role in the justice process and by requiring offenders to confront the implications of their violent acts, thereby contributing to the restoration of the offender, victim and community;
F. Provide effective community supervision - including comprehensive, integrated parole/aftercare services - that promotes community protection, aids in the development of offender skills and competency, and holds the violent offender accountable;
G. Initiate across all points of processing within the juvenile justice system a comprehensive approach to the prevention, treatment and remediation of violent behavior among youths;
H. Support a long-term crime reduction strategy that draws on interdisciplinary research and addresses the causes of crime and violence in a comprehensive and integrated manner, including providing employment opportunities, strengthening families, building strong neighborhoods, increasing community involvement, and enhancing the quality of education and other social institutions;
I. Build partnerships that improve communication and collaboration and share technologies, information and intelligence among the key stakeholders Stakeholders
All parties that have an interest, financial or otherwise, in a firm-stockholders, creditors, bondholders, employees, customers, management, the community, and the government. in the criminal and juvenile justice systems, elected officials and the community to combat violence;
J. Support firearm firearm, device consisting essentially of a straight tube to propel shot, shell, or bullets by the explosion of gunpowder. Although the Chinese discovered gunpowder as early as the 9th cent., they did not develop firearms until the mid-14th cent. control legislation and measures to reduce deaths, injuries and suicides from firearms and reduce their availability to violent offenders, juveniles and untrained owners; and
K. Support mass media campaigns against violence and efforts to encourage the media and entertainment industries to adopt practices that deglamorize de·glam·or·ize
tr.v. de·glam·or·ized, de·glam·or·iz·ing, de·glam·or·iz·es
To make less glamorous: "pressing the entertainment industry to deglamorize the treatment of drugs in films" violence.
Draft Public Correctional Policy On Correctional Health Care
Introduction: Incarcerated incarcerated /in·car·cer·at·ed/ (in-kahr´ser-at?ed) imprisoned; constricted; subjected to incarceration.
Confined or trapped, as a hernia. individuals, or those in the custody of criminal justice agencies, have a right to adequate health care under the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution. Correctional jurisdictions must use a comprehensive, holistic approach holistic approach A term used in alternative health for a philosophical approach to health care, in which the entire Pt is evaluated and treated. See Alternative medicine, Holistic medicine. to providing health and mental health care services that are sensitive to the cultural, subcultural, and age- and gender-specific needs of a growing, diverse population. All services provided must be consistent with contemporary health care standards. To ensure accountability and professional responsibility, these services should follow the policy guidelines set forth below and the health and mental health care standards of the American Correctional Association The American Correctional Association is an association of providers of services to prisons in the United States. It holds an annual trade show where products used in prisons are shown to prospective purchasers.
It was formerly known as the American Prison Association. .
Policy Statement: Health care programs for offenders include comprehensive health, medical, dental and mental health services health services Managed care The benefits covered under a health contract . Such programs should:
A. Be delivered by qualified and appropriately credentialed health care professionals;
B. Include a comprehensive health promotion and disease prevention program designed to meet the specific health maintenance needs of the specific residential population, which includes health, nutrition and safety education programs;
C. Employ a stratified stratified /strat·i·fied/ (strat´i-fid) formed or arranged in layers.
Arranged in the form of layers or strata. system of service delivery to maximize the efficient utilization of health and mental health care resources;
D. Include corrections officers The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
Please [ improve this article] or discuss the issue on the talk page. who work in health and mental health care units as active participants in the multi-disciplinary treatment team;
E. Create community linkages that will facilitate the continuation of the treatment plan by community health and mental health care agencies for appropriate persons released from incarceration;
F. Establish appropriate classification, program and housing assignments for the chronically ill and elderly offender. Health and mental health programs must be developed that address the unique needs of the geriatric population;
G. Establish a compassionate release program for the qualified terminally ill Terminally Ill
When a person is not expected to live more than 12 months.
Any gifts given out by the afflicted person at this time may be considered as a dispersion of the estate rather than a gift. offender;
H. Establish comprehensive health, mental health, housing and substance abuse programs that are specifically designed for the special needs of female offenders;
I. Upon intake screening, provide all offenders with oral and written information concerning access to health and mental health care services, followed by more formal instruction during the institution admission and orientation program;
J. Provide continuous, comprehensive services commencing at admission, including effective and timely screening, assessment and treatment, and appropriate referral to alternate health care resources where warranted;
K. Establish a system to provide access to emergency treatment 24 hours per day;
L. Establish a formal process to screen for, identify, treat and manage inmates with infectious diseases infectious diseases: see communicable diseases. ;
M. Provide appropriate health care training programs that are cognizant of cultural, subcultural and gender issues for all correctional and health care staff, and allow for continuing professional and medical education programs where appropriate;
N. Provide a medical records system to document diagnosis and treatment programs to facilitate treatment continuity and cooperation between health care professionals, consistent with privacy, confidentiality and security requirements;
O. Restrict physicians to prescribing medications from an established formulary formulary /for·mu·lary/ (for´mu-lar?e) a collection of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions.
National Formulary see under N.
n. and provide a pharmaceutical distribution system that conforms to applicable state and federal laws;
P. Provide a continuing quality improvement program using risk management programs; precertification, concurrent and utilization review u·til·i·za·tion review
A process for monitoring the use, delivery, and cost-effectiveness of services, especially those provided by medical professionals. ; and peer review activities to monitor and evaluate the health care services delivered;
Q. Establish a Patient Bill of Rights;
R. Provide a system for medical and administrative review of grievances relating to relating to relate prep → concernant
relating to relate prep → bezüglich +gen, mit Bezug auf +acc any health care offered, provided or denied;
S. Provide screening for dual-diagnosis and substance abuse; and
T. Provide all new inmates with oral counseling or written information about their medication. This information ideally should be provided by pharmacists This is a list of notable pharmacists.
Editor's note: For background information related to the draft policy on correctional health care, please contact ACA, 4380 Forbes Blvd., Lanham, MD 20706-4322; (301) 918-1800.
Draft Public Correctional Policy On Offenders with Special Needs
Introduction: The provision of humane programs and services for the accused and adjudicated requires addressing the special needs of certain offenders. To meet this goal, correctional agencies should develop and adopt procedures for the early identification of offenders with special needs. Agencies should provide the services that respond to those needs and monitor and evaluate the delivery of services in both confined con·fine
v. con·fined, con·fin·ing, con·fines
1. To keep within bounds; restrict: Please confine your remarks to the issues at hand. See Synonyms at limit. and community settings.
Policy Statement: Correctional systems should ensure provision of specialized services and programs to meet the special needs of offenders. To achieve this, they should:
A. Identify the categories of offenders who will require special care or programs. These categories include:
1. Offenders with severe psychological needs, mental retardation mental retardation, below average level of intellectual functioning, usually defined by an IQ of below 70 to 75, combined with limitations in the skills necessary for daily living. , significant psychiatric disorders, behavior disorders behavior disorder
1. Any of various forms of behavior that are considered inappropriate by members of the social group to which an individual belongs.
2. A functional disorder or abnormality. , multiple handicaps, neurological neurological, neurologic
pertaining to or emanating from the nervous system or from neurology.
evaluation of the health status of a patient with a nervous system disorder or dysfunction. impairments and substance abuse problems;
2. Offenders who are physically handicapped or chronically or terminally ill;
3. Offenders who are elderly;
4. Offenders with severe social and/or educational deficiencies, learning disabilities or language barriers;
5. Offenders with special security or supervision needs, such as protective custody An arrangement whereby a person is safeguarded by law enforcement authorities in a location other than the person's home because his or her safety is seriously threatened. cases, death row inmates and those who chronically exhibit potential for violent or aggressive behavior; and
6. Sex offenders sex offender n. generic term for all persons convicted of crimes involving sex, including rape, molestation, sexual harassment and pornography production or distribution. for whom appropriate treatment may reduce the risk of reoffending conduct.
B. Identify offenders needing such special services and provide such services in a manner consistent with professional standards. Such services and programs may be provided within the correctional agency itself, or by referral to another agency that has the necessary specialized program resources, or by contracting with private or voluntary agencies or individuals that meet professional standards;
C. Maintain appropriately trained staff and/or contractors for the delivery of care, programs and services;
D. Maintain professionally appropriate record keeping of the services and programs provided;
E. Evaluate the quality and effectiveness of services provided; and
F. Provide leadership and advocacy for legislative and public support to obtain the resources needed to meet these special needs.
ACA Resolution on an International Staff Exchange Program
The American Correctional Association has long supported the development of cooperative relations among correctional personnel throughout the world and has had a standing committee on international relations The Committee on International Relations, also known as CIR, is a one year Masters degree graduate program in the Division of Social Sciences at the University of Chicago. It is the oldest international affairs graduate program in the United States. for a number of years.
WHEREAS, the establishment of an international staff exchange program promotes meaningful working relations with corrections professionals in other countries; and
WHEREAS, the American Correctional Association strongly supports an international staff exchange program to provide an opportunity for corrections staff to gain insight into correctional issues and management techniques worldwide;
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the American Correctional Association encourages all correctional agencies to take a supportive role and participate in an international staff exchange program.
ACA Resolution on Handgun Control
WHEREAS, Americans die annually in handgun suicides, handgun homicides and handgun accidents;
WHEREAS, young children are killed yearly with handguns;
WHEREAS, many law enforcement officers killed in the line of duty In the Line of Duty may refer to:
WHEREAS, the easy availability of handguns often escalates the seriousness of domestic altercations and also crimes committed by young people, and thereby contributes to prison crowding; and
WHEREAS, homicide (often with a handgun) is now the leading cause of death among young black Americans;
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the American Correctional Association joins with other criminal justice organizations in calling for tougher handgun control at the federal, state and local levels.
ACA Resolution on the Fair Labor Standards Act
WHEREAS, correctional industries and institutional work represent critical activities yielding social, economic and management benefits for the corrections agency, the inmate and the public at large;
WHEREAS, correctional industries and institutional work programs reduce idleness in institutions that are, on average, more than 130 percent of capacity;
WHEREAS, correctional industries are programs designed to train and employ as many inmates as possible, and, as such, they carry additional financial burden not found in the private sector; yet, at the same time, they must be financially self-supporting;
WHEREAS, inmates are not employees who should enjoy full benefits offered by an employer to an employee;
WHEREAS, correctional industries and institutional work programs cannot absorb the financial burden of paying minimum wage and continue to operate as they exist;
WHEREAS, the consequences of designating inmates as employees will result in the imposition of an unnecessary tax burden;
WHEREAS, it is important that it be made clear that Congress did not intend inmates to be considered employees under the Fair Labor Standards Act; and
WHEREAS, it is essential to terminate the numerous and costly lawsuits filed by inmates in courts around the nation;
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the American Correctional Association hereby expresses its support for proposed federal legislation HR3705, which seeks to clarify that inmates are not employees and are not entitled to minimum wage by specifically excluding prison and jail inmates, except those employed in Prison Industries Enhancement and work release programs, from the minimum wage provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.