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Meeting the needs of returning offenders through employment.

There is compelling evidence that unemployment contributes to an increased rate of parole revocation The recall of some power or authority that has been granted.

Revocation by the act of a party is intentional and voluntary, such as when a person cancels a Power of Attorney that he has given or a will that he has written.
, which is a major risk factor for recidivism recidivism: see criminology. . Individuals released from correctional facilities often find that their search for employment is hindered by barriers such as lack of educational credentials, limited work history, poor planning skills, employers' prejudice toward hiring ex-offenders and current laws in some states. Given the complexity of the challenges facing offenders seeking work, those who assist them must possess a comprehensive set of work force development skills. Furthermore, these professional skills must be used in the context of a partnership involving criminal justice agencies and community-based organizations. It would be difficult, if not impossible, for a single agency to meet all the needs of offenders returning to the community.

The Training Program

Offender Workforce Development This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling.
You can assist by [ editing it] now.
 Specialist (OWDS OWDS Offender Workforce Development Specialist (National Institute of Corrections) ) Partnership Training is one of NIC's most comprehensive training programs. Through this training, carefully selected multidisciplinary mul·ti·dis·ci·pli·nar·y  
Of, relating to, or making use of several disciplines at once: a multidisciplinary approach to teaching. 
 teams acquire a set of professional competencies that systematically address challenges faced by offenders in their search for employment. OWDS Partnership Training requires a considerable amount of time and effort, both in the classroom during instruction and outside the classroom in practicum practicum (prak´tikm),
n See internship.
 activities. In addition, each team must commit to replicating the training in its jurisdiction.

The OWDS Partnership Training Program provides participants with the skills needed to assist offenders with career planning, job placement, job retention and career advancement. The program also works to establish partnerships where none existed before, helping to create a seamless continuum of work force development services from pretrial pre·tri·al  
A proceeding held before an official trial, especially to clarify points of law and facts.

1. Of or relating to a pretrial.

 status through the correctional system and back to the community. The training program satisfies the training requirements for certification as a Global Career Development Facilitator The Global Career Development Facilitator (GCDF) certification is an evolution of the Career Development Facilator (CDF) certification developed by the National Career Development Association (NCDA), National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee (NOICC), and the Center  (GCDF GCDF Global Career Development Facilitator ) and an OWDS instructor. The OWDS training requires a commitment of approximately five weeks during a period of about six months.

Classroom instruction consists of three sessions lasting four and a half days each. The e-learning modules and practicum assignments require an additional 72 hours. The classroom training sessions are scheduled approximately five weeks apart to minimize the disruption to participants' critical job responsibilities. During the intervals between classroom sessions, participants are required to complete e-learning modules along with practicum and reading assignments. In addition, when the team successfully completes the training, participants receive three days of OWDS Instructor Training on site within their jurisdiction from an OWDS master trainer. A prospective trainee and his or her supervisor should discuss how best to balance workload requirements with the OWDS training requirements.

Essential Competencies

The OWDS Partnership Training Program addresses the following essential competencies:

Career development theory and application. Participants will become familiar with four career development theories that can be used to assist offenders with their transition to the community, career planning, job search, job placement, job retention and career advancement.

Understanding and using facilitation Facilitation

The process of providing a market for a security. Normally, this refers to bids and offers made for large blocks of securities, such as those traded by institutions.
 skills. Participants will learn and practice a set of communication skills that can be used to effectively assist offenders/defendants with career planning, job search, job placement, job retention and career advancement.

The role of assessment in career planning and job placement. Participants will learn to use a variety of assessment tools and techniques that can assist offenders/defendants with making informed career plans and job choices.

Instruction and group facilitation. Participants will learn skills needed to provide effective group instruction.

Designing and implementing training and work development services. Participants will learn the basic principles of program planning and implementation, including design, evaluation, promotion and public relations public relations, activities and policies used to create public interest in a person, idea, product, institution, or business establishment. By its nature, public relations is devoted to serving particular interests by presenting them to the public in the most .

Barriers to employment. Participants will learn how to identify the barriers to employment that offenders/defendants face and how to assist them with removing or minimizing these obstacles.

Ethics and the career development facilitator. Participants will learn the GCDF Code of Ethics Code of Ethics can refer to:
  • Ethical code, a code of professional responsibility, noting what behaviors are "ethical".
  • Code of Ethics (band), a 90's Christian New Wave/Pop band
, a set of professional standards that define acceptable conduct, appropriate role boundaries and the participants' scope of practice.

Transition interventions for the offender population. Participants will learn the types of interventions that can be used with offenders/defendants as they make the transition to employment, including the development of goals and realistic action plans.

Job-seeking and employability skills. Participants will learn how to access labor market labor market A place where labor is exchanged for wages; an LM is defined by geography, education and technical expertise, occupation, licensure or certification requirements, and job experience  information and how to use this knowledge to prepare offenders/defendants for the world of work.

Job retention. Participants will learn strategies and interventions that can improve job retention for offenders/defendants and how to teach these skills.

The role of information and computers in career planning. Participants will learn the primary sources of information about career planning and education available and how to use this information in their work with offenders/defendants.

Getting Started

NIC (1) (Network Interface Card) See network adapter. See also InterNIC.

(2) (New Internet Computer) An earlier Linux-based computer from The New Internet Computer Company (NICC), Palo Alto, CA.
 provides OWDS Partnership Training through collaboration with the National Career Development Association (NCDA NCDA National Career Development Association
NCDA North Carolina Department of Agriculture
NCDA National Community Development Association
NCDA National College of District Attorneys
NCDA National Conservatory of Dramatic Arts
NCDA Noncontributing Drainage Area
), which has endorsed the OWDS Partnership Training Program. Participants who complete the program meet all training requirements for GCDF certification from the Center for Credentialing and Education Inc. (CCE CCE Cornell Cooperative Extension
CCE Corporate and Continuing Education
CCE Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc.
CCE Commission de Coopération Environnementale
CCE Centre for Continuing Education
CCE College of Continuing Education
CCE Certified Computer Examiner
) ( To qualify for OWDS Instructor training, participants must receive certification.

The OWDS Partnership Training Program is a series of three one-week training blocks. Participants are expected to attend all three blocks within the series. In 2008, the series will be held during the weeks of Aug. 3-8, Sept. 21-26 and Nov. 2-7. Applications are due by April 1 and may be obtained from NCDA by calling 1-866-367-6232 or (918) 663-7060 or online at

NIC's Administrative Guide: Offender Workforce Development Specialist Partnership Training Program contains the eligibility requirements and detailed information on the training process for NIC's partnership program. Download the guide at or at

NIC's Offender Workforce Development Division was created to coordinate the efforts of federal, state, local and nonprofit A corporation or an association that conducts business for the benefit of the general public without shareholders and without a profit motive.

Nonprofits are also called not-for-profit corporations. Nonprofit corporations are created according to state law.
 agencies to improve employment programs for offenders and ex-offenders. Visit the NIC Web site at for additional resources.

Francina C. Carter is a correctional program specialist for NIC in Washington, D.C
COPYRIGHT 2007 American Correctional Association, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2007 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:NIC Update
Author:Carter, Francina C.
Publication:Corrections Today
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Dec 1, 2007
Previous Article:Corrections Corporation of America (CCA).
Next Article:The violation population.

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