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Meet the supremes.

How much do you know about the current Justices of the Supreme Court? Do you know what they did before they became Justices, or which Presidents nominated them to the Court?

Here's a look at the lives of the nine Justices. Read the following profiles, and answer the questions on page 8.

William H. Rehuquist

Born: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, October 1, 1924.

Background: Stanford University Law School; served in the U.S. Army Air Force; Assistant U.S. Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel.

Nominated to the Supreme Court by: President Richard M. Nixon.

Took office: January 7, 1972.

Became Chief Justice: 1986.

Likes: Painting, collecting stamps, and playing poker.

Fun Fact: When asked by an elementary school teacher about his career plans, Rehnquist said, "I'm going to change the government."

Antonin Scalia

Born: Trenton, New Jersey, March 11, 1936.

Background: Harvard University Law School; Professor of Law, University of Virginia and University of Chicago; Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit.

Nominated by: President Ronald Reagan.

Took office: September 26, 1986.

Likes: Classical music--especially opera, playing tennis, and travel.

Fun Facts: Played the French horn in school bands; father of nine.

John Paul Stevens

Born: Chicago, Illinois, April 20, 1920.

Background: Northwestern University Law School; served in the U.S. Navy; Professor of Law, University of Chicago; Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit.

Nominated by: President Gerald R. Ford.

Took office: December 19, 1975.

Likes: Bow ties, playing squash, and tennis.

Fun Fact: Had the highest grades in the history of his law school when he graduated.

Anthony M. Kennedy

Born: Sacramento, California, July 23, 1936.

Background: Harvard University Law School; Professor of Law, University of the Pacific; Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Nominated by: President Ronald Reagan.

Took office: February 18, 1988.

Likes: Shakespeare plays, reading English literature and history books, swimming, and bicycling.

Fun Fact: Had an after-school job as a pageboy for the California State Senate for five years.

Sandra Day O'Connor

Born: El Paso, Texas, March 26, 1930.

Background: Stanford University Law School; Arizona State Senator; Judge, Arizona Court of Appeals.

Nominated by: President Ronald Reagan.

Took office: September 25, 1981.

Likes: Popcorn, Mexican food, and white-water rafting.

Fun Facts: Grew up on a 98,000-acre ranch in Arizona with more than 2,000 cattle and lots of cowboys; graduated from high school at age 16.

David Hackett Souter

Born: Melrose, Massachusetts, September 17, 1939.

Background: Harvard University Law School; Attorney General of New Hampshire; Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit.

Nominated by: President George H.W. Bush.

Took office: October 9, 1990.

Likes: Mountain climbing, classical music, reading, and jogging.

Fun Facts: Voted "most sophisticated" and "most likely to succeed" by his high school classmates; usually eats an apple and yogurt for lunch.

Clarence Thomas

Born: Pin Point, Georgia, June 23, 1948.

Background: Yale University Law School; Chairman, U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit.

Nominated by: President George H.W. Bush.

Took office: October 23, 1991.

Likes: Lifting weights, watching basketball, and smoking cigars.

Fun Fact: Once planned to become a priest.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Born: Brooklyn, New York, March 15, 1933.

Background: Columbia University Law School; Professor of Law, Rutgers University and Columbia University; Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit.

Nominated by: President Bill Clinton.

Took office: August 10, 1993.

Likes: Opera and appeared in costume as an extra in a Washington Opera production.

Fun Facts: Speaks Swedish and co-wrote a book on judicial procedure in Sweden.

Stephen G. Breyer

Born: San Francisco, California, August 15, 1938.

Background: Harvard University Law School; Professor of Law, Harvard University; Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit.

Nominated by: President Bill Clinton.

Took office: August 3, 1994.

Likes: Camping, bicycling, and keeping up with world events.

Fun Fact: Voted most likely to succeed by his high school classmates.
Panels 7-8: Meet the Supremes

QUESTIONS

1. Who is the oldest current Justice of the Supreme Court?

2. Which Justices served in the U.S. armed forces?

3. How many Justices graduated from Harvard University Law School?
4. Which Justices were law school professors?

5. Which Justice was once a state senator?

6. How many Justices were born in California?

7. How many Justices once worked as judges?

8. How many Justices served on the U.S. Court of Appeals?

9. How many years has the newest member of the Court been in office?

10. How many Justices have been on the Supreme Court for more than
10 years?

Answers

1. John Paul Stevens
2. William H. Rehnquist and John Paul Stevens
3. Four
4. John Paul Stevens, Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, Ruth Bader
Ginsburg, and Stephen G. Breyer
5. Sandra Day O'Connor
6. Two
7. Eight
8. Seven
9. More than seven years
10, Seven
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Publication:Junior Scholastic
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Mar 25, 2002
Words:813
Previous Article:Who appoints the Supreme Court Justices?
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