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DermNez NZ and the Royal New Zealand College New Zealand College (known as NZC) is an English language college in Newmarket, Auckland, New Zealand. School Information
  • School Environment: Situated in Auckland’s famous shopping district Newmarket; 10-minute bus ride downtown and Queen Street.
 of General Practitioners presents Dermatology CME CME

See: Chicago Mercantile Exchange


See Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME).
 Quizzes, at, which they describe as being "especially suitable for family physicians and dermatologists in training." Nine quizzes, each with 10 cases, ask you to suggest appropriate investigations, diagnosis, treatment, management, etc, for the conditions illustrated in the photographs. For each case presented there is a "Mark Question" button to reveal answers to the questions. Members of the New Zealand New Zealand (zē`lənd), island country (2005 est. pop. 4,035,000), 104,454 sq mi (270,534 sq km), in the S Pacific Ocean, over 1,000 mi (1,600 km) SE of Australia. The capital is Wellington; the largest city and leading port is Auckland.  Medical Council can complete the answers and submit the quiz for credit toward a CME certificate. There are listings of further reading for each of the pathologies discussed in the quizzes, and these are sourced to either DermNez, which has extensive cross referencing, or to The quizzes offer a selection of varied and interesting pathologies.

Clinical practice guidelines clinical practice guidelines Clinical policies, practice guidelines, practice parameters, practice policies Medtalk Systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and Pt decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. See Psychology.  from the Kidney Disease Quality Outcomes Initiative,, of the National Kidney Foundation Not to be confused with American Kidney Fund.

The National Kidney Foundation, Inc. (NKF) is a major voluntary health organization in the United States. Its mission is to prevent kidney and urinary tract diseases, improve the health and well-being of individuals and
 "provides a standardized terminology for the evaluation and classification of kidney disease; the proper monitoring of kidney function from initial injury to end stage; a logical approach to stratification of kidney disease by risk factors and comorbid conditions; and consequently a basis for continuous care and therapy throughout the course of chronic kidney disease Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also know as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss of renal function over a period of months or years through five stages. Each stage is a progression through an abnormally low and progressively worse glomerular filtration rate, which is ." A three-staged evidence-based process is used to ensure methodological rigor rigor /rig·or/ (rig´er) [L.] chill; rigidity.

rigor mor´tis  the stiffening of a dead body accompanying depletion of adenosine triphosphate in the muscle fibers.
. There are 10 completed guidelines with six under development, and they are subdivided into chapters each carrying its own set of guidelines. Although the chapters round up all the usual suspects, they are interrogated in depth. Since their publication in 1997, the Kidney Disease Quality Outcomes Initiative guidelines have had a significant and measurable impact on the care and outcomes of dialysis patients.

Published clinical guidelines are a fairly recent and ubiquitous international development. One organization seeking to "build links between relevant international organizations so as to improve coordination with clinical practice guidelines and other healthcare quality initiatives" is Guidelines International Network The Guidelines International Network is an international not-for-profit association of organisations and individuals involved in clinical practice guidelines.

Founded in November 2002, G-I-N has a membership of 70 national guideline organisation (December 2006) representing
 (GIN), Founded in November 2002, GIN has now grown to 52 member organizations from 26 countries, including the World Health Organization, and aims to establish a forum for international communication between those involved in developing, appraising, and implementing clinical guidelines and to avoid unnecessary duplication. Click on "Guideline Resources" and then "Health Topics Collection" for a listing of international guidelines.

National Institute for Clinical Excellence,, part of the National Health Service, UK, publishes "Technology Appraisals," "Clinical Guidelines," and "Interventional Procedures." For each of these categories, information is provided either as PDF files (predominantly) or as HTML and includes both published guidelines and also those still being developed. The clinical guidelines are divided into 37 categories each of which contain between 5 and 10 detailed guidelines.

The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN),, was formed in 1993 and the executive is based at Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (RCPE) was established in the 17th century. While the RCPE is based in Edinburgh, it is by no means just a Scottish professional body - more than half of its 7,700 Fellows, Members, Associates and Affiliates live and practice medicine . There are 80 guidelines grouped under 14 categories. The individual guidelines expand into either a quick reference guide or the full guideline. They are available as HTML or in PDF (Portable Document Format) The de facto standard for document publishing from Adobe. On the Web, there are countless brochures, data sheets, white papers and technical manuals in the PDF format.  format. SIGN has published their own Guideline Developers Handbook which provides guideline users with information on the methodology used by SIGN when developing their guidelines; it also provides resources for groups embarking on new guideline development projects.

Both National Institute for Clinical Excellence and SIGN aim to meet the international standard set by Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation (AGREE),, and as members of AGREE (established 1998), they collaborate in developing guidelines to the same basic principles of multidisciplinary involvement based on systematic review and critical appraisal of the evidence base. A list of AGREE guidelines can be viewed at

In the USA the National Guidelines Clearinghouse, is also a member of GIN and is an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, formerly known as the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, this agency researches the quality of medical care and health services.
 in partnership with the American Medical Association American Medical Association (AMA), professional physicians' organization (founded 1847). Its goals are to protect the interests of American physicians, advance public health, and support the growth of medical science.  and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Noun 1. Department of Health and Human Services - the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with health and welfare; created in 1979
Health and Human Services, HHS
. The guideline index arranged by organization can be accessed at, which at the time of writing lists 1,503 guidelines.

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Title Annotation:DermNez NZ and the Royal New Zealand College of General Practitioners presents Dermatology CME Quizzes, National Kidney Foundation and National Health Service's guidelines
Author:Young, Jim
Publication:Southern Medical Journal
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Aug 1, 2005
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