Medical University of South Carolina.
Non-consensual drug tests administered by the Medical University of South Carolina violated the Fourth Amendment rights of maternity patients, according to a March 21 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Ferguson vs. City of Charleston. The hospital's policy mandated drug tests for women it identified as likely drug users. The tests were used as evidence of criminal activity. But the plaintiffs claimed the criteria, including lack of prenatal care, were discriminatory. Nine of the 10 plaintiffs were black. Last month, The Chicago Reporter found that drug testing in local hospitals disproportionately affected black babies. Cook County Hospital uses some of the same guidelines as the South Carolina hospital.