Medical Bacteriology: a Practical Approach.Peter Hawkey and Diedre Lewis, editors
Oxford University Press Oxford, United Kingdom ISBN ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISBN International Standard Book Number
ISBN n abbr (= International Standard Book Number) → ISBN m : 0-19-963778-4 Pages: 409, Price: US$59.50
Medical Bacteriology Medical bacteriology
The study of bacteria that cause human disease. The field encompasses the detection and identification of bacterial pathogens, determination of the sensitivity and mechanisms of resistance of bacteria to antibiotics, the mechanisms of is a multicontributor work with chapters provided by various expert medical microbiologists from the United Kingdom. The information is organized into 4 basic areas totaling 12 chapters; 6 covering the analysis of various types of patient specimens; 2 chapters on antimicrobial antimicrobial /an·ti·mi·cro·bi·al/ (-mi-kro´be-al)
1. killing microorganisms or suppressing their multiplication or growth.
2. an agent with such effects. analysis, susceptibility testing susceptibility test Antimicrobial susceptibility test, see there , and direct assay in patient specimens; 2 chapters on laboratory management issues, including information technology, quality control, and quality assurance; and 2 chapters on the role of the laboratory in hospital infection control programs and in the support of epidemiologic investigations. Distributed throughout the text are 81 individual testing protocols, which can be found either by referring to a table at the front of the book or by searching the index. Also included are 4 appendixes.
Multiple options exist for presenting the fundamentals of medical bacteriology. Some texts have used a disease-based approach. Others have used an organism-based approach. Medical Bacteriology takes a specimen-based approach: bacterial diseases bacterial diseases
Diseases caused by bacteria. The most common infectious diseases, they range from minor skin infections to bubonic plague and tuberculosis. Until the mid-20th century, bacterial pneumonia was probably the leading cause of death among the elderly. and their causative caus·a·tive
1. Functioning as an agent or cause.
2. Expressing causation. Used of a verb or verbal affix.
caus agents are addressed through the proper collection, processing, and analysis of clinical specimens. From a laboratory perspective, the specimen-based approach has substantial advantages. In this text, the critical importance of proper collection and transport of specimens is clearly communicated for each specimen type, and appropriate protocols are provided. In addition, an in-depth discussion is presented on the proper interpretation of cultures and other laboratory findings for each specimen type. For example, the chapter on urine bacteriology bacteriology
Study of bacteria. Modern understanding of bacterial forms dates from Ferdinand Cohn's classifications. Other researchers, such as Louis Pasteur, established the connection between bacteria and fermentation and disease. contains not only guidelines for interpreting various types of urine cultures, but also explains the relevance of other routine urinalysis urinalysis (yr'ənăl`ĭsĭs), clinical examination of urine for the purpose of medical diagnosis. findings to infections of the urinary tract. One disadvantage of the specimen-based approach is that organism identification protocols may appear in multiple chapters.
The chapters devoted to antimicrobial issues provide basic testing protocols and valuable insights on the selection of appropriate agents for routine testing and reporting. The relative advantages and disadvantages of diffusion versus dilution methods are clearly described, and readers from the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. may find some of the alternatives to the standard Kirby-Bauer procedure to be of interest.
The chapters devoted to laboratory management provide excellent insights on the rapidly evolving field of laboratory information technology. Laboratorians should find the comparison of stand-alone "legacy" systems with more integrated hospitalwide and health system-wide designs useful in making decisions on laboratory information management.
The chapters on infection control and epidemiology provide an overview of the technical and administrative issues encountered by the laboratory. The organization and function of hospital infection control committees are discussed, and guidance for performing basic cohort and case-control studies is presented.
Emphasis is placed on the processing and analysis of specimens with well-established protocols and materials. Bacterial identification and characterization protocols are based on techniques that have been in general use for many years. Readers interested in newer approaches and in analyses of some of the more exotic bacterial zoonoses Zoonoses
Infections of humans caused by the transmission of disease agents that naturally live in animals. People become infected when they unwittingly intrude into the life cycle of the disease agent and become unnatural hosts. are provided with appropriate references.
The book flows smoothly from chapter to chapter. Similar material appearing in various chapters is appropriately cross-referenced. The text is clearly written, with jargon and acronyms kept to a minimum. At 409 pages, including the appendixes and index, this book can be easily read in a few sittings, and readers, including students, technologists, laboratory supervisors, and senior scientists, should find it to be a useful reference.
Robbin S. Weyant *
* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), agency of the U.S. Public Health Service since 1973, with headquarters in Atlanta; it was established in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. , Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Address for correspondence: Robbin S. Weyant, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mailstop A17, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA; fax: 404-639-0883; email: email@example.com