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Measurement technology: Gustav, Hanna, Ike, Josephine, and the rest

In September, Hurricane Ike visited Houston via Galveston, Cuba, and other unfortunate islands.

Along the way, the weather service tagged Ike with a number, which ebbed and flowed from four to three to two and upward again, depending on locale, water temperature, and sundry weather phenomenon.

The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the intensities of "tropical depressions" and "tropical storms", and thereby become hurricanes.  is a classification the U.S. Weather Service uses for most Western Hemisphere Western Hemisphere

Part of Earth comprising North and South America and the surrounding waters. Longitudes 20° W and 160° E are often considered its boundaries.
 tropical cyclones This is a list of notable tropical cyclones, subdivided by basin and reason for notability. North Atlantic basin
Main article: List of notable Atlantic hurricanes
Main article: List of retired Atlantic hurricanes
 that exceed the intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms, and thus become hurricanes.

The scale divides hurricanes into five categories distinguished by the intensities of their sustained winds. The classifications are for measuring the potential damage and flooding a hurricane will cause upon landfall land·fall  
n.
1. The act or an instance of sighting or reaching land after a voyage or flight.

2. The land sighted or reached after a voyage or flight.
.

Officially, the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is to describe hurricanes forming in the Atlantic Ocean and northern Pacific Ocean east of the International Date Line.

Other areas use different classification scales to label their storms-cyclones or typhoons, depending on the region.

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Author:Nicholas Sheble
Publication:InTech
Date:Oct 1, 2008
Words:162
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