Margaret Schlauch (1) (1898-1986).Margaret Schlauch was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 25th September 1898. She received her B.A. at Barnard College in 1918, her M.A. at Columbia in 1919 and her Ph.D. also at Columbia in 1927 (diss. Chaucer's Constance and Accused Queens). Before receiving her Ph.D. she spent a year at the University of Munich (1923-24). In 1924 she began teaching at the New York University New York University, mainly in New York City; coeducational; chartered 1831, opened 1832 as the Univ. of the City of New York, renamed 1896. It comprises 13 schools and colleges, maintaining 4 main centers (including the Medical Center) in the city, as well as the , first as an instructor (until 1927) and later as an assistant professor of English (1927-31), associate professor (1931-40) and full professor (1940-51). In the summer of 1937 she was a visiting associate professor of German at the University of Chicago and in the summer of 1939 a visiting associate professor of English at the Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins University, mainly at Baltimore, Md. Johns Hopkins in 1867 had a group of his associates incorporated as the trustees of a university and a hospital, endowing each with $3.5 million. Daniel C. , Baltimore. The academic year 1929-30 Professor Schlauch spent at the University of Berlin studying Celtic languages under Professor J. Pokorny.
She was a victim of McCarthyism. Her sister married an eminent Polish physicist, a leftist left·ism also Left·ism
1. The ideology of the political left.
2. Belief in or support of the tenets of the political left.
left , Prof. Leopold Infeld who was Einstein's colaborator and had close connections with the Los Alamos people. In 1951 he had to leave Canada on suspicions of espionage. M. Schlauch, an active member of the Communist Party of the United States also decided to leave her native country in order to avoid harrassment and possibly loss of her academic post. She decided to choose Poland for her second homeland where her sister had already arrived from Toronto. She served her new country with utmost devotion to the end of her days, leaving an indelible imprint on the development of English studies in postwar Poland.
In 1951 she was appointed professor of English at the University of Warsaw History
The Royal University of Warsaw was established in 1816, when the partitions of Poland separated Warsaw from the oldest and most influential Polish academic center, in Kraków. . In 1954 she became head of the department of English Noun 1. department of English - the academic department responsible for teaching English and American literature
academic department - a division of a school that is responsible for a given subject and functioned in this capacity until her retirement in 1965. From 1954 to 1956 Professor Schlauch was also head of the Department of General Linguistics.
She was a member of a number of professional organizations, including the Medieval Academy of America The Medieval Academy of America is the largest organization in the United States promoting excellence in the field of medieval studies. It was founded in 1925 and is based in Cambridge, Massachusetts. (member of the Council 1937-40), Modern Language Association of America (member of the Council 1938-42), Linguistic Society of America The Linguistic Society of America (LSA) is an organization devoted to the scientific study of human language, and is the major professional society for linguistic researchers in North America and beyond.
The LSA was formed in 1924. , Society of Advancement of Scandinavian Studies, American Association of University Women ''This article or section is being rewritten at The American Association of University Women (AAUW) advances equity for women and girls through advocacy, education, and research. and Polish Linguistics Association. She was honorary member of English Literature Association, Hiroshima University.
In 1961 she was elected a corresponding member of the Polish Academy of Sciences The Polish Academy of Sciences, headquartered in Warsaw, is one of two Polish institutions, having the nature of an academy of sciences. History
The Polish Academy of Sciences (Polish: Polska Akademia Nauk, abbreviated PAN . From 1954 to 1986 she was member of the Committee on Modern Languages and Literatures of the Academy.
Professor Schlauch was editor or member of the editorial board of Speculum (1933-36), Science and Society (1936), and Kwartalnik Neofilologiczny (1954-75).
She has left over 140 works. Some of the monographs and handbooks have been reprinted several times both in Poland and in other countries. Her research interests were broad and covered such areas as linguistic theory, history of English, history, Marxist philosophy, English and American literature (with particular emphasis on stylistics stylistics
Aspect of literary study that emphasizes the analysis of various elements of style (such as metaphor and diction). The ancients saw style as the proper adornment of thought. ), Icelandic literature and comparative literature. From mid-thirties she consistently applied Marxist methodology both in her linguistic and literary studies.
In the area of linguistics Professor Schlauch concentrated on the critique of Bloomfield and his structuralism in "Early behaviorist Behaviorist
1. One who accepts or assumes the theory of behaviorism (behavioral finance in investing.) 2. A psychologist who subscribes to behaviorism.
When it comes to investing, people may not be as rational as they think. psychology and contemporary linguistics" (1946) and "Mechanism and historical materialism in semantic studies" (1947). In 1936 she drew the attention of the American audience to the developments in Soviet linguistics. The same year she published a paper on the social basis of linguistics. In 1942 she published a popular introduction to language study (The gift of tongues gift of tongues
The ability or phenomenon to utter words or sounds of a language unknown to the speaker, especially as an expression of religious ecstasy. Also called glossolalia, speaking in tongues. ) which had four editions (4th edition of The gift of languages appeared in 1955) and was favourably reviewed by a number of linguists, including M. Cohen cohen
(Hebrew: “priest”) Jewish priest descended from Zadok (a descendant of Aaron), priest at the First Temple of Jerusalem. The biblical priesthood was hereditary and male. , R. M. S. Heffner, C. T. Hodge and A. G. Haudricourt.
Her contributions to the history of English are in two areas, i.e. early colloquial English (studies on Chaucer and early Tudor English in 1952 and 1958 respectively) and the history of the language from the 14th c. until modem times (Outline history of English, 1952 and The English language in modern times, 2nd edition 1964). In the presentation of the development of English Professor Schlauch, unlike many other authors, includes syntax and stylistics.
In the field of English literature Professor Schlauch has written both on medieval and modern writers, from Beowulf and Chaucer to Shaw. But she was primarily an outstanding medievalist me·di·e·val·ist also me·di·ae·val·ist
1. A specialist in the study of the Middle Ages.
2. A connoisseur of medieval culture.
1. . Her synthetic work, English medieval literature and its social foundations (1956) belongs to unique achievements in the field. Her interest in medieval English literature began with the Ph.D. dissertation on Chaucer, later followed by papers on Beowulf an Old English encomium en·co·mi·um
n. pl. en·co·mi·ums or en·co·mi·a
1. Warm, glowing praise.
2. A formal expression of praise; a tribute. urbis, The Dream of the Rood The Dream of the Rood is one of the earliest Christian poems in the corpus of Anglo-Saxon literature and an intriguing example of the genre of dream poetry. Like all Old English poetry, it is written in alliterative verse. and The Pearl.
Among her major works in other areas of English literature as well as American literature are Modern English and American Poetry: Techniques and ideologies (1956), An outline of English versification versification, principles of metrical practice in poetry. In different literatures poetic form is achieved in various ways; usually, however, a definite and predictable pattern is evident in the language. (1958; in Polish) and The antecedents of the English novel 1400-1600 (1963).
Professor Schlauch (with John J. Parry) also published A bibliography of Arthurian critical literature for the years 1930-3S (1936), supplemented in MLQ MLQ Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
MLQ Mouvement Luxembourgeois pour la Qualité (French)
MLQ Most Likely Quantity (cost proposal) (1940) with the publications covering the years 1936-39.
In the field of comparative literature she published several contributions on a broad spectrum of topics ranging from literary relations between Angevin England and Sicily (1923), through a Russian study of the Tristan legend (1933), Icelandic sagas and French romance (1937), Scandinavian influences on the Slovo o polku Igoreve (1949), to Polish romantic poetry and Edda (1960).
Professor Schlauch's medieval interests went well beyond England. Her second major literary field was Icelandic sagas. She has translated and edited them, investigated their influence on European literatures and published critical studies about them. Among the translations, the most important are The Saga of the Volsungs, the saga of Regmer Lodbrok, together with the lay of Krake (1930), and Three Icelandic Sagas (translated together with M. H. Scargill in 1950). Her major critical work on Icelandic literature was Romance in Iceland (1934) which made Professor Schlauch one of the main world authorities in the field. The book received well-deserved recognition and was extremely favourably reviewed in fourteen journals on both sides of the Atlantic by such scholars as e.g. C.W. Wrenn, S. d'Ardenne, F. P. Magoun, Jr. and B. Dickins.
Professor Schlauch was also an outstanding teacher and a great friend of students. Her lectures and seminars were always full of enthusiasm for the subject, lively and inspiring. She had the rare gift of making most difficult and dreary topics interesting and fascinating. She has educated several generations of Polish anglicists and has laid foundations for modem studies of English in Poland.
As a person she was extremely modest and friendly, always ready to help, taking serious interest not only in the scholarship of her students and colleagues but also in their personal problems. We will remember her as an erudite scholar, an outstanding teacher and a person of great integrity. She remained faithful to her youthful ideals of social justice until her last days.
(1.) This is a revised version of the obituary published in Poetica 28 (1988): 1-4.