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Map of South America.

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FAST FACTS

Area: South America's 6.9 million square miles make it the fourth-largest continent.

Population: With 386 million people, it ranks fifth among the continents in population.

Location: South America stretches from the Caribbean Sea in the north to Cape Horn at the continent's southern tip.

Physical features: Earth's longest mountain chain hugs the western edge of South America. The continent's longest river begins in the mountains of Peru and flows eastward for 4,000 miles to the Atlantic Ocean. The huge area drained by this river and its tributaries covers more than one third of South America and receives enough rainfall to sustain the world's largest tropical rain forest.

Elevation: Argentina's Aconcagua, at 22,835 ft, is the tallest mountain in the Western Hemisphere.

Locate and identify the places in South America that match the descriptions below, or fill in the blanks with the correct answers. Write the name of the country or geographical feature on the map where appropriate.

1. The islands at 0[degrees], 90[degrees]W, with unique wildlife that includes giant tortoises and marine iguanas, and the country that owns these islands:--

2. The two northernmost countries and the two southernmost countries that are home to Earth's longest mountain chain, the Andes:--

3. The oceans and the sea that surround South America:--

4. The river in the northern part of the continent that is part of the boundary between Venezuela and Colombia, and has formed a large delta where it empties into the Atlantic Ocean:--

5. The countries from west to east along the equator:--

6. South America's southernmost tip of land and the country it is part of:--

7. If you flew from Lima, Peru, to Asuncion, Paraguay, in which direction would you travel?-- Calculate the distance [to the nearest 100 miles] between these capitals:--

8. The world's largest tropical rain forest, at 5[degrees]S, 60[degrees]W, and the country in which the majority of it is located:--

9. The three capitals that are closest to 35[degrees]S latitude, and their countries:--

10. The countries at 70[degrees]W longitude:--

BONUS QUESTION (Do some research to find the answer.) In what ways do the Andes Mountains both challenge and benefit Chile?--

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Map of South America

1. Galapagos Islands; Ecuador

2. Venezuela, Colombia; Chile, Argentina

3. Pacific Ocean, Southern Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea

4. Orinoco River

5. Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil

6. Cape Horn; Chile

7. southeast; 1,600 mi

8. Amazon rain forest; Brazil

9. Santiago, Chile; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Montevideo, Uruguay

10. Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Brazil, Chile, Argentina

Bonus: Challenges: Chile is subject to severe earthquakes, which cause great destruction, especially when they strike near cities. The mountains are tall and rugged, making it difficult to build roads and railroads across them, particularly in the southern part of the country. Benefits: The Andes are an important source of hydroelectric power and mineral wealth, including copper, iron, and coal. Forests, mainly in the southern region, provide the raw material for paper and timber, both of which are important exports.
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Title Annotation:World Atlas: 2009-2010 SKILLS MANUAL
Publication:Junior Scholastic
Article Type:Geographic overview
Geographic Code:30SOU
Date:Oct 19, 2009
Words:513
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