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Malawi gets $20mln to fight AIDS and HIV

Malawi, one of Africa's poorest nations, has received 20 million dollars (15.4 million euros) from the Global Fund to boost its AIDS and HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States.  treatment programme, a senior official said on Wednesday.

The funds will be used to buy anti-retroviral drugs and HIV testing HIV test Various tests have been used to detect HIV and production of antibodies thereto; some HTs shown below are no longer actively used, but are listed for completeness and context. See HIV, Immunoblot.  kits, said Washington Kaimvi, of Malawi's National AIDS Commission.

"As of June, we had 184,405 patients on anti-retroviral therapy (ART), but we hope to reach over 200,000 soon," Kaimvi said.

"We are doing well on free AIDS drugs. Its been a big scale-up, from 4,000 patients in 2003," Kaimvi added.

Malawi has an HIV infection rate of 12 percent. The epidemic has cut life expectancy Life Expectancy

1. The age until which a person is expected to live.

2. The remaining number of years an individual is expected to live, based on IRS issued life expectancy tables.
 to 36 years with some 85,000 people dying of AIDS-related illnesses each year.

Kaimvi said it was vital to boost the number of people being tested for HIV. Only 15 percent of 12 million Malawians have so far been tested, a far cry from the government's target of getting 1.5 million people tested every year.

The Geneva-based Global Fund, a partnership between governments, civil society and the private sector, was set up to secure funding to fight AIDS, tuberculosis tuberculosis (TB), contagious, wasting disease caused by any of several mycobacteria. The most common form of the disease is tuberculosis of the lungs (pulmonary consumption, or phthisis), but the intestines, bones and joints, the skin, and the genitourinary,  and malaria malaria, infectious parasitic disease that can be either acute or chronic and is frequently recurrent. Malaria is common in Africa, Central and South America, the Mediterranean countries, Asia, and many of the Pacific islands. .
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Publication:AFP Global Edition
Date:Nov 5, 2008
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