MIT, UMASS, AND CHINA METEOROLOGY SELECT SGI COMPUTERS.More scientists than ever are working to understand our environment and mankind's impact on it. Silicon Graphics (NYSE NYSE
See: New York Stock Exchange :SGI (SGI, Sunnyvale, CA, www.sgi.com) A manufacturer of workstations and servers, founded in 1982 by Jim Clark. The company was founded as Silicon Graphics, Inc., but changed to its acronym in 1999. ) has announced that scientists at three respected institutions have joined the ranks of researchers worldwide who rely on SGI(R) computing, visualization and storage solutions to study and preserve the planet's resources and ecosystems.
Most recently, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology, at Cambridge; coeducational; chartered 1861, opened 1865 in Boston, moved 1916. It has long been recognized as an outstanding technological institute and its Sloan School of Management has notable programs in business, (MIT MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology ), the University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth (UMass Dartmouth), and the China Meteorology meteorology, branch of science that deals with the atmosphere of a planet, particularly that of the earth, the most important application of which is the analysis and prediction of weather. Administration's Institute of Desert Meteorology Urumqi recently acquired powerful SGI computing solutions to drive new discoveries in a range of environmental and atmospheric sciences.
They join a long list of SGI customers pioneering the study of global warming global warming, the gradual increase of the temperature of the earth's lower atmosphere as a result of the increase in greenhouse gases since the Industrial Revolution. and the impact of environmental changes on the Earth. These include Dalhousie University Dalhousie University (dălhou`zē), at Halifax, N.S., Canada; nonsectarian; coeducational; founded 1818 by the 9th earl of Dalhousie. Except for a few years between 1838 and 1845, Dalhousie did not function as a university until 1863. , Israel's Jacob Bluestein Institute for Desert Research, NASA Ames Research Center NASA Ames Research Center (ARC) is a NASA facility located at Moffett Federal Airfield, which covers 43 acres at the borders of the cities of Mountain View and Sunnyvale in California. This research center is most commonly called NASA Ames. , the University of Minnesota (body, education) University of Minnesota - The home of Gopher.
Address: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Supercomputing Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a multiprogram science and technology national laboratory managed for the United States Department of Energy by UT-Battelle, LLC. ORNL is located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, near Knoxville. , and the Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center The Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (or FNMOC), known prior to 1995 as the Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center (FNOC), is a meteorological and oceanographic center located in Monterey, California. .
At MIT's Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, researcher Chris Hill is working with fellow scientists at MIT and elsewhere to deploy advanced computing technology for studying phenomena including ocean circulation, weather systems, climate dynamics Climate Dynamics is an international academic journal for the publication of research on the dynamics of the global climate system. First published in 1986, it has long provided a forum for the discussion of global warming, climate modeling, and the behavior of the biomass. and seismic and mantle processes. "Studying the Earth system is important to society, but it also presents fascinating problems in fluid dynamics, physics, chemistry, geology, hydrology hydrology, study of water and its properties, including its distribution and movement in and through the land areas of the earth. The hydrologic cycle consists of the passage of water from the oceans into the atmosphere by evaporation and transpiration (or and computer science," said Hill, whose modeling work in MIT's Program of Atmospheres, Oceans and Science incorporates a 16-processor SGI(R) Altix(R) server with 80GB of memory, which was installed at MIT in the summer of 2004. Hill and his team also make extensive use of the 10,240-processor Columbia Altix supercomputer at NASA Ames Research Center.
"To understand the practical problems the world faces, we first need to comprehend the underlying, purely scientific problems," Hill said. "Powerful systems such as SGI Altix allow us to accelerate our ability to apply basic science to these practical problems. By handling larger problems all at once, we can get to our results sooner." In particular, Hill said, Altix servers are "powerful tools for formally combining simulations and observations to produce giant brain-scans of the whole plant in unprecedented detail."
In western China, researchers at the Institute of Desert Meteorology, Urumqi, part of the China Meteorology Administration, are turning to high-performance SGI technology to develop new insights in ecological regeneration, sustainable use of natural resources, and the image of desert areas on global climate change. SGI servers, visualization systems, and storage area network solutions were installed in March to give the institute's researchers dramatic new capabilities in their search for answers to climate changes and weather patterns in western China and beyond.
By studying certain aspects of desert climates, institute researchers may discover new truths about global warming and even gases and glacial-snow meteorology. Achieving those insights requires numeric analysis and modeling of enormous amounts of weather data. This makes SGI's high-performance computing, visualization and storage technologies a vital part of the institute's work.
For researchers at UMass Dartmouth's School for Marine Science and Technology in New Bedford, Mass., climate changes in the western North Atlantic Ocean North Atlantic Ocean
The northern part of the Atlantic Ocean, extending northward from the equator to the Arctic Ocean. may hold the answers to how oceanic circulation and biology impact the carbon cycle, the intricate web of interactions between the biosphere biosphere, irregularly shaped envelope of the earth's air, water, and land encompassing the heights and depths at which living things exist. The biosphere is a closed and self-regulating system (see ecology), sustained by grand-scale cycles of energy and of , atmosphere, oceans and geosphere -- all of them linked by the element that is the basis of all life on Earth. Until recently, biological data collected intermittently on ships lacked the duration and geographic breadth to provide a meaningful context for broad-based studies in this area. But by comparing circulation models with two new sources of data -- satellite-based observations and location-specific data collected within waters located off the coast of New England -- scientists have a chance to generate new and useful simulations.
An eight-processor SGI Altix system, installed during June 2004, serves as the compute engine for the three-year project. "Our existing resources weren't adequate to produce the high-resolution regional modeling effort we had in mind," said Jim Bisagni, principal investigator on the project and associate professor at UMass Dartmouth. "This project involves assimilating and analyzing huge amounts of data from multiple sources. Only state-of-the-art technology like the kind provided by SGI could deliver the performance and architecture we needed to support our combined data analysis and modeling approach."
SGI computing, visualization and storage solutions are particularly well suited to scientific applications, due in large part to SGI's third-generation NUMAflex(TM) architecture. This unique global shared-memory architecture enables researchers to hold entire data sets in memory, allowing for faster and more interactive data analysis, and resulting in more incisive conclusions.
SGI, also known as Silicon Graphics, Inc., is a leader in high-performance computing, visualization and storage. SGI's vision is to provide technology that enables the most significant scientific and creative breakthroughs of the 21st century. Whether it's sharing images to aid in brain surgery, finding oil more efficiently, studying global climate, providing technologies for homeland security and defense or enabling the transition from analog to digital broadcasting, SGI is dedicated to addressing the next class of challenges for scientific, engineering and creative users. With offices worldwide, the company is headquartered in Mountain View, Calif.
For more information, call 256/864-3426 or visit http://www.sgi.com.