M270A1 an MLRS launcher with leap-ahead lethality.
In mid-February, the FA began fielding the multiple-launch rocket system (MLRS MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System (US DoD)
MLRS Multiple Launcher Rocket System
MLRS Marine Corps Long-Range Study (US DoD) ) M270A1 launcher. The basic M270 launcher, first fielded in 1983, provided a quantum leap in the ability to ripple-fire 12 M26 rockets and (in 1990) two Block I Army tactical missile systems (ATACMS ATACMS Army Tactical Missile System
ATACMS Army Tactical Cruise Missile System
ATACMS Army Tactical Advanced Conventional Munitions System (US Army) ). The M270 established itself as the premier long-range (seven to 165 kilometers), all-weather, indirect fire weapon in the division and corps commanders' arsenals.
However, Operation Desert Storm Noun 1. Operation Desert Storm - the United States and its allies defeated Iraq in a ground war that lasted 100 hours (1991)
Gulf War, Persian Gulf War - a war fought between Iraq and a coalition led by the United States that freed Kuwait from Iraqi invaders; after-action reports (AARs) indicated a need for faster response times, global positioning system- (GPS)aided munitions mu·ni·tion
War materiel, especially weapons and ammunition. Often used in the plural.
tr.v. mu·ni·tioned, mu·ni·tion·ing, mu·ni·tions
To supply with munitions. and improvements to both the fire control system (FCS FCS - Frame Check Sequence ) and the launcher drive system. In 1992, we began efforts to improve the M270 launcher.
Why upgrade the M270? The new launcher is expected to extend the service of MLRS by 20 years and enhance its performance. It incorporates technologies that allow for continued MLRS family of munitions (MFOM MFOM MLRS Family of Munitions (US Army)
MFOM Maintenance Figure of Merit
MFOM Multi-national Force and Observers Medal ) growth. The upgrade is comprised of three systems: the improved FCS (IFCS IFCS Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety
IFCS International Federation of Classification Societies
IFCS International Forum on Chemical Safety
IFCS International Financial Centre
IFCS Improved Fire Control System
IFCS Integrated Fire Control System ),improved launcher mechanical system (ILMS ILMS Integrated Library Management System
ILMS Integrated Logistics Management System
ILMS Indiana Lake Management Society
ILMS Integrated Land Management System
ILMS Improved Launcher Mechanical Systems
ILMS Integrated Lifestyle Management System ) and M993A1 carrier enhancements.
IFCS. The need for the IFCS evolved from a growing obsolescence ob·so·les·cent
1. Being in the process of passing out of use or usefulness; becoming obsolete.
2. Biology Gradually disappearing; imperfectly or only slightly developed. of electronic components and additional requirements generated by the development of new munitions. IFCS replaces the existing MLRS FCS. It consists of the line replaceable units (LRUs) listed in the figure plus GPS, a boom controller (BC) and new redundant cabling between LRUs.
IFCS mitigates obsolescence, reduces the operational and sustainment burden, enhances system reliability, reduces system start-up times and accommodates the growth of MFOM. Of note, IFCS eliminates the launcher's calibration requirement.
M269A1 ILMS. This materiel change dramatically improves responsiveness. ILMS allows the launcher to move simultaneously in both azimuth and elevation. It reduces the stow-to-aim point time of 93 seconds (worst case) to just 16 seconds--a reduction of 83 percent. Additionally, reload times improve nearly 38 percent, decreasing from 260 seconds to approximately 160 seconds.
ILMS also reduces the number of parts, lowering operational and sustainment costs. It supports all MFOM and can be operated, maintained, repaired, trained and supported in all environments.
M993A1 Carrier. The M270A1 carrier is a basic M993 (Bradley variant) that has been brought back to zero miles and zero hours. Enhancements include the addition of the power take off (PTO PTO
1. Parent Teacher Organization
2. or p.t.o. please turn over
3. power takeoff
PTO or pto please turn over
Noun 1. ) pump to maintain hydraulic pressure and the Centry system that maintains precise, constant engine revolutions per minute plus improvements to the electrical system. The latter includes the addition of the improved electric distribution box (IEDB IEDB Immune Epitope Database (molecular targets of the immune system)
IEDB Intron Evolution Database
IEDB Integrated Enterprise Database ).
The M993A1 can be operated, maintained, repaired, trained, and supported in all environments.
Who will get the new M270A1? Fielding began with the 2d Battalion, 20th Field Artillery (2-20 FA), 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized mech·a·nize
tr.v. mech·a·nized, mech·a·niz·ing, mech·a·niz·es
1. To equip with machinery: mechanize a factory.
2. ) at Fort Hood, Texas. M270A1 battalions each will receive 18 launchers. Additionally, one operational readiness float (ORF) will be allocated per battalion.
A combination of active and National Guard units will receive the M270A1 launchers. Currently, 15 battalions, prepositioned stocks and institutional training and testing centers will receive the 327 launchers that are funded. Fielding will be completed in 2009.
New Equipment Training (NET). The M270A1 NET focuses on the operational and maintenance skills to perform tasks critical to accomplishing the mission. The basic MLRS tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) do not change with the fielding of the M270A1.
MLRS crewmen receive the additional skill identifier (ASI ASI,
n See Anxiety Sensitivity Index. ) of Al after completing two weeks of M27OA1 training. The Al ASI can be awarded three ways: after Military Occupational Specialty A Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) is a job classification in use in the United States Army and Marine Corps. The occupational specialty system uses a system of letters and numbers to identify general and specific jobs of military personnel. (MOS) 13M MLRS Crewman Advanced Individual Training (AIT); after a transition course at the Field Artillery School, Fort Sill, Oklahoma; or by completing NET.
Safety Features. The M270A1 has several new safety features. Two of particular note are the jury strut safety switch and rocket pod hold-down safety switch. When activated, these switches dramatically reduce the possibility of personnel injury or equipment damage.
Maintenance Concept. The M270A1 operates under a three-level maintenance concept: operator/unit, direct support (DS) and depot. The five MOS that support this concept are 13M, 27M MLRS Repairer, 63Y Track Vehicle Mechanic, 63H Track Vehicle Repairer, and 63G Fuel and Electrical Systems Repairer. These MOS do not require additional qualifications to work with the M270A1.
The M270A1's unique launcher loader module (LLM) is being supported by interim contractor support (ICS (1) (Internet Connection Sharing) A Windows feature that enables two or more computers to share one Internet connection. First introduced in Windows 98 Second Edition, sharing is accomplished with network address translation (NAT), which is the common method. ) through September 2003. Each battalion will have a contractor field technician (CFT CFT complement fixation test; see under fixation.
complement fixation test. ) to maintain a database that tracks demands, returns, issues and other data; supports training activities; and repairs the M270A1 LLM LRUs. During the ICS period, Lockheed-Martin Missile and Fire Control (LMMFC LMMFC Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control ) will supply M270A1-unique repair parts at no cost to the unit. Then parts will be requisitioned by either national stock number (NSN) or Army part number (APN APN
advanced practice nurse ).
Operational Testing. The M270A1 began operational testing in July 2001. The tests consisted of both ground and flight phases where soldiers from 1-12 FA, 17th Field Artillery Brigade, III Corps Artillery at Fort Sill demonstrated the capabilities of the M270A1 alongside the basic M270 launcher. The ground phase at Fort Sill consisted of three, 96-hours field exercises firing 108 reduced-range practice rockets (RRPRs). The flight phase at White Sands Missile Range White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is a rocket range in New Mexico operated by the United States Army. The range covers an area of almost 3,200 mi² (8 287 km²), approximately three times the size of Rhode Island, making it , New Mexico, consisted of firing many pods of M26 and M26A2 rockets as well as one M39A1 ATACMS missile out to a range of 171 kilometers. The Operational Test Command evaluated the tests, which included the full range of mission profiles of the MLRS launcher and its MFOM.
The M270A1 performed magnificently--in many cases, exceeding expectations. It demonstrated it can load, hide, move, aim, shoot, and reload in an unprecedented manner. When compared to the M270, the M270A1 reduced nearly every time standard, to include total mission cycle time, launcher lay to completion of fire, reload and last round fired to first movement. The shorter times improved effects on target and increased soldier survivability. The M270A1 demonstrated it can receive, process, service the target and move long before the crew is susceptible to counterfire.
The M270A1 easily met or exceeded its mean time between operational missions and failure. At the system level, the time it took for the system to fail was nearly double the time required in the test. This indicates a unit's personnel and funding will not be excessively taxed to maintain operational readiness.
What are the future improvements to the system? Several improvements are being planned, including environmental conditioning and the addition of an auxiliary power unit An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle whose purpose is to provide energy for functions other than propulsion. Different types of APU are found on aircraft, as well as some large ground vehicles. , a low-cost fire control panel (LCFCP) and the Force XXI battle command brigade and below ([FBCB FBCB Force XXI Battle Command Brigade (US Army)
FBCB Fixed Bed Circulating Bioreactor .sup.2]) system.
When a repair was necessary, the M270A1's built-in-test functionality proved its value. In many cases, faults were isolated to a specific group--saving time, reducing maintenance man-hours, eliminating human errors and improving operational readiness rates.
Environmental Conditioning. The temperature of the M270A1 cab can approach 130 degrees, adversely affecting both soldiers and the electronic equipment. Plans include possible temperature conditioning for the M270A1.
Auxiliary Power Unit. An MLRS crew spends significant time in the hide position. Ideally, the engine should be off (communications equipment operational) the majority of this time. The demand for electrical power increases as more electronic units are placed in the vehicle. These demands may affect silent running time to the point an auxiliary power supply may be necessary.
LCFCP. This panel will replace the FCP and include a new display, mass storage unit and ancillary equipment. The LCFCP will improve functionality and ease of use. Fielding will begin in FY03.
[FBCB.sup.2]. Current plans call for incorporating [FBCB.sup.2] into M270A1 launchers in FY04. The launcher chief will use the [FBCB.sup.2] to display digital maps and other situational awareness information.
These enhancements to the venerable M270 launcher increase combat effectiveness, improve soldier survivability and reduce operations and sustainment costs. The M270A1 launcher ensures that FA rocket and missile fires will be an integral part of the future combat force.
IFCS LRU Replaces the... Fire Control Panel Old FCP and Electronics (FCP) Unit (EU) Power Switching Electronics Box (EB) Unit (PSU) Launcher Interface EU, Fire Control Unit Unit (LIU) (FCU) and Communica- tions Processor Weapon Interface FCU, Short/No-Voltage Unit (WIU) Tester (SNVT), Payload Interface Unit (PIU) and EU Position Navigation Stabilization Reference Unit (PNU) Package/Position Determining System (SRP/PDS) IFCS LRU Function Provides... Fire Control Panel A man-machine interface with (FCP) internal and external systems with a high-resolution display, full-text keyboard, audio-visual alarms and 350 megabyte storage with bit status. Power Switching A vehicle power source interface Unit (PSU) and high-current power distribution; operates under LIU control. Launcher Interface An interface with the boom Unit (LIU) controller (BC) that incorporates a 'Kill Switch"; aims and controls the launcher loader module (LLM); and has system power management and communications processing functions. Weapon Interface SNVT functions, ballistics Unit (WIU) calculation processing and weapon interfaces. Position Navigation Launcher position and navigation Unit (PNU) data and an embedded global positioning system (GPS) with an interface to the guided missile launch assembly (GMLA). Improved Fire Control System (IFCS) Line Replaceable Unit (LRU) Capabilities Summary
Lieutenant Colonel Rocky G. Samek, Acquisition Corps (AC), is the Assistant Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC TRADOC Training & Doctrine Command (US Army) ) System Manager for Rocket and Missile Systems (TSMRAMS) for Crusader, part of the Futures Development and Integration Center, Fort Sill, Oklahoma. He began his AC assignments in 1994 and, since then, has served as the Assistant Project Manager (PM) for Crusader Logistics and MANPRINT MANPRINT Manpower & Personnel Integration and Test Officer at Yuma Proving Ground The U.S. Army's Yuma Proving Ground is one of the largest military installations in the world. Situated in southwestern La Paz County and western Yuma County in southwestern Arizona, U.S. , Arizona, firing direct and indirect fire weapons ranging from 60-mm mortars to the 203-mm 8-Inch howitzer. He was the Commander of B Battery, 2d Battalion, 80th Field Artillery in the FA Training Center (FATC FATC Florida Antique Tackle Collectors, Inc.
FATC Field Artillery Training Center
FATC Fire Alarm Terminal Cabinet
FATC Foreign Affairs and Transport Canada
FATC Fleet Area Telecommunications Center ) at Fort Sill and the G3 Mobilization Officer, also in the FATC. He holds a Master of Science in Materiel Acquisition from Florida Institute of Technology Florida Institute of Technology is an independent technical college located in Melbourne, Florida (Brevard County), United States. It was founded by Jerome P. Keuper on September 22, 1958 as Brevard Engineering College, absorbing the University of Melbourne, and changing its name .