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Loyalist soldier display at Adolphustown (Loyalist Cultural Centre).



As you look out from Adolphustown Park, over the rough waters of Lake Ontario, it is easy to picture the Loyalist boats making their way to shore. Men, women and children, who experienced years of hardship in the King's service, watch eagerly for a first glimpse First Glimpse is a monthly consumer electronics magazine published by Sandhills Publishing Company in Lincoln, Nebraska, USA. The magazine was known as CE Lifestyles before a name change in early 2006.  of their new land. On June 16, 1784 the first band of United Empire Loyalists United Empire Loyalists, in Canadian history, name applied to those settlers who, loyal to the British cause in the American Revolution, migrated from the Thirteen Colonies to Canada.  stepped ashore to receive their land grants, in recognition of their loyalty to the crown.

Not far from this landing site, stands the Allison House of Adolphustown. This substantial Victorian home was built by the grandson of Joseph Allison, one of the first Loyalist settlers in the township. How appropriate that his home is today the Loyalist Cultural Centre, sponsored by the U.E.L. Association, Bay of Quinte The Bay of Quinte is on the northern shore of Lake Ontario.

Located about 200 kilometers east of Toronto and 400 west of Montreal, the Bay of Quinte is a long, thin bay in the shape of a letter "Z".
 Branch. The Centre houses an extensive collection of artifacts artifacts

see specimen artifacts.
, exhibits and archival reference facilities. It serves as the only resource centre in Canada dedicated to the collection, preservation and interpretation of Loyalist settlement. Also located in the Adolphustown Park is the United Empire Loyalist The name United Empire Loyalists is given to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War.  Memorial Cemetery, which is the site of burials dating back to 1784.

Another Ontario-based organization that honours the memory of Canada's Loyalists is the Museum of Applied Military History. This organization recreates Canada's rich military history through uniformed demonstrations by historical reenactors. The M.A.M.H. covers a wide range of units, dating from the Seven Years War Seven Years War, 1756–63, worldwide war fought in Europe, North America, and India between France, Austria, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and (after 1762) Spain on the one side and Prussia, Great Britain, and Hanover on the other.  to World War II, with particular emphasis on the Revolutionary War period.

Gavin Watt, the museum's founder and CEO (1) (Chief Executive Officer) The highest individual in command of an organization. Typically the president of the company, the CEO reports to the Chairman of the Board. , formed the recreated King's Royal Yorkers in 1975, at the start of the 200th Anniversary celebrations. Since then, he has brought together a number of Canadian units under the museum's Northern Brigade. They include the 7th Regiment of Foot (Royal Fusiliers), Brunswick Light Infantry infantry soldiers selected and trained for rapid evolutions.

See also: Light
 (Battalion Von Barner), Queen's Rangers The Queen's Rangers was a military unit who fought on the Loyalist side during the American War of Independence. After the war they moved to Nova Scotia and disbanded, but were reformed again in Upper Canada before disbanding again just prior to the War of 1812. , 1st and 2nd Battalion King's Royal Yorkers, Butler's Rangers Butler's Rangers (1777–1784) was a Loyalist (or "Tory") irregular militia regiment in the British Army during the American Revolutionary War. Originally a ranger company of General Sir John Johnson's King's Royal Regiment of New York under the command of Major John Butler, , Brant's Volunteers and Northern Indian Department Rangers.

It was in late 1996 that Gavin Watt approached Kathy Staples, the curator of the Loyalist Cultural Centre, to explore the possibility of setting up a Loyalist Soldier Display in the L.C.C. Museum at Adolphustown. The idea was enthusiastically received and preparations for the display went ahead over the winter. In May, 1997, Jeff Paine, Todd Girdwood, Tex Joyner, Jon Wannamaker and Dave Putnam, all reenactors from the 2nd Battalion, King's Royal Yorkers, erected the new display in time for the museum's Spring opening.

This display attempts to address several important questions. Who were the Loyalists? Why did they take up arms Verb 1. take up arms - commence hostilities
go to war, take arms

war - make or wage war
 in support of a British monarch? What was their role during the Revolution? What became of them at the conclusion of the war? As these questions are answered, the visitor begins to appreciate the significance of this period in Canada's history.

Few of the "Provincials", as Loyalist troops were commonly called, were career soldiers. Instead, they were clerks and clergymen, lawyers and labourers, shop keepers and slaves, farmers and tradesmen. They came from varied social classes, nationalities and walks of life. Although they were not soldiers by profession, there is no question that Loyalist units demonstrated a high degree of professionalism. Over the eight years of war, Loyalist units and native parties in the Northern Department launched many devastating dev·as·tate  
tr.v. dev·as·tat·ed, dev·as·tat·ing, dev·as·tates
1. To lay waste; destroy.

2. To overwhelm; confound; stun: was devastated by the rude remark.
 raids from Canada into the regions now known as the states of New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of
, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Illinois and Ohio. Their rapid movements and effective tactics demoralized de·mor·al·ize  
tr.v. de·mor·al·ized, de·mor·al·iz·ing, de·mor·al·iz·es
1. To undermine the confidence or morale of; dishearten: an inconsistent policy that demoralized the staff.
 the rebel population and frustrated the American forces. Colourful names like Schoharie, Stone Arabia, Cherry Valley, German Flats, Klock's Field, Oriskany, West Canada Creek The West Canada Creek is a small river in upstate New York, USA. West Canada Creek drains the south part of the Adirondack Mountains and drains into the Mohawk River near the Village of Herkimer. , Minisink and Blue Licks dot the battlefield maps of the wars northern theatre.

The display tells the Loyalist soldier's story from the outbreak of the Revolution to the settlement of disbanded regiments at the conclusion of the conflict.

* Various Loyalist regimental histories are featured in a section entitled "Troops of the Northern Department". The origins and campaigns of these units are described and pictures of modern-day reenactors colourfully illustrate the written text.

* Reproduction regimental coats and equipment are used to demonstrate the uniforms and weaponry of the period. One display case contains a "red coat" of the Royal Highland Emigrants, a Sgt.-Major's coat of the King's Royal Yorkers and a laced drummer's coat of the 2nd Battalion K.R.R.N.Y. There are also various pieces of equipment, including a bicorn, sergeant's sword, bayonet bayonet

Short, sharp-edged, sometimes pointed weapon, designed for attachment to the muzzle of a firearm. According to tradition, it was developed in Bayonne, France, early in the 17th century and soon spread throughout Europe.
, cartridge box, haversack and canteen. Pictures and descriptive text are used to explain each piece of equipment.

* Another section of the display deals with the soldiers' lives, from the point of recruitment to the point of discharge. Illustrations are used to explain their accommodation, medical care, camp duties, recreation, food and even their discipline. One display case has been set aside to show various personal items that were commonly used by soldiers and civilians alike in the late 18th century, such as writing implements, eye glasses, playing cards and powder horns.

* Although the display focuses primarily on the Loyalist soldier, a section is also devoted to Loyalist women. They participated in the war in many ways, not the least of which involved holding onto the farm after the men had left to join the Loyalist corps. The women harboured Secret Service spies, provided "safe houses" for military scouts, supplied food to Loyalist troops on the move and maintained an information network for the Crown. Many were forced off their farms and, with their children and a few scant belongings, travelled through the wilderness to join their menfolk men·folk   or men·folks
pl.n.
1. Men considered as a group.

2. The male members of a community or family.


menfolk
Noun, pl

men collectively, esp. the men of a particular family
 in Canada. Their involvement is recognized in the display.

* The display does not dwell on the campaigns and battles in any depth, although there is a ten minute video which explains the relevance of the American Revolution for us as Canadians. There is a section however that shows various period pictures of sites and battlefields that relate to the northern theatre of war.

* Most Canadians recognize the names of rebel leaders of the Revolution. Few can name even the most prominent of the King's men who operated out of Canada. One section deals with the leaders of the Northern Department, with brief descriptions of their role during the conflict.

* And of course there is a section of the display that covers the settlement of Loyalists at the conclusion of the war.

This joint project of the Museum of Applied Military History and the Loyalist Cultural Centre will introduce the visitor to the important role that all Loyalists played during the Revolution, and ultimately, in the settlement of Ontario. The museum is located on the Loyalist Parkway, Hwy. #33, 3 km. east of Glenora Ferry. It is open Tuesday to Saturday, 10:00 a.m. to 4 p.m. - Sunday, 1:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.; and the Tearoom is open 2:00 to 4:00 p.m.

The Centre is closed on Mondays.
COPYRIGHT 1997 United Empire Loyalists' Association
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1997 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Author:Andrews, R.J.; Bedbrook, R.A.
Publication:The Loyalist Gazette
Date:Sep 22, 1997
Words:1139
Previous Article:UELAC Conference, Winnipeg 1997.
Next Article:Ministering to the Anglicans of the Fourth Town (Adolphustown, Ontario).
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