Loyalist portraits.George Fikes, UE, King's Royal Yorkers An American friend of mine, who is also a reenactor, was working for the US Park Service and investigating the historic fort at Oswego where the grave of George Fikes is located. He was so taken with this stone, he made a mold from it and I have a plaster casting plaster casting, as a sculpture process, is of three kinds. One employs a waste mold, another a piece mold (both plaster of paris), and the third a gelatin mold; all reproduce the original clay or wax model executed by the sculptor. taken from the mold. This chap advises me that he went looking for Looking for
In the context of general equities, this describing a buy interest in which a dealer is asked to offer stock, often involving a capital commitment. Antithesis of in touch with. the stone last year and was scandalized to find that it had been removed from the cemetery. He was advised by the site staff that the stone was taken away by the Parks Service for safe storage; but no one seemed to know just when it was deposited. So, it may be lost in the bureaucracy of that gigantic organization and never see the light of day again! The inscription reads: Here Lieth the body of George Fikes soldier [in?] The 2d BattnKs. R1 Regt of New york New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of In Capt Gumerfalls Compy, who departed this Life Novemb The 30th1782 Aged 27 Years [then a rococo scroll of leaves] [then an upside-down heart] I suspect this is one of the very few gravestones made during the war for a Loyalist soldier that had survived into the late 20th Century. We could certainly take a decent photograph although lighting the stone adequately will be a challenge. Senior Captain Thomas Gumersall (Gomersall, Gummersel, Gunnersall, etc.) was the senior Captain in the Second Battalion after the promotion of Robert Leake to Major just before the battalion disbanded in June 1784. Gumersall had been the Deputy Quartermaster General Noun 1. quartermaster general - a staff officer in charge of supplies for a whole army
staff officer - a commissioned officer assigned to a military commander's staff on Staten Island Staten Island (1990 pop. 378,977), 59 sq mi (160 sq km), SE N.Y., in New York Bay, SW of Manhattan, forming Richmond co. of New York state and the borough of Staten Island of New York City. in 1776 and then joined the 1st Battalion, Royal Yorkers that same year. He had been sent to the Mohawk Valley The Mohawk Valley region of the U.S. state of New York is a suburban and rural area surrounding the industrialized cities of Utica and Rome, along with other smaller commercial centers. in May to bring dispatches from Howe for forwarding by runner to Fort Niagara Fort Niagara, post on the southern shore of Lake Ontario, at the mouth of the Niagara River, NW N.Y. It was strategically located on the water route to the fur lands. . Somehow, he came upon the information that Sir John Johnson John Johnson may refer to:
British hereditary rank of honor, first created by James I in 1611 to raise money, ostensibly for support of troops in Ulster. The baronetage is not part of the peerage, nor is it an order of knighthood. . This brought Gumersall to the attention of Sir John and probably led to his commission as Lieutenant. He was promoted to Junior Captain (the Captain-Lieutenant in charge of the Colonel's Company) in 1778, then promoted and officially transferred to the Second Battalion in 1781. He had served as Acting Quartermaster quartermaster
Officer who oversees arrangements for the quartering and movement of troops. The office dates at least to the 15th century in Europe. The French minister of war under Louis XIV created a quartermaster general's department that dotted the countryside with of the 2nd Battalion from 14 Oct. 1780 to 13 Nov. 1781 while the unit was in its formative stages. He was with his company at Oswego when the Battalion was sent to that site to rebuild the fort. It was during this time that George Fikes died, likely from some illness contracted during the construction or perhaps an injury. When the rest of the Battalion was ordered to reoccupy Re`oc´cu`py
v. t. 1. To occupy again. the ground at Cataraqui (Kingston) and build a fort there, Gumersall was left behind with his company as the Commandant of Fort Oswego Fort Oswego was an important frontier post for British traders in the 18th century. A trading post was established in 1722 with a log palisade, and New York governor William Burnet ordered a fort built at the site in 1727. . Gumersall, who must have had some medical training, also served as post surgeon after the balance of the Battalion left for Cataraqui although the Battalion surgeon had likely attended to Fikes during his illness. Notes 1 I have recorded the "in" brackets as the stone is chipped on that edge and the word is not legible. 2 The lower case letters such as the "s" after the "K" (which in that case serves as an abbreviation abbreviation, in writing, arbitrary shortening of a word, usually by cutting off letters from the end, as in U.S. and Gen. (General). Contraction serves the same purpose but is understood strictly to be the shortening of a word by cutting out letters in the middle, for King's) and the "n" following "Batt", etc... are actually raised above the line. 3 The word "york" is not capitalized which is odd in view of the number of other words that are. 4 The long "s" (f) is used in Gumersall and the name looks like Gumer fall; there is no apostrophe apostrophe, figure of speech
apostrophe, figure of speech in which an absent person, a personified inanimate being, or an abstraction is addressed as though present. in "Gumersalls". Simon Girty Simon Girty (1741 – February 18, 1818) was an American colonial of Scots-Irish ancestry who served as a liaison between the British and their Native American allies during the American Revolution. He was portrayed as a villain in many early history texts of the United States. is an overlooked and controversial figure in Canadian history. Historians debate whether he was a true Loyalist supporter of the Crown during the American Revolution American Revolution, 1775–83, struggle by which the Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic seaboard of North America won independence from Great Britain and became the United States. It is also called the American War of Independence. , or a champion of the native tribes who allied themselves with the British. Whatever the viewpoint, Girty was a Canadian hero as worthy of recognition as Tecumseh, Brant brant or brant goose, common name for a species of wild sea goose. The American brant, Branta bernicla, breeds in the Arctic and winters along the Atlantic coast. and Brock. He was unique; a white raised by natives, and at home in both worlds. (1) Girty was born near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania This article is about the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. For other places named Harrisburg, see Harrisburg (disambiguation).
Harrisburg is the capital of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a state of the United States of America. , in 1741. His father was murdered by another settler (2) and his stepfather was killed by natives. The Girty family was captured by a Frenchled war party and dispersed among various tribes. (3) Simon lived with the Senacas for eight years. (4) He became proficient in native languages and woodcraft wood·craft
1. Skill and experience in matters relating to the woods, as hunting, fishing, or camping.
2. The act, process, or art of carving or fashioning objects from wood.
Noun 1. . By the time he was sent to the settlement at Fort Pitt Fort Pitt may refer to:
tr.v. mis·in·formed, mis·in·form·ing, mis·in·forms
To provide with incorrect information.
mis as `doing the best possible with the sources then available.' Hopefully, this approach will encourage other researchers to submit cases of unintentional misinformation." During research to find the parents of my great-great-great-grandmother, Elizabeth Munro Ross, I read "Ancestry of Captain the Honourable John Munro 1728-1800" (FAMILIES, vol. XVI, no. 2, 1977). Prominent in the article was the name of Hugh Munro of Charlottenburgh, a close neighbour of my ancestor, John Ross, and his wife, Elizabeth Munro. The article described Hugh Munro as a son of Captain John Munro, lieutenant in the King's Royal Regiment of New York The King's Royal Regiment of New York was one of the first Loyalist regiments raised (June 19 1776) in Canada during the American Revolution.
Raised by exiled Loyalist leader Sir John Johnson from American refugees fleeing Patriot persecution, the regiment served with , who was born in Scotland in 1748. Records of the KRRNY KRRNY King's Royal Regiment of New York (8) state that Lt. Hugh Munro, son of Captain John Munro, was born in America and that Hugh Munro, private soldier, was born in Scotland. Hugh Munro, private soldier, is the man in Royal Township number 1 (Charlottenburgh). Obviously the identities of Lt. Hugh Munro and Hugh Munro of Charlottenburgh became interwined through the years. This happened when Lt. Hugh Munro disappeared from the Ontario scene and Hugh Munro of Charlottenburgh filled this void by default. Lt. Hugh Munro was the original nominee for Lot 7, and east half of Lot 8 for both concessions I and II in Matilda Township, Dundas County, alongside his father and brothers. (9) This is shown on the McNiff map (10), dated 1 November 1786. His name does not appear again on the Ontario records which are commonly available until July 1816. A claim for Ontario land was made in July 1816 by Hugh Munro of L'Assomption, Lower Canada, son of Lt. Hugh Munro of the same place, as a devisee devisee n. a person who receives a gift of real property by a will. The distinction between gifts of real property and personal property are actually blurred, so terms like beneficiary or legatee cover those receiving any gift by a will.
DEVISEE. in the will of Captain John Munro (his grandfather). Records of the KRRNY indicate that L'Assomption is the residence of Lt. Hugh Munro in 1784, additional proof that Lt. Hugh Munro existed as a separate and distinct person from Hugh Munro of Charlottenburgh. Loyalist John Haviland's Land Claims As A Captain In 1787, when John and Sarah Haviland first came to (soon-to-be) Upper Canada, they established their claim as Loyalists to 400 acres of Crown land in Sidney Township, Hastings County. The Loyalist Agent in Lachine, Stephen DeLancey, supported the claim: The bearer here of Mr. John Haviland is a man who served during the late rebellion in Col. James DeLancey's Core of Loyal Refugees at New York. He is a loyal Subject and is recommended to the Honourable John Collins for such proportion of land as he shall judge him entitled to on seeing his Credentials. He has a wife & four children. Subsequently, the amount of Crown land that Loyalists could claim increased substantially. The entitlement was scaled to the former military rank of the Loyalist claimant. In 1791, however, the Havilands returned to the United States for six years. When John and his growing family returned to Northumberland County in Upper Canada in 1797, he had acquired some funds because he bought 200 acres from John Stratten for $95. Then he petitioned for (more) Crown Land. In his supporting deposition of 1798, he affirms that he only went back to the States to try to salvage some money from the property that had been confiscated con·fis·cate
tr.v. con·fis·cat·ed, con·fis·cat·ing, con·fis·cates
1. To seize (private property) for the public treasury.
2. To seize by or as if by authority. See Synonyms at appropriate.
adj. there in 1781. It is recorded that he had owned a house and two acres of land near the Mills in Dutchess County, N.Y. The Administrator of Upper Canada, Peter Russell, was not sympathetic to Loyalists, and he promptly rejected John Haviland's petition. A few years elapsed e·lapse
intr.v. e·lapsed, e·laps·ing, e·laps·es
To slip by; pass: Weeks elapsed before we could start renovating.
n. in Northumberland, and then, in 1803, the Havilands bought 600 acres of good land in Townsend Township, Norfolk County, from the Fairchilds, another Loyalist family located there. Here the Havilands settled, prospered and multiplied. In 1808, John re-applied for the Crown Land to which a Loyalist Captain was now entitled, i.e. 3,000 acres (less the 400 acres he had originally received in Sidney). But this time around he skilfully mobilized influential support from leading citizens in Norfolk County and elsewhere. They attested that he had been a Loyalist Captain during the Revolution, The Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada by this time was Francis Gore, who was sympathetic to John's claim, and Executive Council approved his petition early in 1809. John requested that his 2,600 acres of Crown Land be located in the south west of Elgin County, but land there was subject to settlement duties and to Colonel Thomas Talbot. The land John received was about 100 miles away, to the northeast, and to the west, of his home farm, and he never resided on it. Later, he gave some of it to his children, and sold some more. When each of his children reached the age of 21 (or the daughters married), they were entitled to 200 acres of Crown land, which they received. In the final analysis, John Haviland and his family did quite well from their land grants, purchases and sales. But that was not unusual for those times in Upper Canada. General William Haviland, 1718-1784 General William Haviland was English, not American or Canadian, and yet he became one of the founders of British Canada. In the summer of 1760, during the Seven Years War Seven Years War, 1756–63, worldwide war fought in Europe, North America, and India between France, Austria, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and (after 1762) Spain on the one side and Prussia, Great Britain, and Hanover on the other. between France and England, Colonel William Haviland commanded the army-of-the-centre that advanced northwards against Montreal from his base at Crown Point on Lake Champlain. Converging on Montreal at the same time, from the east and the west, were General James Murray's army from Quebec City (which Wolfe had captured the year before) and the army of Commander-in-Chief Jeffrey Amherst descending the St. Lawrence River from Oswego. This decisive three-pronged campaign ended with the capitulation CAPITULATION, war. The treaty which determines the conditions under which a fortified place is abandoned to the commanding officer of the army which besieges it.
2. of New France to the British forces on September 8, 1760. In 1762, now a Brigadier-General, William Haviland led army brigades in the capture of Martinique from the French and Havana from the Spanish. Then he rejoined his family back in England. By the end of the American War of Independence in 1783, during which William had army commands on the home front, he was a full General. There is an intriguing, if speculative, way of relating this anecdote to Loyalist Captain John Haviland. In 1760, at the time of Colonel William Haviland's Montreal campaign, John was a sturdy and impressionable 8 years of age, living at Haviland Hollow, N.Y. only 225 miles south of Crown Point. He could not have been unaware of his namesake's exemplary military exploits. Indeed, John could have become so motivated that 16 years later, at the age of 24, he forsook the pacifism pacifism, advocacy of opposition to war through individual or collective action against militarism. Although complete, enduring peace is the goal of all pacifism, the methods of achieving it differ. of his Quaker upbringing in favour of militant loyalty to King George III during the Revolutionary War. (1) Horwood, H.A. and Butts, Edward. Pirates and Outlaws of Canada: 1610-1932. Toronto 1984. Butts wrote the chapter on Simon Girty, the subject of his history dissertation for Professor James Reaney at the University of Western Ontario Western is one of Canada's leading universities, ranked #1 in the Globe and Mail University Report Card 2005 for overall quality of education. It ranked #3 among medical-doctoral level universities according to Maclean's Magazine 2005 University Rankings. . (2) Virginia Gazette, 24 May 1751, Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library The Detroit Public Library is the largest library system in Michigan. It is composed of a Main Library on Woodward Avenue, which houses DPL administration offices, and twenty-three branch locations across the city. , microfilm #93, Reel 1. (3) Dictionary of Canadian Biography The Dictionary of Canadian Biography (DCB) is a dictionary of biographical entries for individuals that have contributed to the History of Canada. The DCB, which was initiated in 1959, is a collaboration between the University of Toronto and Université Laval. , vol. 5. account of Simon Girty by Douglas Leighton. (4) Some sources say the Girty family was held three years; Phillip Hoffman, an American working on a new biography, concluded that eight years is correct. (5) L.C. Draper manuscripts, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 10E, 152, testimony of Cornelius Quick before Ralph Foster, J.P., W.D. [Western District] 15 Jan. 1849. Information sent by Dwight Girty, of Windsor, a direct descendant. (6) Fryer, Mary Beacock, King's Men, Toronto 1980. The massacre at the Moravian village of Gnadenhutten is recounted on pp. 170-173. (7) Draper Ms. 10E, 153, 154, testimony of Capt. William Caldwell, 10 Feb. 1849; 10E, 157, 158, 159; testimony of Catherine, wife of Simon Girty, 9 Feb. 1849. Courtesy of Dwight Girty. (8) Master Muster Roll. The King's Royal Regiment of New York, by E.A. Cruikshank. Toronto, 1931, 1984, pp. 227-228. (9) Archives of Ontario. fiat 2808 dated June 1816. (10) McNiff's Map, 1st November 1786. "Lunenburg, or, the Old Eastern District." by J.F. Pringle. Cornwall, 1890, 1980, p. 410.