Learning about facilitated communication.People who have difficulty communicating have often been presumed to be impaired in their ability to learn and understand the world they live in. Through the use of facilitated communication This article or section reads like a and may need a .
Please help [ to improve this article] to make it in tone and meet Wikipedia's . , however, we are learning that many children and adults with disabilities such as autism autism (ô`tĭzəm), developmental disability resulting from a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain. It is characterized by the abnormal development of communication skills, social skills, and reasoning. , severe cerebral palsy cerebral palsy (sərē`brəl pôl`zē), disability caused by brain damage before or during birth or in the first years, resulting in a loss of voluntary muscular control and coordination. , mental retardation mental retardation, below average level of intellectual functioning, usually defined by an IQ of below 70 to 75, combined with limitations in the skills necessary for daily living. , Rett syndrome Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is classified as a pervasive developmental disorder by the DSM-IV. Many  argue that this is a mis-classification just as it would be to include such disorders as fragile X syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, or Down and many other developmental disabilities developmental disabilities (DD),
n.pl the pathologic conditions that have their origin in the embryology and growth and development of an individual. DDs usually appear clinically before 18 years of age. , can read, are attentive to their environments, have deep thoughts and feelings, and can communicate their thoughts with others.
Facilitated communication is a training method that supports people with disabilities to write through the use of physical person-to-person support. Typically, the person uses a typewriter, alphabet board, computer or hand-held device such as a Canon Communicator to spell words that communicate his or her thoughts and feelings. Physical support is provided at the person's hand, wrist or elbow by a facilitator, usually an adult who understands the method and has an ongoing relationship with the person. Facilitated communication was developed in Australia by Rosemary Crossley and introduced in the United States by Douglas Biklen, a faculty member and department chairman of the School of Education at Syracuse University.
The following is a list of the major resources for learning about the facilitated communication method.
* Workshops. Workshops on Facilitated Communication are held at Syracuse University four times a year. For information on upcoming workshops, please call the Office of Professional Development at (315) 443-5836.
* Publications. Biklen, D. (1990) "Communication unbound unbound
said of electrolytes, e.g. iron and calcium, and other substances which are circulating in the bloodstream and are not bound to plasma proteins so that they are available immediately for metabolic processes. See also calcium, iron. : Autism and praxis," Harvard Educational Review The Harvard Educational Review is an interdisciplinary scholarly journal of opinion and research dealing with education, published by the Harvard Education Publishing Group. The journal was founded in 1930 with circulation to policymakers, researchers, administrators, and teachers. , 60, 291-314 ($2.00). Bilden, D.; Morton, M.W.; Saha, S.N.; Duncan, J.; Gold, D.; Hardardottir M.; Karna, E.; O'Connor, S.; and Rao, S. (1991) "I am not a utistivc on thje typ" ("I'm not autistic autistic /au·tis·tic/ (aw-tis´tik) characterized by or pertaining to autism. on the typewriter"), Disability Handicap and Society, 6, 3, 161-180 ($2.00).
Biklen, D. and Schubert, A. (1991). "New words: the communication of students with autism," Remedial and Special Education, 12 ($2.00).
* Videos. The training tapes are composed partly from research videotapes recorded using available light and natural sound conditions.
I'm not autistic on the typewriter: A 13-minute videotape introducing the FC training method. ($25.00), PAL version ($35.00).
Going to School with Facilitated Communication: A 14-minute videotape demonstrating how to use facilitated communication in regular schools and classrooms. ($35.00), PAL version ($35.00).
These publications and videos are available through Syracuse University's Facilitated Communication project. To order, please send a check or money order, payable to Syracuse University, to the Institute on Facilitated Communication, Syracuse University, Division of Special Education and Rehabilitation, 805 S. Crouse Ave., Syracuse, N.Y. 13244-2280. Purchase orders are also accepted. Telephone orders will not be accepted.
* Also Available. A separate article, written by Doug Bilden for parents, can be obtained through the Center on Human Policy. For a complimentary copy of this article, write to Rachael Zubal, Center on Human Policy, 200 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, N.Y. 13244-2340.