Know when to fold 'em: teens gamble with their future.Today, legal gambling flourishes in every state except Hawaii and Utah. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. a Gallup poll Gallup Poll
a sampling of the views of a representative cross section of the population, usually used to forecast voting [after G H Gallup, statistician]
Gallup poll n → , gambling in the United States Gambling, often referred to as "gaming", had 2005 gross revenues of $84.65 billion, and thrives in the United States.
Proponents of gambling in the United States say it provides valuable tax revenue and job opportunities. has overtaken baseball in popularity. Between 1974 and 1995, the total amount of money legally wagered nationwide increased from $17.3 billion to $550 billion.
Gambling is not a new phenomenon. People have gambled since the dawn of civilization. Gambling was known to the Babylonians and the ancient Chinese List of ancient Chinese is a list of noteworthy people of ancient China. Different definitions of "ancient" China exist, but most agree that it is before the Tang dynasty. Related lists
A general listing of existing lists related to this topic. . William Shakespeare wrote about it, and the Bible refers to it as "casting lots." Proceeds from an 1860s Massachusetts state lottery A game of chance operated by a state government.
Generally a lottery offers a person the chance to win a prize in exchange for something of lesser value. Most lotteries offer a large cash prize, and the chance to win the cash prize is typically available for one dollar. were used for educational purposes, including seed money for building Harvard University Harvard University, mainly at Cambridge, Mass., including Harvard College, the oldest American college. Harvard College
Harvard College, originally for men, was founded in 1636 with a grant from the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. .
Ten years ago, the problem of teen gambling did not register even a blip on the radar screen of addiction professionals. Recent scientific research findings from the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. , Canada, Australia and New Zealand New Zealand (zē`lənd), island country (2005 est. pop. 4,035,000), 104,454 sq mi (270,534 sq km), in the S Pacific Ocean, over 1,000 mi (1,600 km) SE of Australia. The capital is Wellington; the largest city and leading port is Auckland. have revealed that young people are at an elevated risk of developing a gambling addiction. Teens and college students are three to four times more likely to experience serious gambling-related problems during their lifetime compared with their adult counterparts. This is important information for those who are professional treatment providers.
It is important for addiction professionals to know why kids gamble. For many teens, gambling has little to do with money. Rather, they gamble because of problems at home, role modeling, low self-esteem, and avoidance of pain and grief.
Problems at home and role modeling. Teens may use gambling as an escape from the harsh realities Harsh Reality are a little-known, proto-prog band born in Stevenage, Hertfordshire out of the remnants of the Freightliner Blues Band (formerly the Revolution) in the early sixties. of parental alcohol and drug addiction drug addiction
or chemical dependency
Physical and/or psychological dependency on a psychoactive (mind-altering) substance (e.g., alcohol, narcotics, nicotine), defined as continued use despite knowing that the substance causes harm. , gambling addiction, violence, or abuse. Other teenagers may model adult behavior. Gambling can often be a family affair, where children accompany parents and other adults to the racetrack. Lottery tickets given to teens by respected adults, bets on sporting events, and football boards are other gates through which young people enter the exciting and magical world of gambling.
Low self-esteem. People love winners. For teenagers with poor self-esteem, winning a bet can provide an instant, though temporary, boost in confidence and perceived esteem by their peers. They may feel as though they have developed a system for winning that will continue to impress their peers and will allow them to generate extra income while having fun.
Avoidance of pain and grief. As addiction professionals know only too well, the teen years often involve loss, trauma and grief resulting from, for example, parents divorcing, the death of grandparents grandparents npl → abuelos mpl
grandparents grand npl → grands-parents mpl
grandparents grand npl , being cut from the football team, or breaking up with a girlfriend or boyfriend. Most teens get through these traumatic times with the help of friends and family. Others, however, especially those who feel isolated and without friends or a supportive family, may turn to something else to anesthetize a·nes·the·tize
To induce anesthesia in.
an·esthe·ti·zation n. themselves from the pain of loss. The "something" they turn to could be alcohol, drugs, or gambling.
Why professionals should be concerned
According to Howard Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S., director of Harvard Medical School's Division on Addictions, "Once initiated, many patterns of behavior are difficult to stop. For example, people who began smoking as adolescents represent the majority of adult smokers. Prevention efforts reveal that by reducing the onset of certain behaviors, the economics of health care can be improved greatly. To minimize the difficulties that problematic behaviors pose for society--drinking, substance use, smoking or gambling-related problems--we must either prevent or delay the onset of these behavior patterns or minimize the negative consequences of involvement."
Research reveals that nearly 70 percent of all high school seniors have gambled within the past year.
Shaffer, Hall, Walsh and Vander Bilt (1995) have examined some of the adverse consequences often faced by young people who gamble. Their study revealed a wide range of detrimental social and emotional consequences of gambling in its student sample. The study found that among young people with a gambling problem, 79 percent lied to conceal the extent of their gambling; 79 percent engaged in illegal behaviors to finance their gambling; and 64 percent were unable to stop gambling when they wanted to.
Of additional importance for addiction professionals, clinical evidence suggests that drug abuse and gambling addiction overlap. Among Minnesota adolescents who participated in a 1990 survey, 62.3 percent of those classified as "problem gamblers" also admitted to using illegal substances at least monthly.
Given this kind of information, it's clear that teen gambling behavior should be an area of concern for addiction professionals.
The hidden addiction
An addiction to gambling has often been called "the hidden addiction" because, unlike the case of alcohol or drug problems, there are few observable signs. An addicted gambler doesn't stagger or weave while walking or have needle marks on the arms, telltale breath, or a crumpled crum·ple
v. crum·pled, crum·pling, crum·ples
1. To crush together or press into wrinkles; rumple.
2. To cause to collapse.
1. car fender. There are, however, signs of a gambling problem in a young person that are important to recognize.
Questions an addiction professional can ask a teen about gambling include:
* Do you prevent your family and friends from knowing how much you gamble?
* Do you gamble with money that is intended to be used for other reasons such as car insurance, savings for college, clothing, sports equipment or lunch?
* Do you often gamble longer than you wanted to and lose more money than you intended?
* Have you ever sold prized possessions such as a musical instrument, sporting equipment, or clothing in order to have money to gamble?
* Do your friends ever tell you that you gamble too much?
* Is gambling the main source of what you do to feel good about yourself?
* Do you ever lie about whether you gamble or how much you lose?
* Do you miss school, sports events or other events because of gambling?
* Have you ever stolen money or property in order to gamble or pay gambling debts?
Knowing the signs of a gambling problem is the first step in early detection of a serious gambling addiction.
Like alcoholism or drug dependence, a gambling addiction can disrupt a young person's relationships, family life, college studies, sports opportunities, mental health, and future career. Alerting addiction professionals to the attendant dangers of teen gambling and the power of that addiction is the first step in prevention, early detection and recovery for an addicted gambler.
Resources on Teenage Gambling
The North American North American
named after North America.
North American blastomycosis
see North American blastomycosis.
North American cattle tick
see boophilusannulatus. Training Institute (NATI NATI National Association of Teen Institutes
NATI Newfoundland Association of Technical Industries ), www.nati.org, specializes in prevention and education of adolescent and senior citizen compulsive gambling compulsive gambling or pathological gambling, a psychological disorder characterized by a persistent inability to resist the impulse to gamble. . It also distributes research-based information on gambling addiction. For more information, send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org or call (218) 722-1503.
The website www.wannabet.org, A Cool Magazine for Kids Concerned About Gambling, is designed and hosted by NATI. A kid-friendly site, Wannabet has a 15-year-old junior editor and uses sound effects sound effects
sounds artificially produced to make a play, esp. a radio play, more realistic
sound effects npl → efectos mpl sonoros
, cartoons and animation that keep kids coming back. The site has been featured on the national cable show Nick News.
The Wager (www.thewager.org), a research project of the Harvard Medical School Harvard Medical School (HMS) is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. It is a prestigious American medical school located in the Longwood Medical Area of the Mission Hill neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. Division on Addictions. Many of its weekly short articles about gambling addiction deal with teen gambling.
Elizabeth M. George is George I, king of Greece
George I, 1845–1913, king of the Hellenes (1863–1913), second son of Christian IX of Denmark. After the deposition (1862) of Otto I, he was elected to succeed on the throne of Greece. chief executive of the North American Training Institute and a member of the Addiction Professional editorial advisory board. She serves as associate editor for program features for the Journal of Gambling Studies and is co-editor of a new book, Futures at Stake: Youth, Gambling and Society, published by Nevada Press.