Keep .NET applications trouble--free: global consulting and actuarial firm uses end-to-end application monitoring to manage code.Over the past few years, Milliman, a global consulting and actuarial ac·tu·ar·y
n. pl. ac·tu·ar·ies
A statistician who computes insurance risks and premiums.
[Latin firm, has grown its business to more than $400 million in annual revenues. One of the major factors helping the firm deliver good recordkeeping services has been its use of Microsoft's .NET framework to rapidly develop and deploy new applications for its clients.
Milliman's recordkeeping development and operations teams have built and rolled out more than a dozen different Web-based applications See Web application. under the leadership of Craig Burma, the company's director of benefits technology. "We wrote several million lines of code The statements and instructions that a programmer writes when creating a program. One line of this "source code" may generate one machine instruction or several depending on the programming language. A line of code in assembly language is typically turned into one machine instruction. ," Burma says, "combining Visual Basic, C#, .NET and Delphi in a dozen Web sites and Web services (1) Loosely, any online service delivered over the Web. Such usage appears in articles from non-technical sources, but not in IT-oriented publications, because definition #2 below describes the correct use of the term. on the Microsoft Windows See Windows.
(operating system) Microsoft Windows - Microsoft's proprietary window system and user interface software released in 1985 to run on top of MS-DOS. Widely criticised for being too slow (hence "Windoze", "Microsloth Windows") on the machines available then. Server 2003 platform.
"But managing and maintaining these applications was becoming a major challenge," he adds. One .NET production issue, for example, remained unresolved despite more than a year of research and in excess of $20,000 spent in staff time. Even calls to Microsoft technical support did not solve the problem. So Burma tasked Ryan Miller Ryan Miller can refer to more than one person:
Milliman already had a variety of products to help manage its data center and applications. These tools provided broad operational monitoring and troubleshooting, but they were missing three critical application-level tools needed to troubleshoot To find out why something does not work and to fix the problem. Troubleshooting a computer often requires determining whether the problem is due to malfunctioning hardware or buggy or out-of-date software. See debug. application-coding issues: completeness, traceability and .NET details.
Milliman's existing tools provided some pieces to the puzzle of its production issue. One provided approximations of actual performance, but did not monitor the actual user click-through interactions with the applications. Another provided device and component availability, but no insight into application-level stresses on the servers. "The existing tools provided a glance but did not provide the whole picture," says Miller.
TRACING TO ROOT CAUSE
Simply detecting an issue was insufficient for Milliman. Given the overwhelming complexity of a growing code base and limited IT and development resources, Miller needed tools to pinpoint the specific trail of performance and availability issues. He needed a tool that could trace his .NET performance issues to their root cause and provide actionable Giving sufficient legal grounds for a lawsuit; giving rise to a Cause of Action.
An act, event, or occurrence is said to be actionable when there are legal grounds for basing a lawsuit on it. data to developers.
Milliman's data-intensive applications rely on .NET to do most of the heavy transaction management, leaving the SQL servers An earlier relational DBMS from Sybase and from Microsoft. Sybase introduced SQL Server in 1988 for various Unix versions. In that same year, with help from IBM, Sybase created an OS/2 version that Microsoft licensed and branded as Microsoft SQL Server. streamlined to select, update, insert and delete data. "Most of the performance issues arose from within the .NET stack," Miller notes. "Our existing tools didn't provide the details from within .NET needed to make swift and accurate diagnoses. We needed to know the stack calls within the troubled applications."
In addition, Miller assembled four additional criteria to apply during the selection process. With IT resources already stretched, he first needed a solution he could quickly deploy. He also required a solution easy to use and configure See configuration.
(software) configure - A program by Richard Stallman to discover properties of the current platform and to set up make to compile and install gcc.
Cygnus configure was a similar system developed by K. , with minimal additional workload--especially critical given the pace of application development.
With Milliman's systems responsible for reconciling transactions for more than $8 billion in assets, Miller also knew that monitoring all transactions was essential. This comprehensive monitoring would allow Milliman's IT group to pinpoint specific errors from within the application servers, and eliminate the possibility of being blind-sided by customers on an issue.
Finally, because the applications being managed were so complex, Milliman's IT team needed a better way to communicate issues to Milliman's developers. Miller wanted reports on application
performance to show developers where and what needed to be optimized.
Armed with these criteria, Miller conducted an extensive search via Internet, Web conferences and in-person meetings with vendors for a tool to meet his specific needs. After reviewing all the options, including the offerings from his existing vendors, he chose Symphoniq's TrueView product.
To prepare for the TrueView proof-of-concept trial, Milliman first set up a Windows Server See Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Home Server, Windows 2000 and Windows NT. 2003 server with an instance of SQL Server 2000. This server had to be accessible from Milliman's Web and .NET servers, since those servers would be pushing performance data to the centralized cen·tral·ize
v. cen·tral·ized, cen·tral·iz·ing, cen·tral·iz·es
1. To draw into or toward a center; consolidate.
2. management server. Miller also installed Microsoft's free SQL Server 2000 Reporting Services module, since TrueView's reports use that Microsoft standard.
INSTALLATION IS EASY
Installation of the TrueView software took less than an hour. With Symphoniq personnel supervising via Web conference, Miller performed the installation himself. First, he installed the TrueView Management Server and Data Repository See repository. on the Windows Server 2003 box, followed by the TrueView Server Probes on Milliman's Web and .NET servers (running IIS (Internet Information Services) Microsoft's Web server. IIS runs under the server versions of Windows, adding HTTP server capability to the Windows operating system. 6 and .NET 1.1 on Windows Server 2003).
Once installed, the TrueView software began providing useful data almost immediately. "Within 15 minutes of deploying TrueView, I was able to drill down and identify the exact cause of our production issue," says Miller, "We got farther in farther in
Of or relating to an option contract with an earlier expiration date than a contract that is currently owned or being considered. 48 hours than we had in a year."
As it turned out, the .NET production issue related to a single method call in the .NET native code, out of the thousands of different method calls sprinkled throughout Milliman's applications. Armed with this information, Ryan worked with developers and Microsoft to fix the issue.
Another issue was the amount of data being collected by TrueView's .NET tracing function. Because Milliman's application was complex and computationally intensive, it was using thousands of method calls and SQL SQL
in full Structured Query Language.
Computer programming language used for retrieving records or parts of records in databases and performing various calculations before displaying the results. queries to render a single Web page. TrueView recorded all of these calls and queries, and the resulting flow of data threatened to bog down bog down
[bogging, bogged] to impede physically or mentally
Verb 1. bog down - get stuck while doing something; "She bogged down many times while she wrote her dissertation"
bog the system and consume the available disk space. "The monitoring function itself was creating a production issue," offers Miller.
Again, Miller worked with Symphoniq to address these concerns by adding in additional parameters to filter out routine data and retain only the elements of the .NET trace causing issues.
Based on a successful trial period, Miller recommended a significant investment in the full TrueView platform to Burma. "It was a large five-figure deal that required a presentation to my oversight board of directors" Burma says. "But once I mentioned how TrueView identified our production issue in 15 minutes, the approval was quickly granted."
Today, Milliman uses the TrueView product as a vital part of its daily Web operations Web operations is a domain of expertise within IT systems management that involves the deployment, operation, maintenance, tuning, and repair of web-based applications.
With the rise of web technologies since mid-1995, specialists have emerged that understand the complexities of . Says Miller, "It works seamlessly to provide actual transaction metrics metrics Managed care A popular term for standards by which the quality of a product, service, or outcome of a particular form of Pt management is evaluated. See TQM. experienced by end-users, with detail that allows operational and development staff to analyze and troubleshoot our applications step-by-step."
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RELATED ARTICLE: Monitor application performance.
by Fred Dumoulin
An effective monitoring strategy should zero in on Web performance problems from three directions: the user application experience, device availability and site availability. A three-pronged performance-monitoring strategy can improve problem identification and resolution. This comprehensive, multi-pronged approach enables IT managers to streamline error detection and resolution, while ensuring that most errors are fixed well before users are impacted.
Of particular interest is a new class of Web-monitoring technology called real-user monitoring (RUM). RUM's real-time view of each user's experience enables IT organizations to quickly point to causes of errors and to find or fix even transient brownouts by correlating seemingly unrelated error patterns.
RUM is important on three key levels. First, it lets operations teams find and isolate problems instantly, reducing mean time to repair and fixing problems before the phone rings. Second, it lets engineering teams track the effects of changes to content, applications, networks and infrastructure, reducing risk and providing change-management accountability. Third, it enables line-of-business and marketing teams to monitor customer quality of service, optimizing performance and availability while resolving service disputes and protecting revenue/renewals.
Site availability is best assessed by invoking synthetic testing solutions from various locations worldwide. Some organizations improperly extend this to include assessing service levels and user satisfaction of individual transactions, which likely will be ineffective in the case of brownouts and transient errors, which are often related to the state of a real user's session, the timing of the request, navigation, the user's browser or the resource selected by a load balancer, and occur only intermittently to a small percentage of users.
Monitoring the user application experience requires seeing and tracking pertinent details of every transaction, every page, every object and every problem encountered by each user, every day. RUM tools cull cull
the act of culling. Called also cast. through and drill down deeply into this session-level data on a point-and-click basis to quickly and accurately assess performance levels, correlate common errors and isolate root causes of problems. By logging and time-stamping all pertinent transactions and error conditions in every user's session, RUM identifies problems and isolates their source. Web-management personnel can then drill down through the session to uncover root causes.
The best RUM systems detect early warning signs and evaluate overall performance against a service-level agreement (SLA (1) (StereoLithography Apparatus) See 3D printing.
(2) (Service Level Agreement) A contract between the provider and the user that specifies the level of service expected during its term. ). These and other capabilities improve production networks and the entire application life cycle, including development and deployment testing.
Today's RUM tools also integrate with complementary monitoring and diagnostic tools for a more detailed, accurate and comprehensive view of Web site health and performance. They include application programming interfaces and other hooks to third-party tools and infrastructure. This enables RUM summary or individual user activity transcripts to be transported to data warehouses, for instance, or for RUM output to be streamed to business or operations dashboards in real time, extracted for archival purposes, or loaded into third-party or custom reporting tools or enterprise-wide data buses.
Employees accessing inappropriate Web sites will always be a concern to organizations of all sizes, but the growing presence of harmful applications on desktops, and the use of instant messaging Exchanging text messages in real time between two or more people logged into a particular instant messaging (IM) service. Instant messaging is more interactive than e-mail because messages are sent immediately, whereas e-mail messages can be queued up in a mail server for seconds or and peer-to-peer applications has also dramatically increased organizations' risks. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. a study by the Websense Resource Center:
* 90% of businesses suffered hacker A person who writes programs in assembly language or in system-level languages, such as C. The term often refers to any programmer, but its true meaning is someone with a strong technical background who is "hacking away" at the bits and bytes. attacks in the last year.
* 30% of peer-to-peer requests are for pornographic downloads.
* One in three corporations have spyware Software that sends information about your Web surfing habits to its Web site. Often quickly installed in your computer in combination with a free download you selected from the Web, spyware transmits information in the background as you move around the Web. on their networks.
* 45% of IT managers reported that viruses have infected in·fect
tr.v. in·fect·ed, in·fect·ing, in·fects
1. To contaminate with a pathogenic microorganism or agent.
2. To communicate a pathogen or disease to.
3. To invade and produce infection in. their company's network,
* 70% of all Internet porn traffic occurs during the 9-to-5 work day.
Fred Dumoulin is a project manager for Coradiant, Poway, Calif.
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