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Jordan eyes expansion of domestic defense industry.

The Jordanian government is taking steps to boost its domestic defense industry. In particular, a research and development center is achieving tangible results in building sophisticated technology for internal and border security, VIP protection, surveillance and emergency response.

While this equipment, in many cases, answers the needs of the Jordanian armed forces The Jordanian Armed Forces (القوات المسلحة الأردنية) with all of it branches, is under direct control of the King of Jordan. , the center, known as the King Abdullah King Abdullah can refer to:
  • Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, regent of Saudi Arabia since 1995 and king since 2005.
  • Abdullah II, king of Jordan since 1999
  • Abdullah I, Emir of Transjordan (1921–1946) and King of Transjordan (1946–1951)
 II Design and Development Bureau, also is determined to expand its reach in the Middle East and North Africa, Col. Ghazi gha·zi  
n. pl. gha·zies Islam
1. A man who has fought successfully against infidels.

2. Often used as a title for such a warrior.
 Khdairi, bureau deputy director general and director of scientific research, told National Defense.

An independent entity within the Jordanian armed forces that reports directly to the king, the bureau has its own laboratories, production and manufacturing Facilities. KADDB KADDB King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau (Jordan)  was established by royal decree in 1999 to provide independent scientific and technical services to Jordan's armed forces, in the process, the bureau also is assisting the Hashemite Kingdom in creating a sustainable industrial base.

After five years of operation, KADDB now has more than 30 development programs, said Khdairi. Most of the programs are carried out with the help of international partners and Jordanian companies This is an incomplete list of Jordanian companies.
  • Munir Sukhtian International
  • Cairo Amman Bank
  • Kurdi Group
  • Maktoob
  • Arab Bank
  • TALAL ABU-GHAZALEH International
  • CCS - Computer & Communications Systems

"We are not an industrial country, and we bring in the necessary technology by identifying strategic international partners and work with them jointly to develop a product or a technology," he said.

When it started out, the company's focus was on converting and armoring existing trucks, land systems and tanks. While that has proven a mainstay for KADDB, it has started moving into building light aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles

Main article: Unmanned aerial vehicle
The following is a list of Unmanned aerial vehicles developed and operated by various countries around the world. Listed with primary mission(s) and year of first flight.
. It also has begun efforts on soldier protection, such as helmets and body armor Noun 1. body armor - armor that protects the wearer's whole body
body armour, cataphract, coat of mail, suit of armor, suit of armour

armet - a medieval helmet with a visor and a neck guard
, Khadairi said. "So far, the work is being done in these areas to meet the requirements of the armed forces," Khdairi said.

According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

 bureau documents, part of the strategic direction for this year is to design, develop and evaluate wheeled and tracked armored fighting vehicles. In the process, KADDB plans to establish a series of joint ventures.

Plans involve expanding KADDB's expertise to communications, battlefield management and air defense systems. Aeronautics also is on the list, to include aircraft upgrades and systems integration. KADDB researchers specialize in software development, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance may refer to:
  • the US Joint Command see'' Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance.
  • the military term, see'' Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance.
, robotics and genomics.

The first priority is to meet military needs, said Khdairi. Business is balanced between the armed forces' requests and the bureau's push for its own technologies or concepts. One example of an idea generated by the bureau for the military is the Desert Iris Jeep. A multi-purpose vehicle, the Desert Iris was developed by Jordan Light Vehicle Manufacturing--a joint venture between KADDB and the United Kingdom's Jankel Group--and SHP Motorsports, also a U.K. company.

The Desert Iris has a Toyota 2.8 liter engine, manual gearbox and four-wheel drive. With a large load area, the truck can carry four soldiers in combat gear. A variety of weapons can be mounted on the Desert iris.

Jordanian forces used the vehicle during United Nations peacekeeping operations in Sierra Leone. Now the vehicle is employed in Saudi Arabia, UAE (Uninterruptible Application Error) The name given to a crash in Windows 3.0. In subsequent versions of Windows, a crash was called a "General Protection Fault," "Application Error" or "Illegal Operation." See crash in Windows and abend.  and Libya, said Khdairi.

Technologies based on Jordanian military requirements have found markets outside the country, said Khdairi. Wheeled armored vehicles--basically commercial SUVs with extra armor--for counter-terrorism border and internal security "became successful nationally and internationally," he noted. These vehicles currently are used by the United Nations, he said.

In February, a cooperative venture between Abu Dhabi-based Bin Jabr Group and KADDB, called Advanced Industries of Arabia, won a $41 million contract to supply the UAE armed forces with the so-called Nimr 4x4 high mobility tactical vehicle. The Nimr order calls for 500 vehicles in a mix of four variants. The first batch will be delivered this June. The vehicle has a custom-made cooling system, which allows troops to operate in extreme weather conditions. The Nimr will be manufactured at a KADDB plant in Jordan.

The bureau now is working extensively to upgrade and integrate systems for battle tanks and combat vehicles. In partnership with Raytheon, KADDB is upgrading the M60 A3 tank with an integrated fire control system A system that performs the functions of target acquisition, tracking, data computation, and engagement control, primarily using electronic means and assisted by electromechanical devices. .

The Phoenix program improves the tank's shoot-on-the-move capabilities, lethality and survivability sur·viv·a·ble  
1. Capable of surviving: survivable organisms in a hostile environment.

2. That can be survived: a survivable, but very serious, illness.
. The IFCS IFCS Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety
IFCS International Federation of Classification Societies
IFCS International Forum on Chemical Safety
IFCS International Financial Centre
IFCS Improved Fire Control System
IFCS Integrated Fire Control System
 consists of a gunner's primary sight system, a ballistic computer and an enhanced turret stabilization system. Part of the program is the replacement of the M60's 105-mm rifled cannon with the Swiss RUAG land systems L 50 120-mm smoothbore compact tank gun.

The first M60 A3 tank battalion upgraded with the Raytheon system is operational. Another three battalions will follow by 2007.


The IFCS also is being installed in the AI Hussein hybrid tank, a former British Challenger 1 tank The British FV4030/4 Challenger 1 was the main battle tank (MBT) of the British Army from 1983 until superseded by the Challenger 2 in the mid 1990s, it is currently used by the Jordanian Armed Forces as their main battle tank.  outfitted with the RUAG 120 mm smooth bore gun. Additionally, KADDB is planning to install a new auxiliary power unit An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle whose purpose is to provide energy for functions other than propulsion. Different types of APU are found on aircraft, as well as some large ground vehicles.  on the Al Hussein tank. This APU APU Azusa Pacific University
APU Auxiliary Power Unit
APU Alaska Pacific University
APU Asia Pacific University (Japan)
APU American Public University
APU Anglia Polytechnic University (Chelmsford) 
 also is proposed to the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defense for the country's Challenger 2 tanks, said a company official. The U.K. supplied Jordan with 400 Challenger 1 tanks as part of a government-to-government deal.

Another project, called Falcon, is aimed at the development of a highly survivable sur·viv·a·ble  
1. Capable of surviving: survivable organisms in a hostile environment.

2. That can be survived: a survivable, but very serious, illness.
, reduced-silhouette turret capable of firing 105 mm guns and all types of NATO NATO: see North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
 in full North Atlantic Treaty Organization

International military alliance created to defend western Europe against a possible Soviet invasion.
 120 mm smoothbore ammunition. The design of the Falcon turret places the crew below the turret ring. The reduced volume helps to diminish the vehicle's profile.

In conjunction with Mechanology Design Bureau of South Africa, CLS (Common Language Specification) The structure and syntax of .NET and CLI programming languages. See .NET.  Jordan and General Dynamics, KADDB is working on the Temsah tracked heavy infantry combat vehicle. It can operate alongside the most advanced battle tanks.

The Temsah is can be equipped with reactive armor and has a front-mounted engine to increase protection. It can carry a crew of two and up to 10 troops. The vehicle can be configured as a tracked ambulance, command post or a mortar/howitzer platform.

KADDB is collaborating on a series of projects with the Jordanian armed forces. Monjed P2 is a recovery vehicle based on the chassis of the decommissioned U.S. M60AI tank. Monjed can be used for recovery and repair of tanks in the battlefield. The vehicle carries a range of repair equipment, including a crane, cutting material and air tools.

Another system, Armored Shield, provides protection for .50 cal. machine gun operators on the M113 and the URUTU armored personnel carriers. The project was initiated in response to an urgent requirement of the military in support of units deployed on U.N. operations. The 90-kilogram shield protects from all directions. Ballistic proof windows provide vision in different directions.

In partnership with the armed forces' Royal Maintenance Corps, KADDB is able to supply new and refurbished armored fighting vehicles.

KADDB has been touted as the first company to develop military unmanned vehicles in the Arab world. The design and development bureau worked in 2001 with Jordan Aerospace Industries in a joint venture, called Jordan Advanced Remote Systems, to develop a series of tactical drones. "In this case, the need came from the military, and it is almost a given that they are going to use the UAVs," said Khdairi.

The Falcon UAV UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UAV Unmanned Air Vehicle
UAV Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle
UAV Unmanned Airborne Vehicle
UAV Uninhabited Air Vehicle
UAV Urban Assault Vehicle
UAV Unpiloted Aerial Vehicle (less common) 
 is designed for surveillance missions. It performs real-time day and night reconnaissance, remote sensing, surveillance and target acquisition For the RSTA/ISTAR/STA doctrine, see .

For Artillery STA, see .

For the USMC snipers, see .
 up to 50 kilometers. The Falcon has a two-stroke engine that burns a mixture of gas and oil. The UAV has an endurance of four hours but could be equipped with additional fuel tanks for more capacity.

The system's ground control station is available in tabletop or shelter-mounted configurations.

The Silent Eye is a backpack portable UAV used for scouting missions, area and perimeter control, highway monitoring and surveillance. It is also suited for search-and-rescue mission support and convoy security.

The Silent Eye can be assembled and disassembled in less than 15 minutes, officials said. Advanced system autonomy enables hands-off operation of the system from takeoff through recovery.

The I-Wing is a mini UAV with a 1.25-meter wingspan, which can be carried by two people in a lightweight, waterproof case and is shoulder launched. The wings and tail of the I-Wing are stored in a folded position, but immediately unfold when rocket-launched. On reaching a 100-meter altitude, the hard propellant pro·pel·lant also pro·pel·lent  
1. Something, such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel, that propels or provides thrust.

 engine is ejected, and an electric motor is automatically started.

The Jordan Arrow is an aerial target system that is intended for both air-defense training and testing of weapon systems. The Arrow simulates a variety of air defense threats. The target is a recoverable UAV equipped with power plant, automatic flight control system, recovery parachute and modular multi-version mission payloads.

A sizeable part of KADDB's income comes from government contracts. The company also funds internal research projects, or partners with other firms to share the costs and, if the products are sold, the revenues.

"The focus of the company will be based on the need of the region," Khadairi noted. Strategic partnerships with U.S., British, South African, Jordanian and Emirati firms, among many, help the company survive and succeed in the region.
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Author:Tiron, Roxana
Publication:National Defense
Article Type:Industry Overview
Geographic Code:7JORD
Date:May 1, 2005
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