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Jack in the Box Inc. Announces Adjustments to Historical Financial Statements.

SAN DIEGO San Diego (săn dēā`gō), city (1990 pop. 1,110,549), seat of San Diego co., S Calif., on San Diego Bay; inc. 1850. San Diego includes the unincorporated communities of La Jolla and Spring Valley. Coronado is across the bay.  -- Jack in the Box Inc. (NYSE NYSE

See: New York Stock Exchange
:JBX JBX Jack-In-The-Box (stock symbol) ), operator and franchisor of Jack in the Box(R) and Qdoba Mexican Grill Qdoba Mexican Grill (formerly known as Z-TECA Mexican Grill) is a chain of fast casual Fresh Mex restaurants in the United States serving Mexican-style cuisine. The company is owned by Jack in the Box. (R) restaurants, today announced that it would restate re·state  
tr.v. re·stat·ed, re·stat·ing, re·states
To state again or in a new form. See Synonyms at repeat.

 certain of its prior period financial statements. The adjustments made in the restatement Restatement

A revision in a company's earlier financial statements.

The need for restating financial figures can result from fraud, misrepresentation, or a simple clerical error.
 are all non-cash and will have no material impact on the company's cash flows, cash position, revenues, same-store sales Same-store sales is a business term which refers to the revenue generated by one of a retail chain's specific outlets during a certain period of time (often a fiscal quarter or a particular shopping season), compared to an identical period in the past, usually in the previous year. , earnings from operations plus depreciation and amortization (EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization) A metric used to show a company's profitability, but not its cash flow. EBITDA became popular in the 1980s to show the potential profitability of leveraged buyouts, but has become ), or compliance with the covenants under its senior credit facility.

On Nov. 29, 2004, the company began a review of the accounting adjustments cited in a Nov. 23, 2004, Form 8-K Form 8-K

The form required by the SEC when a publicly held company incurs any event that might affect its financial situation or the share value of its stock.

Form 8-K

See 8-K.
 filing by CKE CKE Clock Enable (memory signal)
CKE Carl Karcher Enterprises, Inc. (restaurant chain)
CKE Certified Kitchen Design Educator
CKE Catia Knowledge Engineering
CKE Content and Knowledge Engineering
 Restaurants, Inc. After discussions with the company's independent auditors Independent Auditor

An external auditor with a certified public accounting designation that qualifies him or her to provide an auditor's report.

These auditors aren't affiliated with the company being audited.
, KPMG KPMG Klynveld Peat Marwick Goerdeler (accounting firm)
KPMG Kaiser Permanente Medical Group
KPMG Keiner Prüft Mehr Genau (German)
KPMG Kommen Prüfen Meckern Gehen
 LLP LLP - Lower Layer Protocol , and after an extensive analysis of its accounting policies and accounting records, management recommended to the audit committee of the company's board of directors, and the audit committee determined on Dec. 15, 2004, that one item, related to the treatment of lease accounting and leasehold depreciation, applied to the company, and that it was appropriate to adjust certain prior financial statements. These adjustments were not attributable to any material non-compliance by the company, as a result of any misconduct, with any financial reporting requirements under securities laws, and the company believes there will not be any further adjustments as a result of its internal review of this matter.

"Jack in the Box Inc. has always maintained the highest standards of conduct in our accounting practices and strict compliance with all applicable accounting standards, as confirmed by the unqualified opinions Unqualified opinion

An independent auditor's opinion that a company's financial statements comply with accepted accounting procedures. Antithesis of qualified opinion.

unqualified opinion

See clean opinion.
 expressed by our independent auditors during their annual audits of our financial statements," said Robert J. Nugent, chairman and chief executive officer. "We believed that our longstanding accounting practices for leases and related depreciation/amortization, which were applied over many years with no change in method, were consistent with generally accepted accounting principles The standard accounting rules, regulations, and procedures used by companies in maintaining their financial records.

Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) provide companies and accountants with a consistent set of guidelines that cover both broad accounting

See: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles


See generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).
), and were comparable to the practices of other public companies.

"I am very proud of our accounting department and the high standards of conduct that they have long been dedicated to uphold. Their prompt and proactive response to this matter reinforces our commitment to provide a high level of timely disclosure and provide a clear understanding of our financial condition."

The issue requiring restatement relates to the company's accounting practice of using the initial lease term when determining whether each of its leases was an operating lease Operating Lease

A lease contract that allows the use of an asset, but does not convey rights similar to ownership of the asset.

An operating lease is not capitalized it is accounted for as a rental expense.
 or a capital lease and when calculating straight-line rent expense. Concurrently, the company has depreciated Depreciated may refer to:
  • Depreciation, in finance, a reference to the fact that assets with finite lives lose value over time
  • Depreciated is often confused or used as a stand-in for "deprecated"; see deprecation for the use of depreciation in computer software
 its buildings on leased land, leasehold improvements Leasehold Improvement

Improvements on a leased asset that increase the value of the asset.

A leasehold improvement is classified as an asset that must be depreciated over time.
 and certain intangible assets Intangible Asset

An asset that is not physical in nature.

Examples are things like copyrights, patents, intellectual property, and goodwill. These are the opposite of tangible assets.
 over a period that included both the initial term of the lease and its option periods - or the useful life of the asset if shorter than the lease term plus options. The company believed that its longstanding accounting treatments were permitted under GAAP.

However, after reading the 8-K filing of CKE Restaurants, Inc., the company began a review of its accounting policies. Following discussions with the company's independent auditors, as well as an extensive analysis of its accounting records, the company has now assured itself that the authoritative accounting literature is interpreted to require that the company use the same lease term for depreciating de·pre·ci·ate  
v. de·pre·ci·at·ed, de·pre·ci·at·ing, de·pre·ci·ates
1. To lessen the price or value of.

2. To think or speak of as being of little worth; belittle.
 buildings on leased land, leasehold improvements and certain intangible assets as it uses in determining capital versus operating lease classifications and in calculating straight-line rent expense. Such interpretation contradicts many years of recognized accounting practices by the company.

As a result of its analysis, the company has adopted the following policy: The company will generally limit the depreciable depreciable

Of, relating to, or being a long-term tangible asset that is subject to depreciation.
 lives for its buildings on leased land, leasehold improvements and certain intangible assets, which are subject to a lease, to the initial lease term. However, in circumstances where the company would incur an economic penalty by not exercising one or more option periods, the company may include one or more option periods when determining the depreciation period. In either circumstance, the company's policy will require consistency when calculating the depreciation period, in classifying the lease, and in computing computing - computer  straight-line rent expense for each of its leases.

The primary effect of the change in policy is to require the company to accelerate depreciation and amortization for the buildings, leasehold improvements and certain intangible assets that are the subject of the company's leases. The total adjustments result in a $38.8 million - or $23.7 million after tax - cumulative increase in depreciation and amortization expense for all fiscal years, including fiscal 2004. The annual reduction of the company's net earnings and earnings per diluted di·lute  
tr.v. di·lut·ed, di·lut·ing, di·lutes
1. To make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water.

2. To lessen the force, strength, purity, or brilliance of, especially by admixture.
 share were $3.8 million, or 10 cents in 2004; $3.5 million, or 9 cents in 2003; and $2.8 million, or 7 cents in 2002 (see Table 1).

Solely as a result of these accounting adjustments, the company now expects that its first-quarter and fiscal 2005 net earnings and earnings per diluted share estimates will be reduced by approximately $1.1 million and 3 cents, and approximately $3.7 million and 10 cents, respectively. Accordingly, the company's current estimates of earnings per diluted share are now approximately 66 cents for the first quarter versus 40 cents last year and approximately $2.33 for fiscal 2005 versus $2.02 in 2004. As stated previously, these accounting adjustments have no impact on the company's cash flows, cash position, revenues or operating performance. The company expects that, in future years, depreciation and amortization will reduce net earnings by approximately the same amount as that estimated for fiscal 2005, assuming stable levels of capital expenditures going forward.

Having completed their analysis, the company's management and KPMG met with the company's audit committee on Dec. 15, 2004, to review the company's accounting policies, the analysis of its records, and the authoritative accounting literature. Based on that review, the audit committee determined that the company's accounting with respect to lease terms should be revised to be in accordance with the policy stated above and agreed, along with KPMG, with the recommendations of management to restate the company's prior financial statements.

The company has determined that the adjustments described above are appropriately corrected through the restatement of previously issued financial statements for its 2003 and 2002 fiscal years, and the first three quarters of fiscal 2004. While the company is not aware of any other accounting issues requiring adjustment, there can be no assurances that the company or KPMG will not find additional accounting issues requiring adjustment in the future.

The company anticipates that it will file its Form 10-K Form 10-K

A report required by the SEC from exchange-listed companies that provides for annual disclosure of certain financial information.

Form 10-K

See 10-K.
 for fiscal 2004 on Dec. 17, 2004, its accelerated (75-day) filing deadline, with the appropriate restatements. However, if the company should require a brief extension of time to file this Form 10-K, it will file for such extension with the SEC.

The company's management will discuss the restatement on a conference call and simultaneous webcast on Friday, December 17, 2004, at 6:00 a.m. PST PST Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, see there . The webcast can be accessed via the Jack in the Box Inc. homepage at

The financial impact of the adjustments described above for the periods presented is estimated as follows:
Table 1
                               (In millions, except per share data)
                                           Fiscal Year

                                2002        2002           2003
                             Beginning  -------------- --------------
                              Retained   Earnings EPS   Earnings EPS
                              --------- -------------- --------------
As Reported                      $144.0   $83.0 $2.07    $73.6 $1.99
Adjustments to Depreciation/
 Amortization, net                (13.5)   (2.8)(0.07)    (3.5)(0.09)
                              --------- -------------- --------------
As Restated                      $130.5   $80.2 $2.00    $70.1 $1.90
                              ========= ============== ==============

                                         Earnings      EPS    Retained
As Reported                               $78.5(a) $2.12(a)    $379.2
Adjustments to Depreciation/
 Amortization, net                         (3.8)   (0.10)       (23.7)
As Restated                               $74.7    $2.02       $355.5

                          16 weeks ended        12 weeks ended
                          Jan. 18, 2004  April 11, 2004  July 4, 2004
                          -------------- -------------- --------------
                          Earnings EPS   Earnings EPS   Earnings EPS
                          -------------- -------------- --------------

As Reported                 $15.6 $0.43    $19.6 $0.53    $21.6 $0.58
Adjustments to
 Amortization, net           (1.2)(0.03)    (0.9)(0.03)    (0.9)(0.03)
                          -------------- -------------- --------------
As Restated                 $14.4 $0.40    $18.7 $0.50    $20.7 $0.55
                          ============== ============== ==============

(a) As reported in the company's fiscal 2004 earnings news release, dated November 17, 2004

Non-GAAP Term Definition

EBITDA is a typical non-GAAP measure - i.e., a measure calculated and presented on the basis of methodologies other than in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S., or "GAAP" for companies that issue public debt and a measure used by the lenders under the company's bank credit facility. Although the company does not provide EBITDA in its regular periodic financial news releases or in this news release, management recognizes that EBITDA is typically calculated by securities analysts and is a factor in their analysis of the company. Additionally, the company believes EBITDA is useful to its investors as an indicator of earnings available to service debt. EBITDA is not a recognized term under GAAP and does not purport to be an alternative to income from operations, an indicator of cash flow from operations Cash flow from operations

A firm's net cash inflow resulting directly from its regular operations (disregarding extraordinary items such as the sale of fixed assets or transaction costs associated with issuing securities), calculated as the sum of net income plus noncash expenses
 or a measure of liquidity. The company calculates EBITDA as earnings from operations plus depreciation and amortization. This presentation of EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies because not all companies calculate EBITDA identically.

Safe Harbor Safe Harbor

1. A legal provision to reduce or eliminate liability as long as good faith is demonstrated.

2. A form of shark repellent implemented by a target company acquiring a business that is so poorly regulated that the target itself is less attractive.

Any statements contained in this press release that are not historical are forward-looking statements forward-looking statement

A projected financial statement based on management expectations. A forward-looking statement involves risks with regard to the accuracy of assumptions underlying the projections.
 including statements about the company's financial results and estimates, adjustments to financial statements and accounting policies, that are subject to substantial risks and uncertainties. These statements may be identified by the use of words such as "believes," "estimates," "expects," "will," "would," and other words of similar meaning.

The following are some of the factors that could cause the company's actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements: costs may exceed projections, including costs related to new construction, Jack in the Box(R) remodels and conversions of Jack in the Box restaurants to JBX Grill JBX Grill was a new line of fast casual restaurants introduced in 2004 by Jack in the Box Inc. JBX Grill features high-quality, cafe-style food, avoiding most of the cheaper fast-food items typically served at Jack in the Box. (TM); developing and marketing JBX Grill as a new concept; food ingredients, particularly produce and beef; utilities and labor, including increases in the minimum wage, workers' compensation workers' compensation, payment by employers for some part of the cost of injuries, or in some cases of occupational diseases, received by employees in the course of their work.  and other insurance; delays in the remodeling remodeling /re·mod·el·ing/ (re-mod´el-ing) reorganization or renovation of an old structure.

bone remodeling
 or opening of restaurants; the availability of financing on terms satisfactory to franchisees and potential franchisees; timely payment of franchisee obligations due the company; the continuation of positive relationships with the company's franchisees, and the franchisees' continuing willingness to participate in company strategies; adverse regional weather conditions and business, economic and other local or national conditions or events that affect consumer confidence and spending patterns, such as concerns about the safety of beef or other foods; concerns about obesity; the effect of any widespread negative publicity regarding the company or the restaurant industry in general; the effects of war and terrorist activities; changes in government regulations; changes in accounting standards, policies and practices; potential variances between estimated and actual liabilities; the effects of legal claims; and the possibility of unforeseen events affecting the industry in general. Further information about factors that could affect the company's financial and other results is included in the company's annual report on Form 10-K and its periodic reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Statements about the company's past performance are not necessarily indicative of its future results. The information in this press release is as of December 16, 2004. The company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as the result of new information, future events or otherwise.

About Jack in the Box Inc.

Jack in the Box Inc. (NYSE:JBX) operates and franchises Jack in the Box and Qdoba Mexican Grill restaurants in 33 states combined. Jack in the Box is one of the nation's largest hamburger chains, with more than 2,000 restaurants. Qdoba Mexican Grill is an emerging leader in fast-casual dining, with approximately 180 restaurants. Based in San Diego, Jack in the Box Inc. has approximately 45,000 employees. For more information, visit
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Publication:Business Wire
Date:Dec 16, 2004
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