It wouldnAAEt kill you to losea few pounds Au or would it?By Jennifer LaRue Huget These days it seems our entire way of life is predicated on the belief that being overweight is terrible for you. WeAAEre waging war against the obesity epidemic, which public health experts call one of the great threats to our society. Countless diet books and programs promise to help us get thin because our lives depend on it. The government joins in, too. Just two weeks ago, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), agency of the U.S. Public Health Service since 1973, with headquarters in Atlanta; it was established in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. launched a Web site designed to help small and medium-sized employers devise strategies for helping workers manage their weight. At the end of this month, the CDC See Control Data, century date change and Back Orifice.
CDC - Control Data Corporation will convene its first AoWeight of the NationAo conference in Washington to discuss obesity prevention and control. But what if it turns out being fatAAEs not so bad after all? Late last month, the journal Obesity published two studies that showed overweight and obese people can expect to live at least as long as people of AonormalAo weight, while underweight Underweight
An situation where a portfolio does not hold a sufficient amount of securities to satisfy the accepted benchmark of the portfolio's asset allocation strategy.
Notes: folks are at increased risk of premature death. In one, a survey over 11 years of nearly 27,000 Japanese men and women ages 61 to 79, underweight people and those at the low end of the normal weight range had a greater risk of death than those squarely in the normal range, while neither overweight nor obesity was found to elevate risk of death. In the other, a Canadian study involving more than 11,000 people ages 25 and older that aimed to pin down the relationship between overweight and mortality, underweight people were at far greater risk of dying during the 12-year study period than those of normal weight, while those who were overweight and obese were at far less risk of dying. Only the very most obese were at increased risk of death. Though these findings might sound surprising, they are in keeping with those of earlier research, including studies published in the Journal of the American Medical Association JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is an international peer-reviewed general medical journal, published 48 times per year by the American Medical Association. JAMA is the most widely circulated medical journal in the world. in 2005 and 2007. So why is it so hard to believe, even in the face of such evidence, that being fatAAEs not exactly a death sentence? Morgan Downey, policy director for the Stop Obesity Alliance, a nonprofit headquartered at George Washington University George Washington University, at Washington, D.C.; coeducational; chartered 1821 as Columbian College (one of the first nonsectarian colleges), opened 1822, became a university in 1873, renamed 1904. , also notes that obesity research is complicated by an array of confounding circumstances such as age, ethnicity, sex and lifestyle, which make it hard to establish clear cause-and-effect relationships between poundage POUNDAGE, practice. The amount allowed to the sheriff, or other officer, for commissions on, the money made by virtue of an execution. This allowance varies in different states, and to different officers. and health. Researchers are even scrutinizing the body-mass index, or BMI BMI body mass index.
body mass index
Body mass index (BMI)
A measurement that has replaced weight as the preferred determinant of obesity. , the commonly accepted base for defining weight categories, from underweight to morbidly obese. The BMI, developed in 19th-century Europe and based on a mostly Caucasian population, may not be a reliable indicator of body-fat levels for blacks and Hispanics, for one thing. For another, scientists analyzing data donAAEt always agree as to the exact point at which weight becomes tied to mortality. Downey points out that, paradoxically, obesity/mortality study results might be skewed skewed
curve of a usually unimodal distribution with one tail drawn out more than the other and the median will lie above or below the mean.
skewed Epidemiology adjective Referring to an asymmetrical distribution of a population or of data by the medical communityAAEs focus on treating conditions associated with overweight: For example, heAAEd be interested in seeing a study in which no participants were on statins Statins
A class of drugs commonly used to lower LDL cholesterol levels.
Mentioned in: C-Reactive Protein (cholesterol-reducing drugs Cholesterol-Reducing Drugs Definition
Cholesterol-reducing drugs are medicines that lower the amount of cholesterol (a fat-like substance) in the blood.
Cholesterol is a chemical that can both benefit and harm the body. ). And he, like other experts, is certain that obesity contributes to poor health, even if it doesnAAEt kill you. AoThe pathway seems clear,Ao he says. AoExcess adipose tissue adipose tissue (ăd`əpōs'): see connective tissue.
or fatty tissue
Connective tissue consisting mainly of fat cells, specialized to synthesize and contain large globules of fat, within a leads to impaired glucose tolerance Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) is a pre-diabetic state of dysglycemia, that is associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular pathology. IGT may precede type 2 diabetes mellitus by many years. IGT is also a risk factor for mortality. , which leads to insulin resistance Insulin Resistance Definition
Insulin resistance is not a disease as such but rather a state or condition in which a person's body tissues have a lowered level of response to insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas that helps to regulate the level .Ao That sets the stage for metabolic syndrome, he says, which is associated with both cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes type 2 diabetes
See diabetes mellitus. . AoA lot of people want to think that (obesityAAEs) not as serious as health officials believe,Ao he says, Aoand they flock to studies that show overweight is moderately protective. I think thereAAEs a little denial going on there.Ao But Linda Bacon, author of AoHealth at Every SizeAo, thinks the denialAAEs all on the other side. AoIt is certainly true that people who are heavier are prone to certain diseases, including Type 2 diabetes,Ao she says. AoBut just because thatAAEs true doesnAAEt mean the fatAAEs to blame.Ao Perhaps, Bacon notes, a lack of exercise among heavy people, not the extra pounds they carry, is what leads to diabetes. Or perhaps itAAEs something about the food they eat or the way they eat it. AoThere are so many confounding factors,Ao she says. That may sound like splitting hairs. But Bacon insists that parsing out these relationships is essential. AoThe reason this issue is so important is that when we address it as a weight-loss issue, we canAAEt tackle the problem. We donAAEt know any method that really helps people lose weight. And weight loss doesnAAEt get rid of the symptoms (of disease),Ao she adds. AoChanged behaviors are what help reverse disease.Ao Bacon suggests society should help ensure that people be as healthy as they can by encouraging healthful health·ful
1. Conducive to good health; salutary.
healthful·ness n. eating and physical activity habits that donAAEt have weight loss as a goal. Bacon believes that Aothe body will take care of itselfAo if people learn to eat when hungry and stop when theyAAEre full, to enjoy their foods with gusto, and to engage in physical activity for its own sake. AoPeople do crazy things to lose weight, and then they just give up,Ao Bacon says. In her 2008 book, she wrote that she struggled with her weight for much of her lifeAuuntil she decided to stop dieting and exercising for weight loss once and for all. She reported that she lost 30 pounds after she stopped obsessing over her weight. While she says she no longer focuses on the number on the scale, photos show her to be quite trim. I like BaconAAEs approach. In my lifelong struggle to fit into my jeans, IAAEve noticed that IAAEve done best when IAAEve paid least attention to losing pounds. Getting caught up in a work project, preparing for a special vacation or just concentrating on enjoying life takes my mind off dieting and puts food in proper perspective. Maybe if we as a society could shift our focus away from fighting fat and toward healthier behaviors for their own sake, weAAEd all be better off. But I donAAEt see that shift happening any time soon. LATWP News Servic
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