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Ionizing Radiation Now Approved for Shell Eggs.



In July, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA FDA
abbr.
Food and Drug Administration


FDA,
n.pr See Food and Drug Administration.

FDA,
n.pr the abbreviation for the Food and Drug Administration.
) approved the use of ionizing radiation i·on·i·zing radiation
n.
High-energy radiation capable of producing ionization in substances through which it passes.


Ionizing radiation 
 on eggs in the shell to reduce Salmonella levels. The new regulation allows a dose of up to 3 kilograys (kGy). Data in the petition did, however, show that under the testing conditions, radiation near the maximum allowed dosage affected the color of the yolk yolk (yok) the stored nutrient of an oocyte or ovum.

yolk
n.
The portion of the egg of an animal that consists of protein and fat from which the early embryo gets its main nourishment and of
 and the viscosity of the egg. Nevertheless, doses of up to 3 kGy raise no safety concerns and will be allowed.

The extent to which this process eliminates Salmonella in eggs will depend on the Salmonella levels in individual eggs and the dose that is absorbed by each egg. At doses likely to be practical, Salmonella levels may be reduced 10- to 10,000-fold, depending on the distance of the egg from the radiation source. It is unlikely that a 5-log reduction would be achieved by this process alone. Elimination of Salmonella in all eggs cannot be guaranteed--at least on the basis of current knowledge--but the total level of Salmonella in eggs will decrease substantially, and the fraction of eggs containing viable Salmonella also should decrease.

FDA's final rule amending the food additive Noun 1. food additive - an additive to food intended to improve its flavor or appearance or shelf-life
artificial additive

additive - something added to enhance food or gasoline or paint or medicine
 regulations to allow safe use of ionizing radiation for the reduction of Salmonella in fresh shell eggs was published in the Federal Register of July 21, 2000. The irradiated eggs must be labeled in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations The New Deal program of legislation enacted during the administration of President franklin roosevelt established a large number of new federal agencies, which generated a shapeless and confusing mass of new regulations.  (21 C.F.R, 179.26).
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Publication:Journal of Environmental Health
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Dec 1, 2000
Words:239
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