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Investment in metal mineral smelter in Indonesia.

Smelters are part of the process of production in metal mining industry. Generally, minerals produced from mines are still mixed with undesired materials. Smelters are needed to remove the materials and refine the metals such as tin, nickel, copper, gold, and silver until the metals meet the standard grade needed in the down stream industries.

Smelters are not always integrated with the production facility of the mining companies. In fact many mining companies' exports metal minerals as smelter are not yet available in the country.

Under the new Law No. 4 in 2009 on mineral and coal mining (Minerba), all mining companies are required to have their metal minerals processed and refined in the country. Exports of raw minerals will be banned starting 2014.

The Law No. 4/2009 on mineral and coal mining will boost investment in smelters to meet requirement.

The role of smelters on non ferrous metal industry

Copper, tin, aluminum and nickel are among the non ferrous metals produced from minerals through a process in smelters.

Smelters are metal processing facilities in the downstream sector. The types of products produced by smelters are copper anode anode (ăn`ōd), electrode through which current enters an electric device. In electrolysis, it is the positive electrode in the electrolytic cell.
anode

Terminal or electrode from which electrons leave a system.
, aluminum ingot ingot

Mass of metal cast into a size and shape such as a bar, plate, or sheet convenient to store, transport, and work into a semifinished or finished product. The term also refers to a mold in which metal is so cast.
, tin bars, tin granules, ferronickel and nickel in matte.

Not all types of smelters processing metal minerals are available in Indonesia. Indonesia has no smelters to process minerals like bauxite bauxite (bôk`sīt, bŏk`–), mixture of hydrated aluminum oxides usually containing oxides of iron and silicon in varying quantities.  into aluminum.

Bauxite is exported to be processed abroad and he result is imported back into the country in the form of alumina. The aluminum smelter in Indonesia owned by PT Industri Asahan Aluminium (PT Inalum) processes alumina into aluminum in bars.

Copper

Copper is a metal widely use din industries. The product of copper smelter is copper cathode, a downstream product. Copper cathode is used as a feedstock in midstream industry to produce intermediate products--copper rod, copper plate and copper sheets. Rod is processed into copper wires and other downstream materials like cables; and copper plates and sheets are processed into copper foil in the downstream sector.

The basic material for copper metal is copper ores in the form of concentrate that has to be processed into copper cathode through the process of melting down into copper matte, cleaning from slag and purification.

Copper concentrate (Cu: 30%, S: 30%, Fe: 25%, Gangue gangue also gang  
n.
Worthless rock or other material in which valuable minerals are found.



[French, from German Gang, lode, from Middle High German ganc
 minerals 15%) is processed by putting it through a pipe into the smelting furnace (Metal.) a furnace in which ores are smelted or reduced.

See also: Smelting
. In this furnace, the concentrate is mixed with oxygen rich air and heated to turn out melting copper in matte (Cu: 68%) and slag.

The matte is separated from slag in the second stove or the slag cleaning furnace. The separation is made by using liquid. The heavier material will settle. The matte is then oxidized in the third stove or the converting furnace (Steel Manuf.) a furnace in which wrought iron is converted into steel by cementation.
- Farrow.

See also: Convert
 to turn out blister copper blister copper
n.
An almost pure copper produced in an intermediate stage of copper refining.



[From its blistered appearance.]

Noun 1.
 (Cu: 98.5%).

The blister copper is processed further in the anode furnaces to turn out refined copper ready to be mold into copper strips by the machine of Hazelett Twin Belt Caster. The next process is copper strip is cut into sheets using he machine of hydraulic shearing machine A machine with blades, or rotary disks, for dividing plates or bars of metal
A machine for shearing cloth.

See also: Shearing Shearing
 of Mannesmann.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Aluminum

Aluminum is a light metal but tough and anti rust. The downstream product of aluminum is aluminum ingot.

In the midstream sector, the ingot is processed into a number of products including rod; billet; strip, and slab. Rod is a crude wire to be processed further into aluminum wires and cables.

Billet is a long bars used as a feedstock for aluminum pipes, and aluminum extrusion which is known with products like list profile

Downstream products of aluminum in he form of aluminum sheets like strip; foil; and tubes are produced from aluminum slabs. Slabs are crude and thick sheets that have to be processed into aluminum sheets in the midstream sector.

Bauxite ores go through a series of processes in the upstream sector to turn out downstream product in the form of ingot. First bauxite is processed into alumina or aluminum raw carbon, before being processed further in the aluminum smelter.

Alumina is put in a reaction with HF gas to turn out aluminum coke which will then be processed in the reduction furnace and mixed with anode butts before being heated. The materials are mixed with a pitch as adhesive.

The next process is molding in the Shaking Machine to turn out raw carbon blocks. The blocks are hen baked in the Baking Furnace. The baked anode is given handles.

Anode function as an electrode in the next process through electrolysis electrolysis (ĭlĕktrŏl`əsĭs), passage of an electric current through a conducting solution or molten salt that is decomposed in the process.  using big electric power in pots in the reduction facility. The handles are needed during the process of production.

Anode could be used for 30 days in posts and after that the anode butts are replaced with new ones. The butts could be reused after being processed. The output from the reduction facility is liquid aluminum ready to be cast into ingot.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Tin

Tin is widely used in industries. Tin in the upstream sector is in the form of ingot. Ingot is used as feedstock in midstream sector to produce slabs and rod.

Slabs will become downstream material in the form of sheets like foil, tubes and pipes. The end product of rod includes tin wires.

There are also intermediate materials like solder bars and solder wires as basic material in downstream industry like electronic industry.

The process of producing ingot starts with the cleaning of tin ores to increase the SN content of the ores. After the SN grade is increased, the ores are melted into tin metal in a smelter.

Before the melting down refining is made through crystallization Crystallization

The formation of a solid from a solution, melt, vapor, or a different solid phase. Crystallization from solution is an important industrial operation because of the large number of materials marketed as crystalline particles.
 and electrolytic e·lec·tro·lyt·ic
adj.
1. Of or relating to electrolysis.

2. Produced by electrolysis.

3. Of or relating to electrolytes.



e·lec
 refining. The end of product is tin metal in the form of ingot or bars.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Nickel

Nickel materials in the upstream sector include ferronickel and nickel in matte. Ferronickel is produced from lateritic lat·er·ite  
n.
A red residual soil in humid tropical and subtropical regions that is leached of soluble minerals, aluminum hydroxides, and silica but still contains concentrations of iron oxides and iron hydroxides.
 ores and nickel in matte is a product of sulfide ores. The nickel content in nickel in matte is around 75% higher than nickel content of 20% in ferronickel.

Nickel is a metal used widely in industries such as feedstock for stainless steel stainless steel: see steel.
stainless steel

Any of a family of alloy steels usually containing 10–30% chromium. The presence of chromium, together with low carbon content, gives remarkable resistance to corrosion and heat.
, electric layers, no ferrous alloy, steel alloy, etc.

Existing Smelters

Investment in smelters began in the 1960s. Currently the country has around 7 metal smelters including copper, tin, and aluminum smelters.

The smelters are owned by PT Aneka Tambang (PT Antam), PT Industri Asahan Aluminium (PT Inalum), PT Timah, PT Inco and PT Freeport Indonesia (Freeport).

The first three companies general mining company PT Aneka Tambang (PT Antam), aluminum smelter PT Industri Asahan Aluminium (PT Inalum), and tin mining company PT Timah are wholly or partly owned by the state.

PT Inco is a foreign company producing nickel in matte, and Freeport is a US company producing copper and gold with copper smelter partly owned by the company.

PT Antam

PT Aneka Tambang has three smelters processing nickel ores into ferronickel. They are FeNi I; FeNi II; and FeNi III in Pomalaa, Southeast Sulawesi. The three factories have a total capacity of 26,000 TPA (Transient Program Area) See transient area.

TPA - Transient Program Area
.

The smelters produce ferronickel with a content of 80% of iron and 20% in nickel. In the form of ingot and pellets. Most of the production is exported to Europe and South Korea. Around 70% of nickel is used in the production of stainless steel, and the rest use din various industries including battery, electronic, and aircraft industries.

Nickel ores used in the production of ferronickel are ones with a nickel content of 1.8% at the minimum and 25% at the maximum. The nickel ores are processed into calcine cal·cine
v.
To heat a substance to a high temperature but below the melting or fusing point, causing loss of moisture, reduction, or oxidation and the decomposition of carbonates and other compounds.
 through pulverization pulverization

in dentistry, high-speed burs may be used to remove root fragments that cannot be extracted or are ankylosed.
, heating and reduction of acid content. After the process, the material is sent to the three factories

The technology used in the three factories is phyro-metallurgical which needs continued and big supply of energy. PT Antam has its own power plant with a capacity of 102 megawatts to meet energy requirement of the three smelters (FeNi I, FeNi II and FeNi III). The power generating plant was built and operated by contractor for Finland, Wartsilla.

PT Industri Asahan Aluminium (PT Inalum)

PT Inalum is a producer of aluminum processing bauxite into alumina in its smelter in Kuala Tanjung, North Sumatra North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia. Its capital is Medan. Geography and population
The province of North Sumatra stretches across the island of Sumatra between the Indian Ocean and the Strait Malacca.
. The smelter has an annual production capacity of 225,000 tons of alumina.

The smelter produces aluminum ingot with a purity of 99.70%, and 99.90%. The product is used in downstream industries as feedstock for aluminum metal such as extrusion, cable and aluminum sheets.

PT Inalum has three bauxite processing units--carbon factory producing anode blocks, reduction factory producing liquid aluminum and casting plant producing aluminum ingot. The smelters use the technology of Center Work Prebaked (CWPB CWPB Center-Worked Prebake (type of elecrtolysis pot) ). The technology is widely used by new smelters and smelter expansion units.

The carbon factory, which produces anode blocks, consists of raw carbon factory, baking factory and factory producing anode with handles. Cake and hard pitch are mixed in the raw carbon factory to form anode blocks, which are the baked under a temperature of 1,250 degrees Celsius in the baking factory. In the factory that provides handles for anode, a handle is fitted to the anode blocks already baked by using liquid cast iron. The anode blocks function as electrode in the reduction factory.

The reduction factory consists of three buildings having the same measures. There are 510 pots in the buildings. The pots have the type of Prebaked Anode Furnaces (PAF PAF platelet activating factor.

PAF
abbr.
platelet-aggregating factor



PAF

platelet activating factor.
) with the design of 175 KA, but already increased to 194 KA, operating under a temperature of 960 degrees Celsius. Each pot produces 1.3 tons or more of liquid aluminum per day on the average.

In the casting factory, liquid aluminum is poured into a Holding Furnace. There are 10 units of holding Furnace in the factory each with a capacity of 30 tons. The liquid aluminum is then molded in a molding with Casting Machine. This factory has 7 units of Casting Machine each with a capacity of 12 tons/hour and producing 22.7 kg of ingot.

The process of production in aluminum smelter needs large supply of energy. Therefore, aluminum smelters are built normally in areas having large reserves of energy like water, coal, and gas energy as well as nuclear energy. PT Inalum has two hydro power plants (PLTA PLTA Pennsylvania Land Title Association
PLTA Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air
PLTA Plastic Lumber Trade Association
PLTA Pusat Listrik Tenaga Air
PLTA ProfiLine Taurus
PLTA Punjab Lawn Tennis Association (India) 
)--(PLTA) Siguragura and PLTA Tangga.

PLTA Siguragura has four generators with a total capacity of 203 megawatts (MW), and PLTA Tangga also has four generators with a total capacity of 223 MW.

The government has decided to take over PT Inalum through Pusat Investasi Pemerintah (PIP) in 2013 when the contract of Japanese consortium that controls the smelter will expires. PT Inalum is a joint venture between the government and the consortium. The contract will expire in 2013 and the government has decided not to renew the contract.

The government of Indonesia has a 41.13% stake in the company with the Japanese consortium holding the majority 58.87% stake. Under the contract, 60% pf the production will be shipped to Japan and the rest to be disposed of on the domestic market.

PT Timah

The state tin miner PT Timah has smelters with a capacity of 49,000 TPA located in Kundur of Riau and Mentok of Bangka. Tin ores are produced from onshore and offshore mining with tin content of 30%-60%. The ores will go through the process of separation and cleaning to increase the tin content to 70%-72%.

The tin ores then are processed in the smelter to turn out tin metal. Tin is refined through process of electrolysis. The out put is tin in bars weighing from 16 kg to 30 kg, depends on the request of the buyers.

PT Timah produces tin in ingot, pellet, granules, alloy, and tin for solder.

PT Gresik Smelter

PT Freeport Indonesia sends its cooper ores to the smelter of PT Gresik Smelter in Gresik, East Java East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the eastern part of the island of Java and also includes neighboring Madura and Bawean islands. . The smelter is owned by a consortium which is 25% owned by Freeport, 60.5% by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, 9.5% by Mitsubishi Corporation Mitsubishi Corporation (三菱商事株式会社   and 5% by Nippon Mining and Metal Co.Ltd.

The smelter produces copper cathode as its main product measuring 50 kg and 100 kg per unit. The copper cathode production capacity of the smelter is 270,000 TPA. Copper cathode is a feedstock for copper wires and copper cable.

The smelter also produces side products including 655,000 tpa of copper slag; 1800 tpa of anode slime; 92,000 tpa of sulfuric acid sulfuric acid, chemical compound, H2SO4, colorless, odorless, extremely corrosive, oily liquid. It is sometimes called oil of vitriol. Concentrated Sulfuric Acid
 35,000 tpa of gypsum gypsum (jĭp`səm), mineral composed of calcium sulfate (calcium, sulfur, and oxygen) with two molecules of water, CaSO4·2H2O. It is the most common sulfate mineral, occurring in many places in a variety of forms. . Copper slag is use din cement and concrete production, anode slime in the process of refining gold and silver, and sulfuric acid is widely used in fertilizer industry and gypsum is a feedstock for cement.

The system used by Mitsubishi with the continuous smelting and converting technology with three stoves connected to each other with different height. The material which is melting in the first stove will flow to the second and third stoves.

Copper concentrate (Cu: 30%, S: 30%, Fe: 25%, Gangue minerals 15%) is put into the first stove, which is the smelting furnace, through a pipe. In this stove the concentrate is mixed with air full of oxygen and then heated until copper in matte (Cu 68%) and slag are produced.

The matte is separated from the slag in the second stove or slag cleaning furnace. The separation is made by allowing heavier material to settle The matte is then oxidized in the third stove or converting furnace to turn out blister copper (Cu: 98.5%).

Blister copper is the processed in the anode furnaces to turn out refined copper ready for molding into copper strip by the machine of Hazelett Twin Belt Caster. The next process is cutting the copper strips into sheets with the machine of hydraulic shearing machine, the product of Mannesmann.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

PT Inco

PT Inco has a processing factory in Soroako, South Sulawesi South Sulawesi is a province of Indonesia, located on the western southern peninsula of Sulawesi island. The province is bordered by Central Sulawesi province to the north, South East Sulawesi province to the east and West Sulawesi province to the west (West Sulawesi province was . The smelter has a production capacity of 72,500 tons of nickel in matte a year. Nickel matte has a nickel content of more than 75%.

The process of producing nickel in matte in the smelter goes through a number of phases:

* Drying in the drying furnace to reduce the water content of laterite laterite

Soil layer rich in iron oxide and sometimes aluminum, derived from a wide variety of rocks by leaching. It forms in tropical and subtropical regions where the climate is humid.
 ores from the mines and to separate the ores measuring +25 mm and--25 mm.

* Calcination calcination (kăl'sənā`shən), in metallurgy, process of heating solid material to drive off volatile chemically combined components, e.g., carbon dioxide. It is sometimes a step in the extraction of metals from ores.  and reduction in the Reduction Furnace to remove water content from the ores reduce part of nickel oxide into metal and sulfide.

* Smelting in the Electric Furnace electric furnace: see furnace.
electric furnace

Chamber heated with electricity to very high temperatures, for melting and alloying metals and refractories. Modern electric furnaces generally are either arc furnaces or induction furnaces.
 to melt calcine the result of the calcinations/reduction to turn out matte in trickle and slag.

* Enrichment in the Purification Furnace to increase the NI content in matte from around 27% to more than 75%.

* Granulation granulation /gran·u·la·tion/ (-shun)
1. the division of a hard substance into small particles.

2. the formation in wounds of small, rounded masses of tissue during healing; also the mass so formed.
 and packaging to change the form of matte from liquid metal into granules ready fro export after being dried and packed.

Smelter investment projects

After the announcement of the Law No 4 of 2009 on mineral and coal mining (Minerba), requiring mineral mining companies to refine their products in the country with deadline in 2014, there have been new investment projects of big companies as the country has not enough smelters. New smelters will be needed to comply with the regulation.

There are a number of investment projects to build smelters including 4 units planned by PT Aneka Tambang (PT Antam) to be operational in 2014, and 1 unit to be operational this year. Two of the four projects to be operational in 2014 are in the process of financing scheme including the Tayan Chemical Grade Alumina (CGA) project and the Smelter Grade Alumina (SGA SGA
abbr.
small for gestational age


Small-for-gestational-age (SGA)
A term used to describe newborns who are below the 10th percentile in height or weight for their estimated gestational age.
) project. Two other projects are still in the early phase of preparations or feasibility studies.

The one to be operational this year is to process iron ores into sponge iron Sponge iron is the product created when iron ore is reduced to metallic iron, usually with some kind of carbon (charcoal, etc), at temperatures below the melting point of iron.  in Batu Licin, South Kalimantan South Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Selatan often abbreviated to Kalsel) is a province of Indonesia. It is one of four Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan - the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. The provincial capital is Banjarmasin.  to cost around US$ 130 million with a capacity of 315,000 tons per year. PT Antam cooperates with PT Krakatau Steel and the South Kalimantan regional administration to build the smelter. PT Antam has a 31.02% stake in the project, PT Krakatau Steel (Persero) 60.22% stake and the South Kalimantan regional administration 8.76% stake.

Solway Group from Russia plans to build a nickel smelter with a capacity of 40,000 tpa in Halmahera, North Maluku North Maluku (Indonesian: Maluku Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It covers the northern part of the Maluku Islands, which are split between it and the province of Maluku. Maluku province used to cover the entire group.  with an investment of US$ 3 billion including for a coal gasification gas·i·fy  
tr. & intr.v. gas·i·fied, gas·i·fy·ing, gas·i·fies
To convert into or become gas.



gas
 plant to feed a power plant to be built as part of the project.

The smelter is planned to be operational in 2014. The production capacity of the smelter will be expanded to 80,000 tons. Solway already spent US$ 55 million on pre-feasibility studies and exploration over a concession area of 4,500 hectares in East Halmahera since 2007.

Explorations with drilling already covered 30% of the concession in 3,000 spots. Construction of the smelters which will cost around US$ 900 million and the power plant will start in 2012.

Meanwhile in mid term Freeport also has planned to build a copper smelter to meet growing demand with expected increase in copper production from underground mining. The project will cost around US$ 3 billion, but no details yet are available about the project.

PT Unsanitary un·san·i·tar·y
adj.
Not sanitary.
 Smelting also plans to build a smelter in Bontang, East Kalimantan East Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Timur abbrv. Kaltim) is Indonesian province on the east of Borneo island. The resource-rich province has two major cities, Samarinda (the capital and a center for timber product) and Balikpapan (a petroleum center with oil  to produce copper cathode and copper slag, as the main products with gypsum, sulfuric acid, and anode slime as by products. The project is estimated to cost US$ 700 million. According to according to
prep.
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

3.
 plan, the smelter will be operational in 2014. Nusantara Smelting will be the second company having copper smelter in the country after PT. Gresik Smelter.

PT Indosmelt plans to build a copper smelter with a capacity of 100,000 tpa copper cathode and 200,000 tpa of copper slag PT Indosmelt will focus on supplying the materials to domestic consumers in the downstream sector . Around 70% of its production will be sold to wire and cable factories in the country and 30% for exports. The project is still in the phase of studies. The basic material in the form of copper concentrate for PT Nusantara Smelting and Indosmelt is expected to be supplied by PT Freeport Indonesia.

Investor from India National Aluminium Company Ltd (Nalco) plans to build an aluminum smelter in South Sumatra South Sumatra or Sumatera Selatan is a province of Indonesia. It is on the island of Sumatra, and borders the provinces of Lampung to the south, Bengkulu to the west, and Jambi to the north. , but implementation of the project, which has been approved by the provincial administration is doubted over difficulty in coal supply to fuel a power plant as part of the project. The project is too far from the source of the coal fuel. Originally Nalco was to build a coal-fired power plant with a capacity of 3 x 250 megawatts using low calorie coal of 5,000 Kcal/kg) . The smelter was to have a capacity of 250.000 tpa.

Nalco later planned to move the project to Kutai Timur, East Kalimantan. Nalco has sought to acquire 24% of the shares of PT Bumi Murau Coal, a subsidiary of coal mining PT Bhakti bhakti (bŭk`tē) [Skt.,=devotion], theistic devotion in Hinduism. Bhakti cults seem to have existed from the earliest times, but they gained strength in the first millennium A.D.  Energi Persada to guarantee coal supply for its power plant, but the offer was rejected by PT Bumi Murau Coal.

Many more mining companies may have to build smelters before 2014 to comply with the Law No. 4/2009 on mineral and coal mining (Minerba).

Among the mining companies operating under the working contract (KK) that may need to build smelters to comply with the law include PT Natarang Mining (gold). Antam, PT Timah Tbk, PT Koba Tm, PT Kasongan Bumi Kencana, PT Estara Mining, PT In-domura Kencana, PT Kelian Equatorial Mining, PT Masmindo Eka-sakti, PT Inco, PT Meares Suputan Mining, PT Nusa Halmahera Minerals, PT Weda Bay. PT Gag Nickel, PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (NN-T), and PT Freeport Indonesia.

PT Inco has a mining contract effective until 2025 after the extension of its old contract that expired in 1999.

PT Inco operate in South Sulawesi (area Danau), Central Sulawesi Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) is a province of Indonesia located in the heart of Sulawesi. It was established on April 13, 1964.

Central Sulawesi has an area of 68,033 km (26268 sq mi) 
 (Bahudopi, Lingke, Bulubalang, Kolonodale); and Southeast Sulawesi (Latao, Suasua, Paopao, Pomalaa, Torobulu, Malapulu, Matarape, Lasolo). Its concession areas total 218,528.9 hectares, but operations covered only 6,000 hectares.

Currently PT Inco is facing difficulty over operating license in forest areas in South Sulawesi. The company has not secured the license from the provincial administration to operate in area covering 100,416.7 hectares of forest areas. PT Inco is required to build a nickel smelter in Southeast Sulawesi Tenggara; otherwise PT Inco has to return the mining license to the regional administration. PT Inco plans to cooperate with a Chinese company in developing its mineral reserves and building the smelter in that region. The Chinese company has been asked by the provincial administration to develop nickel reserves in Southeast Sulawesi.
Table--1
Metal mineral smelters operating in Indonesia

                                                    End
Companies       Smelters        Technology        products

PT Aneka     FeNi I, FeNi     Heat base        Ferronickel
Tambang      II, FeNi III     phyro-           80% iron
                              metallurgical    20%
                                               Nickel

PT Aneka     Precious                          Gold 999.9
Tambang      metal                             and Silver
             processing                        999.5
             and refining
             units

PT Timah                      Crystallizer     Tin metal
                              equipped with
                              electrolytic
                              refining

PT Inco                                        Nickel in
                                               matte >=
                                               75%

PT Gresik    PT Gresik        Mitsubishi       Anode
Smelter      Smelter                           copper
                                               98,5%

PT Inalum                                      Aluminum
                                               ingot
                                               99.70%,
                                               and 99.90%
                                               of aluminum
                                               purity

                Capacity
Companies         (tpa)        Ore suppliers       Location

PT Aneka     26,000            PT Aneka         Pomalaa,
Tambang                        Tambang          Southeast
                                                Sulawesi

PT Aneka     60 tpa gold;      PT Aneka         Jakarta
Tambang      250 tpa silver    Tambang and
                               a number of
                               gold mining
                               companies

PT Timah     49,000            PT Timah         Kundur, Riau
                                                and Mentok,
                                                Bangka

PT Inco      72,500                             Soroako,
                                                Sulawesi

PT Gresik    270,000           PT Freeport      Gresik
Smelter                        Indonesia, PT
                               Newmont Nusa
                               Tenggara

PT Inalum    225,000                            Kuala Tanjung
                                                North Sumatra

Source: Data Consult/ICN

Table--2
Plans to build smelters in Indonesia

                   Names of         Capacity/        Investment
   Owners          project            type              value

PT Aneka        Chemical         300,000 tpa       US$450
Tambang         Grade            Alumina           million
                Alumina
                (CGA) Tayan

PT Aneka        FeNi in          27.000 tpa        US$1.4
Tambang         Halmahera        Nickel            billion
                                                   (including
                                                   power plant)

PT Aneka        Mempawah         1.2 million       US$1 billion
Tambang         smelter grade    tpa Alumina
                alumina
                (SGA)

PT Aneka        Mandiodo         120,000 tpa       US$140
Tambang         Nickel Pig       nickel            million
                Iron (NPI)
                Project

PT Aneka        --               315,000 tpa       US$130
Tambang                          sponge iron       million

PT Freeport     --               US$ 3             250,000 tpa
Indonesia                        billion

PT Nusantara    --               copper            US$ 700
Smelting                         cathode           million
                                 200,000
                                 tpa,

                                 360,000 tpa
                                 copper slag,

                                 70,000 tpa
                                 gypsum,

                                 635,000 tpa
                                 sulfuric acid

                                 40,000 tpa
                                 anode
                                 slime.

Solway Group    --               40,000 tpa        US$ 3 billion
(Rusia)                          nickel            including
                                                   coal
                                                   gasification
                                                   and power
                                                   plants

PT Indosmelt    --               100,000 tpa       US$ 500
                                 copper            million
                                 cathode

                                 200,000 tpa
                                 copper slag

National        --               250,000 tpa       US$ 3 billion
Aluminium                        Aluminum
Company Ltd                      ingot
(NALCO)--
India

                                                     Plans to
                                                      start
   Owners          Locations          Status        operation

PT Aneka        Tayan, West       Financing         2014
Tambang         Kalimantan        scheme

PT Aneka        Buli, East        Feasibility       2nd
Tambang         Halmahera,        study drafting    semester
                North Maluku      and financing     of 2014
                                  scheme and
                                  Sampling Pit
                                  Test and
                                  Industrial test

PT Aneka        West              Selection of      2nd
Tambang         Kalimantan        EPC contractor    semester
                                  and financing     of 2014
                                  scheme

PT Aneka        Konawe            Feasibility       2nd
Tambang         Utara,            study             semester
                Southeast                           of 2014
                Sulawesi

PT Aneka        Batu Licin,       Construction      2011
Tambang         South
                Kalimantan

PT Freeport     Papua             Feasibility       2024
Indonesia                         study

PT Nusantara    Bontang, East     Pre-feasibility   2014
Smelting        Kalimantan        study

Solway Group    Halmahera,        Pre-feasibility   2014
(Rusia)         Maluku            study

PT Indosmelt    Maros, South      Feasibility       2014
                Sulawesi          study

National        South             Feasibility       --
Aluminium       Sumatra           study
Company Ltd
(NALCO)--
India

Source: Data Consult/ICN
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No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2011 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:INDUSTRY
Comment:Investment in metal mineral smelter in Indonesia.(INDUSTRY)
Publication:Indonesian Commercial Newsletter
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Feb 1, 2011
Words:3878
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