International Programs and The Naval Aviation System Team.International programs comprise a critical component within the mission, the business, and the processes of the Naval Aviation Naval aviation is the application of manned military air power by navies. Maritime aviation is the operation of aircraft in a maritime role under the command of land based forces such as RAF Coastal Command or United States Coast Guard. Systems Team (TEAM). We currently support 45 countries through 1500 foreign military sales That portion of United States security assistance authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Arms Export Control Act of 1976, as amended. This assistance differs from the Military Assistance Program and the International Military Education and Training Program (FMS FMS - Flexible Manufacturing System (factory automation). ) cases valued at over $29 billion. From state-of-the-art aircraft and systems, through older, battle-proven products, to a multitude of research, development, test and evaluation, training, and logistics services, we provide a one-stop shop One-Stop Shop
A company or a location that offers a multitude of services to a client or a customer. The idea is to provide convenient and efficient service and also to create the opportunity for the company to sell more products to clients and customers. for the world's naval aviation needs.
The TEAM's 30,500 civilian and military members are located at eight major sites around the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. , including Patuxent River The Patuxent River is a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay in the state of Maryland. There are three main river drainages for central Maryland: the Potomac River to the west passing through Washington D.C. , Maryland; Lakehurst, New Jersey Lakehurst is a Borough in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 2,522.
Lakehurst was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 7, 1921, from portions of Manchester Township, ; Cherry Point, North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures
Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop. ; Jacksonville and Orlando Florida; and China Lake, Point Mugu, and North Island, California. Organizationally, the TEAM includes the Naval Air Systems Command The Naval Air Systems Command, or NAVAIR, is the part of the United States Navy which provides materiel support for naval aircraft and airborne weapon systems, such as guided missiles. NAVAIR was established in 1966 as the successor to the Navy's Bureau of Naval Weapons (BuWeps). Headquarters, Naval Air Warfare Centers (Aircraft and Weapons Divisions, Logistics Support Activities, and three depots) and the Program Executive Offices (Joint Strike Fighter A strike fighter is a fighter aircraft which is also capable of attacking surface targets, including ships. It differs from an attack aircraft in that the aircraft remains a capable fighter. ; Tactical Air Programs; Air Anti-Submarine Warfare, Assault, and Special Mission Programs; and Cruise Missiles and Joint Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Two concepts are fundamental to our success within the TEAM overall, and within our international efforts. First, our Program Managers, Air (PMAs) are totally responsible for their aircraft or aviation system throughout its entire life cycle, including those items operated by foreign forces. Second, our people, based on their education and experience, are aligned into eight competencies (program management, contracts, logistics, research and engineering, test and evaluation, industrial, corporate operations, and shore station management) to insure the standardization of operational processes and the refreshment of professional competence through continuous learning. Most importantly, though, these people are formed into integrated program teams (IPTs) where they apply their talents in direct support of the PMAs, who, in turn, assure that their products are delivered to the operating forces, foreign as well as domestic. Our role in AIR 1.4, the International Programs Department, is to support these IPTs throug h coordination, development, and implementation of international programs processes, policy, training, and financial management.
This combination of PMA PMA (papillary-marginal-attached),
n a system of epidemiologic scoring of periodontal disease devised by Schour and Massler in which the symbols denote the areas involved in gingival inflammation.
PMA Progressive muscular atrophy teams and staff office within the established organizational and operating framework of the TEAM presents significant advantages in terms of personnel efficiency and product relevance. With only 199 individuals working international programs full time, we still manage over 49 percent of the value of all Navy programs. Additionally, we are able to offer our foreign customers the most up-to-date capability, because our people are side-by-side with their domestic counterparts. They know the latest information and, with direct access to the decision makers, they can interject in·ter·ject
tr.v. in·ter·ject·ed, in·ter·ject·ing, in·ter·jects
To insert between other elements; interpose. See Synonyms at introduce. the benefits of the international market at the earliest stages of program development. However, as we know all too well, more is being required of these people on a daily basis.
Globally, nationally, and locally, the challenges facing our international program professionals continue to grow and accelerate. Competition now comes from multi-nation consortiums, from global corporations, from niche-market entrepreneurs. Offset arrangements can become the focal point focal point
See focus. of a case, vice an ancillary consideration. Customer nations are seeking the absolute best value and are looking for Looking for
In the context of general equities, this describing a buy interest in which a dealer is asked to offer stock, often involving a capital commitment. Antithesis of in touch with. our processes to move, as the commercial says, at the speed of business." Mergers and industrial base concerns garner headlines, and absorb a significant portion of our time. Administrative budgets sag under the burdens of necessary, but time-consuming, process analysis, financial accounting, and technology insertion. The litany of concerns is familiar....but, perhaps the list of possible solutions is not.
Within the TEAM international community, we have established three goals, which are now the benchmark for measuring all our actions, both strategic and tactical. These goals, general by design, allow significant flexibility for all members of the team. The first, "Build on past success and current capability," focuses on our many past accomplishments and emphasizes using them as a foundation for the future. The second, "Keep our international programs personnel and processes in the mainstream of TEAM, Department of the Navy, and Department of Defense activity," expands our real-time scope, looking to the many changes taking place on a national level, and forcing us to define our role within them. The third, "Accelerate reinvention within the TEAM and the Navy," represents our legacy to our successors, built on the past and framed by the present.
Against the first goal, we have developed a process to proactively support U.S. and allied warfighters by meeting the coalition warfare and interoperability goals of the unified commanders-in-chief. The process is a simple input-analysis/development-output-feedback loop, but this simplicity is key to its success. In line with our theme of employing current capability, as input we will use documents that are already prepared in the normal course of business, i.e. TEAM program and business unit plans, commanders in chief theater engagement plans, and Navy International Programs Office (Navy IPO (Initial Public Offering) The first time a company offers shares of stock to the public. While not a computer term per se, many founders, employees and insiders of computer companies have found this acronym more exciting than any tech term they ever heard. ) strategic plan. By adding direct inputs from security assistance officers and country desk officers, we have more than enough data to begin the analysis/development phase. We will analyze and cross-check program/business unit, country, and regional strategies, searching for possible cost, schedule, performance, and logistics efficiencies and/or inconsistencies, and develop our TEAM strategies accordingly. The primary o utputs, again already required documents, would be the TEAM international business plan and the Javits Report to Congress. Historically focused on programs alone, these documents will now also compile these programs by business unit, country, and region, tying together the defined commanders in chief requirements and the proposed TEAM solutions. Feedback would flow via available and emerging technology, such as knowledge management tools and the web, and through face-to-face contact at commanders in chief security assistance conferences, international air shows, and dedicated visits.
We are also using past success and current capability in a restructuring of our MR 1.4 organization and workload. Our 29 people are experts in our mission areas of process, policy, training, and financial management, but our alignment had diffused this expertise, causing confusion for our customers and frustration within our workforce. Now, our four divisions have clearly delineated tasks and are staffed by the best people to get those tasks done. Our Program Management Division (AIR 1.4.1) will focus on the creation and execution of cases, using the Defense Security Assistance Management System (DSAMS DSAMS Defense Security Assistance Management System ) as its primary tool. The Training and Policy Standardization Division (AIR 1.4.2) is charged with maintaining our knowledge base and the expertise of the international program community. (For those familiar with Naval aviation, this division is the equivalent of a squadron's NATOPS NATOPS Naval Air Training and Operating Procedures Standardization
NATOPS Naval Aviation Training and Operating Procedures Standardization
NATOPS Naval Air Training & Operating Procedure & Standard
NATOPS Not Applicable To Our Present Situation (Naval Aviation Training and Operating Procedures Standardization) organization.) International cooperation programs, including foreign comparative testing and international air shows, fall under AIR 1.4.4. Lastly, all business and financial management functions are performed by AIR 1.4.7.
With both these actions, the commanders-in-chief support process and the AIR 1.4 restructuring, the emphasis was on using the excellent resources already available to us and synthesizing them in new ways to enhance our overall capability. Meeting our second goal will not be as clear cut.
The mainstream of TEAM, Department of the Navy, and Department of Defense activity is more akin to a torrent than to a stream. With the revolution in military affairs The military concept of Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) is a theory about the future of warfare, often connected to technological and organizational recommendations for change in the United States military and others. and the revolution in business affairs as the overarching concepts, the breadth and depth of ongoing changes to our procedures, our organizations, and our technology are staggering. Within the TEAM, based on an Activity Based Costing (ABC ABC
in full American Broadcasting Co.
Major U.S. television network. It began when the expanding national radio network NBC split into the separate Red and Blue networks in 1928. ) evaluation, we are implementing business process reengineering See reengineering. for a multitude of our fundamental processes. We are also embracing enterprise resource planning See ERP.
(application, business) Enterprise Resource Planning - (ERP) Any software system designed to support and automate the business processes of medium and large businesses. , a truly monumental effort that will define the ways and means WAYS AND MEANS. In legislative assemblies there is usually appointed a committee whose duties are to inquire into, and propose to the house, the ways and means to be adopted to raise funds for the use of the government. This body is called the committee of ways and means. of collecting, storing, and sharing our information (program, financial, and personnel). The Navy is creating the Navy Marine Corps internet, and DoD is changing its acquisition process. Now, obviously, it would be nice to press on with our integrated program business and await the impacts of these programs. However, in the interests of our people and for the survival of our international e fforts, waiting is the last thing we should do.
In fact, we have done the opposite of waiting, adopting a straightforward, assertive approach: when a team is created, we put an international program person on it; when a meeting is held, international program people attend it; when we have asked for our comments, we make them. Our intention is twofold: make sure our international program community is aware of what is taking place in the larger context, and make sure our international program requirements are included in the design of these processes and systems. Our people have this need-to-know to make informed career choices and to be as knowledgeable as their domestic counterparts. Our requirements must be included or we will become peripheral, i.e., expendable, within our parent organizations.
On a more measurable scale, we are developing a way to include the effects of international program during calculation of the total ownership cost of our programs. Some concepts such as economies of scale on a production line, require little analysis. However, ideas such as designing "export" versions during development, instead of much later in the process, require significant examination. This effort could significantly influence non-recurring costs, both in identifying specific costs shared with foreign customers and in reducing the costs of altering an existing system to render it releasable. Maintenance, repairs, technical data and consumables, also will be included in this evaluation.
Our last goal, in essence, combines the first two: we must reinvent our existing processes in order to maintain pace with a rapidly changing environment. Likewise, our actions to meet this goal mirror the fundamental concepts of our other actions. In two very positive cases, we have taken our basic IPT IPT - IP Telephony ideas and expanded their scope to meet the emerging requirements of all participants. For the Dutch P-3 aircraft capabilities upkeep program, PMA 290 (P-3 and S-3 aircraft), Lockheed Martin, and the Royal Netherlands Navy This article is about the Royal Navy of the Netherlands. For other Royal Navies, see Royal Navy (disambiguation).
The Koninklijke Marine (Royal Netherlands Navy ) is the navy of the Netherlands. created a cohesive team from the outset of LOA Loa (lō`ä), longest river of Chile, 275 mi (443 km) long, flowing S from the Andes, N Chile, then W and N through the Atacama Desert, before turning W to the Pacific Ocean. development. This allowed clear communications, shared expectations, and coordinated decision-making, ultimately building trust within the team and reducing risk to the program. Most importantly, it demonstrated if we fully immerse our customers in our routine processes, we will alleviate much of the mystery, frustration, and misgivings that plague many of our relationships. We must give them sufficient information on what they are getting and wh y the price is what it is, so that they themselves feel comfortable with the program and that they can justify it to their home authorities.
A second instance of an expanded IPT is Team Hawkeye, comprised of PMA 231 (E-2C E-2C Hawkeye; Navy Airborne Warning and Control System Aircraft Hawkeye aircraft), Northrop Grumman, AIR 1.4, Navy IPO, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations chief of naval operations
n. pl. chiefs of naval operations Abbr. CNO
The ranking officer of the U.S. Navy, responsible to the secretary of the Navy and to the President. , and the Defense Security Cooperation Agency The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), as part of the United States Department of Defense, provides financial and technical assistance, transfer of defense matériel, training and services to allies, and promotes military-to-military contacts. . This Team was formed to jointly develop strategies to meet current customer requirements, and to ensure the E-2C weapons system can respond to new customer requirements. This innovative approach will ensure a coordinated effort when dealing with the customer and will maximize the E-2C's integrated program benefits of cost savings, interoperability, and commonality.
These are the goals for our TEAM and a few of our efforts to achieve them. Other efforts are also underway, and many more are required. Yet, we're confident we will succeed... because of our people, because of our belief in our mission, and because we have very clear direction from our leadership:
Information technology and an increased emphasis on international coalition-building will mark the Navy of the next century..."
Admiral Jay Johnson, Chief of Naval Operations, 8 November 1999.
C'mon aboard....it'll be a heck of a ride!
About the Author
Captain Mike Dougherty is a Naval Academy graduate, a Naval Flight Officer A Naval Flight Officer in the United States Navy and Marine Corps is an officer of the line, meaning they can screen for command in the naval aviation community. After completion of their training, they receive their wings of gold insignia of a Naval Flight Officer. , and an Acquisition Professional. He has served in a variety of Operational, Program Management, and Logistics positions in both headquarters and field activities. His tours as Commanding Officer include the Naval Air Technical Services Facility, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1991-1994) and the Naval Air Engineering Station, Lakehurst NJ (1997-1999). Captain Dougherty assumed his current position as NAVAIR's International Programs Department Head (Air 1.4) in July 1999.