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Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Tactical Proficiency Trainer (IEWTPT).

The Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Tactical Proficiency Trainer (IEWTPT) program evolved in response to the need that the Active Army and Reserve Component tactical Military Intelligence (MI) units had for a means to simulate an opposing force battlefield realistically. A Headquarters, Department of the Army-directed study in 1980 initially documented the inability to maintain the skills of Military Intelligence (MI) soldiers in tactical units. The study concluded that units were neither conducting effective training nor was the equipment available for the units to conduct training. In response to this need, the MI community produced a Training Device Need Statement (TDNS) and an Operational Requirements Document (ORD). The IEWTPT acquisition will address these needs and requirements.

The Training Device

The IEWTPT is a "non-system" training device that provides realistic battle command training through an integrated, distributed intelligence information environment to primarily MI soldier operators who drive the intelligence systems as well as battle commanders and the battle staff. IEWTPT replicates the environment that commanders will find on the future battlefield in scope, fidelity, and information management requirements. It provides the ability for MI commanders to conduct individual, crew, collective, and unit training. IEWTPT Capabilities

The IEWTPT consists of three functional groupings of capabilities referred to as the technical control cell (TCC), the target signature arrays (TSAs), and a supporting constructive simulation. The TCC consists of sensor stimulators and emulators that sample the environment generated by the constructive simulation. The TCC networks the TSAs, coordinates scenarios, and collects after-action data. The TSAs are embedded into or strapped on the intelligence and electronic warfare (IEW) operational equipment that allows receipt and translation of the TCC feeds.

Technical Control Cell. The TCC controls all IEWTPT training and communication between the constructive simulation and the operational intelligence processing systems. The control functions include the following:

* Segregating or linking the operational intelligence processing systems to provide individual, collective, and unit-level training.

* Collecting training data for after-action review (AAR).

* Providing the constructive simulation with the status of the operational intelligence processing systems.

Equally important, the TCC enhances the constructive simulation run-time state variables to provide the data (content) to the intelligence processing systems as if the intelligence processing system were actually operational. The TCC interfaces with the instrumentation systems as required to support the training requirements.

Target Signature Arrays. A TSA may be an embedded capability, a strap-on capability, or some combination thereof, which injects the TCC-provided content into operational intelligence processing systems. The operator uses unit equipment to derive intelligence data context-sensitive to the battle command constructive simulation and publish and deliver realistic outputs to the same communications systems that would be used in time of hostilities or stability and support operations. The TSAs are dependent upon the successful development of the TCC to support connecting multiple TSAs for large MI scenarios. The IEW System Program Managers are responsible for the development of the TSAs. The IEWTPT will stimulate up to ten different TSAs.

Constructive Simulation. The constructive simulation provides run-time state variables from an integrated constructive training simulation. Run-time state variables at a minimum include the following:

* Platform position, velocity, vector, status, and state for all entities.

* Synthetic natural environment (SNE).

* Status of the command and control, communications, computers, and intelligence systems used to connect the constructive simulation to the training audience.

The run-time state variables describe the context for both the constructive simulation and IEWTPT to collect entity data from which they can derive intelligence.

IEWTPT Development

The IEWTPT program comprises three blocks--Block I is the Initial Operational Capability (IOC), Block II is an interim capability, and Block III is the Final Operational Capability (FOC) (see Figure 1). The IOC phase of the IEWTPT program receives run-time state variables from the Tactical Simulation (TACSIM) that originated from either the Corps Battle Simulation (CBS) or the Joint Conflict and Tactical Simulation (JCATS) constructive simulations. This includes the stimulation of three different TSA's intelligence sensors and collectors simultaneously.

[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]

* Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Joint STARS) Target Acquisition subsystem: Common Ground Station (CGS) (AN/TSQ-179 (V)).

* Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (TUAV) including the Ground Control Station (GCS).

* Tactical Exploitation System (TES) and Distributed Tactical Exploitation System (DTES) (TES/AN/TSQ-219 (V) systems).

The Block II IEWTPT builds on the IOC capabilities and adds another intelligence discipline. Block III, or the FOC phase of the IEWTPT program, builds upon Blocks I and II capabilities but replaces the TACSIM from CBS or JCATS with the Army's Objective Constructive Simulation Driver. It receives run-time state variables from the Constructive Driver integrated constructive simulation, and provides a realistic target environment for the imagery intelligence (IMINT), signals intelligence (SIGINT), human intelligence (HUMINT), and measurement and signatures intelligence (MASINT) TSAs.

Final Thoughts

The Army will field the IOC IEWTPT TCC system at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. It will field the FOC system with up to seven additional units as needed.

The IEWTPT meets critical training needs. It will allow maneuver commanders to train with "real" intelligence. The Intelligence battlefield operating system staff will train analysis and fusion skills, not simply pass messages generated by the constructive simulation, and it will stress the intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance operators by providing an abundance of information from systems whose assets are usually too expensive for training or otherwise tasked.

The IEWTPT enables realistic battle command training through simulation, stimulation, and presentation of joint and Army intelligence capabilities. The trainer supports future systems with the ability to interoperate with the Distributed Common Ground System-Army (DCGS-A). The IEWTPT trains the battle commander by driving the command, staff, and intelligence information systems as wartime would drive them.

Captain Misty Martin is the Commander of the Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) at the Fort Knox Garrison, Kentucky. She is a graduate of Western Kentucky University where she received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology. Commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Military Intelligence Corps, her previous assignments include Chief of Intelligence Systems Fielding, New Systems Training Office, Fort Huachuca, Arizona; Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Platoon Leader, 304th MI Battalion; Analysis and Control Element Chief of Current Intelligence, I Corps; 555th Combat Engineer Brigade S2; I Corps G2 Intelligence Officer; and Chief of Tactical Fusion, 306th MI Battalion. Readers may contact CPT Martin via Email at misty.martin@knox.army.mil.
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Author:Martin, Misty L.
Publication:Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jul 1, 2003
Words:1043
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