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Inmate mental health--table 2: staffing.

INMATE MENTAL HEALTH--TABLE 2: STAFFING

                     THERAPISTS ON
SYSTEM              STAFF 12-31-04       CONSIDERED ADEQUATE NUMBER

ALABAMA            132                 Yes

ALASKA             No response         No response

ARIZONA            179                 No, currently requesting
                                       additional full-time staff
                                       for transitional and release
                                       planning

ARKANSAS           60                  No, lack funding

CALIFORNIA         1,234               Yes

COLORADO           46                  No, diagnosed population
                                       increasing 1 percent per year

CONNECTICUT        Unknown (1)         Yes, the department is
                                       consolidating services to
                                       better utilize staff

DELAWARE           27                  Yes

DISTRICT           10                  No, the mental health
OF COLUMBIA                            population is increasing

FLORIDA            No response         No response

GEORGIA            358                 No, due to staff cuts for
                                       the past two years

HAWAII             17                  No, there are many vacancies
                                       and need for additional
                                       Ph.D.s and medical doctors

IDAHO              17                  Yes

ILLINOIS           No response         No response

INDIANA            Unknown             Yes

IOWA               26                  No

KANSAS             68                  Yes

KENTUCKY           114                 No

LOUISIANA          155                 Yes

MAINE              No response         No response

MARYLAND           37                  No

MASSACHUSETTS      85                  Yes

MICHIGAN           227 (2)             Yes

MINNESOTA          70, approx.         Yes

MISSISSIPPI        2                   No

MISSOURI           Unavailable         Considered the minimum
                                       necessary

MONTANA            No response         No response

NEBRASKA           37                  No

NEVADA             Unknown             No

NEW HAMPSHIRE      20                  No

NEW JERSEY         198                 Yes

NEW MEXICO         59                  No, staff is thinly distributed
                                       at most facilities

NEW YORK           250, approx.        Yes

NORTH CAROLINA     No response         No response

NORTH DAKOTA       6                   No, could use more nurses and
                                       social workers

OHIO               611                 Yes, the state has established
                                       ratios

OKLAHOMA           Unknown

OREGON             25                  No, due to increase in number
                                       of mentally ill inmates and
                                       acuity levels

PENNSYLVANIA       150, approx.        Yes

RHODE ISLAND       10                  No

SOUTH CAROLINA     54                  No

SOUTH DAKOTA       14                  Yes

TENNESSEE          47                  No

TEXAS              368                 Yes, adequate to provide a
                                       constitutional level of care

VERMONT            No response         No response

UTAH               12                  No

VIRGINIA           No response         No response

WASHINGTON         71                  No

WEST VIRGINIA

WISCONSIN          106                 No

WYOMING            No response         No response

FEDERAL BUREAU     No response         No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

NEWFOUNDLAND       3                   No, there is a need for a
                                       psychologist

NOVA SCOTIA        1 (3)               Yes

ONTARIO            General numbers     No, not all institutions employ
                   are unknown (4)     mental health nurses, social
                                       workers or psychologists;
                                       contract psychiatrist hours
                                       vary and may not be sufficient
                                       in all facilities

CORRECTIONAL       404                 No
SERVICE CANADA

                     STAFF CHANGES
                    JAN. 1 THROUGH      SPECIAL TRAINING REQUIRED FOR
SYSTEM               DEC. 31, 2003           COs AND SUPERVISORS

ALABAMA            Increased           Yes

ALASKA             No response         No response

ARIZONA            Remained the same   Yes, medication management,
                                       screening and identification,
                                       referral, signs and symptoms,
                                       inmate management

ARKANSAS           Remained the same   Yes, in-service training

CALIFORNIA         Increased           Yes, four hours of mental
                                       health training

COLORADO           Decreased           Yes, at special units, optional
                                       at other units

CONNECTICUT        Remained the same   Yes, four hours annually in
                                       suicide prevention and 16 hours
                                       far all staff in the designated
                                       mental health facility

DELAWARE           Increased           Yes, at the training academy
                                       and at local prisons

DISTRICT           Remained the same   Yes, 40 hours plus an
OF COLUMBIA                            eight-hour annual
                                       re-certification class

FLORIDA            No response         No response

GEORGIA            Decreased           Yes, 32-hour program

HAWAII             Increased           Yes, training is mandatory and
                                       some in-service training is
                                       provided as requested

IDAHO              Remained the same   Yes, training officers assigned
                                       to the mental health unit or
                                       all those completing the
                                       academy is done by a contract
                                       psychologist

ILLINOIS           No response         No response

INDIANA            Increased           Yes, for staff working in
                                       dedicated mental health units

IOWA               Remained the same   Currently being developed

KANSAS             Increased           Yes

KENTUCKY           Remained the same   Yes, addressing basic mental
                                       health issues

LOUISIANA          Remained the same   Yes, a 16-hour course

MAINE              No response         No response

MARYLAND           Remained the same   Yes, basic and
                                       cognitive-behavior concepts

MASSACHUSETTS      Remained the same   Yes, annual training on suicide
                                       prevention and signs/symptoms
                                       of mental illness

MICHIGAN           Remained the same   Yes, plus additional training
                                       for those in residential and
                                       inpatient programs

MINNESOTA          Increased           Yes, annual training on suicide
                                       prevention and working with the
                                       mentally ill; ongoing training
                                       for staff working in specialty
                                       programs

MISSISSIPPI        Remained the same   No

MISSOURI           Remained the same   Yes, covered in basic and core
                                       training on the special needs
                                       offender

MONTANA            No response         No response

NEBRASKA           Remained the same   Yes, four hours of pre-service
                                       and two hours of annual
                                       training focusing on suicide
                                       prevention and intervention

NEVADA             Remained the same   Yes

NEW HAMPSHIRE      Remained the same   Yes

NEW JERSEY         Remained the same   Yes, including suicide
                                       prevention

NEW MEXICO         Remained the same   Yes, mandatory for all new
                                       cadets

NEW YORK           Increased           Yes, in recognizing abnormal
                                       behavior, suicide prevention
                                       and special housing unit
                                       training

NORTH CAROLINA     No response         No response

NORTH DAKOTA       Remained the same   Yes, including suicide
                                       prevention

OHIO               Remained the same   Yes, a two-day session for
                                       those assigned to work
                                       directly with mentally ill
                                       inmates

OKLAHOMA           Increased           Yes

OREGON             Remained the same   Yes, new employee orientation
                                       and in-service training

PENNSYLVANIA       Increased           Yes, two-day training for those
                                       assigned to special needs units

RHODE ISLAND       Remained the same   Yes

SOUTH CAROLINA     Decreased           No

SOUTH DAKOTA       Increased           Yes, new employee training plus
                                       suicide prevention

TENNESSEE          Remained the same   Yes, new employee training,
                                       annual on-site refresher
                                       training and quarterly special
                                       training

TEXAS              Decreased           Yes, pre-service and in-service
                                       training, including suicide
                                       prevention; additional training
                                       for those assigned to special
                                       needs facilities

VERMONT            No response         No response

UTAH               Remained the same   Yes

VIRGINIA           No response         No response

WASHINGTON         Remained the same   Yes, some training provided
                                       by the mental health staff

WEST VIRGINIA

WISCONSIN          Remained the same   Yes, eight hours of training,
                                       including suicide prevention

WYOMING            No response         No response

FEDERAL BUREAU     No response         No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

NEWFOUNDLAND       Remained the same   No

NOVA SCOTIA        Remained the same   Yes, several weeks of training
                                       from forensic specialists for
                                       those assigned to the special
                                       needs unit

ONTARIO            Remained the same   Yes, minimal amount; an
                                       optional professional
                                       development course is offered
                                       to experienced officers

CORRECTIONAL       Decreased           No
SERVICE CANADA

                      SPECIAL TRAINING ON SECURITY ISSUES
                          AND PROCEDURES REQUIRED FOR
SYSTEM                    MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS

ALABAMA            Yes

ALASKA             No response

ARIZONA            Yes, agency and facility specific,
                   general security and safety

ARKANSAS           Yes, three-day nonsecurity training

CALIFORNIA         Yes, four hours annually, including use
                   of force

COLORADO           Yes, all staff complete basic and 40
                   hours annual training

CONNECTICUT        Yes, six weeks academy training upon
                   hire and 40 hours annual training

DELAWARE           Yes, on-site training

DISTRICT           Yes
OF COLUMBIA

FLORIDA            No response

GEORGIA            Yes, 24-hour pre-service orientation
                   and 20 hours in-service annual training

HAWAII             No, not mandatory but is available

IDAHO              Yes, 12 to 40 hours for contract staff,
                   depending on assignment; three-week
                   academy for all staff

ILLINOIS           No response

INDIANA            Yes, departmental basic training and
                   annual updates

IOWA               Yes

KANSAS             Yes

KENTUCKY           Yes, annual training

LOUISIANA          Yes, 40 hours of in-service training

MAINE              No response

MARYLAND           Yes, academy sessions and annual
                   training

MASSACHUSETTS      Yes, departmental orientations

MICHIGAN           Yes, 40 hours in new-employee school

MINNESOTA          Yes, academy completion before facility
                   assignment; continuing education by
                   the department

MISSISSIPPI        Yes, one-week academy training

MISSOURI           Yes, covered in basic and core training
                   on the special needs offender

MONTANA            No response

NEBRASKA           Yes, four- to five-week pre-service and
                   32 hours annually of in-service for
                   those with direct inmate contact

NEVADA             Yes

NEW HAMPSHIRE      Yes

NEW JERSEY         Yes, a custody orientation program

NEW MEXICO         Yes, one-week orientation plus annual
                   refresher training

NEW YORK           Yes, general facility orientation for
                   new employees

NORTH CAROLINA     No response

NORTH DAKOTA       Yes, 40 hours initial training plus
                   annual refresher training

OHIO               Yes, two-day training sessions on signs
                   and symptoms, suicide prevention and
                   communication strategies

OKLAHOMA           Yes, pre-service and in-service

OREGON             Yes, new employee orientation and
                   in-service training

PENNSYLVANIA       Yes

RHODE ISLAND       Yes, new employee orientation

SOUTH CAROLINA     Yes, orientation plus suicide prevention

SOUTH DAKOTA       Yes

TENNESSEE          Yes

TEXAS              Yes, orientation training

VERMONT            No response

UTAH               Yes, most mental health staff are
                   certified as correctional officers

VIRGINIA           No response

WASHINGTON         Yes, six weeks of correctional worker
                   core training at beginning of
                   employment

WEST VIRGINIA

WISCONSIN          Yes, four-day course at beginning of
                   employment, except for psychiatrists
                   who receive quarterly training

WYOMING            No response

FEDERAL BUREAU     No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

NEWFOUNDLAND       Yes

NOVA SCOTIA        Yes, included in all orientations and
                   on-going training

ONTARIO            Yes, basic orientation to the facility

CORRECTIONAL       Yes, part of overall orientation training
SERVICE CANADA

(1) CONNECTICUT: Registered nurses function in multiple capacities,
including mental health; therefore, the actual number of related
staff is unknown.

(2) MICHIGAN: The number of staff noted includes those covered in
the budgeted figures provided on Table 1 but not 107.5 institutional
psychologists and social workers.

(3) NOVA SCOTIA: The system also has access to a mentally ill
offender inpatient program and its staff.

(4) ONTARIO: Twenty-eight annualized contracts are in effect
for psychiatric services.
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Publication:Corrections Compendium
Article Type:Illustration
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Sep 1, 2004
Words:1413
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