Industrialization threatening wildlife in Arctic: UNEP.
NAIROBI, June 12 Kyodo
Up to 80% of the Arctic will be affected by human activities by 2050 if industrialization industrialization
Process of converting to a socioeconomic order in which industry is dominant. The changes that took place in Britain during the Industrial Revolution of the late 18th and 19th century led the way for the early industrializing nations of western Europe and in one of the world's last wildernesses continues at current rates, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP UNEP United Nations Environment Program(me)
UNEP Unbundled Network Element Platform
UNEP University of Northeastern Philippines ) said Tuesday.
Scientists warn that the Arctic's rich and abundant wildlife will suffer greatly due to mining, oil and gas exploration, and the building of ports, roads and other developments, with birds and larger mammals The class Mammalia (the Mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the Monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the marsupials); and the placental mammals. at greatest risk, the agency said in a statement obtained in Nairobi.
''At the turn of this new millennium less than 15% of the Arctic's land was heavily impacted by human activity and infrastructure,'' said Klaus Toepfer, executive director of UNEP. ''However, if exploration for oil, gas and minerals, and developments such as hydroelectric schemes and timber extraction continue at current rates, more than half of the Arctic will be seriously threatened in less than 50 years,'' he said.
Officials said the findings, based on a pioneering new method of mapping the true extent of environmental impacts, were released Tuesday at a meeting held in Finland to mark 10 years of Arctic Environmental Cooperation.
''Our findings show that even with stable rates of industrial growth...an estimated 50% to 80% of the Arctic will reach critical levels of human-induced disturbance by 2050,'' said Svein Tveitdal of GRID-Arendal, UNEP's key Arctic center which compiled the new report.
According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the findings, 40% of the region's wildlife and ecosystems will be critically disturbed by 2050 if growth occurs at half the levels seen since 1940 and 1990. If infrastructure growth accelerates, doubling or increasing by 200% over the same period, 90% of the Arctic will suffer significant disturbance by 2050.
The study shows that Arctic roads quickly reduce the numbers of reindeer reindeer, ruminant mammal, genus Rangifer, of the deer family, found in arctic and subarctic regions of Eurasia and North America. It is the only deer in which both sexes have antlers. and caribou Caribou, town, United States
Caribou (kâr`ĭb), town (1990 pop. 9,415), Aroostook co., NE Maine, on the Aroostook River; inc. 1859. 5 kilometers from a highway, while the populations of predators such as wolves and bears are affected at 2 km from development and birds just 1 km.
''By 2050 we can foresee fewer migratory migratory /mi·gra·to·ry/ (mi´grah-tor?e)
1. roving or wandering.
2. of, pertaining to, or characterized by migration; undergoing periodic migration.
emanating from or pertaining to migration. birds and mammals like Arctic foxes Arctic fox
Northern fox (Alopex lagopus) found throughout the Arctic, usually on tundra or mountains near the sea. Its short, rounded ears and short muzzle reduce its body area exposed to heat loss, and it has fur-covered soles. It is 20–24 in. and reindeer but more gulls, red foxes and crows,'' said Dr. Christian Nellemann of the Norwegian Institute of Nature Research.
''Basically, humankind's interference in the delicate ecological balance of the Arctic will allow scavengers and marauders to take over the scene at the expense of more specialized birds and mammals, which will decline and even, in some cases, disappear,'' he said.