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Indonesian component industry lagging behind.

Though growing, the country's component industry could not fully support the country's automotive industry The automotive industry is the industry involved in the design, development, manufacture, marketing, and sale of motor vehicles. In 2006, more than 69 million motor vehicles, including cars and commercial vehicles were produced worldwide. . The country is still lagging Lagging

Strategy used by a firm to stall payments, normally in response to exchange rate projections.
 behind many other countries in this regions such as China and Thailand Thailand (tī`lănd, –lənd), Thai Prathet Thai [land of the free], officially Kingdom of Thailand, constitutional monarchy (2005 est. pop. 65,444,000), 198,455 sq mi (514,000 sq km), Southeast Asia.  in component industry. In Thailand, a number of world class car makers have built component factories making that country a production base for car components. Indonesia Indonesia (ĭn'dənē`zhə), officially Republic of Indonesia, republic (2005 est. pop. 241,974,000), c.735,000 sq mi (1,903,650 sq km), SE Asia, in the Malay Archipelago.  has only car assembling plants.

The market of automotive components in Indonesia has grown in he past several years to follow the trend of motor vehicle production. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

 the Association of Car and Motorcycle motorcycle, motor vehicle whose design is based on the bicycle. The German inventor Gottlieb Daimler is generally credited with building the first practical motorcycle in 1885. The motorcycle did not become dependable and popular, however, until after 1900.  Equipment Industries (GIAMM), total value of component sales recorded by its members in 2007 reached Rp55.74 trillion One thousand times one billion, which is 1, followed by 12 zeros, or 10 to the 12th power. See space/time.

(mathematics) trillion - In Britain, France, and Germany, 10^18 or a million cubed.

In the USA and Canada, 10^12.
 or an increase of 35.9% from 2006's Rp41 trillion. The increase followed the growing sales of motor vehicles.

However, locally produced components are facing tight competition from counterfeited products. In addition, the small and medium producers that dominate the component industry in the country could not yet fully utilize the market opportunities which require high standards and specifications. Based on data at the Industry ministry, exports of automotive components by small and medium producers in 2006 reached US$ 908.5 million with export destinations including the Philippines Philippines
 officially Republic of the Philippines

Island country, western Pacific Ocean, on an archipelago off the southeast coast of Asia. Area: 122,121 sq mi (316,294 sq km). Population (2005 est.): 84,191,000.
, Britain Britain (brĭt`ən), alternate term for Great Britain, comprised of England, Scotland, and Wales. Often used synonymously with the United Kingdom, the name Britain is derived from Britannia, , Vietnam Vietnam (vēĕt`näm), officially Socialist Republic of Vietnam, republic (v), 128,400 sq mi (332,642 sq km), Southeast Asia. Occupying the eastern coastline of the Southeast Asian peninsula, Vietnam is bounded by China on the north, by Laos , Japan, Taiwan, Brazil, Malaysia, China, etc.

In 2009, sales of automotive components especially for use as original equipment by motor vehicle factories (OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) The rebranding of equipment and selling it. The term initially referred to the company that made the products (the "original" manufacturer), but eventually became widely used to refer to the organization that buys the products and ), is feared to be heavily depressed under the global financial crisis. Sales of motor vehicles are forecast to decline. Car sales are predicted to fall to only 450,000 units from 603,779 units last year and sales of motorcycle are expected to reach only less than 6 million units. Orders from the market including from factories for use as original equipment and from market for use as replacement have declined. The decline is sharper in order from factories. The impact is not as sharp in after market as the population of cars remain large. Demand from after market is larger.

Producers and production capacity

Large automotive component factories in the country are joint ventures between local companies and world automotive principals such as Honda honda

a quick release metal eyelet for the end of a lariat. When the restrained animal is no longer required it is not necessary to slacken off the loop and pull it over the head—a very great advantage when working with wild cattle or unbroken horses.
, Suzuki, Mitsubishi, Toyota, etc. Without partnership with the foreign principals, local companies could not expand. Even with partnership with the foreign principle, the country's component industry could not yet meet the domestic requirement. Local products of component industry are used mainly by car or motorcycle assembling industries.

Some products of major automotive component producers such as those of Dies, Jig & Stamping are produced by a number of companies like PT Dharma dharma (där`mə). In Hinduism, dharma is the doctrine of the religious and moral rights and duties of each individual; it generally refers to religious duty, but may also mean social order, right conduct, or simply virtue.  Precision Part, PT Fuji Technical Indonesia, PT Kyoda Mas Mulia, etc. The products are used by Astra Otopart, PT Ichikoh Indonesia and PT Indo Safety Sentosa and PT IRC (Internet Relay Chat) Computer conferencing on the Internet. There are hundreds of IRC channels on numerous subjects that are hosted on IRC servers around the world. After joining a channel, your messages are broadcast to everyone listening to that channel.  Inoac Indonesia.

The car industry of the Astra Group is supported by tens of non Astra component producers that produce various types of component from engine electrical system, engine system, power trains, brake system to plastic products.

Based on data at GIAMM, currently the domestic market of automotive components is competed by around 350 companies with a total investment value of Rp7.5 trillion employing 120,000 workers.

Most producers of components are small and medium industries that could not fully meet the standard quality and specifications.

Sales Increasing

The domestic market is potential for automotive components with the continued increase in the production of motor vehicles. GIAMM said the sales of 10 products of main components produced by GIAMM members were valued at Rp34.95 trillion in 2007 or a surge of 75% from Rp19.97 trillion in he previous year.

Altogether, the total value of component sales by GIAMM members in 2007 was Rp55.74 trillion or an increase of 35.9% from Rp41 trillion in 2006. In 2008, sales were around at Rp 72.46 trillion.

Astra and Indomobil Groups largest producers of components

Major automotive companies--the Astra Group and Indomobil Group--dominate component industry in Indonesia.

PT Astra Otoparts, which constitutes a network of component industry of the Astra Group, consists of 28 companies producing and marketing core spare parts Spare parts, also referred to as Service Parts is a term used to indicate extra parts available and in proximity to the mechanical item, such as a automobile, boat, engine, for which they might be used.

Spare parts are also called “spares.
 needed by the Astra Group and other car makers.

Astra Otoparts has established distribution channel through retail outlets named Shop & Drive and Super Shop & Drive that deal with consumers. Shop & Drive concentrates on the sales of storage battery, lubricating oil, shock breaker and fast moving accessories. The retail network of Shop & Drive operates as franchise for medium scale business people with a relatively small investment. Currently there are 45 outlets of Shop & Drive in Indonesia.

Super Shop & Drive is more complex selling not only Astra spare parts but also tires, brake, and wheel rims and offering balancing and spooring service. Astra Otoparts has a 20% share of the market of automotive components in Indonesia. In addition, production of Astra components is also sold to replacement market and export markets.

Astra Otoparts has expanded operations to Vietnam by building factory producing motorcycle components in Hanoi with an investment of Rp20 billion. The component factory started operation late 2007 in cooperation with local investor to produce rubber parts.

In 2008, Astra Otoparts spent Rp300 billion in loan and equity to expand its production capacity.

Meanwhile, Astra Honda Motor (AHM AHM Automated Hacking Machines
AHM All Hands Meeting
AHM Academy for Healthcare Management
AHM Atom Heart Mother (Pink Floyd album)
AHM Airport Handling Manual
AHM Acutely Hazardous Material
AHM Anti-Helicopter Mine
) which produces Honda motorcycles Honda Motorcycles and scooters by engine size
  • Aero 50 (NB50)
  • CB50
  • Cub (C100)
  • Cub (C50)
  • Chaly (CF 50)
  • CRF 50
  • CT 50
  • Dream 50R
  • Elite 50 LX (SA50)
  • Elite E (SB50)
  • Elsinore (MR50)
  • Express (NC50)
 chalked up Rp1.4 trillion in the sales of spare parts in 2008. This year the company hopes to increase sales by 21% to Rp1.7 trillion. Sales of spare parts increase as under the present condition, consumers tend to restrain from buying new motorcycles by choosing to maintain old ones that would need more spare parts. Fast moving parts Moving parts are the components of a device that undergo continuous or frequent motion, most commonly rotation. "Parts" only include the mechanical components which does not include fuel, or any other gas or liquid. , like brake canvass, sparkplugs, gasoline gasoline or petrol, light, volatile mixture of hydrocarbons for use in the internal-combustion engine and as an organic solvent, obtained primarily by fractional distillation and "cracking" of petroleum, but also obtained from natural gas, by  filter, lubricant Lubricant

A gas, liquid, or solid used to prevent contact of parts in relative motion, and thereby reduce friction and wear. In many machines, cooling by the lubricant is equally important.
 oil filter, etc. Fast moving parts contribute 70% to the total sales of Honda motorcycle spare parts.

Meanwhile, in 2008 Toyota Astra Motor (TAM) built spare part center in the Cikarang Barat Industrial Estate with an investment of Rp249 billion. The spare part center is the second owned by the company after one in Sunter, North Jakarta North Jakarta (Indonesian: Jakarta Utara) is a city (kota) of Jakarta, Indonesia. It has an area of 154.11 km². The current mayor is Effendi Anas. . The spare parts center could receive, store, and distribute more than 100,000 spare parts of Toyota to 30 countries, 193 branches and 166 workshops all over Indonesia. The spare parts center is expected to be able to meet demand until 2015.

Around 65% of the more than 100,000 spare parts are supplied by 150 local component producers and 35% are imported from Thailand and Japan. Spare parts imported from Japan are only those which arte produced with high technology. Spare parts from Thailand are mainly ones which are part of Completely Build Up (CBU CBU Cape Breton University (Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada; formerly University College of Cape Breton)
CBU Christian Brothers University (Memphis, TN, USA)
CBU California Baptist University
) cars such as Toyota Camry.

The Cikarang Spare Part Center supplies spare parts for cars produced by PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN) for exports such as Kijang Innova and Fortuner, Toyota Avanza and Toyota Rush, which is produced by PT Astra Dhaihatsu Motor. Part of Toyota cars produced in Indonesia are exported to Thailand, Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines, Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia (sä`dē ərā`bēə, sou`–, sô–), officially Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, kingdom (2005 est. pop. , and the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates, federation of sheikhdoms (2005 est. pop. 2,563,000), c.30,000 sq mi (77,700 sq km), SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. , Mexico and Venezuela, Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (srē läng`kə) [Sinhalese,=resplendent land], formerly Ceylon, ancient Taprobane, officially Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, island republic (2005 est. pop. , Bangladesh, and South Africa South Africa, Afrikaans Suid-Afrika, officially Republic of South Africa, republic (2005 est. pop. 44,344,000), 471,442 sq mi (1,221,037 sq km), S Africa. . Sales of spare parts from the Center in Cikarang recorded a turnover of Rp1 trillion in 2008 including 16% in exports. In 2009, the turnover is predicted to rise to Rp 1.2 trillion.

Similarly the Indomobil Group is backed up by a number of component producing subsidiaries like PT Indo Vido Instrument, PT Jideco Indonesia, PT Kotobukiya Indo Classic Industries, PT Nihon Plast Indonesia, PT Sumi SUMI Software Usability Measurement Inventory (measures software quality from the user's point of view)  Indo Wiring Systems, PT Yamatogomu Indonesia, etc.

Japan dominant

Currently there are 180 automotive component companies and 135 of them are members of GIAMM. Like automotive industry, component industry in the country is also dominated by Japanese companies.

According to the Jakarta office of Japan External Trade Organization Japan External Trade Organization (日本貿易振興会   (JETRO JETRO Japan External Trade Organization ), there are 62 Japanese companies operating in business related to component industry in Indonesia representing major Japanese brands like Denso, Toyota Tsusho, Aisin Seiki seiki (sā·ē·kē),
n a form of or development from Shiatsu in which the practitioner waits until the client's energy expresses itself.
, Bando Electric, Izumi Industries, Nittan Valve valve, device for controlling the flow of fluids (liquids and gases). Valves vary in construction and size depending upon their function. Some are classified according to their method of operation or design, e.g. , Kayaba Industries, Sanden, Yuasa Corp. etc. Among the 135 members of GIAMM, 76 are foreign companies (PMA PMA (papillary-marginal-attached),
n a system of epidemiologic scoring of periodontal disease devised by Schour and Massler in which the symbols denote the areas involved in gingival inflammation.

PMA Progressive muscular atrophy
) and 59 domestic (PMDN PMDN Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri ) companies.

Import duties on component basic material 5%-20%

After the end of the policy of zero import duty in May, 2008, component basic materials are slapped again with an import duty of 5% to 20%. In 2007, the competitiveness of automotive component industry was relatively strong with the incentive provided by the government in the form of import duty exemption with a regulation of the finance minister No. 34/PMK.011/2007. The zero import duty policy which was effective for 12 months ended on May 4, 2008.

GIAMM said the re-imposition of the import duties of 5%-20% could weaken sales and result in slowdown in production of components. Meanwhile, automotive industrialists said the import duties are very much not in harmony with the 0% import duty on automotive components. The policy will hamper development of the country's component industry, which still depends on imports for basic materials.

Based on data at the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS (Bits Per Second) The measurement of the speed of data transfer in a communications system.

1. BPS - Basic Programming Support
2. bps - bits per second
), imports of components of cars and motorcycles rose 10.24% in 2007. The increase showed dependence of the country's automotive industry on imports for components. The value of imports of components in HS 87 totaled US$ 2,41 billion in 2007 up from US$2.16 billion in 2006.

The country's automotive industry is still heavily dependent on imports for components mainly as the local producers are bound by the policy of their foreign principals in the use of basic material, technology and marketing. For example, Honda Prospek Motor, the producers of Honda cars the country uses local component making up only 40% of the total components.

Astra Daihatsu Motor, the producer Daihatsu cars with a higher local content of 70% with imported components which are not produced in the country making up the remaining 30%. Components like interior automatic electrical and a number of base steel commodities are not yet produced locally.

Meanwhile, in order to maintain competitiveness, automotive producers have to increase their quality to meet the standard quality.

In May, 2008, the standard guaranteeing the quality of automotive spare parts called Q-Seal was announced by three automotive organizations--The Indonesian Association of Automotive Technical Experts (IATO IATO Interim Authority To Operate
IATO Interim Approval To Operate
IATO Independent Acceptance Test Organization (NASA) 
), Indonesian Automotive Center (SOI (Silicon On Insulator) A chip architecture that increases transistor switching speed by reducing capacitance (build-up of electrical charges in the transistor's elements), and thus reducing the discharge time. The power requirement is also reduced in some designs. ), and the Indonesian Association of Vehicle Workshops (Asbekindo). IATO SAE sae abbr (BRIT) (= stamped addressed envelope) → sobre con las propias señas de uno y con sello  Indonesia is a non profit organization. Currently around 75% of motor vehicles in the country are locally assembled as·sem·ble  
v. as·sem·bled, as·sem·bling, as·sem·bles
1. To bring or call together into a group or whole: assembled the jury.


The issuance of the quality seal, is expected to encourage the country's component industry to improve their quality.

Spare parts account for 60% operating cost of public transport vehicles

Spare parts constitute the main components for vehicles. Spare parts, therefore, contribute considerably to the operating cost of public transport vehicle. According to the West Java Land Transport Organization (Organda), spare parts account for 60% of the production.

Meanwhile, around 20%-30% of the income is used to cover operating cost. Generally, in the first three years of operation, spare part cost makes up 20% of the total operating cost. In the following years the percentage may rise to 60%. In addition to oil fuel (BBM BBM Brokeback Mountain (book/movie)
BBM Bureau of Broadcast Measurement
BBM Bachelor of Business Management
BBM Break Before Make
BBM Bread Board Model
BBM Bulk Business Mail
BBM Bahn Brenner Motorsport
), the tariff tariff, tax on imported and, more rarely, exported goods. It is also called a customs duty. Tariffs may be distinguished from other taxes in that their predominant purpose is not financial but economic—not to increase a nation's revenue but to protect domestic  of public transport is set on a number of cost components including lubricant oil, brake fluid brake fluid nlíquido de frenos

brake fluid nBremsflüssigkeit f 
, tires, maintenance cost, driver salary, spare parts, terminal fee, etc.

Indirect costs Indirect costs are costs that are not directly accountable to a particular function or product; these are fixed costs. Indirect costs include taxes, administration, personnel and security costs. See also
  • Operating cost
 include depreciation of vehicle, vehicle tax, route license, fee for test to determine if the vehicle is fit for operation, illegal levies, etc.

Ideally, indirect cost is not more than 16% of the total cost and direct cost is around 50%. Around 22% of the direct cost is for spare parts.

The main distributors determine the prices of spare parts in the regions. Local traders use the price list from the producers as reference in setting their selling prices in the regions generally with a profit margin of at least 10% of the selling price. As a result the selling prices of spare parts set by local traders could be 60% higher than the original price from factory.

Spare part incentives

The price of spare parts has increased 20% since December, 2008. The price hike could not be controlled by the government as they depend much on the rupiah ru·pi·ah  
n. pl. rupiah
See Table at currency.

[Hindi rupay, rupiy
 value against the U.S. dollar. Traders bought spare parts six months earlier when the dollar price was lower and they maintain the price in dollar equivalent at the time of purchasing.

Organda and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry urged for a cut in the prices of spare parts. They also asked the government to allow imports of used spare parts.

So far import tax facility has been given only to operators public transport service. Edy Putra Irawady, a deputy at the office of the chief economics minister, said the government will provide incentive in the form of spare part import duty cut worth Rp79 billion. The incentive is offered in a bid to cut transport fare.

Controversy in the transport tariff

In the period from December, 2008 to January, 2009, the government three times cut the prices of BBM--the price of premium gasoline premium gasoline n (US) → (gasolina) súper m

premium gasoline premium (US) nSuper(benzin) nt

premium gasoline 
 was cut from Rp5,000 to Rp4,500 per liter liter, abbr. l, unit of volume in the metric system, defined since 1964 as equal to 0.001 cubic meters, or 1 cubic decimeter. A cube that has each of its edges equal to 10 centimeters has a volume of 1 liter. The liter is equal to 1.057 liquid quarts, 0.  and the price of automotive diesel oil was cut from Rp4,800 to Rp4,500 per liter.

A number of provinces have adjusted their transport tariffs This is a list of tariffs and trade legislation:
  • List of tariffs in Canada
  • List of tariffs in United States
  • List of tariffs in India
  • List of tariffs in China
  • List of tariffs in Russia
 to the government policy of cutting the BBM prices. In West Java the inter city transport tariff has been reduced 8%-10% and city transport tariff is reduced 10%-11%.

Organda, however, said transport companies still face problem with the high prices of spare parts. Transport service operators also complain about rampant illegal levies. Although the prices of BBM have been reduced to the level the same as in May 2008, the transport tariff could not be immediately cut because of the high prices of spare parts and illegal levies.

Producers of automotive components and production capacity -- 2007

Types of          Producers                           Production
Component                                               capacity

Dies, Jig &       PT Dharma Precision Parts                   --
Stamping          PT Fuji Technica Indonesia       500,000 units
                  PT PT Kyoda Mas Mulia                       --
                  PT Metindo Era Sakti              90,000 units
                  PT Waja Kamajaya Sentosa                    --

Frame/Chasis      PT Gemala Kempa Daya              35,180 units
                  PT Yudistira Utama                 9,000 units

Axle              PT Hidraxle Perkasa                5,000 units
                  PT Inti Ganda Perdana            365,000 units
                  PT Waja kamajaya Sentosa         150,000 units

Shock Absorber    PT Ionuda                          600,000 pcs
                  PT Kayaba Indonesia              2,400,000 pcs
                  PT Showa Indonesia Mfg           1,000,000 pcs

Leaf & Coil       PT Chuhatsu Indonesia              15,000 tons
Spring            PT Indo Spring Tbk                 30,000 tons
                  PT Muara Teweh Spring               6,960 tons

Brake System      PT AT Indonesia                    660,000 pcs
                  PT Bakrie Tosanjaya                  8,400 pcs
                  PT Braja Mukti Cakra                 5,000,000
                  PT Chemco Harapan                        units
                  Nusantara                         400,000 sets
                  PT Indo Prima Gemilang              9,000 sets
                  PT Indofacing Indonesia             9,000 sets
                  PT MK Prima Indonesia                       --
                  PT Pakarti Riken Indonesia       3,600,000 pcs
                  PT Sanoh Indonesia                 29,000 tons
                  PT Selamat Sempurna Tbk            400,000 pcs
                  PT Tri Dharma Wisesa               400,000 pcs
                  PT Waja Kamajaya Sentosa           525,000 pcs

AC,Compressor,    PT Denso Indonesia               370,000 units
Evaporator        PTSelamat Sempurna Tbk                      --

Safety Belt       PT Autoliv indonesia             500,000 units
                  PT Sungwoo Indonesia             260,000 units

Engine Part/      PT AT Indonesia                             --
Assy              PT Astra Daihatsu motor           80,000 units
                  PT Astra Otopart-div.Nusa                   --
                  PT Bakrie Tosanjaya                 2,250 tons
                  PT Baninusa Indonesia                   /month
                  PT Edico utama                   6,000,000 pcs
                  PT Federal Izumi                   400,000 pcs
                  Manufacturing                       30,000 pcs
                  PT Federal nttan Industries
                  PT Honda Prospect Motor           26,370 units
                  PT Jibuhin Bakrie Indonesia      300,000 units
                  PT Mitsubishi Krama Yudha          420,000 pcs
                  Motor Mfg                        156,000 units
                  PT Pakarti Riken Indonesia
                  PT Toyota Motor                             --
                  Manufactring Indonesia           170,000 units
                  PT Wahana Eka Paramitra
                                                   320,000 units

Clutch & Clutch   PT Aisin Indonesia               1,850,000 pcs
Facing            PT Exidy Indonesia                          --
                  PT Indo Facing Indonesia                    --

Filters           PT PT Andhi Chandra              4,000,000 pcs
                  PT Buanatama Metalindo           1,800,000 pcs
                  PT Denso Indonesia                 300,000 pcs
                  PT Duta Nichirindo Pratama       1,800,000 pcs
                  PT HRL International                        --
                  PT Panata Jaya Mandiri             100,000 pcs
                  PT Selamat Sempurna Tbk          5,000,000 pcs

Gasket            PT HRL International                        --
                  PT NHK Gasket                       29,200,000
                  PT Nichias Leakless                        pcs
                  Telison Gasket                    10,000 units
                  PT Nichias Rockwool
                  Indonesia                          876,000 pcs
                  PT Partuni Perdana
                                                  1,310,000 sets
Exhaust Pipe      PT Cipta Saksama                 750,000 units
& Muffler         Indonesia                        500,000 units
                  PT Ionuda                                   --
                  PT Pamindo Tiga T                    3,120,000
                  PT Selamat Sempurna Tbk                  units

Body/Pressed      PT Astra Daihatsu Motor           70,000 units
Part &            PT Dharma Polimetal                         --
Component         PT General Motors                 30,400 units
                  Indonesia                         30,000 units
                  PT Honda Prospect Motor           70,000 units
                  PT Inti Pantja Press Industri               --
                  PT Inti Polymetal                           --
                  PT kyoda mas Mulia                15,000 units
                  PT Mekar Armada Raya             120,000 units
                  PT Mitsubishi Krama Yudha
                  Mfg                                 850,000 m2
                  PT Pamindo Tiga T                   53,892,000
                  PT Subur Djaja Teguh                       pcs
                  PT Sugity Creative                14,400 units
                  PT Waja Kamajaya Sentosa                    --
                  PT Yudistira Utama                 9,000 units

Rubber Parts      PT Arai Rubber Seal                250,000,000
                  Indonesia                                  pcs
                  PT IRC Inoac Indonesia             16,600 tons
                  PT Indokarlo Perkasa                        --
                  PT Pong Codan Indonesia                     --
                  PT Yamatogumu Indonesia               180 tons
                  PT Bando Indonesia               8,000,000 pcs
                  PT Kotobukiya Indo Classic         42,000 sets

Wheel Rim/        PT Bangun Sarana Alloy             423,000 pcs
Alloy             PT Exel Metal Indonesia            180,000 pcs
                  PT Pakoakina                       105,000 pcs
                  PT palingda nasional               900,000 pcs
                  PT Mesindo Alloy Wheel             240,000 pcs

Speedometer       PT Indo VDO Instrument                      --

Spark plug        PT Denso Indonesia                  14,000,000
                  PT Multi Prima Sejahtera                   pcs
                  PT NGK Busi Indonesia             55,000 units

Radiator          PT Central Karya Megah                      --
                  PT Denso Indonesia               40,000 units,
                  PT Selamat Sempurna Tbk              1,120,000
                  PT Three star Indonesia                  units
                                                   250,000 units

Transmission      PT Honda Prospect Motor                     --
                  PT Wahana Eka Paramitra          320,000 units

Wiring            PT EDS  Manufacturing             400,000 sets
Harness           Indonesia
                  PT Delphi Automotive                        --
                  System                             60,000 sets
                  PT Indo Prima Gemilang          1,200,000 sets
                  PT Sumi Indo Wiring

Electrical        PT Denso Indonesia                 200,000 pcs
Componen          PT Ekamitra Jayatama                  750 tons
                  PT Hamaden Indonesia Mfg         5,000,000 pcs
                  PT Ichikoh Indonesia               200,000 pcs
                  PT Indoniles Electric parts      9,000,000 pcs
                  PT Jideco Indonesia                         --
                  PT Kyoda Mas Mulia                          --
                  PT Lippo Melco Auto Parts        200,000 units
                  PT Mitsuba Indonesia                        --
                  PT Nikko Cahaya Electric         102,000 units

Seat & Interior   PT Abadi Barindo Autotech                   --
Componen          PT Ateja Multi Industri                     --
                  PT Indo Safety Sentosa            120,000 sets
                  PT Karya Bahana Berlian          200,000 units
                  PT Meiwa Indonesia                  4,250 tons
                  PT Mastrotto Indonesia                      --

Plastic parts     PT Astra Otopart                   48,000 sets
/Accessories      Div.Adiwira Plastik
                  PT Cipta Kreasi Prima            2,400,000 pcs
                  Muda                               100,000 pcs
                  PT Dasa Windu Agung                   750 tons
                  PT Ekamitra Jayatama                        --
                  PT Frina Lestari Nusantara         200,000 pcs
                  PT Ichikoh Indonesia             1 billion pcs
                  PT 3 M Indonesia                    4,250 tons
                  PT Meiwa Indonesia                 4,600 units
                  PT Sugity creative                  5,660 tons
                  PT Usra Tampi Indonesia             1,000 tons
                  PT WIKA In-Trade

Steering          PT Astra Otopart Div.                       --
System            Adiwira Plastik
                  PT Dasa Windu Agyung                10,000 pcs
                  PT Honda Prospect Motor                     --
                  PT Nihon Plast  Indonesia          120,000 pcs
                  PT Showa Indonesia Mfg.                360 pcs

Battery           PT Century Batteries               200,000 pcs
                  PT GS Battery                    1,400,000 pcs
                  PT Niprest Tbk                              --
                  PT Trimitra Batterai prakasa     1,100,000 pcs
                  PT Tri Mega Baterindo              180,000 pcs
                  PT Yuasa Battery Indonesia       1,800,000 pcs

Others            PT Garuda Metalindo                12,000 tons
                  PT Garuda Metal Utama               2,500 tons
                  PT Hi-lex Indonesia                         --
                  PT Hilex Parts  company             46,000,000
                  PT Indobaja prima Murni                    pcs
                  PT Jakarta                                  --
                  Martenlogamindo                    10,000 tons
                  PT Kyoda Mas Mulia                          --
                  PT Menara Terus Makmur                630 tons
                  PT Morita Tjokro Gearindo           1,500 tons

Types of          Users

Dies, Jig &       Astra Otoparts, Suzuki, Astra
Stamping          Daihatsu, Nissan Motor,
                  Stanley Electric, Honda Lock,
                  Hilex Indonesia, Mitsubishi,
                  Honda, Ichikoh  Indonesia, Indo
                  safety sentosa, IRC Inoac

Frame/Chasis      Astra Otoparts, General Motor

Axle              Toyota, Daihatsu,

Shock Absorber    General Motor Indonesia,
                  Isuzu, Nissan Diesel, Hyundai,
                  Kancil, Futaba  Nusantara.

Leaf & Coil       Toyota, Isuzu, Hino,  Nissan,
Spring            Mitsubishi.

Brake System      Toyota, Daihatsu, Mitsubishi,
                  Suzuki, Isuzu, Hino,Nissan
                  Diesel, Yanmar diesel,Exedy
                  Indonesia, Aisin Group, Honda,
                  Daimler Chrysler, Nissan,
                  Prapat Tunggal Cipta, Akebono
                  Corp. Asia, Astra Otopart.

AC,Compressor,    Toyota, Daihatsu, Suzuki,
Evaporator        Mitsubishi, Nissan, Isuzu, Hino,
                  Dailer Chrysler.

Safety Belt       Toyota

Engine Part/      Toyota, Daihatsu, Mitsubishi,
Assy              Suzuki, Astra Group, Isuzu,
                  Hino, Nissan Diesel, Yanmar,

Clutch & Clutch   Astra Group, Mitsubishi,
Facing            Suzuki, Daihatsu, Isuzu,
                  Toyota, Nissan, Honda, Ford,
                  Hyundai, Aisin Group, Exidy

Filters           Isuzu, Hino, Suzuki, Daihatsu,
                  Nissan, Hyundai, Mitsubishi,
                  Toyota Honda, Units ed
                  Tractor, Hexindo  Aditama,
                  Daimler Chrysler, Nissan

Gasket            Toyota, Daihatsu, Pantja
                  Motor, Suzuki, Astra Group.

Exhaust Pipe      Hyundai, General Motor
& Muffler         Indonesia, Isuzu, kancil,
                  Mitsubishi, Honda, Daimler
                  Chrysler, Nissan, Hino.

Body/Pressed      Suzuki, Daihatsu, Kayaba,
Part &            Showa manufacturing
Component         Indonesia, Tri Dharma Wisesa,
                  Honda, Isuzu, Stanley Electric,
                  Mitsuba Indonesia, Nippon
                  Seiki, Ichikoh  Indonesia,
                  Mitsubishi, Denso Indonesia,
                  Toyota, General Motor

Rubber Parts      Isuzu, Honda, KIA, General
                  Motor Indonesia, Daihatsu,
                  Toyota, Mitsubishi, Suzuki,
                  Nissan Motor, Hyundai.

Wheel Rim/        Speedy Corp-Australia, Partex
Alloy             Trading  UEA, Toyota, daihatsu,
                  Hyundai, Isuzu, Suzuki,
                  Mitsubishi, Nissan, Hino.

Speedometer       Suzuki

Spark plug        Toyota, Daihatsu, Suzuki,
                  Mitsubishi Nissan, Mazda,

Radiator          Toyota, Daihatsu, suzuki,
                  Mitsubishi, Nissan, Isuzu, Hino,
                  Daimler Chrysler.

Transmission      Honda, Astra Group

Wiring            Isuzu Japan, General Motor
Harness           Thailand, General Motor North
                  America, Mitsubishi Cable
                  Industry japan, Jurid Werke
                  Germany., Honda, Nissan,
                  Suzuki, Toyota.

Electrical        Toyota, Daihatsu, Suzuki,
Componen          Mitsubishi Nissan, Isuzu,
                  Hino,Nissan\, Nissan Diesel,
                  Stanley Electric, PT Hilex
                  Indonesia, IRC Noac Indonesia

Seat & Interior   Toyota, Nissan, Suzuki,
Componen          Daihatsu, Honda, Mitsubishi.

Plastic parts     Toyota, Daihatsu, Mitsubishi,
/Accessories      Isuzu, PT Trimitra, PT Sinar
                  Terang, Suzuki, Hino, Honda,
                  Kia, Nissan. General Motor, PT
                  Denso Indonesia.

Steering          Toyota, Daihatsu, Mitsubishi,
System            Isuzu, Suzuki, Honda.

Battery           Astra Group, Toyota, Daihatsu,
                  Isuzu, Mitsubishi, Honda,
                  Suzuki, Honda, Hino.

Others            Toyota, Daihatsu, Mitsubishi,
                  Hino, Isuzu, Nissan Diesel,
                  Honda, Suzuki, Mercedes
                  Benz, Ford, Mazda, Nissan, PT
                  Indospring, Stanley  Elwctric,
                  PT Indosafety Sentosa, Ichikoh
                  Indonesia, PT Mitsuba
                  Indonesia, IRC Inoac

Source: GIAMM

Value of sales of component products, 2006-2008

                     Sales       Growth
Year             (Rp trillion)     (%)

2006                 41.00           --
2007                 55.74         35.9
2008                 72.46         30.0
Average growth                    32.95

Source: GIAMM

Number of companies and types of component products, 2007

Types of Component     PMA   PMDN   Total

Engine component        30     18      48
Engine manufacturing     7      1       8
Filter                   2      6       8
Battery                  3      3       6
Gasket                   4      2       6
Alternator               5      0       5
Starter motor            5      0       5
Radiator                 2      2       4

Source: GIAMM

Import duty on component basic materials

Types of cars    Parts/Components            April 2007   May 2008

Passenger Cars   Material for component           0%        5%-20%
Minibus          production
Jeep (4x4)
                 Blank (excluding precious        0%        5%-20%

                 IKD component (pistons s,        0%        5%-20%
                 Gear boxes)

                 Other component (maximum         0%        5%-20%
                 Rates Drive)

Source: Finance Ministry, Industry ministry

Components of tariff of transport cost

Description                                   %

a. Direct costs                              50
  --BBM cost, lubricant oil cost,
  --brake fluid and tire costs
  --maintenance cost
  --spare part cost
    driver' salary
  --Terminal fee
b. Indirect cost                             16
  --vehicle depreciation
  --vehicle tax
  --Route license, fit for operation test
  --operating administration
  --illegal levies, etc.
c. Other costs                               34
Total                                       100

Source: ICN
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Title Annotation:INDUSTRY
Publication:Indonesian Commercial Newsletter
Date:Jan 1, 2009
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