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Indian boffins' baby mp3 heart monitor could save many lives.

Byline: ANI

Washington, Aug 29 (ANI): Scientists from Manoharbhai Patel Institute of Engineering and Technology "Manoharbhai Patel Institute of Engineering and Technology (MIET) is a technical institute in India.

Under the Management of the present Ministry of Civil Aviation (India), Praful Patel, the Institutes's Directors ranges from Mukesh Ambani of Reliance to Naresh Goel of Jet
, in Gondia, India have developed a novel fetal heart monitor that could save the lives of unborn infants in complicated pregnancies.

Dr A.K. Mittra and colleagues have come up with a simple device that is based on a two-microphone system that can monitor fetal heart rate fetal heart rate Obstetrics A rate which, in the non-stressed fetus, reflects cardioaccelerator and cardiodecelerator reflexes; analysis of the FHR requires evaluation of a baseline FHR between uterine contractions or periodic changes in the FHR and non-periodic,  during the mother's rest times and sleep and send an alert to the woman and her physician.

Regular ultrasound monitoring of fetal development can spot some problems, but too frequent ultrasound monitoring is associated with its own health risks. Moreover, it cannot continually assess fetal heart rate.

The disturbances in fetal heart rate, particularly regular sudden drops in rate for up to one minute, can occur long before an underlying problem is reflected in the form of other symptoms.

A serious drop in fetal heart rate is most likely to occur at night just before the pregnant woman lies down to sleep because at this time, she is most relaxed and her own heart rate drops, which leads to a lowering of her blood pressure, and in a susceptible fetal a problematic drop in its heart rate.

"Monitoring FHR FHR Fetal heart rate, see there  during a woman's most restful rest·ful  
adj.
1. Affording, marked by, or suggesting rest; tranquil. See Synonyms at comfortable.

2. Being at rest; quiet.



rest
 hours at home and providing urgent medical assistance in case of abnormality will prove to be very effective in the prevention of stillbirth Stillbirth Definition

A stillbirth is defined as the death of a fetus at any time after the twentieth week of pregnancy. Stillbirth is also referred to as intrauterine fetal death (IUFD).
 and other prenatal prenatal /pre·na·tal/ (-na´tal) preceding birth.

pre·na·tal
adj.
Preceding birth. Also called antenatal.



prenatal

preceding birth.
 complexities," said researchers.

The new device is based on two small acoustic sensors that can easily monitor fetal heart rate and feed the information to a wave analyzer in a bedside personal computer connected to the Internet.

The first microphone is attached to the mother's abdomen to pick up the sound of the fetus' heartbeat, the second is attached at a reasonable distance to pick up ambient and bodily noise.

Computer software can then subtract the "noise" channel from the fetal sound to produce a "wav" file that can be further analyzed for medical anomalies.

Should a problem be detected the wav file The native digital audio format in Windows. Using the .WAV file extension, 8- or 16-bit samples can be taken at rates of 11,025 Hz, 22,050 Hz and 44,100 Hz. The highest quality (16-bit at 44,100 Hz) is the sampling rate of an audio CD and uses 88KB of storage per second.  might be compressed to the mp3 file format for rapid upload via the internet to the physician's computer or to trigger a gentle warning to seek medical assistance.

The team points out that they have successfully tested their monitoring system on several women at various stages of pregnancy. (ANI)

Copyright 2009 Asian News International The Asian News International (ANI) agency provides multimedia news to China and 50 bureaus in India. It covers virtually all of South Asia since its foundation and presently claims, on its official website, to be the leading South Asia-wide news agency.  (ANI) - All Rights Reserved.

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Publication:Asian News International
Date:Aug 29, 2009
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