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Income group tables.

For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank's main criterion for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every economy in The Little Green Data Book is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status.

Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $905 or less in 2006.

Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than $905 but less than $11,116. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,595.

High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $11,116 or more.

Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.
Low income

Population (millions) 2,420
Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28,147
GDP ($ billions) 1,618.7

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 649
Urban population (% of total) 30.4
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 3.1
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 2.0

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area) 45
Irrigated land (% of cropland) 24.0
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) ...
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) 544

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area) 23.9
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005) 0.6
Nationally protected area (% of land area) 9.9
Animal species, total known
Animal species, threatened
Higher plant species, total known
Higher plant species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, median is 1.8)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) 3.8
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) 486
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) 41.7
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) 391
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) 72.4
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) 24.8

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) 0.53
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons) 0.90
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2004) 55.7
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m) 74
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) 8

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) 3,077
Freshwater withdrawal
 Total (% of internal resources) 18.9
 Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) 89
Access to improved water source (% of total population) 75
 Rural (% of rural population) 69
 Urban (% of urban population) 88
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) 38
 Rural (% of rural population) 28
 Urban (% of urban population) 60

Environment and health
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 112

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI) 30.5
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 9.0
Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.4
Energy depletion (% of GNI) 9.4
Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.3
Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.6
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI) 1.0
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) 0.7
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 11.9

Middle income

Population (millions) 3,088
Land area (1,000 sq. km) 68,468
GDP ($ billions) 10,059.2

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 3,053
Urban population (% of total) 54.5
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 2.4
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 1.1

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area) 35
Irrigated land (% of cropland) 18.2
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) 1,331
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) 471

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area) 33.8
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005) 0.2
Nationally protected area (% of land area) 11.7
Animal species, total known
Animal species, threatened
Higher plant species, total known
Higher plant species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, median is 1.8)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) 4.0
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) 1,486
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) 10.3
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) 1,928
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) 71.5
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) 21.5

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) 0.70
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons) 3.95
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2004) 29.9
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m) 56
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) 50

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) 8,754
Freshwater withdrawal
 Total (% of internal resources) 6.3
 Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) 71
Access to improved water source (% of total population) 84
 Rural (% of rural population) 72
 Urban (% of urban population) 95
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) 62
 Rural (% of rural population) 41
 Urban (% of urban population) 81

Environment and health
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 33

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI) 30.5
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 10.9
Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.5
Energy depletion (% of GNI) 12.8
Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.6
Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.0
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI) 0.9
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) 0.8
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7.0

Lower middle income

Population (millions) 2,276
Land area (1,000 sq. km) 27,977
GDP ($ billions) 4,735.7

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 2,038
Urban population (% of total) 47.3
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 3.0
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 1.1

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area) 42
Irrigated land (% of cropland) 26.3
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) 2,057
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) 531

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area) 26.5
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005) 0.1
Nationally protected area (% of land area) 12.8
Animal species, total known
Animal species, threatened
Higher plant species, total known
Higher plant species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, median is 1.8)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) 3.6
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) 1,216
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) 12.8
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) 1,502
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) 78.6
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) 16.8

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) 0.82
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons) 3.37
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2004) 71.1
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., pg/cu. m) 69
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) 21

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) 5,769
Freshwater withdrawal
 Total (% of internal resources) 7.3
 Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) 75
Access to improved water source (% of total population) 81
 Rural (% of rural population) 71
 Urban (% of urban population) 93
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) 55
 Rural (% of rural population) 39
 Urban (% of urban population) 76

Environment and health
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 36

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI) 41.4
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 10.4
Education expenditure (% of GNI) 2.5
Energy depletion (% of GNI) 11.1
Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.1
Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.0
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI) 1.2
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) 1.1
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 18.9

Upper middle income

Population (millions) 811
Land area (1,000 sq. km) 40,492
GDP ($ billions) 5,324.6

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 5,913
Urban population (% of total) 75.0
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 1.4
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 0.9

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area) 30
Irrigated land (% of cropland) 9.0
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) 672
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) 112

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area) 38.8
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005) 0.2
Nationally protected area (% of land area) 10.9
Animal species, total known
Animal species, threatened
Higher plant species, total known
Higher plant species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, median is 1.8)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) 4.6
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) 2,248
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) 6.5
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) 3,131
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) 61.9
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) 27.8

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) 0.57
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons) 5.60
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2004) -7.7
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m) 33
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) 140

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) 17,199
Freshwater withdrawal
 Total (% of internal resources) 4.0
 Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) 54
Access to improved water source (% of total population) 93
 Rural (% of rural population) 78
 Urban (% of urban population) 98
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) 81
 Rural (% of rural population) 60
 Urban (% of urban population) 89

Environment and health
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 26

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI) 22.3
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 11.4
Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.4
Energy depletion (% of GNI) 14.4
Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 2.0
Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.0
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI) 0.7
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) 0.4
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) -2.2

Low and middle income

Population (millions) 5,507
Land area (1,000 sq. km) 96,616
GDP ($ billions) 11,678.6

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 1,997
Urban population (% of total) 43.9
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 2.6
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 1.5

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area) 38
Irrigated land (% of cropland) 20.4
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) 1,159
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) 511

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area) 30.9
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005) 0.3
Nationally protected area (% of land area) 11.2
Animal species, total known
Animal species, threatened
Higher plant species, total known
Higher plant species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, median is 1.8)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) 4.0
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) 1,071
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) 16.2
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) 1,290
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) 71.6
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) 22.0

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) 0.67
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons) 2.62
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2004) 33.2
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m) 61
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) 39

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) 6,268
Freshwater withdrawal
 Total (% of internal resources) 8.8
 Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) 78
Access to improved water source (% of total population) 80
 Rural (% of rural population) 70
 Urban (% of urban population) 93
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) 51
 Rural (% of rural population) 34
 Urban (% of urban population) 74

Environment and health
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 79

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI) 30.5
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 10.7
Education expenditure (% of GNI) 3.5
Energy depletion (% of GNI) 12.3
Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 1.5
Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.1
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI) 0.9
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) 0.8
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 7.6

Euro area

Population (millions) 317
Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,465
GDP ($ billions) 10,636.4

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 34,307
Urban population (% of total) 73.5
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 0.6
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 0.4

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area) 47
Irrigated land (% of cropland) 16.8
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) 1,904
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) 180

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area) 37.2
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005) -0.7
Nationally protected area (% of land area) 11.5
Animal species, total known
Animal species, threatened
Higher plant species, total known
Higher plant species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, median is 1.8)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) 7.5
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) 3,961
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) 4.3
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) 6,926
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) 52.5
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) 8.4

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $ GDP) 0.28
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons) 8.22
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2004) 3.9
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m) 24
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) 536

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) 2,951
Freshwater withdrawal
 Total (% of internal resources) 22.3
 Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) 38
Access to improved water source (% of total population) 100
 Rural (% of rural population) 100
 Urban (% of urban population) 100
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) 100
 Rural (% of rural population) ...
 Urban (% of urban population) ...

Environment and health
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 4

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI) 21.8
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 13.8
Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.8
Energy depletion (% of GNI) 0.4
Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.0
Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.0
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI) 0.2
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) 0.2
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 12.0

High income

Population (millions) 1,031
Land area (1,000 sq. km) 33,029
GDP ($ billions) 36,794.5

GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) 36,608
Urban population (% of total) 77.6
Urban population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 1.1
Population growth (average annual %, 1990-2006) 0.7

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% of land area) 36
Irrigated land (% of cropland) 11.0
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams/ha of arable land) 1,188
Population density, rural (people/sq. km of arable land) 325

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% of land area) 29.5
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990-2005) -0.1
Nationally protected area (% of land area) 13.0
Animal species, total known
Animal species, threatened
Higher plant species, total known
Higher plant species, threatened
GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0-100, median is 1.8)

Energy
GDP per unit of energy use (2005 PPP $/kg oil equivalent) 6.0
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent) 5,498
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total) 3.2
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh) 9,760
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total) 62.5
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total) 11.5

Emissions and pollution
C[O.sub.2] emissions per unit of GDP (kg/2005 PPP $) 0.41
C[O.sub.2] emissions per capita (metric tons) 13.23
C[O.sub.2] emissions growth (%, 1990-2004) 22.4
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., [micro]g/cu. m) 27
Passenger cars (per 1,000 people) 467

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m) 9,579
Freshwater withdrawal
 Total (% of internal resources) 10.2
 Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal) 42
Access to improved water source (% of total population) 99
 Rural (% of rural population) 98
 Urban (% of urban population) 100
Access to improved sanitation (% of total population) 100
 Rural (% of rural population)
 Urban (% of urban population) 100

Environment and health
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under 5)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under 5)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 7

National accounting aggregates
Gross savings (% of GNI) 19.9
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI) 13.0
Education expenditure (% of GNI) 4.7
Energy depletion (% of GNI) 1.5
Mineral depletion (% of GNI) 0.2
Net forest depletion (% of GNI) 0.0
C[O.sub.2] damage (% of GNI) 0.3
Particulate emission damage (% of GNI) 0.3
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 9.3
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Title Annotation:THE LITTLE GREEN DATA BOOK 2008
Publication:Little Green Data Book 2008
Date:Jan 1, 2008
Words:2976
Previous Article:Regional tables.
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