In Violent Incidents, Preteen Girls More Likely than Boys to Be Involved in Retaliation for Previous Fight.
PHILADELPHIA, June 7 /PRNewswire/ -- Girls in middle and elementary schools involved in violent incidents may be more likely than boys of the same age to be retaliating for a previous event, to experience the violence at home, and to have a family member intervene.
Researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is one of the largest and oldest children's hospitals in the world. "CHOP" has been ranked as the best children's hospital in the United States by U.S. News & World Report and Child Magazine in recent years. surveyed 190 children aged 8 to 14 brought to the hospital's emergency department for injuries caused by interpersonal violence. The study appeared in the June issue of the Archives of Pediatric pediatric /pe·di·at·ric/ (pe?de-at´rik) pertaining to the health of children.
Of or relating to pediatrics. and Adolescent Medicine adolescent medicine
The branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of youth between 13 and 21 years of age. Also called ephebiatrics, hebiatrics. .
"Although interpersonal violence is not uncommon among pre-adolescent and young adolescent girls, little research has focused specifically on females," said Cynthia J. Mollen, M.D., an emergency medicine physician at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and first author of the study. "If health care providers know more about specific patterns of violence, they may be able to better prevent future incidents."
In the study, research assistants interviewed a sample of patients presenting to the hospital's emergency department during a one-year period. The researchers used a survey they had previously developed in focus group sessions with urban youth at a local community center. Injuries that were unintentional, self-inflicted or caused by child abuse were not included in the study, and the researchers chose children aged 14 and younger, to exclude most cases of dating violence Dating Violence is defined as the perpetration or threat of an act of violence by at least one member of an unmarried couple on the other member within the context of dating or courtship. . After obtaining consent from the patients and parents, the researchers usually interviewed the children without the parent being present.
Of the 190 patients studied, 58 (31 percent) were female and 132 (69 percent) were male. Seventy-eight, or 40 percent, of the patients were less than 12 years old, and still in elementary school elementary school: see school. . The vast majority of the injuries (88 percent) were classified as minor; of the 22 remaining injuries, including concussions and fractures, only one occurred in a female. For most of their analyses, the researchers compared violent events involving at least one girl (74 events) to those involving only boys (116 events).
The patients classified 67 percent of the events as fights and 30 percent of the incidents as assaults, in which the patient did not respond physically to the attack.
For both genders, the most common reason for a fight was "being disrespected" or "teasing," but in contrast to male-only incidents, female- involved events were more commonly a recurrence of a previous fight.
The most common site of the violent event was school, but incidents involving females were more likely than all-male incidents to occur at home. Furthermore, among females, a family member was more likely to intervene to stop the violence.
Weapons were more often present in events involving at least one female, and females were more likely than males to be injured by a weapon, especially blunt objects such as sticks or rocks. Weapons could be unlikely objects, including clothes hangers and rollerblades. Only five of the 190 patients had firearm injuries.
"While much further research remains to be done on interpersonal violence involving children, this study provides information for parents and caregivers," said Dr. Mollen. "For instance, because 'disrespect' appears so prominently as a trigger for violence, children and parents could benefit by learning techniques for responding to perceived insults in a nonviolent manner. We know from previous research that a parent's attitude about appropriate triggers for violence has an effect on children's behavior.
"In addition," she added, "because girls were more likely to offer retaliation RETALIATION. The act by which a nation or individual treats another in the same manner that the latter has treated them. For example, if a nation should lay a very heavy tariff on American goods, the United States would be justified in return in laying heavy duties on the manufactures and as a reason for violence, healthcare providers could screen injured girls about their safety concerns and their plans for retaliation. Understanding gender differences in violent behavior could help us in designing school-based and community intervention programs for children in this age group."
The researchers identified the patients in the study through the Violence Intervention Project, an ongoing health surveillance program at Children's Hospital A children's hospital is a hospital which offers its services exclusively to children. The number of children's hospitals proliferated in the 20th century, as pediatric medical and surgical specialties separated from internal medicine and adult surgical specialties. and the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (body, education) University of Pennsylvania - The home of ENIAC and Machiavelli.
Address: Philadelphia, PA, USA. that refers violently injured youth to appropriate community organizations.
Co-authors of the study with Dr. Mollen were emergency medicine physicians Joel A. Fein, M.D. and Dennis R. Durbin, M.D., of The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and A. Russell Localio, J.D., M.P.H., of the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics biostatistics /bio·sta·tis·tics/ (-stah-tis´tiks) biometry.
The science of statistics applied to the analysis of biological or medical data. of the University of Pennsylvania. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the William Penn Foundation supported the study through the Ken Graff Young Investigator Award.
Founded in 1855 as the nation's first pediatric hospital, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is ranked in 2003 as the best pediatric hospital in the nation by U.S.News & World Report and Child magazines. Through its long- standing commitment to providing exceptional patient care, training new generations of pediatric healthcare professionals and pioneering major research initiatives, Children's Hospital has fostered many discoveries that have benefited children worldwide. Its pediatric research Pediatric Research is one of the most respected peer-reviewed medical journals within the field of pediatrics in the world.
It is the official publication of the American Pediatric Society, the European Society for Paediatric Research, and the Society for Pediatric program is among the largest in the country, ranking second in National Institutes of Health funding among children's hospitals. In addition, its unique family-centered care and public service programs have brought the 430-bed hospital recognition as a leading advocate for children and adolescents from before birth through age 19. Children's Hospital operates the largest pediatric healthcare system in the U.S. with more than 40 locations in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware.
Contact: John Ascenzi (267) 426-6055 Ascenzi@email.chop.edu
CONTACT: John Ascenzi, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, +1-267-426-6055, Ascenzi@email.chop.edu
Web site: http://www.chop.edu/
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