In Memoriam Jacob Lawrence.
1917 - 2000
On June 9, 2000, we mourned the death of one of America's preeminent modern figurative painters--Jacob Lawrence. People around the world felt the immeasurable loss of one of the most vivid visual storytellers of the 20th century. Considered by many to be an American icon, his passing came just as the most ambitious collection of his work ever compiled was to be published.
The Complete Jacob Lawrence--Two Volume Set Jacob Lawrence Jacob Lawrence (September 7, 1917 - June 9, 2000) was an African American painter; he was married to fellow artist Gwendolyn Knight. Life
Lawrence is probably among the best-known twentieth century African American painters, a distinction also shared by Romare Bearden. : Paintings, Drawings, and Murals (1935-1999)
Peter T. Nesbett and Michelle DuBois Michelle Dubois is a fictional character in the situation comedy 'Allo 'Allo. The part was played by the actress Kirsten Cooke.
She is a young, dark-haired woman who usually dresses in the unofficial "uniform" of the Azubazi French Resistance, a tan trench coat and black University of Washington Press, October 2000, $125.00, ISBN ISBN
International Standard Book Number
ISBN International Standard Book Number
ISBN n abbr (= International Standard Book Number) → ISBN m 0-295-97966-6
Over the Line: The Art and Life of Jacob Lawrence
Peter T. Nesbett and Michelle DuBois, Ed. University of Washington Press, October 2000, $125.00, ISBN 0-295-97963-1
This two-volume set is the result of six years of research by the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne project. Led by Peter T. Nesbett and Michelle DuBois, the catalogue documents over 900 pieces of the artist's work, over half of which were reportedly uncovered by the project. Over the Line is the companion to the Catalogue Raisonne. Edited by Nesbett and DuBois, this collection of essays explores the life of the man, and the development of the artist. Contributing art historians and scholars including Lizetta LaFalle Collins, Richard Powell and Lowery Stokes Sims Lowery Stokes Sims is currently adjunct curator for the permanent collection at The Studio Museum in Harlem and Visiting Professor at Queens College, Hunter College and Cornell University. provide vital biographical information on Lawrence and discuss his artistic career in the context of African American history African American history is the portion of American history that specifically discusses the African American or Black American ethnic group in the United States. Most African Americans are the descendants of African slaves held in the United States from 1619 to 1865. , as well as American art and society as a whole. These new and necessary dialogues provide a broader view of the artist and his work. Filled with images and information about the artist, these texts are wonderful tools for artists, historians, students and anyone interested in knowing more about a significant 20th century American artist.
--Reviewed by Jonell Jaime
Lawrence began his career painting genre scenes focused on life in his Harlem neighborhood. With a keen sense of chronological narrative, he often developed his work in series format to illuminate key moments. Tackling tough subjects like war, poverty and street life, his work took people into the interior of public events that impacted the personal lives of many in the black community.
Born in 1917 in Atlantic City, New Jersey “Atlantic City” redirects here. For other uses, see Atlantic City (disambiguation).
Atlantic City is a city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, USA. Famous for its boardwalk and casino gambling, it is a resort community located on Absecon Island on the coast of the , Lawrence and his family relocated first to Pennsylvania and then to Harlem in 1930. Lawrence began taking arts and crafts arts and crafts, term for that general field of applied design in which hand fabrication is dominant. The term was coined in England in the late 19th cent. as a label for the then-current movement directed toward the revivifying of the decorative arts. classes in after-school programs with established African American African American Multiculture A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. See Race. artist Charles Alston and went on to attend the American Artists School The American Artists School was a progressive independent art school in New York City associated with socialism and the American Radical movement. The school was founded in 1936 and its founders and board of directors included members and former members of the John Reed Club such . By the time he was 21, with the assistance of African American sculptor Augusta Savage, he was employed by the Works Progress Administration Works Progress Administration: see Work Projects Administration. (WPA WPA: see Work Projects Administration.
in full Works Progress Administration later (1939–43) Work Projects Administration
U.S. work program for the unemployed. ). During this time he met leading cultural figures associated with the Harlem Renaissance, including artists William H. Johnson and Aaron Douglas and writers Langston Hughes, Ralph Ellison, Richard Wright and Alaine Locke.
Lawrence found his unique voice early on. His paired-down painting style coupled beautifully with saturated color, geometric forms and complex compositions with social realist subject matter marked him as a visionary artist of the people. With a solid visual backbone, immaculate craftsmanship and community-based story lines, he enveloped en·vel·op
tr.v. en·vel·oped, en·vel·op·ing, en·vel·ops
1. To enclose or encase completely with or as if with a covering: "Accompanying the darkness, a stillness envelops the city" Harlem residents, church congregations, university students, art critics and international audiences all in the same warm embrace.
Throughout his career, the artist paid homage to black liberation heroes including Frederick Douglass, Toussaint L'Ouverture and Harriet Tubman. Having received a grant in 1940, Lawrence was able to rent a studio and begin the body of work that would catapult his career. In a dilapidated studio lacking heat and running water, Lawrence devoted a series of paintings to the Great Migration. By the age of 24, the tremendous resonance and passionate beauty of this series made Lawrence an internationally reknown artist.
But this was just the beginning of his contributions to American art and culture. In the '50s and '60s' Lawrence's images grew increasingly political, and throughout the latter half of the 20th century he was commissioned to paint murals and create mosaics to adorn and inform public spaces.
By the time of his death at age 82, Lawrence had been the subject of several major career retrospectives. Indeed, at the very moment of his passing another retrospective, set to open in 2001, was being organized by the Phillips Collection in Washington, D.C. Lawrence's personality, work and vision continues to inspire a plethora of artists to make work that highlights the human experience and tells the story of our social condition.
--Reviewed by Sandra Jackson BIBR BIBR Bay Islands Beach Resort (Roatan, Honduras)
BIBR Backward Indicator Bit Received Associate Editor
Teaching the Children
Jacob Lawrence's work for children stands without peer. In these works Lawrence brings his own gift of aesthetic beauty to tales of heroism and strength from well-known episodes in black history. Here are some titles to share with a young person you love:
Aesop's Fables illustrated by Jacob Lawrence University of Washington Press, 1997, $18.95, ISBN 0-295-97641-1 Ages 9-11
Toussaint L'Ouverture: The Fight for Haiti's Freedom by Walter Dean Myers, illustrated by Jacob Lawrence Simon & Schuster Simon & Schuster
U.S. publishing company. It was founded in 1924 by Richard L. Simon (1899–1960) and M. Lincoln Schuster (1897–1970), whose initial project, the original crossword-puzzle book, was a best-seller. , 1996, $16.00, ISBN 0-689-80126-2, Ages 9-12
Story Painter: The Life of Jacob Lawrence by Jacob Lawrence and John Duggleby Chronicle Books, 1998, $16.95, ISBN 0-811-82082-3, Ages 9-12
Harriet and the Promised Land by Jacob Lawrence Alladdin Paperbacks, 1997, $5.99, ISBN 0-689-80965-4
The Great Migration by Jacob Lawrence HarperTrophy, 1995, $8.95, ISBN 0-064-43428-1