IRAN - The OPEC Decision Makers - Part 5.Iran has played a key role in OPEC OPEC: see Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
in full Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
Multinational organization established in 1960 to coordinate the petroleum production and export policies of its since the organisation was founded in 1960. In the post-Khomeini era, Tehran has begun to view its OPEC diplomacy as a part of its overall regional and global policy outlook - apart from being fundamental to its economic stability. Its partners in the organisation are also beginning to look upon Tehran as one of the leaders in OPEC. Iran's input has become an important ingredient in collective OPEC decisions.
The position taken by Iran during the two-day meeting in Vienna on March 28-29, 2000 is an example. Tehran had opposed the decision to raise OPEC production by 6.43%, or 1.45 million b/d, saying that it believed the current production levels were sufficient to meet demand. Yet Iran did not reject the agreement of March 29. It said it would abide by the consensus and raise production levels effective April 1, as agreed. This is despite the fact that such a move was difficult for Tehran to take, as it would have seemed to be buckling buckling
Mode of failure under compression of a structural component that is thin (see shell structure) or much longer than wide (e.g., post, column, leg bone). Leonhard Euler first worked out in 1757 the theory of why such members buckle. under US pressure. Washington had been lobbying strongly for a raise in OPEC production.
Iran's responsible image has been boosted in recent years by the fact that decision making in the country's hydrocarbon hydrocarbon (hī'drōkär`bən), any organic compound composed solely of the elements hydrogen and carbon. The hydrocarbons differ both in the total number of carbon and hydrogen atoms in their molecules and in the proportion of hydrogen sector is controlled by moderates with a very pragmatic approach under the guidance of President Mohammad Khatami Mohammad Khatami (Persian : سید محمد خاتمی Seyyed Moḥammad Khātamī) (born September 29, 1943, in Ardakan, Yazd Province) is an Iranian scholar and politician. . From the president down, the decision makers are promoting foreign investment in Iran and are eager to see Western companies channel both capital and technology into this sector.
The subtleties of factional fac·tion 1
1. A group of persons forming a cohesive, usually contentious minority within a larger group.
2. Conflict within an organization or nation; internal dissension: politics have remain, with the theocracy theocracy
Government by divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided. In many theocracies, government leaders are members of the clergy, and the state's legal system is based on religious law. Theocratic rule was typical of early civilizations. consisting of three main groups: (1) the traditionalists, linked to Supreme Leader Ayatullah Ali Khamen'i, who control the Majlis Majlis (مجلس) is an Arabic term meaning "a place of sitting" used to describe various types of formal legislative assemblies in countries with linguistic or cultural connections to Islamic countries. (parliament) and oppose any opening to the West but favour free market policies within the Iranian context; (2) the pragmatists of former president Rafsanjani, who back Khatami and appreciate the need for closer links with the West; and (3) a very moderate group of ultra-populists, or "the leftist left·ism also Left·ism
1. The ideology of the political left.
2. Belief in or support of the tenets of the political left.
left faction" to which Khatami belongs, who have re-emerged after having been weakened in parliamentary elections in 1992 and 1996. The second and third groups fall, in general terms, into the "reformist" camp although Rafsanjani is seen to be sitting on the fence to maximise political leverage.
The manoeuvrings by these factions has been moving strongly in favour of the liberals at the strategic level, with their candidates winning heavily in presidential, municipal and the recent parliamentary elections. But at the tactical level, the traditionalists still have considerable clout. In other words Adv. 1. in other words - otherwise stated; "in other words, we are broke"
put differently , they have the power to disrupt the functioning of the government through mob tactics on the streets, by closing down newspapers and curbing other aspects of democratic freedoms, and resorting to violence to provoke a limited confrontation which could reverse the political climate in their favour. For their part, the reformists are determined to avoid such a confrontation.