INDUCTED POSTHUMOUSLY FIRST WOMAN GETS AEROSPACE HONOR.
Byline: Daily News
LANCASTER -- The Aerospace Walk of Honor The Aerospace Walk of Honor in Lancaster, California, USA, is a continually-growing venue for honoring test pilots who have significantly contributed to aviation and space research and development. posthumously got its first woman inductee: Jacqueline Cochran, who pulled herself out of poverty to become a record-setting pilot and the first woman to break the sound barrier.
Cochran, who died in 1980, was represented at Saturday's ceremony by famed test pilot Chuck Yeager This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved. , a 1990 Walk inductee who flew a chase plane for Cochran on several of her record-setting flights in the 1950s and 1960s.
Other honorees were test pilots Mervin Evenson, John Hardy Griffith, Fred Knox Jr. and Emil ``Ted'' Sturmthal. The five plaques unveiled in Boeing Plaza bring the number of pilots with monuments along Lancaster Boulevard to 85.
Cochran grew up in poverty in northern Florida but developed a chain of beauty shops and later an international line of cosmetics.
Cochran became a pilot in the 1930s and is credited with the idea of creating the Women Airforce Service Pilots The Women Airforce Service Pilots, also known as WASP, and the predecessor groups the Women’s Flying Training Detachment (WFTD) and the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron , or WASPs, who took on noncombat military flying duties during World War II.
In 1971, Cochran became the first living woman inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame The American National Aviation Hall of Fame is located at the National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, east Dayton, Ohio. It is open to the public. .
Evenson, a retired Air Force colonel, was the first military test pilot to fly the F-4C Phantom. He also tested various other aircraft, including the YF-12 Blackbird prototype and the B-1A and B-1B bombers.
Griffith, a World War II combat pilot, flew early experimental aircraft including the X-1 and D-558-2 rocket planes Rocket planes or rocket aircraft can be subdivided by the few rocket powered aircraft to have existed. Some early attempts at flights used engines that might be considered the first 'rocket' powered aircraft. and the X-4 and D-558-1 jets.
He served as a research pilot for the High Speed Flight Research Unit operated by NASA's predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics “NACA” redirects here. For other uses, see NACA (disambiguation).
The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915 to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research. , at what is now Edwards Air Force Base Edwards Air Force Base, U.S. military installation, 301,000 acres (121,805 hectares), S Calif., NE of Lancaster; est. 1933. It is one of the largest air force bases in the United States and has the world's longest runway. .
Knox led the flight-test effort to develop several new aircraft, including the X-31 research aircraft and the Boeing X-32 joint strike fighter A strike fighter is a fighter aircraft which is also capable of attacking surface targets, including ships. It differs from an attack aircraft in that the aircraft remains a capable fighter. . A Navy veteran, he flew F-14 Tomcat fighter jets off aircraft carriers.
Sturmthal, a retired Air Force colonel who died in 1982, flew the Mach 3 XB-70 bomber at Edwards and later was a test pilot of the B-1A bomber.
(1 -- color in AV edition only) John Hardy Griffith, Fred Knox, Marcy Sturmthal (the widow of Col. Emil Sturmthal), Col. Mervin Evenson and Chuck Yeager admire the plaques of the new inductees to the Aerospace Walk of Honor in Lancaster on Saturday.
(2 -- color in AV edition only) Chuck Yeager, left, talks to new inductees in the Aerospace Walk of Honor: Col. Mervin Evenson, center, and John Hardy Griffith, in Lancaster.
Jeff Goldwater/Staff Photographer