INDONESIA - Territorial Issues.Indonesia has several complex territorial disputes
The other parts of Indonesia have been inherited from the Dutch East Indies Dutch East Indies: see Indonesia. colonial empire. These include Irian Jaya, Indonesia's easternmost province which is rich in hydrocarbons and is another trouble zone.
The isles of Sipadan and Ligitan, off Borneo, are also claimed by Malaysia. Jakarta wants this dispute resolved peacefully through the ASEAN ASEAN: see Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
in full Association of Southeast Asian Nations
International organization established by the governments of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand in , to which both Indonesia and Malaysia belong, while Kuala Lumpur has called for the issue to be resolved through the International Court of Justice at The Hague. The isles are off the coast of Indonesia's East Kalimantan and Malaysia's eastern state of Sabah. They are part of important sedimentary basins. In 1996, after years of inconclusive negotiations, Jakarta included the two isles in its new official map.
The Natuna islands, with their seabed very rich in gas and containing big oil reserves, are a potential trouble zone between Indonesia and China.
Aceh, a staunchly Muslim province in the north of Sumatra, has been a hotbed hotbed, low, glass-covered frame structure for starting tender plants. It differs from a cold frame only in that the soil is heated—either artificially as by underground electric wiring or steampipes, or naturally with partially fermented stable manure, which of separatism since May 1998. The Free Aceh Movement The Free Aceh Movement (Indonesian: Gerakan Aceh Merdeka or simply GAM), also known as the Aceh Sumatra National Liberation Front (ASNLF), was a separatist group seeking independence for the Aceh region of Sumatra from Indonesia. (FAM FAM 5-FU, adriamycin/doxorubicin, mitomycin C Oncology A chemotherapeutic regimen used with varying degrees of failure for advanced gastric CA. See Stomach cancer. ) has been fighting for an independent state for decades. It clashes frequently with local government forces. FAM militants also clash with local Christians and rich Chinese, calling for an Islamic state. Aceh is rich in gas and oil. It is home to the ExxonMobil-operated Arun LNG LNG (liquefied natural gas): see under natural gas. complex, which is the second biggest in the world. The world's biggest LNG complex is at Bontang in gas-rich East Kalimantan, another of Indonesia's rebellious provinces. Riau province in West Sumatra wants as big a share as possible from oil and gas income generated within its boundaries. Local militants are pushing for greater autonomy, under a proposed federal system, and have spearheaded violent unrest. Irian Jaya, the western half of New Guinea and Indonesia's easternmost province, rich in gas and oil, is another trouble zone. The Free Papua Organisation (OPM See Oracle Process Manufacturing. ) has been fighting for an independent Melanesian state in this former Dutch territory since it became an Indonesian province in 1964.