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Human resources in metal and electro sectors in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Until 1990 metal and electro industry in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegowina had a key position in industry structure. Many years of stoppage stoppage - /sto'p*j/ Extreme lossage that renders something (usually something vital) completely unusable. "The recent system stoppage was caused by a fried transformer."  in production, caused by the war, had very strong negative effects on the technology development and working out processes (Causevic & Domazet, 2006). When big production systems, which were the most important for development, stopped working, all technological-developmental institutes and research-developmental centres disappeared (Akademija nauka Nauka (Russian: Hаука, lit. trans.  i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine, 2006). As human resources The fancy word for "people." The human resources department within an organization, years ago known as the "personnel department," manages the administrative aspects of the employees.  are of key importance for starting developmental activities, analysis of industry and industry production structure in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegowina for metal and electro sector has been done as a part of "Development of Industrial Policy in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegowina" Project. One of segments of that analysis is human resources in metal and electro sectors in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegowina. Because of lack of data in Federal Statistics Agency, a Questionnaire, of 81 questions, was made. Among other topics, it included: qualification, age, sex and organisational structure, shortage of some professions, scholarships, investment into specializations and investment in development and research (Djukic et al., 2009). Based on answers got from 32 firms, with 11207 employees, this paper shows human resources in metal and electro sectors in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegowina, pointing out disposition of high educated persons depending on size of the firm and type of industrial production. In post war period such analysis has not been made by domestic works (Federalni zavod za statistiku, 2008). As the questionnaire included more than 80% firms in metal and electro sectors in Feeration of Bosnia and Herzegowina, all indexes got here are relevant for further estimation estimation

In mathematics, use of a function or formula to derive a solution or make a prediction. Unlike approximation, it has precise connotations. In statistics, for example, it connotes the careful selection and testing of a function called an estimator.
 of human resources.


Because of easier observing of human resources and existing technologies, metal sector in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegowina is divided into: aluminium (Al), automobile automobile, self-propelled vehicle used for travel on land. The term is commonly applied to a four-wheeled vehicle designed to carry two to six passengers and a limited amount of cargo, as contrasted with a truck, which is designed primarily for the transportation of  (Au) and metal-working (Met) industry, metallurgy (Me) and tool rooms (TR). This research includes: 4 firms in aluminium industry and 5 firms in electro (El) industry. Table 1 shows qualification structure of employees in metal and electro sectors. Figure 1 shows percentage of each qualification in metal and electro sectors out of total number of employees.

Qualification structure in five industries of metal sector is given in Figure 2.


Analysis of high educated persons depending on size of the firm (Figure 3) shows that majority of high educated persons are employed in big firms (more than 500 employees). 65% high educated persons, 73% masters and 71% doctors of science are employed in four big companies of metal and electro sectors. Share of women employed in five industries in metal sector is shown in Figure 4.




Qualification structure in metal and electro sectors (Figure 1) shows that majority of employees in metal sector are skilled workers (40,57%), than employees with secondary school finished (20,7%), high-skilled workers (16,16%), and that there are only 7,11% high educated employees. At the same time, in electro sector, majority of employees are persons with secondary school finished (31,3%), than high educated employees (27,6%), and skilled workers (24,6%). Analysis of five industries in metal sector (Figure 2) shows that aluminium and metal-working industry have the most skilled workers employed (44,8%), automobile industry automobile industry, the business of producing and selling self-powered vehicles, including passenger cars, trucks, farm equipment, and other commercial vehicles.  39,9%, tool-rooms 37,5%, and metallurgy 36,4%. At the same time, there are the most high educated persons in automobile industry (8,3%), aluminium industry (7,1%), metal-working 6,9%, metallurgy 6,7%, and in tool-rooms only 5,8%. If metal and electro sectors are compared, it is seen that majority of employed in metal sector are skilled workers and persons who finished secondary school, and in electro sector people who finished secondary school and high educated persons. Disposition of high educated persons depending on size of the firm (Figure 3) shows that those persons are mainly employed in four big firms. If it is taken in consideration that number of doctors of science is extremely small, only 7, and masters 29, it is easy to conclude that developmental and research activities are only possible to be organized within big firms. Considering the small number of doctors and masters of science in metal and electro sectors, it is only possible to make serious researches in cooperation with corresponding faculties and institutes.

Share of women in metal sector (Figure 4) shows that there are only 4,7% women employed in aluminium industry, and 27,5% in automobile industry. If production programmes of these industries are analysed, it can be concluded that processing industry has the smallest number of women employed, because of nature of job and working conditions. At the same time, share of women in electro sector is 37,6%, what is significantly more than in metal sector.

Share of administration in metal sector is 12,5%, and in electro sector it is 20,4%.


Based on research on human resources in metal and electro sector in F of BiH, it can be concluded that total numbed of high educated persons is about 10%, and it is insufficient for organizing serious centres within those firms (Vijece ministara Bosne i Hercegovine, 2007). Share of doctors and masters of science is minor and it is much more the result of personal ambitions of employees, than programmed improving of employed personnel. Total number of non-skilled workers is about 12,5%, which clearly shows existence of out-of-date technologies in those firms. Separate analysis of all firms shows that within aluminium and electro industries there are some firms which have new technologies, new organization and structure of employees, which is significantly better than in metal and electro sectors, and that their employees are in average almost ten years younger. All those firms are 100% private firms.


Causevic, F. & Domazet, A. (2006). Razvoj izvoznih potencijala i konkurennosti metalnog sektora Bosne i Hercegovine, Ekonomski institut Sarajevo Sarajevo (sâr'əyā`vō), city (1991 est. pop. 529,000), capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the Miljacka River. An important industrial and railway center, its industries include food and tobacco processing and furniture , Sarajevo

Djukic, H. & Cohodar, M. (2009). Analiza industrije i structure industrijske proizvodnje u FBiH FBiH Federation Bosnia-Herzegovina  za metalni i elektro Elektro is the nickname of a robot built by Westinghouse in Mansfield, Ohio between 1937 and 1938. Seven feet tall, weighing 265 pounds, humanoid in appearance, it could walk by voice command, talk (using a 78-rpm record player), smoke cigarettes, blow up balloons, and move its  sector, Projekt: Razvoj industrijske politike u FBiH, Masinski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Fakultet strojarstva i racunarstva Sveucilista u Mostaru, Mostar Mostar (mô`stär), city (1991 pop. 75,613), in Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the Neretva River. Its name means "Old Bridge," referring to the 16th-century stone bridge built by Ottoman sultan Sulayman the Magnificent, which, along with numerous  

***(2008) Federalni zavod za statistiku, Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine u brojkama, Sarajevo

***(2006) Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine, Strategija naucnotehnoloskog razvoja Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo

***(2007) Vijece ministara Bosne i Hercegovine, Sektor Sektor is a fictional character in the Mortal Kombat fighting game series. About Sektor
Throughout the various Mortal Kombat games he was involved in, Sektor has grown into an ever more menacing mechanized warrior.
 za ekonomska istrazivanja, Bosna i Hercegovina Hercegovina: see Bosnia and Herzegovina.  Ekonomski Trendovi, godisnji izvjestaj, Sarajevo
Tab. 1. Qualification structure of employees

Indus.     Al     Au     Me     TR    Met     El

[SIGMA]   1352   1859   3530   309    2546   1611

Dr         3      0      2      0      0      2

M.S.       1      3      6      0      3      16

High       96    153    239     18    177    445

College    28     43     61     10     40     72

High       95    150    960     67    279     47

Sec.      480    319    603     82    506    505

Skilled   606    742    1287   116    1142   395

Half-      43    449    372     16    399    129

Fig. 4 Share of women in metal sector


aluminium            4,70%
metallurgy           9,90%
metal-working       12,80%
tool rooms          24,30%
automobile          27,50%

Note: Table made from bar graph.
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Author:Djukic, Himzo; Obad, Milenko; Nozic, Mirna
Publication:Annals of DAAAM & Proceedings
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:4EXBO
Date:Jan 1, 2009
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